List of chess openings named after people

The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants.[1] Chess players' names are the most common sources of opening names. The name given to an opening is not always that of the first player to adopt it; often an opening is named for the player who was one of the first to popularize it or to publish analysis of it.

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BEdit

CEdit

DEdit

EEdit

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HEdit

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LEdit

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PEdit

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REdit

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See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  3. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Najdorf Variation, Adams Attack (B90)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  4. ^ "Mark Taimanov vs Laszlo Szabo, Leningrad 1967, Budapest Defense: Adler Variation (A52)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  5. ^ "Chess Opening explorer: C20 Alapin's opening – 1. e4 e5 2. Ne2". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  6. ^ "Chess openings Sicilian, Alapin (B22)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an Sunnucks, Anne (1970), Encyclopaedia of Chess, New York: St. Martin's Press, ISBN 978-0-7091-4697-1
  8. ^ "ChessBase Magazine 132". ChessBase. Archived from the original on 2009-10-02. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  9. ^ "ECO C13".
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  11. ^ "Adolf Anderssen vs Paul Morphy, Anderssen Opening: General (A00)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  12. ^ New in Chess: Yearbook 42. New in Chess. 1997.
  13. ^ a b Bologan, Victor (2009). A Complete Black Repertoire. Chess Stars. ISBN 978-954-8782-71-5.
  14. ^ Bucker, Stefan. "Symmetry and Chaos: Balogh's Defense" (PDF). ChessCafe.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
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  16. ^ "B00: Reversed Grob (Borg/Basman defence/macho Grob)". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  17. ^ Benko, Pal (1974). The Benko Gambit. Batsford.
  18. ^ Mednis, Edmar (1994). How Karpov Wins. Courier Dover Publications.
  19. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense (C61)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  20. ^ Wilhelm Steinitz, The Modern Chess Instructor (1889, reprinted 1990), Edition Olms AG, Zürich, p. xii. ISBN 3-283-00111-1.
  21. ^ "Morant vs Abbe de Feuquieres, Paris 1680, King's Gambit: Accepted. Bonsch-Osmolovsky Variation (C34)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  22. ^ Pedersen, Steffen (2000). The Botvinnik Semi-Slav. Gambit Publications. ISBN 978-1-901983-26-5.
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  26. ^ "Reti Opening: Anglo-Slav Variation, Capablanca Variation (A12)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  27. ^ CÂMARA, Hélder. Diagonais: crônicas de xadrez. São Paulo : Saraiva, 1996. ISBN 978-8502021167
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  29. ^ Raetsky, Alexander; Chetverik, Maxim (2005). Petroff Defence. Everyman Chess. ISBN 1-85744-378-0.
  30. ^ Urcan, Olimpiu (2007). Surviving Changi. E.E. Colman: A Chess Biography. Singapore Heritage Society. ISBN 978-981-05-7922-7.
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  33. ^ "Ruy Lopez: Morphy Defense, Duras Variation (C77)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  34. ^ "King's Gambit: Accepted, Eisenberg Variation (C30)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  35. ^ Smith, Ken & Hall, John (1994). The Englund Gambit and the Blackburne-Hartlaub Gambit Complex. Chess Digest. ISBN 0-87568-242-1.
  36. ^ Pinski, Jan (2005). Benko Gambit. Quality Chess. ISBN 91-975243-8-7.
  37. ^ Gutman, Lev (2004). Budapest Fajarowicz: The Fajarowicz-Richter Gambit in Action. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-8708-9.
  38. ^ Bobby Fischer, "A Bust to the King's Gambit", American Chess Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Summer 1961), pp. 3–9.
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  40. ^ "Efim Bogoljubov vs Aron Nimzowitsch, English Opening: Anglo-Indian Defense. Flohr-Mikenas-Carls Variation". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-31.
  41. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 469.
  42. ^ "D70-D99: Grünfeld: Three Knights (Flohr Attack)". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  43. ^ Rizzitano, James (2005). How to Beat 1 d4. Gambit. p. 160. ISBN 1-904600-33-6.
  44. ^ "Attacking the Spanish". New In Chess. Archived from the original on 2016-04-01. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  45. ^ "Yearbook 63". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  46. ^ "SO Glek Variation 4.g3 – Yearbook Surveys". New In Chess. Archived from the original on 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  47. ^ "King's Indian Defense: Gligoric – Taimanov Variation (E92)". chesstempo.com. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
  48. ^ "Neo-Grünfeld Defense: Goglidze Attack (D70)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  49. ^ Grivas, Efstratios (2005). Complete Guide to the Grivas Sicilian. Gambit Publications. ISBN 978-1-904600-36-7.
  50. ^ Michael Basman (1991). The Killer Grob. Cadogan. ISBN 0-08-037131-0.
  51. ^ "C40: Irregular King's Knight: Gunderam". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  52. ^ a b c "Death of a chess original – Bukhuti Gurgenidze, 1933–2008". ChessBase. 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  53. ^ "Queen's Gambit Refused: Austrian Defense, Gusev Countergambit (D06)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  54. ^ Schiller, Eric (1998). "McConnell Defense". Unorthodox Chess Openings. Cardoza Publishing. p. 287. ISBN 0-940685-73-6.
  55. ^ Rizzitano, James (2006). How to Beat 1.d4. Gambit. ISBN 1-904600-33-6.
  56. ^ "Frank Melville Teed vs Eugene Delmar, New York 1896, Dutch Defense: Hopton Attack (A80)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  57. ^ "A56: Benoni: Hromádka". Chess Archaeology. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  58. ^ "Nimzo-Indian Defense: Huebner Variation, Main Line (E41)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  59. ^ "Dutch, Ilyin-Genevsky Variation with Qc2 (A98)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  60. ^ Wall, Bill. "The Rice Gambit". Archived from the original on 2009-10-26. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  61. ^ Lane, Gary (2008). The greatest ever chess tricks and traps. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-577-0.
  62. ^ "Russian Game: Karklins-Martinovsky Variation (C42)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  63. ^ "RL Karpov Variation 9...Nd7". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  64. ^ "Caro-Kann Defense: Karpov Variation". Chess.com. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  65. ^ "B27: Sicilian, Katalimov variation". 365Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  66. ^ "King's Gambit: Declined, Keene Defense (C30)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  67. ^ Pritchett, Craig (2006). Sicilian Scheveningen. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-413-1.
  68. ^ a b "ECO A00-A49 (anglais)". Fédération québécoise des échecs. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  69. ^ "Ruy Lopez: Closed Variations, Kholmov Variation (C92)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  70. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Open, Knorre variation (ECO: C80)". Chess-Ref.org. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  71. ^ "French, Winawer, Kondratiyev variation (ECO: C15)". Chess-Ref.org. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  72. ^ "The Gambiteers Guild: Spanish Gambits". Vikingskak.dk. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  73. ^ "FOXY OPENINGS - VOLUME 30 - Kopec Anti-Sicilian System". Archived from the original on 2016-01-06.
  74. ^ "Blackmar-Diemer Gambit: Declined, Lamb Defense (D00)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  75. ^ "ECO A01: Nimzovich-Larsen attack". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  76. ^ "C52: Evans gambit, Lasker defence".
  77. ^ "D56: Queen's Gambit Declined, Lasker defence".
  78. ^ "Vladimir Kramnik vs Peter Leko, Tilburg 1998, Indian Game: Anti-Grunfeld. Alekhine Variation Leko Gambit (E60)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  79. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 474.
  80. ^ "D70-D99: Grünfeld: Russian (Levenfish)". Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  81. ^ "Sicilian, Dragon, Levenfish Variation (B71)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  82. ^ Gordon, Stephen W. (1994). The Lisitsin Gambit. The House of Staunton. ISBN 0875682502.
  83. ^ "Italian Game: Two Knights Defense, Lolli Attack (C57)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  84. ^ "A40: Queen's pawn, Lundin (Kevitz-Mikenas) defence". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  85. ^ "King's Indian, Makagonov System (5.h3) (E71)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  86. ^ Winter, Edward. "The Marshall Gambit". Retrieved 2009-06-01.
  87. ^ openings?exo=C37 "McdonnellGambit/". {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  88. ^ "French, McCutcheon (C12)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  89. ^ "Benoni Defense: Mikenas Variation (A66)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  90. ^ "Paul Keres vs Sachsenmaier, Italian Game: Classical Variation. Greco Gambit Moeller-Therkatz Attack (C54)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  91. ^ "French Defense: Tarrasch Variation, Morozevich Variation (C03)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  92. ^ Boris Avrukh, The Classical Slav (2014), Quality Chess, p. 381, ISBN 978-1-907982-39-2.
  93. ^ "French Defense: Morphy Gambit (C01)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  94. ^ original spelling
  95. ^ Harold James Ruthven Murray, A History of Chess, p826
  96. ^ "SOS Articles". New In Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  97. ^ "Ashot Nadanian – Yearbook Surveys". New In Chess. Archived from the original on 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  98. ^ "Sicilian, Najdorf (B90)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  99. ^ "Napoleon Bonaparte vs The Turk (Automaton), Schoenbrunn 1809, King Pawn Game: Napoleon Attack". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  100. ^ Hansen, Carsten (2002). The Nimzo-Indian: 4 e3. Gambit Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-901983-58-7.
  101. ^ Harding, T. D. (1981). The Nimzowitsch defence : 1e4 Nc6. Batsford. ISBN 978-0-7134-3597-9.
  102. ^ "Semi-Slav Defense: Noteboom Variation (D31)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  103. ^ "Sicilian, O'Kelly Variation (B28)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  104. ^ "Sicilian, Najdorf, Opocensky Variation (B92)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  105. ^ "Bernard Parham: Creator of the Matrix System". Thechessdrum.net. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  106. ^ Lane, Gary. "Ideas Behind Modern Chess Openings: Black" (PDF). ChessCafe.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  107. ^ Adams, Jimmy (1978). Sicilian Najdorf Polugaevsky Variation. The Chess Player. ISBN 0-906042-09-7.
  108. ^ "SOS Vol. 9 Chapter 15: Ruy Lopez: the Popov Variation". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  109. ^ Olthof, Rene, ed. (2006). Yearbook 78. New in Chess. p. 243.
  110. ^ Litmanowicz, Władysław & Giżycki, Jerzy (1986, 1987). Szachy od A do Z. Wydawnictwo Sport i Turystyka Warszawa. ISBN 83-217-2481-7 (1. A-M), ISBN 83-217-2745-X (2. N-Z)
  111. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Quinteros Variation (B27)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  112. ^ Gufeld, Eduard; Stetsko, Oleg (2000). Richter-Veresov System: The Chameleon Chess Repertoire. Thinkers Pr Inc / Chessco. ISBN 978-0-938650-97-3.
  113. ^ "Queen's Indian Defense: Riumin Variation (E16)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  114. ^ "Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation (B31)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  115. ^ Tim McGrew (2002-07-01). "Giuoco Fortissimo: The Rousseau Gambit Part 1" (PDF). Chesscafe.com.
  116. ^ "Nimzo-Indian, Samisch Variation (E27)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  117. ^ Santasiere, Anthony (1973). Futuristic chess opening: Santasiere's folly, or, The opening with a future. Dallas, Tex: Chess Digest.
  118. ^ "Carl Schlechter vs Géza Maróczy, French Defense: Schlechter Variation (C00)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  119. ^ a b "Schlechter Variation 4...g6 – Yearbook Surveys". New in Chess. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  120. ^ Colins, Sam (2005). Understanding the Chess Openings. Gambit Publications. ISBN 1-904600-28-X.
  121. ^ Krasenkow, Michal (2009-03-03). "Shabalov-Shirov Gambit accepted". ChessBase. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
  122. ^ Burgess, Graham (1994). Winning with the Smith-Morra Gambit. Batsford. ISBN 0-8050-3574-5.
  123. ^ "Grunfeld Defense, Smyslov (D99)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  124. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Closed, Smyslov Defense (C93)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  125. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Snyder Variation (B20)". Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  126. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 476.
  127. ^ "History of Opening Theory: Soltis Variation of the Dragon". Chess.com. 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
  128. ^ "Isaac Kashdan vs Victor Soultanbeieff, Olympiad 1933, Slav Defense: Soultanbeieff Variation". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  129. ^ "Sicilian, Fischer-Sozin Attack (B86)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  130. ^ "ECO B00-B49 (anglais)". Fédération québécoise des échecs. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  131. ^ "King's Gambit Accepted, Pawn's gambit (Stamma gambit)". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  132. ^ "Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense (C62)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  133. ^ "Petrov, modern (Steinitz) attack". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  134. ^ "B20: Sicilian, Steinitz variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  135. ^ "C45 Scotch, Steinitz variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2020-08-15.
  136. ^ Aagaard, Jacob (2000). Easy Guide to the Sveshnikov Sicilian. Everyman Chess. ISBN 978-1-85744-280-9.
  137. ^ Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1987). "Szén Variation". The Oxford Companion to Chess. Oxford University Press. p. 339. ISBN 0-19-281986-0.
  138. ^ "Sicilian, Taimanov (Bastrikov) Variation (B47)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  139. ^ de Firmian, Nick (2008). Modern Chess Openings (15 ed.). McKay. ISBN 978-0-8129-3682-7.
  140. ^ Raymond, Keene (1984). French Defence: Tarrasch Variation. Batsford. ISBN 978-0-7134-4577-0.
  141. ^ Gufeld, Eduard; Stetsko, Oleg (1994). Winning With the Torre Attack. Henry Holt. ISBN 0-8050-3280-0.
  142. ^ "The Traxler Counter Attack". ChessBase. 2004-06-13. Retrieved 2009-10-30.
  143. ^ "B07: Pirc, Ufimtsev-Pytel variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  144. ^ Palliser, Richard. "The Velimirovic Attack". ChessPublishing.com. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  145. ^ Hooper 1992, p. 477.
  146. ^ "C60: Ruy Lopez, Vinogradov variation". 365Chess.com. Retrieved 2009-10-29.
  147. ^ "Sicilian Defense: Richter-Rauzer Variation, Vitolins Variation (B62)". Chess.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
  148. ^ Jouni Yrjölä & Jussi Tella (2001). An Explosive Chess Opening Repertoire for Black. Gambit Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-901983-50-1.
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  150. ^ "French, Winawer (C18)". ChessGames.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.
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BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit