Laing (pronounced [ˈlaʔɪŋ] LAH-ing), is a Filipino dish of shredded or whole taro leaves with meat or seafood cooked in thick coconut milk spiced with labuyo chili, lemongrass, garlic, shallots, ginger, and shrimp paste. It originates from the Bicol Region, where it is known simply as pinangat. Laing is also a type of ginataan (Filipino dishes cooked in coconut milk), and thus may also be referred to as ginataang laing. Laing is commonly eaten as a vegetable side to complement meat or fish side dishes known as ulam in Filipino, which is normally paired with boiled white rice.

Alternative namespinangat, laing pinangat, pinangat na laing, pinangat na gabi, ginataang laing
Place of originPhilippines
Region or stateBicol Region
Created byFilipino cuisine
Main ingredientsTaro leaves, chili, meat or seafood, coconut milk
Variationsinulukan, tinumok, linapay
Similar dishessinanglay, Bicol Express, gising-gising

Names edit

Laing, meaning "dried or withered [leaves]" in Tagalog,[1] is the name of the dish in most parts of the Philippines. However, in the Bicol region, where it originates from, it is simply called pinangat. This name can be confused with pinangat na isda, which is a different dish made with fish cooked in a slightly sour broth similar to sinigang.[2][3][4] The confusion stems from the original meaning of the verb pangat in the languages of Southern Luzon, which simply means to cook fish or meat in a broth of water and salt.[5][6]

Laing is typical of Bicolano cuisine, which is known for their common use of chilis and coconut milk.[7] Laing is also known as ginataang laing, pinangat na laing, pinangat na gabi and ginat-ang gabi, among other names.[8]

Description edit

Inulukan, a variant that uses river crabs wrapped in whole taro leaves and cooked in coconut milk
Tinumok, a variant of laing that uses a mixture of shrimp and fish flakes with grated coconut

The original laing from the Bicol Region does not use shredded taro leaves, but rather a whole fresh taro leaf (natong in Bicolano). This version is the one most commonly referred to as pinangat. The mixture usually consists of cubed pre-cooked pork, shrimp, or fish flakes (or all three) with bagoong alamang (shrimp paste), crushed labuyo chili, garlic, shallots, ginger, and kakang gata (coconut cream). It is wrapped with the leaf and tied with a coconut leaf midrib or twine. It is then steamed in gata (coconut milk) with a knot of tanglad (lemongrass) until the leaf pouches are fork tender and the coconut milk is reduced to a thick sauce.[8][9]

For the laing version served in Manila and elsewhere, it is cooked similarly, but with the leaves shredded (usually sold dried, hence the name). It also usually includes chopped leaf stalks.[10] Laing is usually eaten with white rice, but it can also be eaten sandwiched in bread like pandesal or used as a stuffing for other dishes. It is also commonly eaten as a side dish to meat.[11][12]

The taro leaves to be used for laing must be prepared correctly, as they contain amounts of calcium oxalate crystals (raphides) that can sometimes cause itching and burning sensations in the mouth. They are usually washed and cooked thoroughly to avoid this. Drying can also lessen the amount of crystals.[3][7]

Variants edit

Notable variants of laing include:

Inulukan edit

Inulukan or inulokan is a variant of laing made from the meat of river crabs (uluk or ulok) wrapped in whole taro leaves and cooked in coconut milk spiced with calamansi, black pepper, and lemongrass. It is a specialty of Camalig, Albay.[3][13][14] It is also known as pinangat na ugama or pinangat na talangka, from ugama and talangka, other local terms for river crabs.

Linapay edit

Linapay also known as tinamuk, is a related dish from Aklan in the Western Visayas. It is made from pounded freshwater shrimp (ueang) mixed with gawud (grated young coconut meat) and wrapped with taro leaves (gutaw) and cooked in coconut milk.[15]

Tinumok edit

Tinumok, tinomok, or tinulmok is another traditional variant from Bicol which uses whole taro leaves wrapped around a mixture of freshwater shrimp, fish flakes (and sometimes meat), shrimp paste, with minced or grated coconut meat, onions, chilis, lemongrass, garlic, and other spices cooked in coconut milk. It differs primarily in its use of coconut meat.[16][17][18][19]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Laktaw, Pedro Serrano (1889). Diccionario Hispano-Tagalog. Estab. tipografico "La Opinion" a cargo de G. Bautista. p. 394.
  2. ^ "Last night's dinner: Pinangat". God Antifornicator. Archived from the original on January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Laing (Pinangat) and Bicol Express". Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  4. ^ "Pinangat & Laing - Another Famous Bicol Treats". Touring Bicol. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  5. ^ Polistico, Edgie (2017). Philippine Food, Cooking, & Dining Dictionary. Anvil Publishing, Incorporated. ISBN 9786214200870.
  6. ^ "pangat". Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Laing". Kawaling Pinoy. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Pinangat na gabi". Philippines Travel Guide. Archived from the original on January 10, 2019. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  9. ^ de Leon, Mack. "Pinangat Recipe". Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  10. ^ "Pinangat a la Josephine". Market Manila. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  11. ^ "7 dishes to try on your next roadtrip to Albay". GMA News Online. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  12. ^ "Oyster omelette to 'pinangat' burgers: 8 must-try dishes at the World Street Food Jamboree". InterAksyon. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  13. ^ "Inulukan and Pinangat: Do they have differences?". SeanSusan. Retrieved January 10, 2019.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Quick Facts on Camalig". Amazing Albay. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  15. ^ "Going local: 6 Aklanon food you should try". Langyaw. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
  16. ^ "Tinumok of Bicol". Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  17. ^ "Tinumok (Shrimp Mixture Wrap in Taro Leaves)". Panlasang Pinoy Meaty Recipes. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  18. ^ "Tinomok". Chewing My Way Through College. Retrieved January 10, 2019.
  19. ^ "Tinumok". The Glorious Food Glossary. Retrieved January 10, 2019.