Efim Dmitriyevich Bogoljubov (Russian: Ефим Дмитриевич Боголю́бов; also Romanized Bogolyubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess player who played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship. He was granted the title of grandmaster by FIDE in 1951.
|Full name||Efim Dmitriyevich Bogoljubov|
|Country||Russian Empire → Soviet Union|
|Born||April 14, 1889|
Stanislavchyk, Tarashcha Uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (now Kiev Oblast, Ukraine)
|Died||June 18, 1952 (aged 63)|
Triberg im Schwarzwald, West Germany
In 1911, he tied for first place in the Kiev championships, and for 9–10th in the Saint Petersburg (All-Russian Amateur) Tournament, won by Stepan Levitsky. In 1912, he took second place, behind Karel Hromádka, in Vilna (Vilnius) (Hauptturnier). In 1913/14, he finished eighth in Saint Petersburg (All Russian Masters' Tournament – eighth Russian championship; Alekhine and Aron Nimzowitsch came joint first).
World War I: Interned in GermanyEdit
In July/August 1914, he played in the Mannheim tournament (the 19th DSB Congress), and tied for 8–9th in that event, which was interrupted by World War I. After the declaration of war against Russia, eleven "Russian players" (Alekhine, Bogoljubov, Fedor Bogatyrchuk, Alexander Flamberg, N. Koppelman, Boris Maliutin, Ilya Rabinovich, Peter Romanovsky, Peter Petrovich Saburov, Alexey Selezniev, Samuil Weinstein) from the Mannheim tournament were interned by Germany. In September 1914, four of the internees (Alekhine, Bogatyrchuk, Saburov, and Koppelman) were allowed to return home via Switzerland. The remaining Russian internees played eight tournaments, the first held in Baden-Baden (1914) and all the others in Triberg (1914–1917). Bogoljubov took second place, behind Alexander Flamberg, in Baden-Baden, and won five times in the Triberg chess tournament (1914–1916). Durıng World War I, he stayed in Triberg im Schwarzwald, married a local woman and spent the rest of his life in Germany.
Successes and world championship matchesEdit
In 1924, Bogoljubov briefly returned to Russia, which had since become the Soviet Union, and won consecutive Soviet championships in 1924 and 1925. He also won at Breslau (Wrocław) 1925, and in the Moscow 1925 chess tournament, ahead of a field which included Emanuel Lasker and José Raúl Capablanca.
In 1926, he emigrated to Germany. He won, ahead of Akiba Rubinstein that year at Berlin. At Kissingen 1928, he triumphed (+6−1=4) over a field which included Capablanca, Nimzowitsch and Savielly Tartakower, et al. Bogoljubov won two matches against Max Euwe (both 5½–4½) in 1928 and 1928/29 in the Netherlands. He played matches for the World Chess Championship twice against Alekhine, losing 15½–9½ in 1929, and 15½–10½ in 1934.
In 1930, he twice tied for 2nd–3rd with Nimzowitsch, after Alekhine, in Sanremo; then with Gösta Stoltz, behind Isaac Kashdan, in Stockholm. In 1931, he tied for 1st–2nd in Swinemünde (27th DSB Congress). In 1933, he won in Bad Pyrmont (1st GER-ch). In 1935, he won at Bad Nauheim, and Bad Saarow. He tied for 1st–2nd at Berlin 1935, Bad Elster 1936, Bad Elster 1937. Bogoljubov won at Bremen 1937, Bad Elster 1938, and Stuttgart 1939 (the 1st Europaturnier).
World War II and afterEdit
During World War II, he lost a match to Euwe (+2−5=3) at Krefeld 1941, and drew a mini-match with Alekhine (+2−2=0) at Warsaw 1943. He also played in numerous tournaments held in Germany and the General Government throughout the war. In 1940, he won in Berlin, and tied for 1st–2nd with Anton Kohler in Kraków/Krynica/ Warsaw (the 1st GG-ch). In 1941, he took 4th in Munich (the 2nd Europaturnier; Stoltz won), and took 3rd, behind Alekhine and Paul Felix Schmidt, in Kraków/Warsaw (the 2nd GG-ch). In 1942, he took 5th in Salzburg Grandmasters' tournament (Alekhine won), tied for 3rd–5th in Munich (1st European Championship – Europameisterschaft; Alekhine won), took 3rd in Warsaw /Lublin/ Kraków (the 3rd GG-ch; Alekhine won). In 1943, he took 4th in Salzburg (Paul Keres and Alekhine won), and tied for 2nd–3rd in Krynica (the 4th GG-ch; Josef Lokvenc won). In 1944, he won, ahead of Fedor Bogatyrchuk, in Radom (the 5th GG-ch).
After the war, he lived in West Germany. While his level of play declined significantly by the time, nevertheless, in 1947, he won in Lüneburg, and Kassel. In 1949 he won in Bad Pyrmont (3rd West GER-ch), and tied for 1st–2nd with Elmārs Zemgalis in Oldenburg. In 1951, he won in Augsburg, and Saarbrücken.
Bogoljubov died in June 1952, aged 63.
|This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
- "CTC Index" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2010-07-27. Name Index to Jeremy Gaige's Chess Tournament Crosstables, An Electronic Edition, Anders Thulin, Malmö, 2004-09-01
- "Chess Tournaments: Russian masters 1913/14". Archived from the original on 2011-09-03. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- Schach Nachrichten
- Russian Chess Base
- A. Alekhine v. E.D. Bogoljubov, World's Chess Championship 1934, ed. Fred Reinfeld and Reuben Fine, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, (1967) at pp. 6–7.
- OlimpBase :: the encyclopaedia of team chess
- http://www.rogerpaige.me.uk/index.htm Archived February 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Bogoljubov quotation
- From the Archives
- Bogoljubov quotation Archived 2013-02-18 at the Wayback Machine