Liberal Party (Hungary)

The Liberal Party (Hungarian: Szabadelvű Párt) was a political party in Hungary between 1875 and 1906.

Liberal Party

Szabadelvű Párt
Historical leadersIstván Gorove,
Kálmán Tisza,
Gusztáv Vizsolyi
Founded1 March 1875 (1875-03-01)
Dissolved11 April 1906 (1906-04-11)
Merger ofDeák Party
Left Centre
Succeeded byNational Party of Work (since 1910)
HeadquartersBudapest, Kingdom of Hungary
IdeologyClassical liberalism (Hungary)
'67 ideology
Political positionCentre-right
(in constitutional terms)
International affiliationNone
Colours   Blue

HistoryEdit

The party was established in February 1875 by a merger of the Deák Party and the Left Centre.[1] It won a huge majority in the 1875 elections, with former Left Centre member Kálmán Tisza becoming Prime Minister. Tisza remained Prime Minister until 1890, and using violence,[1] the party retained its parliamentary majority until the 1905 elections, which saw the Independence and '48 Party win the most seats. The following year the party was disbanded.

The party passed legislation for Jewish emancipation and appointed Jews to parliament (both the upper and lower houses) in 1867. In return, many Jews supported the party. Many districts of Budapest, where Jews made up half of the voters, reliably voted for the Liberal candidate.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p505 ISBN 0-313-23804-9
  2. ^ Lorman, Thomas (2019). The Making of the Slovak People’s Party: Religion, Nationalism and the Culture War in Early 20th-Century Europe. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 48. ISBN 978-1-350-10938-4.