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List of Prime Ministers of Hungary

The following is a list of Prime Ministers of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország miniszterelnöke, literally Ministers-President) from when the first Prime Minister (in the modern sense), Lajos Batthyány, took office in 1848 (during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848) until the present day. The prime minister is head of the Government of Hungary.

There are currently five living former Prime Ministers of Hungary.

Contents

Kingdom of Hungary (1848–1849)Edit

Parties   Opposition Party

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
1   Lajos Batthyány
(1807–1849)
17 March 1848 2 October 1848 Opposition Party Batthyány Last Diet
1 (1848)
  Ádám Récsey
(1775–1852)
appointed illegally
3 October 1848 7 October 1848 Imperial Army
2   Lajos Kossuth
(1802–1894)
de facto
2 October 1848 14 April 1849 Opposition Party Committee of National Defence

Hungarian State (1849)Edit

Parties   Opposition Party

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
(2)   Lajos Kossuth
(1802–1894)
de facto
14 April 1849 1 May 1849 Opposition Party Committee of National Defence 1 (1848)
3   Bertalan Szemere
(1812–1869)
2 May 1849 11 August 1849 Opposition Party Szemere

After the collapse of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the restored Hungarian Kingdom became an integral part of the Austrian Empire until 1867, when dual Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was created and the Hungarian Kingdom was organized as Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen.

Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (1867–1918)Edit

Parties   Deák Party/Liberal Party/National Party of Work   National Constitution Party   F48P–Károlyi   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
4   Gyula Andrássy
(1823–1890)
17 February 1867 14 November 1871 Deák Party Andrássy
DP
3 (1865)
4 (1869)
5   Menyhért Lónyay
(1822–1884)
14 November 1871 4 December 1872 Deák Party Lónyay
DP
5 (1872)
6   József Szlávy
(1818–1900)
4 December 1872 21 March 1874 Deák Party Szlávy
DP
7   István Bittó
(1822–1903)
21 March 1874 2 March 1875 Deák Party Bittó
DPBK
8   Béla Wenckheim
(1811–1879)
2 March 1875 20 October 1875 Liberal Party Wenckheim
SZP
9   Kálmán Tisza
(1830–1902)
20 October 1875 13 March 1890 Liberal Party K. Tisza
SZP
6 (1875)
7 (1878)
8 (1881)
9 (1884)
10 (1887)
10   Gyula Szapáry
(1832–1905)
13 March 1890 17 November 1892 Liberal Party Szapáry
SZP
11 (1892)
11   Sándor Wekerle
(1848–1921)
1st term
17 November 1892 14 January 1895 Liberal Party Wekerle I
SZP
12   Dezső Bánffy
(1843–1911)
14 January 1895 26 February 1899 Liberal Party Bánffy
SZP
12 (1896)
13   Kálmán Széll
(1843–1915)
26 February 1899 27 June 1903 Liberal Party Széll
SZP
13 (1901)
14   Károly Khuen-Héderváry
(1849–1918)
1st term
27 June 1903 3 November 1903 Liberal Party Khuen-Héderváry I
SZP
15   István Tisza
(1861–1918)
1st term
3 November 1903 18 June 1905 Liberal Party I. Tisza I
SZP
16   Géza Fejérváry
(1833–1914)
18 June 1905 8 April 1906 Independent Fejérváry
SZP
14 (1905)
(11)   Sándor Wekerle
(1848–1921)
2nd term
8 April 1906 17 January 1910 National Constitution Party Wekerle II
F48POAP–KNP–PDP
15 (1906)
(14)   Károly Khuen-Héderváry
(1849–1918)
2nd term
17 January 1910 22 April 1912 National Party of Work Khuen-Héderváry II
NMP
16 (1910)
17   László Lukács
(1850–1932)
22 April 1912 10 June 1913 National Party of Work Lukács
NMP
(15)   István Tisza
(1861–1918)
2nd term
10 June 1913 15 June 1917 National Party of Work I. Tisza II
NMP
18   Móric Esterházy
(1881–1960)
15 June 1917 20 August 1917 Independent Esterházy
NMPF48POAP–PDP–KNP
(11)   Sándor Wekerle
(1848–1921)
3rd term
20 August 1917 30 October 1918 National Constitution Party
'48 Constitution Party
Wekerle III
NMPF48POAP–PDP–KNP
19   János Hadik
(1863–1933)
30 October 1918 31 October 1918 National Constitution Party Hadik
not formed
20   Mihály Károlyi
(1875–1955)
31 October 1918 16 November 1918 F48P–Károlyi M. Károlyi
F48P–K–PRP–MSZDP
MNT (—)

First Hungarian Republic (1918–1919)Edit

Parties   F48P–Károlyi   Civic Radical Party (PRP)

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
(20)   Mihály Károlyi
(1875–1955)
interim head of state
16 November 1918 11 January 1919 F48P–Károlyi M. Károlyi
F48P–K–PRP–MSZDP
MNT (—)
  Dénes Berinkey
(1871–1944)
acting
11 January 1919 19 January 1919 PRP
21 Dénes Berinkey
(1871–1944)
19 January 1919 21 March 1919 Berinkey
F48P–K–PRP–MSZDP–OKGFP

Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)Edit

Parties   MSZP/SZKMMP   MSZDP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
22   Sándor Garbai
(1879–1947)
de facto
21 March 1919 1 August 1919 MSZP/SZKMMP Central Executive Council
MSZP/SZKMMP
TOGY (—)
23   Gyula Peidl
(1873–1943)
interim head of state
1 August 1919 6 August 1919
(deposed)
MSZDP Peidl
MSZDP

Counter-revolutionary governments (1919)Edit

Parties   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
  Gyula Károlyi
(1871–1947)
5 May 1919 31 May 1919 Independent Arad
31 May 1919 12 July 1919 Szeged I
  Dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám
(1875–1973)
12 July 1919 12 August 1919 Independent Szeged II

Hungarian Republic (1919–1920)Edit

Parties   KNEP   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
  István Friedrich
(1883–1951)
acting
7 August 1919 15 August 1919 Independent Friedrich
KNP/KNEP–OKGFP
24 István Friedrich
(1883–1951)
interim head of state
15 August 1919 24 November 1919 KNP → KNEP
25   Károly Huszár
(1882–1941)
interim head of state
24 November 1919 15 March 1920 KNEP Huszár
KNEP–OKGFP–MSZDP–NDPP

Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946)Edit

Parties   KNEP   EPNEPMÉP   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
26   Sándor Simonyi-Semadam
(1864–1946)
15 March 1920 19 July 1920 KNEP Simonyi-Semadam
KNEP–OKGFP
17 (1920)
27   Pál Teleki
(1879–1941)
1st term
19 July 1920 14 April 1921 KNEP Teleki I
KNEP–OKGFP
28   István Bethlen
(1874–1946)
14 April 1921 2 February 1922 KNEP Bethlen
(KNEP–OKGFP)→EP
(28) 2 February 1922 24 August 1931 EP
18 (1922)
19 (1926)
20 (1931)
29   Gyula Károlyi
(1871–1947)
24 August 1931 1 October 1932 EP G. Károlyi
EPKGSZP
30   Gyula Gömbös
(1886–1936)
1 October 1932 6 October 1936
(died in office)
NEP Gömbös
NEP
21 (1935)
  Kálmán Darányi
(1886–1939)
acting
6 October 1936 12 October 1936 NEP
31 Kálmán Darányi
(1886–1939)
12 October 1936 14 May 1938 Darányi
NEP
32   Béla Imrédy
(1891–1946)
14 May 1938 16 February 1939 NEP Imrédy
NEP
(27)   Pál Teleki
(1879–1941)
2nd term
16 February 1939 3 April 1941
(died in office)
MÉP Teleki II
MÉP
22 (1939)
  Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer
(1881–1948)
acting
3 April 1941 MÉP
33   László Bárdossy
(1890–1946)
3 April 1941 7 March 1942 MÉP Bárdossy
MÉP
  Ferenc Keresztes-Fischer
(1881–1948)
acting
7 March 1942 9 March 1942 MÉP
34   Miklós Kállay
(1887–1967)
9 March 1942 22 March 1944
(deposed)
MÉP Kállay
MÉP
35   Döme Sztójay
(1883–1946)
22 March 1944 29 August 1944 Independent Sztójay
MÉP–MMP
36   Géza Lakatos
(1890–1967)
29 August 1944 16 October 1944
(deposed)
Independent Lakatos
MÉP

Government of National Unity (1944–1945)Edit

Parties   NYKP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
37   Ferenc Szálasi
(1897–1946)
head of state
16 October 1944 28 March 1945 NYKP Szálasi
NYKP–MMP

Soviet-backed provisional governments (1944–1946)Edit

Parties   FKGP   Independent   MKP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
38   Béla Miklós
(1890–1948)
22 December 1944 15 November 1945 Independent Provisional National Government
FKGPMKPMSZDPNPPPDP
INGY (1944)
39   Zoltán Tildy
(1889–1961)
15 November 1945 1 February 1946 FKGP Tildy
FKGPMKPMSZDPNPP
23 (1945)
  Mátyás Rákosi
(1892–1971)
acting
1 February 1946 4 February 1946 MKP

Hungarian Republic (1946–1949)Edit

Parties   FKGP   MKPMDP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
40   Ferenc Nagy
(1903–1979)
4 February 1946 31 May 1947 FKGP F. Nagy
FKGPMKPMSZDPNPP
23 (1945)
  Mátyás Rákosi
(1892–1971)
acting
31 May 1947 MKP
41   Lajos Dinnyés
(1901–1961)
31 May 1947 10 December 1948 FKGP Dinnyés
MKPFKGPMSZDPNPP
24 (1947)
42   István Dobi
(1898–1968)
10 December 1948 20 August 1949 FKGP Dobi
MDPFKGPNPP
(42) MDP

Hungarian People's Republic (1949–1989)Edit

Chairman of the Council of MinistersEdit

Parties   MDPMSZMP   MSZP

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
(42)   István Dobi
(1898–1968)
20 August 1949 14 August 1952 MDP Dobi
MDP
25 (1949)
43   Mátyás Rákosi
(1892–1971)
14 August 1952 4 July 1953 MDP Rákosi
MDP
44   Imre Nagy
(1896–1958)
1st term
4 July 1953 18 April 1955 MDP I. Nagy I
MDP
26 (1953)
45   András Hegedüs
(1922–1999)
18 April 1955 24 October 1956 MDP Hegedüs
MDP
(44)   Imre Nagy
(1896–1958)
2nd term
24 October 1956 3 November 1956 MDP I. Nagy II
MDPMSZMPFKGP
MSZMP
(44) 3 November 1956 4 November 1956
(deposed)
I. Nagy III
MSZMPFKGPMSZDPPP
46   János Kádár
(1912–1989)
1st term
4 November 1956 28 January 1958 MSZMP Kádár I
MSZMP
47   Ferenc Münnich
(1886–1967)
28 January 1958 13 September 1961 MSZMP Münnich
MSZMP
27 (1958)
(46)   János Kádár
(1912–1989)
2nd term
13 September 1961 30 June 1965 MSZMP Kádár II
MSZMP
28 (1963)
48   Gyula Kállai
(1910–1996)
30 June 1965 14 April 1967 MSZMP Kállai
MSZMP
49   Jenő Fock
(1916–2001)
14 April 1967 15 May 1975 MSZMP Fock
MSZMP
29 (1967)
30 (1971)
50   György Lázár
(1924–2014)
15 May 1975 25 June 1987 MSZMP Lázár
MSZMP
31 (1975)
32 (1980)
33 (1985)
51   Károly Grósz
(1930–1996)
25 June 1987 24 November 1988 MSZMP Grósz
MSZMP
52   Miklós Németh
(1948–)
24 November 1988 7 October 1989 MSZMP Németh
MSZMP
(52) 7 October 1989 23 October 1989 MSZP

Hungarian Republic / Hungary (from 1989)Edit

Parties   MSZP   Fidesz   MDF   Independent

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Assembly
(Election)
  Miklós Németh
(1948–)
provisional
23 October 1989 23 May 1990 MSZP Németh
MSZP
53   József Antall
(1932–1993)
23 May 1990 12 December 1993
(died in office)
MDF Antall
MDFFKGPKDNP[1]
34 (1990)
  Péter Boross
(1928–)
acting
12 December 1993 21 December 1993 MDF
54 Péter Boross
(1928–)
21 December 1993 15 July 1994 Boross
MDFEKGPKDNP
55   Gyula Horn
(1932–2013)
15 July 1994 6 July 1998 MSZP Horn
MSZPSZDSZ
35 (1994)
56   Viktor Orbán
(1963–)
1st term
6 July 1998 27 May 2002 Fidesz Orbán I
FideszFKGPMDF
36 (1998)
57   Péter Medgyessy
(1942–)
27 May 2002 29 September 2004
(resigned)
Independent Medgyessy
MSZPSZDSZ
37 (2002)
58   Ferenc Gyurcsány
(1961–)
29 September 2004 9 June 2006 MSZP Gyurcsány I
MSZPSZDSZ
9 June 2006 14 April 2009
(resigned)
Gyurcsány II
MSZPSZDSZ[2]
38 (2006)
59   Gordon Bajnai
(1968–)
14 April 2009 29 May 2010 Independent Bajnai
MSZP[3]
(56)   Viktor Orbán
(1963–)
2nd term
29 May 2010 10 May 2014 Fidesz Orbán II
FideszKDNP
39 (2010)
10 May 2014 10 May 2018 Orbán III
FideszKDNP
40 (2014)
10 May 2018 Incumbent Orbán IV
FideszKDNP
41 (2018)

1 FKGP split into two groups on 24 February 1992. EKGP (Group of 33 then 36 MPs) continued to support the government, while FKGP (Group of 12 then 10 MPs) went into opposition.

2 SZDSZ left the Gyurcsány II Cabinet on 20 April 2008.

3 The Bajnai Cabinet was supported externally by SZDSZ.

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Bölöny, József – Hubai, László: Magyarország kormányai 1848–2004 [Cabinets of Hungary 1848–2004], Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 2004 (5th edition).
  • Izsák, Alajos – Pölöskei, Ferenc – Romsics, Ignác – Urbán, Aladár: Magyar miniszterelnökök 1848–2002 [Prime ministers of Hungary 1848–2002], Kossuth Kiadó, Budapest, 2003.
  • Markó, László: A magyar állam főméltóságai Szent Istvántól napjainkig – Életrajzi Lexikon [The High Officers of the Hungarian State from Saint Stephen to the Present Days – A Biographical Encyclopedia] (2nd edition); Helikon Kiadó Kft., 2006, Budapest; ISBN 963-547-085-1.

External linksEdit