List of Philippine dishes

This is a list of selected dishes found in the Philippines. While the names of some dishes may be the same as those found in other cuisines, many of them have evolved to mean something distinctly different in the context of Filipino cuisine.

Filipino cuisine prepared at the Pulilan Municipal Hall in Bulacan.
Barbecue and meat on display at a street food stall during the Dinagyang Festival in Iloilo City, Philippines.

Main dishesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Adobo   Nationwide Meat/Seafood/Vegetable dish Typically pork or chicken, or a combination of both, is slowly cooked in vinegar, cooking oil, crushed garlic, bay leaf, black peppercorns, and soy sauce, and often browned in the oven or pan-fried afterward to get the desirable crisped edges.
Afritada   Tagalog Meat dish Chicken or pork and potatoes cooked in tomato sauce.
Barbecue (Satti)   Luzon, Mindanao, Sulu Archipelago Philippine English term for Satay. Grilled or skewered meat (mainly pork or chicken) marinated in a sweet soy-garlic mixture, grilled, basted with the marinade and then served with either a soy-vinegar dip or a sweet brown sauce. Variants also use offal, such as isaw.
Bopis   Batangas Meat dish A spicy dish made out of pork lungs and heart sautéed in tomatoes, chilies and onions.
Camaron rebosado   Seafood Deep fried battered shrimps. Similar to Tempura, but with a heavier batter.
Chicken pastel Manila Meat dish Flavorful thick cream dish in cheese casserole.

Cooked with Hotdog, Chorizo, Potatoes, Carrots and saute spices that complements with chicken.

Crispy pata   Nationwide Meat dish Deep fried portions of pork legs including knuckles often served with a chili and calamansi flavored dipping soy sauce or chili flavored vinegar for dipping.
Crispy tadyang ng baka Meat dish Crispy beef ribs often served with a chili and calamansi flavored soy sauce or chili flavored vinegar for dipping.
Curacha Zamboanga Seafood Boiled or steamed sea crab.
Daing   Tagalog Fish dish Fish (especially milkfish) that has been dried, salted, or simply marinated in vinegar with much garlic and then fried.
Embutido   Meat dish A meatloaf shaped in the form of a sausage, with eggs stuffed in the center.
Escabeche   Fish dish Referring to both a dish of poached or fried fish that is marinated in an acidic mixture before serving, and to the marinade itself. Can refer broadly to sweet and sour dishes.
Giniling (Picadillo)   Tagalog Meat Dish Ground pork or beef cooked with garlic, onion, soy sauce, tomatoes, and potatoes and frequently with carrots, raisins, and bell peppers.
Halabos na hipon   Seafood Shrimps steamed in their own juices and cooked with a little oil.
Hamonado   Meat dish Also called endulsado in Zamboanga City. Pork cooked in a sweet sauce with pineapple juice and sugar. Tomato sauce is also sometimes added. It is named after the Spanish glazed ham (jamón and endulzado mean "ham" and "glazed" in Spanish, respectively). It is also the name of a type of sweet Philippine sausage noted for its ham-like taste.
Humba   Meat dish A Visayan slow-cooked sweet pork dish based on the Chinese dish Hong-ba (red-braised pork belly). It is similar to pork adobo and hamonado except that it characteristically uses fermented black soybeans (tausi).
Inasal na manok   Negros Occidental Meat dish Grilled chicken marinated in a vinegar marinade. Often served with a side of atchara and soy-vinegar dip, and with garlic rice and yellow atsuete oil.
Inihaw na liempo   Meat dish Grilled pork belly.
Inun-unan   Visayas Seafood Visayan variant of fish paksiw. Fish cooked in a broth of vinegar, ginger, and other spices. Unlike northern paksiw na isda, it does not include vegetables.
Kadyos-Baboy-Langka Iloilo Meat dish The name refers to the three main ingredients used in the dish: kadyos (pigeon peas), baboy (pork) and langka (jackfruit). The broth is soured with batwan, a fruit native to Southeast Asia.
Kadyos Manok Ubad Iloilo Meat dish The name refers to the three main ingredients used in the dish: kadyos (pigeon peas), manok (chicken) and ubad (the edible inner layers of a banana stalk).
Kaldereta   Luzon Meat dish to A dish made with cuts of pork, beef or goat simmered in tomato paste or tomato sauce, with liver spread added to it.
Kinunot   Bicol Seafood From the word kunot which literally means shred. A dish made up of either shredded meat of pagi (stingray) or baby shark cooked in coconut milk with malunggay (moringa) leaves.
Kinilaw (Kilawin)   Nationwide Seafood/Meat/Vegetable dish A cooking process that relies on vinegar to denature the ingredients, similar to ceviche. Usually used to prepare raw seafood. It can also be used to prepare lightly cooked meat or vegetables.
Lechón   Nationwide Meat dish A dish made by roasting a whole pig over charcoal. It is often cooked during special occasions. A simpler version has chopped pieces of pork fried in a pan or wok (lechon kawali). A variant that is popular in the Visayas region is lechon de leche, which is a whole roasted suckling pig.

Also refers to the manner of cooking, i.e., spitted and charcoal-roasted, for example, lechon manok (roasted chicken).

Lengua estofada Meat dish Braised ox tongue.
Lumpia   Meat/Vegetable dish A variant of spring rolls, either deep or pan fried (prito), or fresh (sariwa). Popular versions include lumpiang shanghai, a fairly narrow fried roll usually with a meat filling, often accompanied by a sweet chili dipping sauce, and lumpiang ubod, a wider, fresh spring roll filled with raw vegetables local to the area.
Mechado   Meat dish Name derived from mitsa meaning "wick" which is what the pork fat inserted into a slab of beef looks like before the larded beef is cooked, sliced, and served in the seasoned tomato sauce it is cooked in.
Morcon   Meat dish A beef roulade often prepared for special occasions it consists of thin sheets of cooked eggs and marinated beef layered one on top of the other, then wrapped and tied around carrots, celery, cheese, pork fat, and sausage. This is then cooked in seasoned tomato sauce.
Paksiw   Generally means to cook and simmer in vinegar. Common dishes bearing the term, however, can vary substantially depending on what is being cooked. Paksiw na isda is fish poached in a vinegar broth usually seasoned with fish sauce and spiced with siling mahaba and possibly containing vegetables. Paksiw na baboy is pork, usually hock or shank, cooked in ingredients similar to those in adobo but with the addition of sugar and banana blossoms to make it sweeter and water to keep the meat moist and to yield a rich sauce. Paksiw na lechon is roasted pork lechon meat cooked in lechon sauce or its component ingredients of vinegar, garlic, onions, black pepper and ground liver or liver spread and some water. The cooking reduces the sauce so that by the end the meat is almost being fried.
Palapa   Lanao del Sur, Lanao del Norte Vegetable dish A popular spicy Maranao condinment also served as an ulam with rice. Made of pounded sakurab, ginger, chillies and salt. After pounding into a rough mix the palapa is briefly fried to release it's rich and spicy flavor. A variant mixed with grated coconut and turmeric is also made. Palapa is mostly used as a condiment alongside meat, chicken or fish, or is used in the main dish Piaparan, a famous dish of the Lanao region of Mindanao.
Pata tim   Meat dish Braised pork leg dish similar to Paksiw na Pata, Chinese style. Simmered in a sweet soy sauce flavored by Chinese herbs such as star anise, banana blossoms, etc.
Piaparan Lanao Chicken, Fish or Vegetable dish A popular spicy Maranao main dish made of palapa, grated coconut, bell peppers, poultry or fish, turmeric, chilli, and vegetables. Served with a soup made of the same ingredients and served over white rice.
Pinakbet   Ilocos Vegetable dish - Pinangat, Natong, or Laing   Bicol Vegetable dish In Bicol refers to a dish of taro leaves, chili, meat, and coconut milk tied securely with coconut leaf. In Manila the dish is known more commonly as laing. Pinangat or pangat also refers to a dish or method of cooking involving poaching fish in salted water and tomatoes.
Relleno   Stuffed meat, seafood, or vegetable dishes like rellenong bangus (stuffed milkfish), rellenong manok (stuffed chicken), and rellenong talong (stuffed eggplant) also known as tortang talong (see below).
Sarsiado   Tagalog Fish dish Fish that is cooked with tomato sauce and real tomatoes.
Sinanglay   Bicol Fish A dish wherein fish, preferably Tilapia, is wrapped in pechay or mustard leaves and is simmered in rich coconut milk.
Sisig   Pampanga Meat/Fish dish Fried and sizzled chopped bits of pig's head and liver, other versions using tuna or milkfish, usually seasoned with calamansi and chili peppers and sometimes topped with an egg.
Tapa   Meat dish Dried, cured, or marinated sliced beef that is fried or grilled.
Torta   Nationwide Egg and meat dish A variation on an omelette, often referring to one made out of ground beef and potatoes. Other common variations include tortang alimasag, made with crab meat, and tortang talong, made with whole long eggplants roasted prior to adding the eggs.
Ukoy   Vegetable dish Shrimp fritters often accompanied by vinegar as dipping sauce.

Soups and stewsEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Batchoy   Iloilo Noodle soup A noodle soup which originated in the district of La Paz, Iloilo City in the Philippines.
Bicol express   Popularized in the district of Malate, Manila Stew A stew made from long green chilies, coconut milk, alamang (shrimp paste) or daing (dried fish), onion, sliced or cubed pork meat, and garlic.
Bulalo   Batangas

Negros Occidental

Soup/Stew A deeply flavourful soup of beef shank, cabbage, and potatoes simmered for hours over low heat.
Callos   Stew A hearty stew of chorizo, beef tripe in tomato sauce.
Dinengdeng   Ilocos Soup A bagoong soup based dish similar to pinakbet. It contains fewer vegetables and contains more bagoong soup base.
Dinuguan   Stew A savory stew of meat simmered in a rich, thick spicy gravy of pig's blood, garlic, chili, and vinegar.
Ginataan   Tagalog Soup/Stew Food cooked with gata (coconut milk), with the literal translation of the word being, "cooked with coconut milk." It can refer to a number of different dishes, each called ginataan, but distinct from one another depending on their originating districts as well as the main protein. Ginataang hipon, for example, refers to shrimp cooked in coconut milk, ginataang gulay to an assortment of vegetables cooked in coconut milk, ginataang alimango is crabs cooked in coconut milk, while ginataang manok is chickens cooked in coconut milk . Coconut milk can also be added to existing dishes, as in ginataang adobo
Kare-kare   Tagalog Stew A meat, tripe, and oxtail stew with vegetables in peanut sauce customarily served with bagoong alamang (shrimp paste).
Lauya Ilocos Soup/Stew A dish of pork, beef, or carabao meat in broth flavored with ginger, onions and fish sauce served as a soup or main entrée.
Mami   Soup Generic term for noodle soup. Usually made of beef, chicken, pork.
Menudo   Ilocano Stew A stew of pork, pig liver, carrots and potatoes in tomato sauce.
Nilagang baka   Tagalog Soup/Stew A beef stew with cabbages, potatoes, and onion seasoned with fish sauce and black peppercorns usually using beef chuck or brisket. When using beef shank including the bone and marrow it is called nilagang bulalo.
Pancit Molo   Iloilo Soup/Stew A type of soup using wonton wrappers which originated from Molo district in Iloilo City.
Papaitan   Ilocos Soup/Stew A sour beef/goat innards soup. The bile or papait (undigested grass juice) is used as the primary souring agent.
Pares   Luzon Stew Filipino word for "Pair". A viand, usually beef asado, served with rice and a bowl of soup
Pochero   Stew A beef/pork soup stew, usually nilagang baka, cooked with tomato sauce and pork and beans
Sinanglaw Ilocos Soup/Stew A hotpot made from beef innards.
Sinigang   Tagalog Soup/Stew A sour soup/stew made with pork meat, beef or seafood, mixed with a variety of vegetables. Any sour fruit such as tamarind, unripe mango and pineapple is usually used as the souring agent.
Sopas   Tagalog Noodle soup Macaroni chicken soup. Usually contains chicken strips in broth, onions, vegetables (mainly carrots, cabbage and celery), in addition to macaroni noodles. It is cooked with evaporated milk to give it richer flavor.
Soup No. 5 Soup A soup made from bull's testes or penis.
Tinola   Tagalog Soup/Stew A dish often made of chicken, although pork and fish can also be used, wedges of green papaya, and chili pepper leaves, in broth flavoured with ginger, onions and fish sauce served as a soup or main entrée.

Tinolang isda goes well with kangkong (water spinach).

Noodle dishesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Pancit lomi   Batangas Noodles A Chinese-Filipino dish made with a variety of thick fresh egg noodles of about a quarter of an inch in diameter.
Misua   Noodles A soup with misua (very thin flour noodles). Choice of protein can include: meatballs, canned tuna in tomato sauce, and chicken.
Pancit luglug   Rizal Noodles Similar to pancit palabok, except made with larger noodles. The name luglug comes from the sound made by the draining of the noodles.
Pancit canton   Tagalog Noodles Chinese-Filipino version of Cantonese lo mein using flour-based noodles.
Pancit bihon guisado   Luzon Noodles Stir-fried vermicelli noodles with vegetables and pork or chicken.
Pancit Tuguegarao or Batil-patong   Cagayan Noodles Pancit originating from the province of Cagayan
Pancit Malabon   Tagalog Noodles Another variant of Pancit Palabok which uses shrimp, squid, and other seafoods as toppings. The noodles are thicker than that of the Palabok and Luglug.
Pancit estacion Cavite Noodles
Pancit palabok   Tagalog Noodles Rice noodles cooked in anato seeds, usually served with hard-boiled egg, chicharon, spring onions, and kalamansi
Filipino spaghetti   Tagalog Noodles Filipino version of spaghetti with a tomato (or sometimes banana ketchup) and meat sauce characterized by its sweetness and use of hotdogs or sausages.
Baked macaroni   Noodles Filipino version of macaroni casserole, with a sauce base similar in flavor to Filipino spaghetti.
Sotanghon   Noodles A clear chicken soup with vermicelli noodles (sotanghon).


Name Image Region Type Description
Ginisang monggo   Nationwide Vegetable Sauteed mung beans in onions and tomatoes. Variants can include the addition of coconut milk, dried fish, chicken, thinly-sliced pork, or vegetables such as kangkong (water spinach), langka (jackfruit), and malunggay (moringa).
Kinilnat   Albay An Ilocano salad made with leaves, shoots, blossoms, or the other parts of the plant are boiled and drained and dressed with bagoong (preferably) or patis, and sometimes souring agents like calamansi or cherry tomatoes are added as well as freshly ground ginger.
Laswa   Visayan A popular soupy Visayan dish made of different vegetables, including okra, eggplant, malunggay, alugbati, squash, and taro root, yard long beans, tomatoes, served over rice.


Name Image Region Type Description
Arroz a la valenciana Visayas Glutinous rice A hearty, glutinous rice dish that incorporates various ingredients, such as chorizo de bilbao, carrots, raisins, pork, chicken, bell peppers, garlic and onions. Turmeric is used to give the bright yellow colour characteristic of the dish. It is often garnished with sliced hard boiled eggs.
Lugaw   Porridge Plain rice porridge. Not to be confused with Arroz Caldo, which contains chicken.
Champorado   Porridge A sweet chocolate rice porridge. It can be served hot or cold and with milk and sugar to taste. It is served usually at breakfast and sometimes together with dried fish locally known as tuyo.
Paelya   Rice A complex rice dish frequently involving seafood such as shrimps (hipon) and mussels (tahong) taken from Spanish cuisine that is mostly prepared during special occasions.
Sinangag   Rice Fried rice sauteed in garlic. A vital part of the "silog" meal ("Sinangag at Itlog"; trans: "fried rice and egg").
Silog   Tagalog Rice Refers to the combination of sinangag (fried rice), itlog (egg) and meats. The name of the meats are then suffixed to the word silog, turning meats such as tapa and longganisa into tapsilog and longsilog, It is also served with other viands such as Tocino (Tocilog), Hotdog (Hotsilog), and Bangus (milkfish) (bangsilog).

Preserved meat and fishEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Longganisa   Cebu Sausage A pork sausage similar to a chorizo. It has its own regional variants such as Longganisang Ilocano and Longganisang Lucban of the Ilocos Province and of the City of Lucban, Quezon, respectively, that is made with much garlic, and Sweet Chorizo of Cebu which is similar to sausages but with a sweeter flavor.
Tinapa / Tuyo   Davao Fish preserved through the process of smoking (tinapa) or drying (tuyo).
Tocino   Ilocano A cured meat product native to the Philippines. It is usually made out of pork although beef is also used and is cured using sugar which gives it its "ham-like" glaze.

Pickles and side dishesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Atchara   Pickle Refers primarily to unripe papaya in a pickling solution of sugar and vinegar. It also refers to other vegetables pickled in the same manner.
Burong mangga   Pickle A food made by mixing sugar, salt, and water to unripened mangoes that have previously been salted.
Ensaladang talong   Salad A salad with boiled/grilled eggplant as the primary ingredient. It can be served as is, in a pickling solution of vinegar and garlic or with tomatoes, onions and bagoong alamang.

Miscellaneous and street foodEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Balut   A fertilized duck (or chicken) egg with a nearly developed embryo inside that is boiled, shelled, and eaten as is or dipped in salt or spicy vinegar.
Binalot   Literally "wrapped". Food wrapped in banana leaves. Usually a meal consisting of a smoked or fried viand and rice sometimes accompanied by a salted egg, tomatoes, or atchara.
Chicharon   Bulacan Snack Primarily refers to fried pork rinds. It is also made from chicken, mutton, beef, fish and fish skin and innards.
Fishballs   A common street food most often made from the meat of cuttlefish or pollock and served with a sweet and spicy sauce or with a thick dark brown sweet and sour sauce.
Isaw   A street food made from barbecued pig or chicken intestines. Another variant is deep-fried breaded chicken intestine.
Patupat (or Pusô)   A type of rice cake from South East Asia made from rice that has been wrapped in a woven palm leaf pouch or banana leaves, then boiled.
Pinikpikan   Cordillera A chicken dish wherein the chicken is beaten to death, dressed and roasted whole on a spit. Pinikpik means "beaten (with a hard object)", which is done to infuse the chicken meat with blood.
Siomai   Ground pork, beef, and shrimp, among others, combined with extenders like green peas, carrots and the like which is then wrapped in wonton wrappers.
Siopao   Steamed filled bun. Common versions are asado, shredded meat in a sweet sauce similar to a Chinese barbecued pork filling, and bola-bola, a packed ground pork filling.
Tokneneng and Kwek kwek   A tempura-like Filipino street food of duck or quail eggs covered in an orange-dyed batter and then deep-fried. Tokneneng uses duck eggs while the smaller kwek kwek use quail eggs.
Tokwa at baboy   A bean curd (tokwa is Filipino for tofu, from Lan-nang) and pork dish. Usually serving as an appetizer or for pulutan. Also served with Lugaw. It is a type of kinilaw.

Bread and pastriesEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Araro Palawan Cookies Cookies made of flour, egg, sugar and salt
Binaki (Pintos)   Bukidnon, Mindanao; Bogo, Cebu Tamales Steamed corn sweet tamales
Binangkal   Visayas and Mindanao Fried dough Hard and crunchy fried flour balls covered in sesame seeds. Not to be confused with buchi, which is hollow and chewy on the inside.
Biskotso   Iloilo Bread Baked bread topped with butter and sugar, or garlic
Buko Roll Tuguegarao Bread Baked bread filled with coconut and condensed milk
Buchi   Fried dough A local version of the Chinese sesame seed balls (jin deui). Variants can range from almost exactly the same as the Chinese version, to versions which do not use sesame seeds and are filled with local fillings like ube or bukayo. Also spelled butsi.
Crema de fruta   Cake A layered dessert made with sponge cake, custard, gelatin, and fresh or preserved fruits
Empanada   Pastry A baked or fried stuffed bread or pastry. They usually contain ground beef, pork or chicken, potatoes, chopped onions, and raisins.
Ensaymada   Pastry A pastry or a brioche made with butter (instead of lard) and topped with grated cheese (usually queso de bola, the local name for aged Edam) and sugar.
Mango float   Cake An icebox cake variant of crema de fruta made with graham crackers, whipped cream, and fresh mangoes
Pan de coco   Bread A rich sweet bread with a sweet coconut filling.
Pandesal   Bread
Pastel de Camiguín  
Polvorón   A pastry made from compressed toasted flour, milk, and sugar. Sometimes made with ground peanuts, cashews or pinipig. May be coated with milk or milk chocolate.
Roscas   Barugo and Carigara, Leyte Pastry cookies A pastry cookie made from lard, anise, flour, sugar, salt, butter, yeast, seasonings, and egg yolks, as well as tuba as its liqueur component.
Rosquillos   Cebu Cookies Filipino cookies made from flour, eggs, shortening, sugar, and baking powder. Its name comes from the Spanish word rosca (ringlet).[1][2] Not to be confused with Spanish rosquillos or roscos which are more akin to small doughnuts.
Shakoy   Visayas Fried dough A traditional doughnut variant from the Visayas islands with a distinctive twisted shape. Also known as siyakoy or lubid-lubid.
Otap   Cebu Pastry Variant spelling: otap. Oval-shaped puff pastry usually made with flour, shortening, coconut, and sugar.


Name Image Region Type Description
Apas   Tagalog Oblong-shaped biscuits that are topped with sugar.
Banana cue   Tagalog Deep fried Saba bananas coated in caramelised brown sugar.
Barquillos   Iloilo/Negros Occidental A flat, sweet flour-based pastry rolled into a hollow tube. Sometimes eaten with sorbetes or western ice cream.
Barquiron Negros Occidental Barquillos filled with polvoron.
Baye baye   Negros Occidental A sticky dessert made from newly harvested rice.
Belekoy   Bulacan A sweet pastry made from flour, sugar, sesame seeds, and vanilla.
Bibingka   Luzon A type of cake made with rice flour, sugar, clarified butter, and coconut milk. Baked with coals from above and under, it is usually topped with butter, sugar, and desiccated coconut.
Binignit   Luzon A dessert soup made with coconut milk, tubers such as purple yam, sweet potato, and plantains as well as jackfruit, sago and tapioca pearls.
Biko   Nationwide A sticky sweet delicacy made from glutinous rice, coconut milk, and brown sugar. It is similar to Kalamay, but uses whole grains. It is also known as Sinukmani or Sinukmaneng.
Bukayo   Luzon A sweet popular with children, it is made by simmering strips of young, gelatinous coconut (buko) in water and then mixing these with sugar.
Buko pie   A traditional pastry, young coconut filled pie.
Camote cue   Tagalog Deep fried kamote with caramelised brown sugar.
Cascaron   A dessert made of rice flour, coconut and sugar.
Coconut jam   A food spread, a custard jam in the general sense, consumed mainly in Southeast Asia and made from a base of coconut and sugar.
Leche flan   A rich custard made of egg yolks with a layer of soft caramel on top (as opposed to crème brûlée, which has a hard caramel top). Sometimes sliced and added to other desserts such as halo-halo.
Dodol   Ilocos and Lanao A toffee-like food delicacy made with coconut milk, jaggery, and rice flour. Sticky, thick and sweet, it is served mostly during festivals such as Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha.
Espasol   Laguna A cylindrical cake made of rice flour cooked in coconut milk and sweetened coconut strips, which is then dusted with toasted rice flour.
Ginanggang   Mindanao Grilled skewered Saba bananas brushed with margarine and sprinkled with sugar.
Halo-halo   Luzon A popular dessert that is a mixture of shaved ice and milk to which are added various boiled sweet beans and fruits, and served cold in a tall glass or bowl.
Hopia   A popular bean filled pastry originally introduced by Fujianese immigrants in urban centres of the Philippines.
Kalamay   Tagalog A sticky sweet delicacy made of ground glutinous rice, grated coconut, brown sugar, margarine, peanut butter, and vanilla (optional).
Kutsinta   Tagalog Rice cake with jelly-like consistency made from rice flour, brown sugar, lye and food coloring, usually topped with freshly grated mature coconut
Latik   Luzon Latík in the northern Philippines refers to coconut milk curds used as toppings. In the Visayan regions, it refers to a thick, sweet syrup made from coconut milk and sugar.
Maíz con hielo Similar to halo-halo, but instead made with corn kernels and sometimes with corn flakes as topping.
Maja blanca   A local variant of blancmange made of coconut milk and corn starch. May include sweet corn kernels.
Maruya   Fritters usually made from Saba bananas.
Morón   Leyte dessert, snack Like most suman, the morón is made from glutinous rice, but is smoothened and then either striped or divided into two flavor parts, one part being flavored with chocolate from the local cacao and the other part with coconut milk
Nata de coco  
Palitaw   Luzon They are made from malagkít (sticky rice) washed, soaked, and then ground. Scoops of the batter are dropped into boiling water where they float to the surface as flat discs which are then dipped in grated coconut and presented with a separate dip of sugar and toasted sesame seeds.
Piaya   Negros Occidental Snack A flat pastry filled with a jam made of muscovado sugar and sometimes sprinkled with sesame seeds, grilled on a pan. Different flavours include ube (purple yam), mango and chocolate.
Puto   Luzon Small white buns baked from rice flour. Variations include ube and pandan flavours, as well as toppings like cheese and salted duck egg. Sometimes used to accompany other dishes, usually dinuguan (black pudding stew).
Sapin-sapin   Tagalog A layered glutinous rice and coconut dessert. Takes its name from the word sapin, "to spread" or "to cover".
Sikwate and Puto Maya   Lanao Del Norte A combination of local hot chocolate and steamed glutinous rice usually served with "muscovado" sugar and ripe mango. Isa Sweet Tooth, a well known dessert specialist, is one of the well known maker of this unique sweet in the region.
Sorbetes   Traditional Filipino ice cream. Usually peddled by a sorbetero from a brightly coloured pushcart, it is sometimes made with coconut milk or rarely carabao milk. Typical flavours include ube, cheese, cookies and cream, avocado, strawberry, Chocnut (a popular crumbly chocolate and peanut sweet), and melon. Sorbetes is can be served on a cone, in a cup, or on bread such as pan de sal or hotdog buns.
Suman   Tagalog Sticky rice steamed in banana leaf. Topped with a traditional brown sauce or sugar.
Taho   Made with fresh tofu, arnibal (a brown sugar and vanilla syrup), and sago pearls. Usually sold in the morning by a hawker known as a magtatahô and can be eaten as a breakfast. May be served either hot (straight from the magtatahô) or sometimes it can be purchased chilled. Probably developed from the Chinese treat douhua.
Turon   Luzon A typical Philippine snack consisting of a banana or plaintain and maybe jackfruit wrapped in a springroll wrapper then deep fried and sprinkled with sugar.
Ube halaya   Luzon Ube jam, made from boiled and mashed purple yam. Ube halaya (Or halayang ube; variant spellings halea, haleya; from the Spanish jalea, "jam") is also used in pastries and other desserts such as halo-halo and ice cream.
Ube ice cream   Luzon An ice cream made out of mashed ube, milk, sugar and crushed ice. It is then mixed using an ice cream mixer

Sauces and condimentsEdit

Name Image Region Type Description
Alamang (Shrimp paste)   Shrimp paste made from minute shrimp or krill.
Bagoong monamon   Pangasinan A common ingredient used in the Philippines and particularly in Northern Ilocano cuisine. It is made by fermenting salted anchovies.
Bagoong terong   It is made by salting and fermenting the bonnet mouth fish. This bagoong is coarser than Bagoong monamon, and contains fragments of the salted and fermented fish.
Banana ketchup   Luzon A prepared condiment made from banana fruit mashed, with sugar, vinegar, and spices, and colored with red food coloring.
Lechon sauce   Also known as liver sauce or breadcrumb sauce made out of ground liver or liver pâté, vinegar, sugar, and spices. A sweet, tangy light-brown sauce used in roasts and the pork dish called lechon
Oyster sauce  
Patis (Fish sauce)   Sometimes spiced with labuyo peppers, or kalamansi lime juice
Peanut sauce  
Tultul Guimaras A type of rock salt.
Suka (Vinegar)  
Toyo (Soy sauce)  


Name Image Region Type Description
Basi   Ilocos Alcoholic beverage Made from sugar cane. If fermented longer, it turns into suka or vinegar.
Buko juice   Nationwide Coconut water Coconut water. The water inside a coconut.
Tapuy (rice wine)   Banaue, Mountain Province Alcoholic beverage An alcoholic rice drink made of glutinous rice. It is a clear full-bodied wine with a strong alcoholic flavor, moderately sweet and often leaves a lingering taste.
Lambanog Southern Tagalog (Batangas, Laguna and Quezon Province) Alcoholic beverage Wine made of nipa palm or coconut. Sometimes known in Asia as arrack or coconut vodka.


Name Image Region Type Description
Atsuete (Annatto seeds)   Frequently used as a food coloring in dishes like kare-kare.
Ampalaya (Bitter melon)   Vegetable
Bangus (Milkfish)   Pangasinan Fish Generally considered the national fish of the Philippines. Popular dishes include daing na bangus, rellenong bangus, and sinigang na bangus.
Batuan   Fruit
Bawang (Garlic)   Spice
Bayabas (Guava)   Fruit
Bay leaf (Dahon ng Laurel)   Spice Referred to as "dahong paminta" (literally 'spice leaf') or "dahong laurel"
Bulaklak ng saging (Banana blossoms)   Flavoring Used as an ingredient ing kare-kare
Calabaza   Vegetable
Gabi (Taro corm)   Root crop
Gata (Coconut milk)  
Glutinous rice   Grain
Gulaman   An edible thickening agent used to make jellies, flan, or desserts derived from dried seaweed.
Kanin (Rice)   Grain Called bigas when uncooked and kanin when cooked.
Kalamansi (Calamondin)   Fruit
Kamote (Sweet potato)   Root crop
Kamoteng Kahoy (Cassava)  
Kamatis (Tomato)   Fruit
Kangkong (Water spinach)   Vegetable A semi-aquatic tropical plant grown as a leaf vegetable.
Kesong puti or Kasilyo   Cavite, Laguna, Bulacan, Samar, and Cebu Cheese A soft, white cheese, made from unskimmed carabao's milk, salt, and rennet.
Katuray   Flower
Kinampay   Bohol A specific variety of ube which is found mostly in Bohol, Philippines.
Kundol (Winter melon)   Vegetable
Labanos (white radish)   Vegetable
Lapu-lapu (Grouper)   Fish
Luya (Ginger)   Spice
Malunggay (Moringa)   Vegetable
Mangga (Mango)   Fruit Generally considered the national fruit of the Philippines. Frequently eaten ripe as it is or when unripe with bagoong or used as an ingredient in dishes.
Monggo (Mung bean)   Bean
Okra   Vegetable
Paminta (Black pepper)   Spice Sometimes referred to as "butong paminta" (literally 'seed spice') to distinguish it from bay leaves ("dahong paminta")
Patola (Luffa)   Vegetable
Pechay (Chinese cabbage)   Vegetable
Pechay wombok (Napa cabbage)   Vegetable
Pili Nut   Nut A type of nut belonging to the genus Canarium. Mostly used in desserts, the edible nut is cultivated only in the Philippines.
Puso ng saging (Banana heart)  
Repolyo (Cabbage)   Vegetable
Saba   Berry A short wide plaintain that is often used in cooking. The other two kinds of saging (bananas) common in local markets are the dessert cultivars latundan and lakatan.
Sayote (Chayote)   Vegetable
Sibuyas (Onion)   Spice
Siling labuyo   Spice Bird's eye chili, one of the hottest chili varieties.
Siling mahaba   Tagalog Americano Bangset Spice
Singkamas (Jícama)   Root crop Sometimes eaten raw and dipped in salt.
Sitaw (Yardlong bean)   Bean
Sitsaro (Snow peas)   Pea
Tabon-tabon   Fruit A type of fruit used as souring agent and antiseptic in local dishes especially Kinilaw. Records show that ancient Filipinos used this already as an ingredient predating Spanish colonization.
Talong (Eggplant)   Fruit
Tausi (Fermented black beans)   Bean Usually sold in cans.
Tilapia   Fish
Tofu   Usually dried tofu or tokwa. Sometimes added as an optional ingredient in some vegetable dishes. Silken tofu is usually associated with the snack or dessert taho (see above) which sees it mixed with a sweet syrup.
Togue (Bean sprouts)  
Ube (Purple yam)   Root crop
Wansoy (Coriander leaf or cilantro)  

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Lovebel G. Talisic. "Titay's Liloan Rosquillos and Delicacies: Liloan Pride". OneCebu. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
  2. ^ Burt Lao. "Titay's Rosquillos". Everything Cebu. Retrieved July 9, 2012.

External linksEdit