|Full name||Robert Hübner|
|Born||November 6, 1948|
Cologne, West Germany
|Title||International Master (1969) |
|FIDE rating||2579 (May 2019)|
|Peak rating||2640 (July 1981)|
At eighteen, he was joint winner of the West German Chess Championship.
- In 1971, he forfeited a closely contested quarter final to Tigran Petrosian, complaining about the noise when he was down 1 point.
- In 1980–81, his best result, after winning the quarter and semi final (against the Hungarian players Adorjan and Portisch), he reached the final before losing to Viktor Korchnoi. Hübner forfeited the match after 10 games, again when he was down 1 point.
- In 1983, he lost a quarter final to Vassily Smyslov in unique circumstances: with the match tied after the original 10 games plus 4 further games, the tie was resolved (in Smyslov's favour) by a spin of a roulette wheel.
At his strongest in the mid-seventies to mid-eighties, Hübner participated in many of the elite tournaments of the day, and was invited at Montreal 1979 (The Tournament of Stars), playing alongside Anatoly Karpov, Mikhail Tal, and Jan Timman. His most notable tournament victories were at Houston 1974, Munich 1979 (shared with Ulf Andersson and Boris Spassky), Rio de Janeiro Interzonal 1979 (shared with Lajos Portisch and Tigran Petrosian), Chicago 1982, Biel 1984 (equal with Vlastimil Hort), Linares 1985 (shared with Ljubomir Ljubojević), and Tilburg 1985 (shared with Anthony Miles and Viktor Korchnoi).
He served as a second to Nigel Short in the 1993 world championship match against Garry Kasparov.
He remained active on the international circuit into the 2000s but has never been a full-time chess professional due to his academic career.
Over the chessboard, Hübner's technique has been described as efficient and ruthless. According to Bill Hartston—"His perfectionist and rather pessimistic approach, however, prevented him from reaching the very top."
|This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
Hübner's contributions to chess literature include the study of world champions and extensive analysis of 19th-century chess brilliancies. His recent[when?] contributions are detailed analysis and study of the chess games of world champions – notably Bobby Fischer and Alexander Alekhine.
When anti-doping tests were introduced into international chess, Hübner declared his withdrawal from the German national team. He views these tests as bureaucratic power displays that degrade the individual. In his opinion, doping in chess cannot improve the true abilities of a player, only their application. "I am always happy if my opponent's abilities can fully unfold, because then I learn more."
- Robert James Fischer vs. Robert Hübner, Palma de Mallorca iz 1970, Caro–Kann Defense: Breyer Variation (B10), ½–½ A dramatic game with central pawn attacks against the GM Robert James Fischer.
- Robert Hübner vs. Raymond Keene, Vienna (Austria) 1972, Modern Defense: King Pawn Fianchetto (B06), 1–0 After a long series of manoeuvres the White pressure on the Black king position peaks in a winning combination.
- Gaige, Jeremy (1987). Chess Personalia, A Biobibliography. McFarland. p. 181. ISBN 0-7864-2353-6.
- CHESS; SHOULD CHANCE DECIDE THE OUTCOME OF A MATCH?, Robert Byrne, New York Times, May 9, 1983
- Hooper, David and Whyld, Kenneth (1984). The Oxford Companion To Chess. Oxford Universit y. pp. 147, 148. ISBN 0-19-217540-8.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Hartston, William (1996). The Guinness Book of Chess Grandmasters. Guinness Publishing Ltd. p. 200. ISBN 0-85112-554-9.
- Hansen, Carsten (2002). The Nimzo-Indian: 4 e3. Gambit Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-901983-58-7.
- Hübner, Robert (2008-12-10). "Von der Willkür der Dopingkontrollen". ChessBase Schach Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 2019-03-04.
- Chinese Chess for Beginners by Sam Sloan (1989) ISBN 0-923891-11-0