Žiežmariai

Žiežmariai (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in the Kaišiadorys district municipality, Lithuania. It is located 6 km (3.7 mi) south of Kaišiadorys. The center of Žiežmariai is a state-protected urbanistic monument.

Žiežmariai
City
Ziezmariu aikstė.JPG
Flag of Žiežmariai
Flag
Coat of arms of Žiežmariai
Coat of arms
Žiežmariai is located in Lithuania
Žiežmariai
Žiežmariai
Location of Žiežmariai
Coordinates: 54°48′0″N 24°27′0″E / 54.80000°N 24.45000°E / 54.80000; 24.45000Coordinates: 54°48′0″N 24°27′0″E / 54.80000°N 24.45000°E / 54.80000; 24.45000
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
MunicipalityKaišiadorys district municipality
EldershipŽiežmariai eldership
Capital ofŽiežmariai eldership
First mentioned1348
Granted city rights1501
Population
 (2017)
 • Total3,268
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

HistoryEdit

 
Freedom monument, built in 1932, demolished by Soviet occupants, rebuilt in 1991

Žiežmariai were mentioned for the first time in the 14th century in the Lithuanian route report (Wegeberichte), prepared by the Teutonic Knights. In 1348 close to Žiežmariai by the river of Strėva, the Battle of Strėva between the army of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led by Algirdas and Kęstutis and army of crusaders took place.

Since 15th century Žiežmariai estate is known, in 1487 Žiežmariai town is mentioned. In 1508 or 1509 a Catcholic church was built, and the school was established in 1520. In 1576 and in 1791 Žiežmariai received Magdeburg rights and the coat of arms in 1792.[1] During the 16th century Žiežmariai started to grow intensively due to their proximity to the road Vilnius-Kaunas. In 1580 the town suffered from fire two times. In the 18th century it was devastated by the Swedish army during the Great Northern War, plague epidemic started. At the beginning of the 19th century, Žiežmariai was devastated by the Napoleon's army.

In 1777 the parish school was reestablished which taught singing in Latin and Lithuanian.

 
Lithuanian army returning after exercises in Žiežmariai 1921

During the Lithuanian Wars of Independence Lithuanian army stopped the advancing army of bolsheviks at the battle near Žiežmariai.

The Jewish population was important in the town since the 16th century and represented 50% of the total population before World War II. In 1941, hundreds of Jews from the city and from nearby villages of Kaisiadorys and Žasliai were murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an einsatzgruppen of Germans and local collaborators.[2]

In 1941 and in 1948 Soviet occupation deported 20 inhabitants of Žiežmariai. Lithuanian partisans from the Didžioji Kova military district (The Great Fight partisan military district) were active in Žiežmariai district.

 
Žiežmariai cultural center

Notable peopleEdit

  • Juozapotas Ignotas Lukaševičius (1789 – 1850), painter.
  • Kazys Morkūnas (1924 - 2014), stained glass artist.
  • Algimantas Aksomaitis (1936-2012), mathematician.
  • Vytautas Onaitis (1939–1968), poet.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Žiežmarių herbas". kaisiadoriumuziejus.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved July 15, 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External linksEdit