The Desprez Opening is a chess opening characterised by the opening move:
|Named after||Marcel Desprez|
|Parent||Irregular chess opening|
|Synonym(s)||Kadas Opening |
- 1. h4
The opening is named after the French player Marcel Desprez. Like a number of other rare openings, 1.h4 has some alternate names such as Kadas Opening (after Gabor Kadas, a Hungarian player), Anti-Borg Opening, and Samurai Opening.
|This article uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
Like 1.a4, the Ware Opening, 1.h4 does nothing in the fight over , and does very little for . The only piece released is the rook, which is usually not developed to h3. In addition, 1.h4 weakens White's . For these reasons, 1.h4 is among the rarest of the twenty possible first moves for White.
Black usually responds by grabbing the centre with 1...d5 or 1...e5, and simple and sound development by 1...Nf6 is also possible. The response 1...g6, however, intending to fianchetto Black's bishop on g7, is rare because White can undermine Black's pawn structure with 2.h5, making 1.h4 seem logical.
Grandmaster David Bronstein once remarked that he knew of a Russian player who always opened 1.h4 and always won. His point was that after 1...e5 2.g3 d5 3.d4! exd4 4.Qxd4 Nc6 5.Qd1 Nf6 6.Nh3! Be7 7.Nf4 0-0 8.Bg2 the f4-knight is well-placed and White has a good position. Black does not have to be so cooperative, however.
|The Wikibook Chess Opening Theory has a page on the topic of: Desprez Opening|