Andrew Eden Soltis (born May 28, 1947 in Hazleton, Pennsylvania) is an American chess grandmaster, author and columnist. He was inducted into the United States Chess Hall of Fame in September 2011.
|Full name||Andrew Eden Soltis|
|Born||May 28, 1947|
|FIDE rating||2407 (May 2019)|
Soltis learned how the chess pieces moved at age 10 when he came upon a how-to-play book in the public library in Astoria, Queens where he grew up. He took no further interest in the game until he was 14, when he joined an Astoria chess club, then the Marshall Chess Club and competed in his first tournament, the 1961 New York City Junior Championship.
Tournaments and championshipsEdit
In 1970, he played second board on the gold-medal winning US team in the 17th World Student Team Championship and tied for the best overall score, 8–1. He was also a member of the silver-medal winning US teams in the 14th and the 18th World Student Team Championships.
Soltis won the annual international tournament at Reggio Emilia, Italy, in 1972 and was awarded the International Master title two years later. His first-place finishes in New York international tournaments in 1977 and 1980 resulted in his being awarded the International Grandmaster title in 1980.
He won the championship of the prestigious Marshall Chess Club a record nine times, in 1967, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1974, 1977, 1979, 1986, and 1989. He also competed in four US (closed) Championships, in 1974, 1977, 1978 and 1983. He tied for first prize in the 1977 and 1982 US Open Championships.
Soltis has been inactive in tournaments since 2002. He reached his playing peak as a competitive player when he was rated the 74th best player in the world, in January 1971.
He has written a weekly chess column for the New York Post since 1972. His monthly column "Chess to Enjoy" in Chess Life, the official publication of the United States Chess Federation, began in 1979 and is the longest-running column in that magazine. He was named "Chess Journalist of the Year" in 1988 and 2002 by the Chess Journalists of America.
Soltis was one of the few Americans in the 20th century who earned the International Grandmaster title but was not a professional chess player. He worked as a news reporter and editor for the New York Post from 1969 until he retired in 2014. He continued writing his weekly chess column for the Post after he retired.
He is considered one of the most prolific chess writers, having authored or coauthored more than 100 books and opening monographs on chess. His books have been translated into Spanish, French, German, Italian and Polish. In 2014 his work Mikhail Botvinnik: The Life and Games of a World Chess Champion was named Book of the Year by the Chess Journalists of America and the English Chess Federation. Other honors for his books include the 1994 British Chess Federation award for Frank Marshall, United States Champion and the Cramer Award in 2006 for Soviet Chess 1917–1991 and in 2006 for Why Lasker Matters.
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He is credited with the Soltis Variation of the Sicilian Dragon Yugoslav Attack, characterized by 12...h5, after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6 6.Be3 Bg7 7.f3 0-0 8.Qd2 Nc6 9.Bc4 Bd7 10.0-0-0 Rc8 11.Bb3 Ne5 12.h4 h5. Previous experience showed that Black often got mated if he allowed 13.h5. He also gave names to chess openings such as the Nimzo-Larsen Attack, the Baltic Defense and the Chameleon Sicilian. Several names for pawn structures and moves, such as the Marco Hop and the Boleslavsky Hole, were popularized by his book Pawn Structure Chess. He introduced the Russian chess term priyome to English literature in Studying Chess Made Easy.
Soltis graduated from City College of New York in 1969. He has been married to Marcy Soltis, a fellow journalist and tournament chess player, since 1981.
Partial list of booksEdit
- The Best Chess Games of Boris Spassky, 1973, ISBN 0679130020
- The Great Chess Tournaments and Their Stories , 1975, ISBN 0-8019-6138-6
- Pawn Structure Chess, 1976, Tartan Books, ISBN 0-679-14475-7; also 1995, McKay, ISBN 0-8129-2529-7
- Karl Marx Plays Chess : And Other Reports on the World's Oldest Game, ISBN 0-8129-1906-8
- Chess to Enjoy, 1978, Stein and Day, ISBN 0-8128-6059-4
- Catalog of Chess Mistakes, 1980, Three Rivers Press, ISBN 0-679-14151-0
- The Art of Defense in Chess, 1986, Random House, ISBN 0-679-14108-1
- Openings of the Eighties; Volume 1, Chess Digest, ASIN: B009F09ARA
- A Black Defensive System For The Rest of Your Chess Career, 1987, Chess Digest, ISBN 0-87568-166-2
- Winning with the English Opening, 1987, Chess Digest, ISBN 0875681700
- Winning with 1 e4, 1988, Chess Digest
- Winning with 1 d4, 1988, Chess Digest, ISBN 0875681751
- Confessions of a Chess Grandmaster, 1990, Thinker's Press, ISBN 0-938650-46-7
- Winning with 1 c4: A Complete Opening System, 1990, Chess Digest, ISBN 0-87568-192-1
- Winning with 1 f4: Bird's Opening, 1992, Chess Digest, ISBN 0-87568-203-0
- White Opening System: Combining Stonewall Attack, Colle System, Torre Attack, 1992, Chess Digest, ISBN 0-87568-205-7
- Black to play and win with 1-g6: A complete defensive system, Chess Digest, ISBN 0875681778
- The Baltic Defense to the Queen's Gambit, Chess Digest, ASIN: B01F7XFV9O
- Beating the Caro-Kann with the Advance Variation, 1993, Chess Digest, ASIN: B002AOKNXS
- The London System : a complete white opening system, 1993, Chess Digest, ISBN 0875682316
- Winning with the King's Gambit - Decline - VOLUME II, The House of Staunton, ISBN 0875682146
- The Stonewall Attack, Revised 2nd Edition, 1993, Chess Digest, ISBN 0-87568-165-4
- A Black Defensive System: With 1...d6, 1994, Chess Digest, ISBN 0875682448
- Beating the Ruy Lopez with the Fianchetto Variation, 1994, Chess Digest, ISBN 0875682499
- The Inner Game of Chess: How to Calculate and Win, 1994, Random House, ISBN 0-8129-2291-3
- The Trompowsky Attack, 1995, Chess Digest, ISBN 0875682731
- Winning with the Giuoco Piano and the Max Lange Attack, 1996, Chess Digest, ASIN: B00A09JWOQ
- Grandmaster Secrets: Endings, 1997, 2003, Thinker's Press, ISBN 0-938650-66-1
- Colle System, Koltanowski variation, 5c3, 1998, Chess Digest, ISBN 0-87568-286-3
- Soviet Chess 1917–1991, 1999, McFarland & Company, ISBN 0-7864-0676-3
- Rethinking the Chess Pieces, 2004, Bastford, ASIN: B019L58BVO
- Grandmaster Secrets: Openings, 2000, Thinker's Press, ISBN 0-938650-68-8
- Why Lasker Matters, 2005, Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-8983-9
- Bobby Fischer Rediscovered, 2003, Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-8846-8
- Los Voraces, 2019, 2003, McFarland, ISBN 978-0-7864-1637-0
- Turning Advantage into Victory in Chess, 2004, Random House Puzzles & Games, ISBN 0-8129-3581-0
- Rethinking the Chess Pieces, 2004, Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-8904-9
- How to Choose a Chess Move, 2005, Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-8979-0
- The 100 Best Chess Games of the 20th Century, Ranked, 2006, McFarland & Company, ISBN 0-7864-2741-8
- Transpo Tricks in Chess, 2007, Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-9051-9
- The Wisest Things Ever Said About Chess, 2008, Batsford, ISBN 978-1-906388-00-3
- Studying Chess Made Easy, 2010, Batsford, ISBN 978-1-906388-67-6
- What It Takes To Become A Chess Master, 2012, Batsford
- Andrew Soltis rating card at FIDE
- Reggio Emilia chess tournament
- Chess Life Sept. 1993, page 64
- US Open Chess Championship
- http://www.chessmetrics.com/cm/CM2/PlayerProfile.asp?Params=199510SSSSS3S123996000000131000000000027810100[permanent dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2015-06-02.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Andrew Soltis rating card at FIDE
- Andrew Soltis player profile and games at Chessgames.com
- Jim Eade (September 18, 2011). "GM Andrew (Andy) Soltis Interview by Jim Eade (Chess Trust)".