1905 Hungarian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary between 26 January and 4 February 1905. The result was a victory for the Party of Independence and '48, marking the first time the Liberal Party had lost power since 1875. Because of bad decisions after the elections, the Parliament was dissolved in 1906. Franz Joseph I of Austria ignored the result and instead of the victorious allied opposition he kept István Tisza in power, and then on 18 June he nominated baron Géza Fejérváry mashal (the captain of his Hungarian bodyguards) as acting Prime Minister, which deepened the crisis.

1905 Hungarian parliamentary election

← 1901 26 January – 4 February 1905 1906 →

All 413 seats in the Diet
207 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Kossuth Ferenc.jpg Ellinger Portrait of Frigyes Podmaniczky 1878.jpg Ifj. Andrássy Gyula, 1905.jpg
Leader Ferenc Kossuth Frigyes Podmaniczky Gyula Andrássy
Party Party of Independence and '48 Liberal Party Dissidents (from the Liberal Party)
Alliance Allied opposition Allied opposition
Last election 79 seats, 19.12% 277 seats, 67.07% did not contest
Seats won 165 159 27
Seat change Increase86 Decrease118
Percentage 39.95% 38.5% 6.54%
Swing Increase20.83% Decrease28.57%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Zichy Aladár.jpg Bánffy Dezső (Mai Manó felvétele).jpg
Leader Aladár Zichy Dezső Bánffy
Party Catholic People Party New Party Independents
Alliance Allied opposition Allied opposition
Last election 25 seats, 6.05% did not contest 13 seats, 3.14%
Seats won 25 13 10
Seat change 0 Decrease3
Percentage 6.05% 3.15% 2.42%
Swing 0% Decrease0.72%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  GheorghePopDeBasesti.jpg Vázsonyi Vilmos -Erdélyi.jpg
Leader Gheorghe Pop de Băsești Vilmos Vázsonyi
Party Romanian National Party Democratic Party Socialists
Alliance Allied opposition
Last election 1 seats, 0.24% did not contest
Seats won 8 2 2
Seat change Increase1
Percentage 1.94% 0.48% 0.48%
Swing Increase0.24%

Prime Minister before election

István Tisza
Liberal Party

Prime Minister after election

István Tisza
Liberal Party


Party Seats % Parliamentary role
Party of Independence and '48 165 39,95% government
Liberal Party 159 38,50% opposition
Dissidents1 (from the Liberal Party) 27 6,54% government
Catholic People's Party 25 6,05% government
New Party 13 3,15% government
independent 10 2,42% independent
Romanian National Party 8 1,94% opposition
Democratic Party 2 0,48% government
Socialists 2 0,48% opposition
Serb National Party 1 0,24% opposition
Slovak National Party 1 0,24% opposition
Total 413 100%

1: The 27 MP left the Liberal Party led by Gyula Andrássy JR. At the end of 1905 they founded the National Constitutional Party.