William Davies Evans
Evans was born at St Dogwells, Pembrokeshire, Wales. It is almost certain that young Evans went to Haverfordwest Grammar School, the only school of any antiquity in Pembrokeshire. About the beginning of the century the family moved to Castle Pill, the name of an inlet of Milford Haven on the north side, just east of Milford town. By 1818, he had learnt the moves of chess.
|This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
At the age of 14, (in 1804) Evans went out to sea to serve in the navy until 1815, when the war ended. He was then transferred to the postal department; by 1819, he had reached the title of Captain of the sailing packet.
Around 1825–1826, on shore leave in London, Evans played Alexander McDonnell, beating the latter with what is now regarded in chess circles as the first creation of the Evans Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Bc5 4.b4).
His most famous invention was the tri-coloured lighting on naval vessels designed to prevent collisions at night. For this invention he was awarded £1500 by the British government and a gold chronometer and £200 from the Tsar of Russia.
- William Davies Evans player profile and games at Chessgames.com
- An article about Evans, chesscafe.com
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