Kudirkos Naumiestis

Kudirkos Naumiestis (pronunciation ) is in the Šakiai district municipality, Lithuania. It is located 25 km (16 mi) south-west of Šakiai.

Kudirkos Naumiestis
City
Knaumiestis baznycia.jpg
Coat of arms of Kudirkos Naumiestis
Kudirkos Naumiestis is located in Lithuania
Kudirkos Naumiestis
Kudirkos Naumiestis
Location of Kudirkos Naumiestis
Coordinates: 54°46′0″N 22°52′0″E / 54.76667°N 22.86667°E / 54.76667; 22.86667Coordinates: 54°46′0″N 22°52′0″E / 54.76667°N 22.86667°E / 54.76667; 22.86667
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSuvalkija
CountyMarijampole County flag.svg Marijampolė County
MunicipalityŠakiai district municipality
EldershipKudirkos Naumiestis eldership
Capital ofKudirkos Naumiestis eldership
First mentioned1561
Granted city rights1643
Population
 (2020)
 • Total1,480
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

HistoryEdit

The settlement was first mentioned in 1561 as a village called Duoliebaičiai. In 1639 the town was renamed Vladislavovas (Polish: Władysławów) by Cecilia Renata of Austria after her husband Władysław IV Vasa. He granted the town Magdeburg rights in 1643. However, the name did not achieve popular usage, and the settlement became known as "a town" or "a new town" instead. The German name Neustadt Schirwindt is derived from the former town of Schirwindt, today a small military village called Kutuzovo, which lay just across the border. In 1900 the town began being referred to as Naumiestis (New Town). In 1934 the town was renamed Kudirkos Naumiestis in honor of the Lithuanian patriot and composer of the Lithuanian national anthem, Vincas Kudirka, who lived there from 1895 to his death in 1899 and is buried there.

A well-organized Jewish community also lived in there and produced a number of prominent rabbis and Jewish scholars. Its name in Yiddish was נײַשטאָט־שאַקי (Nayshtot-Shaki). Before World War II the town had about 700-800 Jewish residents.[1] Journalist and writer Herman Bernstein was born here in 1876 and Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver, who would become a prominent American Jewish leader, was born here in 1893.

In 1941, an Einsatzgruppen of Germans and Lithuanian collaborators murdered the local Jewish population in mass executions.[2][3][4] Hundreds of people were massacred.

Notable peopleEdit

  • Sammy Marks - (Neustadt, 1844–1920), Lithuanian-born industrialist and financier in South Africa. (See Randlord). Born the son of a Jewish tailor.
  • Adolph Moses Radin (1848–1909), rabbi
  • Pranas Sederevičius (1905-1979), who, from 1951, created concrete sculptures in the garden of his home 'Kudirkos Naumiestis'.
  • Max Band (1901-1974), artist.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Technical Problem Form".
  2. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt.
  3. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt.
  4. ^ "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt.

External linksEdit