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List of Padma Bhushan award recipients (1970–79)

The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award of the Republic of India.[1] Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.[2] The recipients receive a Sanad, a certificate signed by the President of India and a circular-shaped medallion with no monetary association. The recipients are announced every year on Republic Day and registered in The Gazette of India, a publication used for official government notices and released weekly by the Department of Publication, Ministry of Urban Development.[3] The conferral of the award is not considered official without its publication in the journal. Recipients whose awards have been revoked or restored, both of which require the authority of the President, are archived and required to surrender their medals when their names are struck from the register;[4] none of the conferments of Padma Bhushan during 1970–79 have been revoked or restored. The recommendations are received from all the state and the union territory governments, with the Ministries of the Government of India, the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan awardees, the Institutes of Excellence, the Ministers, the Chief Ministers and the Governors of States, and the Members of Parliament including private individuals.[3]

Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan India IIe Klasse.jpg
Awarded by Government of India
Type Civilian
Category National
Description
Obverse A centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
Reverse A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Ribbon IND Padma Bhushan BAR.png
Statistics
Instituted 1954
First awarded 1954
Total awarded 205
Previous name(s) Padma Vibhushan "Dusra Warg" (Class II)
Award rank
← Padma Vibhushan Padma Shri →

When instituted in 1954, the Padma Bhushan was classified as "Dusra Warg", a class-two award under the three-tier Padma Vibhushan awards, which were preceded by the Bharat Ratna in hierarchy. On 15 January 1955, the Padma Vibhushan was reclassified into three different awards as the Padma Vibhushan, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Shri. The criteria included "distinguished service of a high order in any field including service rendered by Government servants", but excluded those working with the public sector undertakings with the exception of doctors and scientists. The 1954 statutes did not allow posthumous awards; this was subsequently modified for the January 1955 statute. The design was also changed to the form that is currently in use; it portrays a circular-shaped toned bronze medallion 1 34 inches (44 mm) in diameter and 18 inch (3.2 mm) thick. The centrally placed pattern made of outer lines of a square of 1 316 inches (30 mm) side is embossed with a knob carved within each of the outer angles of the pattern. A raised circular space of diameter 1 116 inches (27 mm) is placed at the centre of the decoration. A centrally located lotus flower is embossed on the obverse side of the medal and the text "Padma" is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus written in Devanagari script. The State Emblem of India is displayed in the centre of the reverse side, together with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari script, which is inscribed on the lower edge. The rim, the edges and all embossing on either side is of standard gold with the text "Padma Bhushan" of gold gilt. The medal is suspended by a pink riband 1 14 inches (32 mm) in width with a broad white stripe in the middle.[3][4] It is ranked fifth in the order of precedence of wearing of medals and decorations of the Indian civilian and military awards.[a]

As the result of the 6th General election held in March 1977, Morarji Desai was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India on 24 March 1977 replacing the Indira Gandhi led government of the Indian National Congress. On 31 July, the newly formed government retracted all the civilian awards including the Padma Bhushan deeming them "worthless and politicized".[6] After the 7th General election of 1980 Gandhi was again sworn in as the Prime Minister and all civilian awards were reinstated on 25 January 1980. Consequently, this award was not presented in 1978 and 1979.[7]

A total of two hundred and five awards were presented in the 1970s – twenty-eight in 1970, followed by forty-one in 1971, fifty in 1972, seventeen in 1973, twenty-one in 1974, fifteen in 1975, sixteen in 1976 and seventeen in 1977, including eight foreign recipients. Individuals from nine different fields were awarded, which includes thirty-four from art, forty-three from civil services, forty-eight from literature and education, seventeen from medicine, three from public affairs, twenty-six from science and engineering, twenty-one from social work, one sports person, and twelve from trade and industry. Novelist Khushwant Singh, who accepted the award in 1974 in the field of literature and education, returned it in 1984 as a notion of protest against the Operation Blue Star.[8]

Contents

RecipientsEdit

 
1970 recipient Kumari Kamala is known for her classical Bharat Natyam dance performances on stage and in Hindi and Tamil films like Kismet (1943), Ram Rajya (1943) and Naam Iruvar (1948). She also performed at the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953. Later in the late 1970s she took to teaching in the New York and New Jersey areas and was honoured with the National Heritage Fellowship (2010).[9][10]
 
Purushottam Kashinath Kelkar, an electrical engineer by qualification from the University of Liverpool is known for his works related to IIT Bombay (IITB) and IIT Kanpur (IITK). He collaborated with Soviet engineers as the chief planning officer of IITB in the early years of its establishment and later collaborated with nine American institutes headed by Massachusetts Institute of Technology to help establish IITK, becoming its first director. He received the award in 1970.[11]
 
Regarded as the "doyenne of Kirana gharana",[12] Gangubai Hangal was a Hindustani classical singer and student of Sawai Gandharva. Her career spanned over eight decades and included singing for Marathi films, studio and radio recordings and various stage concerts. She won the award in 1971 and later won the Padma Vibhushan (2002).[13]
 
Often called "Clark Gable of India",[14] Raj Kapoor was a Bollywood film actor, director, producer and founder of R. K. Films. His films were successful domestically as well as in the USSR and Middle East.[15] He received the award in 1971 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1987.[16]
 
D. K. Pattammal, recipient of the 1971 award, was one of the early Brahmin caste female singers to perform Carnatic music in public which was against social norms.[17][18] Along with M. S. Subbulakshmi and M. L. Vasanthakumari, she was counted in "the classical triumvirate".[19] She later went on to receive the Padma Vibhushan in 1999.
 
Geneticist M. S. Swaminathan with his research and higher productions in various grains led the Green Revolution in India. He received the award in 1972 and had earlier received the Padma Shri (1967) and later went on to receive the Albert Einstein World Award of Science (1986) and the Padma Vibhushan (1989).[20]
 
M. F. Husain, called "Picasso of India",[21] was a contemporary artist depicting varied subjects like Hindu goddesses, horses and Bollywood actresses. He received the award in 1973 and later went on to receive the Padma Vibhushan in 1991.[22]
 
Camille Bulcke arrived in India in 1935 as a missionary of the Roman Catholic Church and with an interest in Indian philosophy and literature studied the Hindi language. Earning MA and D. Phil. from University of Allahabad on his subject Ramkatha: Utpatti aur Vikas (The tale of Rama: its origin and development), he further went on to write various Hindi-English dictionaries and glossary books and headed the Hindi department of St. Xavier's College, Ranchi. He received the award in 1974.[23]
 
Scientist and educator Yash Pal has worked on various projects implementing technological advances into telecommunication; the most notable being usage of satellite-based television for rural education. He has also held various administrative positions like being chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University. He received the award in 1976 and also won the Marconi Prize (1980) and the Padma Vibhushan (2013).[24][25]
 
Theoretical physicist E. C. George Sudarshan received the award in 1976 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2007 and is best known for his quantum optics theory popular as Glauber–Sudarshan P representation. While Roy J. Glauber received the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics, exclusion of Sudarshan for his contributions has met criticism.[26][27]
Award recipients by year[28]
Year Number of recipients
1970
28
1971
41
1972
50
1973
17
1974
21
1975
15
1976
16
1977
17
1978
0
1979
0
Award recipients by field[28]
Field Number of recipients
Arts
34
Civil Service
43
Literature & Education
48
Medicine
17
Public Affairs
3
Science & Engineering
26
Social Work
21
Sports
1
Trade & Industry
12
List of Padma Bhushan award recipients, showing the year, field, and state/country[28]
Year Recipient Field State
1970 Baij, RamkinkarRamkinkar Baij Arts West Bengal
1970 Barodekar, HirabaiHirabai Barodekar Arts Maharashtra
1970 Bose, BuddhadebBuddhadeb Bose Literature & Education West Bengal
1970 Brahmam, M. R.M. R. Brahmam Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1970 Chakravarty, AmiyaAmiya Chakravarty Literature & Education West Bengal
1970 Chettiar, T. S. AvinashilingamT. S. Avinashilingam Chettiar Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
1970 Ganguli, Birendra NathBirendra Nath Ganguli Literature & Education Delhi
1970 Gupta, Lala HansrajLala Hansraj Gupta Public Affairs Haryana
1970 Joshi, Ratan LalRatan Lal Joshi Literature & Education Delhi
1970 Jashuva, GurramGurram Jashuva Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
1970 Kajrolkar, Narayan SadobaNarayan Sadoba Kajrolkar Social Work Maharashtra
1970 Kamala, KumariKumari Kamala Arts Tamil Nadu
1970 Kelkar, Purushottam KashinathPurushottam Kashinath Kelkar Literature & Education Maharashtra
1970 Krishnan, M. S.M. S. Krishnan Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1970 Latif, Syed AbdulSyed Abdul Latif Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
1970 Mandloi , BhagwantraoBhagwantrao Mandloi Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
1970 Mehray, Mahesh PrasadMahesh Prasad Mehray Medicine Uttar Pradesh
1970 Mitra, SombhuSombhu Mitra Arts West Bengal
1970 Mukhopadhyaya, VivekanandaVivekananda Mukhopadhyaya Literature & Education West Bengal
1970 Ramiah, KrishnaswamiKrishnaswami Ramiah Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1970 Rao, Gainedi A. NarasimhaGainedi A. Narasimha Rao Civil Service Andhra Pradesh
1970 Sahasrabuddhe, Anant alias AnnasahebAnant alias Annasaheb Sahasrabuddhe Social Work Maharashtra
1970 Saini, SurrendarSurrendar Saini Social Work Delhi
1970 Satyanarayana, ViswanathaViswanatha Satyanarayana Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
1970 Thirakwa, Ahmed JanAhmed Jan Thirakwa Arts Uttar Pradesh
1970 Wagle, N. M.N. M. Wagle Civil Service Maharashtra
1970 Wahi, Prem NathPrem Nath Wahi Civil Service Delhi
1970 Yashpal, Yashpal Literature & Education Punjab
1971 Ayyar, N. RamaswamiN. Ramaswami Ayyar Social Work Tamil Nadu
1971 Bhan, SurajSuraj Bhan Literature & Education Chandigarh
1971 Bhatt, GokulbhaiGokulbhai Bhatt Social Work Rajasthan
1971 Bhojak, JaishankarJaishankar Bhojak Arts Gujarat
1971 Chakravarti, Monindra NathMonindra Nath Chakravarti Civil Service West Bengal
1971 Cherian, Kandathil MammenKandathil Mammen Cherian Literature & Education Kerala
1971 De, Jogesh ChandraJogesh Chandra De Trade & Industry West Bengal
1971 Deshmukh, RamraoRamrao Deshmukh Trade & Industry Maharashtra
1971 Dhawan, SatishSatish Dhawan Science & Engineering Karnataka
1971 Garware, Bhalchandra DigambarBhalchandra Digambar Garware Trade & Industry Maharashtra
1971 Hangal, GangubaiGangubai Hangal Arts Karnataka
1971 Iyer, Musiri SubramaniaMusiri Subramania Iyer Arts Tamil Nadu
1971 Iyer, P Tiruvillvamalai Seshan M.P Tiruvillvamalai Seshan M. Iyer Arts Tamil Nadu
1971 Jain, Jainendra KumarJainendra Kumar Jain Literature & Education Delhi
1971 Jaipuria, Mangtu RamMangtu Ram Jaipuria Social Work Delhi
1971 Jha, Veni ShankarVeni Shankar Jha Literature & Education Madhya Pradesh
1971 Kapoor, RajRaj Kapoor Arts Punjab
1971 Keer, A. Vithal alias DhananjayA. Vithal alias Dhananjay Keer Literature & Education Maharashtra
1971 Khan, AmirAmir Khan Arts Maharashtra
1971 Khan, Nissar HussainNissar Hussain Khan Arts Uttar Pradesh
1971 Kurup, P. Kalathil KunjuP. Kalathil Kunju Kurup Arts Kerala
1971 Laxman, R. K.R. K. Laxman Arts Maharashtra
1971 Mehta, Shantilal JamnadasShantilal Jamnadas Mehta Medicine Maharashtra
1971 Mohan, Ved RattanVed Rattan Mohan Trade & Industry Uttar Pradesh
1971 Mookerjee, Kedar NathKedar Nath Mookerjee Trade & Industry West Bengal
1971 Mukerji, Santosh KumarSantosh Kumar Mukerji Medicine Madhya Pradesh
1971 Mukhopadhyaya, BishnupadaBishnupada Mukhopadhyaya Medicine Bihar
1971 Panigrahi, Kalindi CharanKalindi Charan Panigrahi Literature & Education Odisha
1971 Patel, Manibhai J.Manibhai J. Patel Trade & Industry Madhya Pradesh
1971 Pattammal, D. K.D. K. Pattammal Arts Tamil Nadu
1971 Phulambrikar, KrishnaraoKrishnarao Phulambrikar Arts Maharashtra
1971 Pillai, Venkatarama RamalingamVenkatarama Ramalingam Pillai Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
1971 Ramalingaswami, VulimiriVulimiri Ramalingaswami Medicine Tamil Nadu
1971 Roy, Suresh ChandraSuresh Chandra Roy Trade & Industry West Bengal
1971 Sukhatme, Pandurang VasudeoPandurang Vasudeo Sukhatme Science & Engineering  – [A]
1971 Sambamoorthi, PichuPichu Sambamoorthi Arts Tamil Nadu
1971 Shah, Devchand ChhaganlalDevchand Chhaganlal Shah Social Work Maharashtra
1971 Singh, Madan MohanMadan Mohan Singh Medicine Delhi
1971 Verma, Bhagwati CharanBhagwati Charan Verma Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1971 Verma, Parmeshwari LalParmeshwari Lal Verma Civil Service Chandigarh
1971 Vij, Kasturi LalKasturi Lal Vij Civil Service Delhi
1972 Aurora, Jagjit SinghJagjit Singh Aurora Civil Service Delhi
1972 Bagal, MadhavraoMadhavrao Bagal Social Work Maharashtra
1972 Bedi, Surinder SinghSurinder Singh Bedi Civil Service Delhi
1972 Bewoor, Gopal GurunathGopal Gurunath Bewoor Civil Service Karnataka
1972 Billimoria, Gulestan RustomGulestan Rustom Billimoria Social Work Maharashtra
1972 Candeth, Kunhiraman PalatKunhiraman Palat Candeth Civil Service Delhi
1972 Chakravarti, Ram NarayanRam Narayan Chakravarti Science & Engineering West Bengal
1972 Chhutani, Pran NathPran Nath Chhutani Literature & Education Chandigarh
1972 Dasappa, YashodharaYashodhara Dasappa Social Work Karnataka
1972 Dayal, MaheshwarMaheshwar Dayal Social Work Delhi
1972 Dewan, Hari ChandHari Chand Dewan Civil Service Punjab
1972 Engineer, Minoo MerwanMinoo Merwan Engineer Civil Service Gujarat
1972 Ghosh, Benoy BhushanBenoy Bhushan Ghosh Civil Service West Bengal
1972 Gill, Inderjit SinghInderjit Singh Gill Civil Service Maharashtra
1972 Hayath, Mohd.Mohd. Hayath Civil Service Karnataka
1972 Hiranandani, Lakhumal HiranandLakhumal Hiranand Hiranandani Medicine Maharashtra
1972 Iyer, L. A. KrishnaL. A. Krishna Iyer Science & Engineering Kerala
1972 Kohli, Sourendra NathSourendra Nath Kohli Civil Service Punjab
1972 Krishna, JaiJai Krishna Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1972 Krishnan, NilakantaNilakanta Krishnan Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1972 Kumar, AshwiniAshwini Kumar Civil Service Punjab
1972 Luthra, Pran NathPran Nath Luthra Civil Service Punjab
1972 Mody, Amrut V.Amrut V. Mody Civil Service Maharashtra
1972 Murti, N.G. KrishnaN.G. Krishna Murti Civil Service Delhi
1972 Pai, T. A.T. A. Pai Civil Service Karnataka
1972 Patwardhan, VinayakraoVinayakrao Patwardhan Arts Maharashtra
1972 Phadke, Dattatraya YeshwantDattatraya Yeshwant Phadke Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1972 Philip, Kayalath PothenKayalath Pothen Philip Literature & Education Maharashtra
1972 Purandare, Bhalchandra NilkanthBhalchandra Nilkanth Purandare Medicine Maharashtra
1972 Raina, Tapishwar NarainTapishwar Narain Raina Civil Service Jammu & Kashmir
1972 Ram, BharatBharat Ram Trade & Industry Delhi
1972 Randhawa, Mohinder SinghMohinder Singh Randhawa Science & Engineering Punjab
1972 Rangacharya, AdyaAdya Rangacharya Literature & Education Karnataka
1972 Rao, M. B. RamachandraM. B. Ramachandra Rao Science & Engineering Delhi
1972 Rao, Ayyagari SambasivaAyyagari Sambasiva Rao Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
1972 Roy, Sujoy B.Sujoy B. Roy Medicine West Bengal
1972 Rustamji, Khusro FaramurzKhusro Faramurz Rustamji Civil Service Madhya Pradesh
1972 Sahi, S. S.S. S. Sahi Civil Service Chandigarh
1972 Sheth, Shantilal C.Shantilal C. Sheth Medicine Maharashtra
1972 Singh, BaldevBaldev Singh Medicine Delhi
1972 Singh, Khem KaranKhem Karan Singh Civil Service Punjab
1972 Singh, SartajSartaj Singh Civil Service Punjab
1972 Singh, SagatSagat Singh Civil Service Punjab
1972 Sircar, BirendranathBirendranath Sircar Arts Bihar
1972 Sivan, PapanasamPapanasam Sivan Arts Tamil Nadu
1972 Srivastava, Chandrika PrasadChandrika Prasad Srivastava Civil Service  – [B]
1972 Swaminathan, M. S.M. S. Swaminathan Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1972 Swaminathan, KrishnaswamiKrishnaswami Swaminathan Literature & Education Delhi
1972 Tilak, Bal DattatreyaBal Dattatreya Tilak Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1972 Zaheer, Syed HusainSyed Husain Zaheer Trade & Industry Andhra Pradesh
1973 Bahl, Om P.Om P. Bahl Science & Engineering  – [C]
1973 Bhagavathar, C. VaidyanathaC. Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar Arts Kerala
1973 Captain, Gosasp Maneckji SorabjiGosasp Maneckji Sorabji Captain Social Work Maharashtra
1973 Chattopadhyay, HarindranathHarindranath Chattopadhyay Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
1973 Chaturvedi, BanarsidasBanarsidas Chaturvedi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1973 Chettiar, M. A. MuthiahM. A. Muthiah Chettiar Trade & Industry Tamil Nadu
1973 Husain, M. F.M. F. Husain Arts Delhi
1973 Joseph, PothanPothan Joseph Literature & Education Kerala
1973 Malkani, N. R.N. R. Malkani Social Work Rajasthan
1973 Mankad, VinooVinoo Mankad Sports Gujarat
1973 Mukherjee, Sudhir KrishnaSudhir Krishna Mukherjee Civil Service West Bengal
1973 Muzumdar, Ramakant MaheshwarRamakant Maheshwar Muzumdar Civil Service Karnataka
1973 Pandit, Krishnarao ShankarKrishnarao Shankar Pandit Arts Madhya Pradesh
1973 Pant, PitambarPitambar Pant Civil Service Uttar Pradesh
1973 Raghavaiah, VennelakantiVennelakanti Raghavaiah Social Work Andhra Pradesh
1973 Ramanna, RajaRaja Ramanna Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1973 Sukumaran, K.K. Sukumaran Literature & Education Kerala
1974 Boner, AliceAlice Boner Arts  – [A]
1974 Bulcke, CamilleCamille Bulcke Literature & Education  – [D]
1974 Caroli, Ram KumarRam Kumar Caroli Medicine Uttar Pradesh
1974 Chandra, MotiMoti Chandra Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1974 Ganguly, Dhirendra NathDhirendra Nath Ganguly Arts West Bengal
1974 Gundappa , D. V.D. V. Gundappa Literature & Education Karnataka
1974 Huzurbazar, Vasant ShankarVasant Shankar Huzurbazar Literature & Education Maharashtra
1974 Kar, ChintamoniChintamoni Kar Arts West Bengal
1974 Kurdikar, MogubaiMogubai Kurdikar Arts Maharashtra
1974 Naik, Jayant PandurangJayant Pandurang Naik Literature & Education Maharashtra
1974 Rahman, HabibHabib Rahman Science & Engineering Delhi
1974 Reddy, Bommireddy NarasimhaBommireddy Narasimha Reddy Arts Andhra Pradesh
1974 Richardson, JohnJohn Richardson Social Work Andaman & Nicobar Islands
1974 Sadasivan, Toppur SeethapathyToppur Seethapathy Sadasivan Science & Engineering Tamil Nadu
1974 Sanghvi, SukhlalSukhlal Sanghvi Literature & Education Gujarat
1974 Sankalia, Hasmukh DhirajlalHasmukh Dhirajlal Sankalia Civil Service Maharashtra
1974 Sen, Bhupati MohanBhupati Mohan Sen Literature & Education West Bengal
1974 Singh, Thakur JaidevaThakur Jaideva Singh Science & Engineering Uttar Pradesh
1974 Singh, KhushwantKhushwant Singh Literature & Education Punjab
1974 Sreenivasan, ArunachalaArunachala Sreenivasan Science & Engineering Karnataka
1974 Viswanathan, RamanRaman Viswanathan Medicine Tamil Nadu
1975 Akhtar, BegumBegum Akhtar Arts Uttar Pradesh
1975 Athwal, Dilbagh SinghDilbagh Singh Athwal Science & Engineering  – [C]
1975 Chatterjee, AsimaAsima Chatterjee Science & Engineering West Bengal
1975 Gore, Madhav SadashivMadhav Sadashiv Gore Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1975 Gupta, Pratul ChandraPratul Chandra Gupta Literature & Education West Bengal
1975 Iyengar, P. KrishnagopalaP. Krishnagopala Iyengar Science & Engineering Maharashtra
1975 Jussawala, Darab JehangirDarab Jehangir Jussawala Medicine Maharashtra
1975 Khanna, Raj KumarRaj Kumar Khanna Civil Service Delhi
1975 Koteswaram, PanchetiPancheti Koteswaram Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1975 Mirashi, Vasudev VishnuVasudev Vishnu Mirashi Literature & Education Maharashtra
1975 Mukhopadhyay, Balai ChandBalai Chand Mukhopadhyay Literature & Education Bihar
1975 Narang, Kirpal SinghKirpal Singh Narang Literature & Education Punjab
1975 Narielwala, P. ArdeshirP. Ardeshir Narielwala Trade & Industry Maharashtra
1975 Noronha, R. Carltonvivian PiadadeR. Carltonvivian Piadade Noronha Civil Service Madhya Pradesh
1975 Shastri, RatanRatan Shastri Social Work Rajasthan
1976 Adiseshiah, MalcolmMalcolm Adiseshiah Civil Service Tamil Nadu
1976 Bachchan, Harivansh RaiHarivansh Rai Bachchan Literature & Education Maharashtra
1976 Barua, NabakantaNabakanta Barua Literature & Education Assam
1976 Godrej, Naoroji PirojshaNaoroji Pirojsha Godrej Trade & Industry Maharashtra
1976 Joshi, Laxmanshastri BalajiLaxmanshastri Balaji Joshi Literature & Education Maharashtra
1976 Jung, Zehra Ali YavarZehra Ali Yavar Jung Social Work Andhra Pradesh
1976 Mansur, MallikarjunMallikarjun Mansur Arts Karnataka
1976 Mehta, Shri RamShri Ram Mehta Civil Service Delhi
1976 Pal, YashYash Pal Science & Engineering Punjab
1976 Pandya, BhogilalBhogilal Pandya Social Work Rajasthan
1976 Rao, Udupi RamachandraUdupi Ramachandra Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka
1976 Sanjivi, Krishnaswami SrinivasKrishnaswami Srinivas Sanjivi Medicine Tamil Nadu
1976 Krishnasastri, DevulapalliDevulapalli Krishnasastri Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
1976 Sen, DevendraDevendra Sen Civil Service West Bengal
1976 Sivaramamurti, CalamburCalambur Sivaramamurti Civil Service Delhi
1976 Sudarshan, E. C. GeorgeE. C. George Sudarshan Literature & Education  – [C]
1977 Aman, GopinathGopinath Aman Literature & Education Delhi
1977 Azad, Prithvi SinghPrithvi Singh Azad Public Affairs Chandigarh
1977 Chandra, HarishHarish Chandra Literature & Education  – [C]
1977 Gandharv, Shivputra Sidhram Komkali alias KumarShivputra Sidhram Komkali alias Kumar Gandharv Arts Madhya Pradesh
1977 Guha, PhulrenuPhulrenu Guha Social Work West Bengal
1977 Jagmohan, Jagmohan Civil Service Delhi
1977 Kaul, Kailas NathKailas Nath Kaul Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
1977 Khan, Yousuf HussainYousuf Hussain Khan Literature & Education Delhi
1977 Nair, Chackachanveedu KrishnanChackachanveedu Krishnan Nair Social Work Delhi
1977 Narayanaswamy, K. S.K. S. Narayanaswamy Arts Maharashtra
1977 Pandya, Paramsukh J.Paramsukh J. Pandya Arts Maharashtra
1977 Ramamurthi, BalasubramaniamBalasubramaniam Ramamurthi Medicine Tamil Nadu
1977 Reddy, Perugu SivaPerugu Siva Reddy Medicine Andhra Pradesh
1977 Shankar, Annapurna RaviAnnapurna Ravi Shankar Arts Uttar Pradesh
1977 Singh, YudhvirYudhvir Singh Social Work Delhi
1977 Srinivas, Mysore NarasimhacharMysore Narasimhachar Srinivas Science & Engineering Karnataka
1977 Meenakshisundaram, T. P.T. P. Meenakshisundaram Literature & Education Tamil Nadu

Explanatory notesEdit

  1. ^ The order of precedence is: Bharat Ratna, Param Vir Chakra, Ashoka Chakra, Padma Vibhushan, and Padma Bhushan.[5]
Non-citizen recipients
  1. ^ a b Indicates a citizen of Italy
  2. ^ Indicates a citizen of the United Kingdom
  3. ^ a b c d Indicates a citizen of the United States
  4. ^ Indicates a citizen of Belgium

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Who's getting a Padma? Bill and Melinda Gates, L.K. Advani and Dilip Kumar honoured with prestigious award". Daily Mail. Daily Mail and General Trust. 26 January 2015. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 2 January 1954): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2016. The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahela Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg' 
  3. ^ a b c "Padma Awards Scheme" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (published 15 January 1955): 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2016. All persons upon whom the decoration of 'Padma Vibhushan' ('Dusra Varg') was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Bhushan has been conferred by the President. 
  5. ^ "Wearing of Medals: Precedence of Medals". Indian Navy. 2004. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Mukul, Akshaya (20 January 2008). "The great Bharat Ratna race". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 
  7. ^ Bhattacherje, S. B. (2009). Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. A248, A253. ISBN 978-81-207-4074-7. 
  8. ^ "Those who said no to top awards". The Times of India. 20 January 2008. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  9. ^ S., Muthiah (2011). Madras Miscellany. Westland. p. 121. ISBN 978-93-80032-84-9. [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "NEA National Heritage Fellowships – Kamala Lakshmi Narayanan". National Endowment for the Arts. Archived from the original on 31 May 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2016. 
  11. ^ Bassett, Ross (2016). The Technological Indian. Harvard University Press. p. 272. ISBN 978-0-674-50471-4. 
  12. ^ Rajan, Anjana (26 July 2009). "Her legacy will live on". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  13. ^ Ganesh, Deepa (22 July 2009). "The matriarch of the Kirana Gharana". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  14. ^ Ramachandran, T. M. (1965). Film World, Volume 2. p. 164. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  15. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Routledge. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-135-94318-9. 
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