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Misua (also spelled mee sua or miswa; Chinese: 麵線; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: mī-sòaⁿ), also known as wheat vermicelli, is a very thin variety of salted noodles made from wheat flour. It originated in Fujian, China. The noodles differ from mifen (rice vermicelli) and cellophane noodles in that those varieties are made from rice and mung beans, respectively.
|Alternative names||Wheat vermicelli|
|Place of origin||China|
|Region or state||Fujian|
|Main ingredients||Wheat flour|
|Literal meaning||noodle threads|
|Khmer||មីសួ (mii suə)|
Misua is cooked during important festivities, and eaten in mainland China as well in Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Vietnam, Brunei, Thailand, Myanmar, and particularly in both Taiwan and the Philippines, which have the highest populations of Fujianese outside of mainland China. Misua signifies long life in Chinese culture, and as such is a traditional birthday food.
In Taiwan, there are two forms of misua. The first is plain, while the second has been steamed at high heat, caramelizing it to a light brown colour. For birthdays, plain misua is usually served plain with pork hocks (猪腳麵線) in stewed broth as a Taiwanese birthday tradition. Brown misua can be cooked for prolonged periods without disintegrating in the cooking broth and is used in oyster vermicelli (蚵仔麵線), a dish popular in Taiwan.