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Priyome[1] (Russian: приём, IPA: [prʲɪˈjɵm] (About this soundlisten)) is a Russian noun that is used directly and generically in English to represent some sort of typical maneuver or technique in chess. For example, a typical defensive technique in rook endings is to use the king to attack the opponent's pawns.[2]

In Russian, приём is a common word with various meanings including "reception", "acceptance" and "gimmick", and is used in contexts as diverse as music, literature, computer science, and martial arts.[3] It is also very common in Russian chess literature to refer to typical maneuvers used in positions with certain pawn structures or other defining characteristics. Because the word does not have an exact equivalent in English—with "device", "technique", or "method" the closest translations—it has appeared untranslated in English-language chess literature, although this usage is not yet widespread.[4][5]

Contents


ExamplesEdit

A Russian movie, Buket Na Priyome,[6] is a crime drama highlighting the technique as a theme and tactic. A famous game by Garry Kasparov in Nicaragua has been used by training academies[7] to illustrate the technique. After e4-e5 in the first diagram below, the d-file is potentially open, and thus a candidate to be controlled by White's rooks:

abcdefgh
8
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
Moving the Rook to the d file is a priyome, or recommended response. In annotations, moves with exclamation points suggest priyomes.
Example of Black vs. White priyomes
Black to move
abcdefgh
8
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
In this famous 1972 Spassky-Fischer World Championship, Spassky played 1.a4, and Bobby answered with 1...a5!. This is a typical defensive technique (priyome) in similar positions, to fix the weakness of the a4 pawn.
White to move
abcdefgh
8
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
abcdefgh
In this Zsofia Polgar-Apol game from 1988, Polgar played the priyome with 1. Bg5! - again a typical maneuver in this pawn structure, to exchange the bishop for the f6 knight and gain control of the d5 square.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Also transliterated priem, prijóm, etc.
  2. ^ Uchebnik Endshpilya, Dvoretsky, 2006, p. 216 ISBN 5-88149-232-3
  3. ^ "• Запомни весь нескучный англо-русский словарь". Yxo.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
  4. ^ Studying Chess Made Easy, Soltis, 2010, p. 88 ISBN 978-1-906388-67-6
  5. ^ Critical Moments in Chess, Gaprindashvili, 2010, p. 66 et al. ISBN 978-1-906388-65-2
  6. ^ "Buket na priyome (1977)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.
  7. ^ ": Academia De Ajedrez Julio Ramírez De Arellano :. - Priyome". Academiadeajedrezjulioramirezdearellano.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16.

External linksEdit