Gargždai (pronunciation ) is a city in western Lithuania located in Klaipėda County. The Minija River flows through the city.[1] Gargždai Stadium is its main sports venue.

Gargždai
City
Children Music School of Gargždai
Children Music School of Gargždai
Flag of Gargždai
Coat of arms of Gargždai
Gargždai is located in Lithuania
Gargždai
Gargždai
Location of Gargždai
Coordinates: 55°42′46″N 21°24′12″E / 55.71278°N 21.40333°E / 55.71278; 21.40333Coordinates: 55°42′46″N 21°24′12″E / 55.71278°N 21.40333°E / 55.71278; 21.40333
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSamogitia
CountyLTU Klaipėdos apskritis flag.svg Klaipėda County
MunicipalityKlaipėda district municipality
EldershipGargždai eldership
Capital ofKlaipėda district municipality
Gargždai eldershihp
First mentioned1253
Granted city rights1792
Population
 (2010)
 • Total16.814
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Gargždai is the Lithuanian name of the city. Versions of the name in other languages include Polish: Gorżdy, Russian: Горжды Gorzhdy, Belarusian: Го́ржды Horzhdy, Yiddish: גורזד Gorzhd, German: Garsden, Latvian: Gargždi.

The HolocaustEdit

The number of Jewish residents of Gargzdai killed by the Nazi Einsatzkommando death squad during the Holocaust is at least 500 including 200 men killed on June 24, 1941, and 300 women with children killed on September 14 and 16, 1941. The killings were perpetrated by Einsatzgruppe A under the command of SS Brigadeführer Walter Stahlecker, and documented in the Jäger report.[1][2]

 
St. Michael Archangel Church in Gargždai

International relationsEdit

In 2015 the development of Gargzdai Industrial Park (GIP) started to take place. It is located on the city boundary, in Gamyklos street. Both industrial and commercial purpose land with a total area of 9.3 hectares (23.0 acres) is offered to foreign and domestic investors. It is expected that the new industrial park will attract foreign investments, create new job vacancies for the unemployed in the region and proclaim the city of Gargzdai in other countries.

IndustryEdit

Established in 1993 and now located in Gargždai, Mars Lietuva is one of the biggest Mars Incorporated plants in Europe. With around 800 Associates, "Mars Lietuva" produces more than 85 000 tones of over 400 different recipe varieties and formats of pet food annually, which is mainly exported to over 30 European countries.[3]

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Gargždai is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b John S. Jaffer, ShtetLinks: Gargzdai (Gorzd), Lithuania JewishGen, Inc., the Home of Jewish Genealogy. Accessed June 18, 2011.
  2. ^ "The First Mass Execution of the Jews of Gargždai". Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilna Gaon State Jewish Museum. 2010.
  3. ^ "Mars Inc".

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