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Sándor Garbai (27 March 1879 – 7 November 1947) was a Hungarian socialist politician.

Sándor Garbai
Garbai Sándor (1919) (cropped).jpg
Sándor Garbai on the 19 March 1919
Chairman of the Hungarian Central Executive Council
In office
21 March 1919 – 1 August 1919
Preceded byMihály Károlyi
Succeeded byGyula Peidl
22nd Prime Minister of Hungary
In office
21 March 1919 – 1 August 1919
Preceded byDénes Berinkey
Succeeded byGyula Peidl
Personal details
Born(1879-03-27)27 March 1879
Kiskunhalas, Austria-Hungary
Died7 November 1947(1947-11-07) (aged 68)
Paris, France
NationalityHungarian
Political partyHungarian Social Democratic Party
Hungarian Socialist Party
Hungarian Socialist and Communist Party
Spouse(s)Zsófia Pötördi
Professionpolitician

Political careerEdit

 
Bust of Garbai

He was active in the leadership of the Social Democratic Party of Hungary.[1] During the First Hungarian Republic he headed the All National Housing Council. He was in favour of the merger of the HSDP with the Hungarian Communist Party which occurred on 21 March 1919.[1] This led to the foundation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic of which he was both prime minister and president. Although Garbai remained titular head of the for the better part of its reign, he held little power or influence. The de facto leader of the state was Communist foreign minister Béla Kun.


Mátyás Rákosi later joked that the revolution's Jewish leaders took the gentile Garbai in so that they would have somebody to sign the death sentences on Shabbat.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Roszkowski, Wojciech; Kofman, Jan (2016). Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. Routledge. p. 277. ISBN 9781317475941.
  2. ^ Jerry Z. Muller, Capitalism and the Jews, Princeton University Press, 2010, page 153
Political offices
Preceded by
Mihály Károlyi
as Provisional President
Chairman of the Hungarian Central Executive Council
1919
Succeeded by
Gyula Peidl
as Prime Minister
Preceded by
Dénes Berinkey
as Prime Minister
Preceded by
József Pogány
Minister of Religion and Education
1919
Succeeded by
Sándor Imre