1985 Hungarian parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 8 June 1985.[1] The Patriotic People's Front, dominated by the Communist Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, was the only organisation allowed to contest the election. All prospective candidates had to accept the Front's program in order to be eligible.[2]

1985 Hungarian parliamentary election

← 1980 8 June 1985 1990 →

All 387 seats in the National Assembly
  First party Second party
  János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg No image.svg
Leader János Kádár
Party MSZMP Independents
Alliance HNF HNF
Leader since 25 October 1956
Seats won 288 98
Seat change Increase36 Decrease2

The HSWP, the only legal political party in the country, won 288 of the 387 seats, with 98 of the remaining 99 going to independents selected by the party. The one other seat remained unfilled until the following year.[3]

Electoral systemEdit

The elections took place under new rules enacted in 1983 that allowed for wider participation in the electoral process.[2] In addition to the 352 single-member constituencies, a further 35 MPs were elected unopposed via a national list. According to Politburo member Mihaly Korom, this was necessary in order to ensure the "representation of leading personalities" whose activities extended "beyond the boundaries of their electoral districts."[4][5] Voters who were away from home on election day could only vote on the national list, which had around 160,000 extra voters compared to the single-member constituencies.[4]

There had to be at least two candidates in the single-member constituencies, which was achieved everywhere except Keszthely, where one candidate withdrew his nomination. A by-election was later held for the seat in the spring of 1986.[3] In 54 constituencies, mainly in urban areas, at least three and as many as four candidates appeared on the ballot.[6]


Party SMCs National list Seats +/–
Votes % Votes %
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party 6,636,685 98.8 7,145,601 99.1 288 +36
Independents 98 –2
Vacant 1
Against 79,702 1.2 64,894 0,9
Invalid/blank votes 386,759 55,420
Total 7,103,146 100 7,256,915 100 387 +35
Registered voters/turnout 7,586,480 93.9 7,728,208 94.0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, IPU,[7] Other[8]


  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Burant, Stephen R. Hungary: A Country Study p181
  3. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p932
  4. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p923
  5. ^ Burant, p. 184
  6. ^ Burant, p. 184
  7. ^ Parline database of the Interparliamentary Union: HUNGARY_1985_E.PDF
  8. ^ A választási eredmények 1945–1990