Semyon Zinovyevich Alapin (Russian: Семён Зиновьевич Алапин; 19 November [O.S. 7 November] 1856 – 15 July 1923) was a Russian chess player, openings analyst, and puzzle composer. He was also a linguist, railway engineer and a grain commodities merchant.

Semyon Zinovyevich Alapin
Drawing of Alapin
Born(1856-11-19)November 19, 1856
DiedJuly 15, 1923(1923-07-15) (aged 66)
Occupation(s)railway engineer, grain commodities merchant
Known forAnalyzing chess openings

Biography edit

Born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, into a Jewish family on 19 November [O.S. 7 November] 1856,[1] nephew of the Jewish memoirist Pauline Wengeroff. He was one of the strongest chess players in the Russian Empire in the late 19th century. Due to the 1917 Revolution in Russia, he had to spend his final years in exile. He died in Heidelberg, Germany, on 15 July 1923.

Legacy edit

Today he is best known for his creation of opening systems in almost all major openings. Most of these are of little significance today, but Alapin's Variation of the Sicilian Defence is an important opening line that is often played by leading grandmasters.

List of openings named after Alapin edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Hooper, David and Kenneth Whyld (1996). The Oxford Companion To Chess. Oxford University. ISBN 0-19-280049-3.
  1. ^ "Шахматное наследие Алапина". Archived from the original on 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2016-07-23.

External links edit