List of chess openings named after people

The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.[1] Chess players' names are the most common sources of opening names. The name given to an opening is not always that of the first player to adopt it; often an opening is named for the player who was one of the first to popularize it or to publish analysis of it.

AEdit

BEdit

CEdit

DEdit

EEdit

FEdit

GEdit

HEdit

IEdit

JEdit

KEdit

LEdit

MEdit

NEdit

OEdit

PEdit

QEdit

REdit

SEdit

TEdit

UEdit

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XEdit

YEdit

ZEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  6. ^ "Chess openings Sicilian, Alapin (B22)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  16. ^ "B00: Reversed Grob (Borg/Basman defence/macho Grob)". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ Benko, Pal (1974). The Benko Gambit. Batsford.
  18. ^ Mednis, Edmar (1994). How Karpov Wins. Courier Dover Publications.
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  22. ^ Pedersen, Steffen (2000). The Botvinnik Semi-Slav. Gambit Publications. ISBN 978-1-901983-26-5.
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  29. ^ Raetsky, Alexander; Chetverik, Maxim (2005). Petroff Defence. Everyman Chess. ISBN 1-85744-378-0.
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  33. ^ "Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Duras Variation (C77)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  34. ^ "King's Gambit: Accepted, Eisenberg Variation (C30)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  35. ^ Smith, Ken & Hall, John (1994). The Englund Gambit and the Blackburne-Hartlaub Gambit Complex. Chess Digest. ISBN 0-87568-242-1.
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  37. ^ Gutman, Lev (2004). Budapest Fajarowicz: The Fajarowicz-Richter Gambit in Action. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-8708-9.
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  42. ^ "D70-D99: Grünfeld: Three Knights (Flohr Attack)". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  48. ^ "Neo-Grünfeld Defense: Goglidze Attack (D70)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  49. ^ Grivas, Efstratios (2005). Complete Guide to the Grivas Sicilian. Gambit Publications. ISBN 978-1-904600-36-7.
  50. ^ Michael Basman (1991). The Killer Grob. Cadogan. ISBN 0-08-037131-0.
  51. ^ "C40: Irregular King's Knight: Gunderam". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  53. ^ "Queen's Gambit Refused: Austrian Defense, Gusev Countergambit (D06)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  55. ^ "Frank Melville Teed vs Eugene Delmar, New York 1896, Dutch Defense: Hopton Attack (A80)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  56. ^ "A56: Benoni: Hromádka". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  57. ^ "Nimzo-Indian Defense: Huebner Variation, Main Line (E41)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  58. ^ "Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky Variation with Qc2 (A98)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  59. ^ Wall, Bill. "The Rice Gambit". Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  61. ^ "Russian Game: Karklins-Martinovsky Variation (C42)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  62. ^ "RL Karpov Variation 9...Nd7". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  63. ^ "B27: Sicilian, Katalimov variation". 365Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  64. ^ "King's Gambit: Declined, Keene Defense (C30)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  65. ^ Pritchett, Craig (2006). Sicilian Scheveningen. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-413-1.
  66. ^ a b "ECO A00-A49 (anglais)". Fédération québécoise des échecs. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  67. ^ "Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Kholmov Variation (C92)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  68. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Open, Knorre variation (ECO: C80)". Chess-Ref.org. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  69. ^ "French, Winawer, Kondratiyev variation (ECO: C15)". Chess-Ref.org. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  70. ^ "The Gambiteers Guild: Spanish Gambits". Vikingskak.dk. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  71. ^ "FOXY OPENINGS - VOLUME 30 - Kopec Anti-Sicilian System". Archived from the original on 2016-01-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  72. ^ "Blackmar-Diemer Gambit: Declined, Lamb Defense (D00)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  73. ^ "ECO A01: Nimzovich-Larsen attack". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  74. ^ "Vladimir Kramnik vs Peter Leko, Tilburg 1998, Indian Game: Anti-Grunfeld. Alekhine Variation Leko Gambit (E60)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  75. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 474.
  76. ^ "D70-D99: Grünfeld: Russian (Levenfish)". Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  77. ^ "Sicilian, Dragon, Levenfish Variation (B71)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  78. ^ Gordon, Stephen W. (1994). The Lisitsin Gambit. The House of Staunton. ISBN 0875682502.
  79. ^ "Italian Game: Two Knights Defense, Lolli Attack (C57)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  80. ^ "A40: Queen's pawn, Lundin (Kevitz-Mikenas) defence". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  81. ^ "King's Indian, Makagonov System (5.h3) (E71)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  82. ^ Winter, Edward. "The Marshall Gambit". Retrieved 2009-06-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  83. ^ openings?exo=C37 "McdonnellGambit/" Check |url= value (help).
  84. ^ "French, McCutcheon (C12)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  85. ^ "Benoni Defense: Mikenas Variation (A66)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  86. ^ "Paul Keres vs Sachsenmaier, Italian Game: Classical Variation. Greco Gambit Moeller-Therkatz Attack (C54)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  87. ^ "French Defense: Tarrasch Variation, Morozevich Variation (C03)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  88. ^ Boris Avrukh, The Classical Slav (2014), Quality Chess, p. 381, ISBN 978-1-907982-39-2.
  89. ^ "French Defense: Morphy Gambit (C01)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  90. ^ original spelling
  91. ^ Harold James Ruthven Murray, A History of Chess, p826
  92. ^ "SOS Articles". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  93. ^ "Ashot Nadanian – Yearbook Surveys". New In Chess. Archived from the original on 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  94. ^ "Sicilian, Najdorf (B90)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  95. ^ "Napoleon Bonaparte vs The Turk (Automaton), Schoenbrunn 1809, King Pawn Game: Napoleon Attack". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  96. ^ Hansen, Carsten (2002). The Nimzo-Indian: 4 e3. Gambit Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-901983-58-7.
  97. ^ Harding, T. D. (1981). The Nimzowitsch defence : 1e4 Nc6. Batsford. ISBN 978-0-7134-3597-9.
  98. ^ "Semi-Slav Defense: Noteboom Variation (D31)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  99. ^ "Sicilian, O'Kelly Variation (B28)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  100. ^ "Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation (B92)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  101. ^ "Bernard Parham: Creator of the Matrix System". Thechessdrum.net. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  103. ^ Adams, Jimmy (1978). Sicilian Najdorf Polugaevsky Variation. The Chess Player. ISBN 0-906042-09-7.
  104. ^ "SOS Vol. 9 Chapter 15: Ruy Lopez: the Popov Variation". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  105. ^ Olthof, Rene, ed. (2006). Yearbook 78. New in Chess. p. 243.
  106. ^ Litmanowicz, Władysław & Giżycki, Jerzy (1986, 1987). Szachy od A do Z. Wydawnictwo Sport i Turystyka Warszawa. ISBN 83-217-2481-7 (1. A-M), ISBN 83-217-2745-X (2. N-Z)
  107. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Quinteros Variation (B27)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  108. ^ Gufeld, Eduard; Stetsko, Oleg (2000). Richter-Veresov System: The Chameleon Chess Repertoire. Thinkers Pr Inc / Chessco. ISBN 978-0-938650-97-3.
  109. ^ "Queen's Indian Defense: Riumin Variation (E16)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  110. ^ "Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation (B31)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  111. ^ Tim McGrew (2002-07-01). "Giuoco Fortissimo: The Rousseau Gambit Part 1" (PDF). Chesscafe.com.
  112. ^ "Nimzo-Indian, Samisch Variation (E27)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  113. ^ Santasiere, Anthony (1973). Futuristic chess opening: Santasiere's folly, or, The opening with a future. Dallas, Tex: Chess Digest.
  114. ^ "Carl Schlechter vs Géza Maróczy, French Defense: Schlechter Variation (C00)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  115. ^ a b "Schlechter Variation 4...g6 – Yearbook Surveys". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  116. ^ Colins, Sam (2005). Understanding the Chess Openings. Gambit Publications. ISBN 1-904600-28-X.
  117. ^ Krasenkow, Michal (2009-03-03). "Shabalov-Shirov Gambit accepted". ChessBase. Retrieved 2009-11-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  118. ^ Burgess, Graham (1994). Winning with the Smith-Morra Gambit. Batsford. ISBN 0-8050-3574-5.
  119. ^ "Grunfeld Defense, Smyslov (D99)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  120. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Closed, Smyslov Defense (C93)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  121. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Snyder Variation (B20)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  122. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 476.
  123. ^ "History of Opening Theory: Soltis Variation of the Dragon". Chess.com. 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  124. ^ "Isaac Kashdan vs Victor Soultanbeieff, Olympiad 1933, Slav Defense: Soultanbeieff Variation". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  125. ^ "Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack (B86)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  126. ^ "ECO B00-B49 (anglais)". Fédération québécoise des échecs. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  127. ^ "King's Gambit Accepted, Pawn's gambit (Stamma gambit)". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  128. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense (C62)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  129. ^ "Petrov, modern (Steinitz) attack". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  130. ^ "B20: Sicilian, Steinitz variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  131. ^ "C45 Scotch, Steinitz variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2020-08-15. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  132. ^ Aagaard, Jacob (2000). Easy Guide to the Sveshnikov Sicilian. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-280-9.
  133. ^ Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1987). "Szén Variation". The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford University Press. p. 339. ISBN 0-19-281986-0. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  134. ^ "Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation (B47)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  135. ^ de Firmian, Nick (2008). Modern Chess Openings (15 ed.). McKay. ISBN 978-0-8129-3682-7.
  136. ^ Raymond, Keene (1984). French Defence: Tarrasch Variation. Batsford. ISBN 978-0-7134-4577-0.
  137. ^ Gufeld, Eduard; Stetsko, Oleg (1994). Winning With the Torre Attack. Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-3280-0.
  138. ^ "The Traxler Counter Attack". ChessBase. 2004-06-13. Retrieved 2009-10-30. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  139. ^ "B07: Pirc, Ufimtsev-Pytel variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  140. ^ Palliser, Richard. "The Velimirovic Attack". ChessPublishing.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  141. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 477.
  142. ^ "C60: Ruy Lopez, Vinogradov variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  143. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Richter-Rauzer Variation, Vitolins Variation (B62)". Chess.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  144. ^ Jouni Yrjölä & Jussi Tella (2001). An Explosive Chess Opening Repertoire for Black. Gambit Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-901983-50-1.
  145. ^ "Guide to Chess Gambits (Part 2)". Mark-weeks.com. 2008-07-08. Retrieved 2012-01-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  146. ^ "French, Winawer (C18)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  147. ^ Marin, Mihail (2007). A Spanish Repertoire for Black. Quality Chess. ISBN 978-91-976005-0-7.
  148. ^ Saba, Marco. "Scacchi: Enciclopedia pratica dei Gambetti". Studimonetari.org. Retrieved 2009-10-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  149. ^ Kaissiber 5, p. 35
  150. ^ "Yearbook 78 – Products". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-26. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit