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Liluah (also spelled Lillooah) is a town near Bally municipality in Howrah district, West Bengal, India. It has a railway junction, which is the first station after Howrah station under the Eastern Railway (India)[1] Its history dates back to the British era when the Liluah Carriage and wagon Workshop was set up to release pressure off Howrah.

Liluah
Lillooah Lilooah
neighbourhood in Howrah
Nickname(s): Liluah
Liluah is located in West Bengal
Liluah
Liluah
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°35′0″N 88°23′0″E / 22.58333°N 88.38333°E / 22.58333; 88.38333Coordinates: 22°35′0″N 88°23′0″E / 22.58333°N 88.38333°E / 22.58333; 88.38333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Howrah
nearest City Howrah
Named for Unknown
Elevation 13 m (43 ft)
languages
 • official Hindi, Bengali,
Time zone IST (UTC5:30)
PIN 711204, 711203
Nearest city Howrah, Kolkata
Lok Sabha constituency Howrah
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bally
Climate humid (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 42 °C (108 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 09 °C (48 °F)

Contents

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Liluah is 2 km west of North Kolkata and 5 km north of Howrah under Howrah Municipal Corporation from July 2015

TransportationEdit

AirEdit

Nearest airport is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport at Kolkata.

RoadEdit

Liluah is well connected with round the clock buses and auto-rickshaws. The Grand Trunk Road, crosses through the eastern half of the town the eastern half is well linked to the western half by a flyover bridge, it can also be accessed by the Benaras road (the route followed by the Bhattanagar–Esplanade minibus). Liluah can be accessed by bus route number 54, 56, 51 and 54/2. It can also be accessed by minibusses on Belurmath-Esplanade, Bhattanagar-Esplanade and Khidirpur-Ballykhal and CTC busses on Bhattanagar-Karunamoyi(Via Airport, New Town, Saltlake Sec-V) routes.

Inter-town road transportationEdit

Auto-rickshaw, e-rickshaws as well as cycle-rickshaws are available for inter-town transport. Worth mentioning is that the western part of Liluah relies largely on autos and totos for public transportation, due to the absence any major bus route, though the Bhattanagar minibus plys through that part, frequency is quite low and its route goes through the southern fringes of western part (Gadadhar Bhatta Road, Jheel Road, A Road). As for the eastern part, large number of public buses ply the G.T. Road throughout the day.

Direct minibuses are available for Esplanade and Khidirpur along the Belurmath-Esplanade and Belurmath-Khidirpur routes.

RailwayEdit

Liluah railway station is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. It also has a Railway Carriage and Wagons Workshop: one of the three in the Eastern Railways. The other two being at Kanchrapara and Jamalpur. The Liluah Railway station has 5 platforms with 3 mainly being used for the Howrah-Bardhaman Main Line and the other two for the Howrah-Bardhaman Chord Line. The Belur Math Line branches off between Liluah and Belur. There is also a Bhattanagar Railway Station which is present at the extreme western outskirts of Liluah (in the farmlands in the west of Bhattanagar locality). There is also a line connecting Liluah and Andul in the South Eastern Railways, used by goods trains. It takes 8 minutes to travel from Howrah to Liluah (a distance of 5 km) by a suburban local train.cost of ticket is Rs.5 one-way. But the same journey takes 10 minutes when going from Liluah To Howrah due to bulk railway traffic coming in and out of the Howrah station which is the biggest railway junction in India.

AdministrationEdit

Most of Liluah falls under the Howrah Municipal Corporation since 10 July 2015, before July 2015 most of liluah was under the former Bally Municipality which was later merged with the HMC while the remaining parts came under the Howrah Municipal Corporation. There are two police stations in the town, all areas of Liluah west of the western side of Howrah-Bardhaman railway line, Howrah-Bardhaman Chord line, and Howrah-Bardhaman main line fall under the Liluah Police Station, situated on the Liluah station road, it also has jurisdiction over some areas beyond the town, while the eastern part of the town was earlier under the Bally Police Station until 2013 after which, it came under the new Belur Police Station, which also has jurisdiction over the nearby areas of Belur, it also has an outpost near Belur Math. It is located in The Liluah Railway Colony There are two post offices in Liluah: at the eastern parts of the town Liluah Post Office PIN Code - 711204 and in the western parts of the town Liluah Shibtala Sub Post Office PIN Code - 711204 and Bhattanagar Post Office PIN Code 711203, for the eastern and western parts of the town respectively. Some Western parts of the town are served by the Belurmath Post Office.

The townEdit

The railway line divides Liluah into 2 parts (eastern part and western part). Until 2008 these two halves were connected by a level crossing near the Liluah railway station, since 2008 both these parts were joined by a flyover constructed over the Liluah railway station. The town once used to be an industrial hub, with many small industrial units (mainly iron and steel rolling mills) dotting the small town due to its proximity to Howrah, an industrial city and Calcutta, being a major city of that time, a condition similar to any other suburb of Calcutta during the British Raj these industrial units dominated the locale of the town throughout the mid 20th century, when Liluah was known only for industries, factories and workshops. Since the mid 1990s many of the factories in the eastern and western parts of the town were gradually closed. They were gradually replaced by residential or commercial buildings. Until the first decade of the 21st century, most of the factories in the eastern halve of Liluah had disappeared and the eastern part of the town now a primarily commercial, residential and educational area, dominated by markets, shops, schools and malls. This part of Liluah has rapidly evolved since the last two decades, as you pass through the G.T. Road from Howrah, you come across glittering shops and restaurants of the 'Don Bosco Area', The RD Mall and the Rangoli Mall, further north, there is the century old Liluah Railway Colony, made by the British in the first decade of the 20th century, this part has the 'three' big schools of Liluah (namely Don Bosco Liluah, M. C. Kejriwal Vidyapeeth and Agrasain Balika Siksha Sadan). Although Liluah still has many industries remaining, but some are also being gradually replaced by residential buildings

HistoryEdit

Liluah or lillooah as it was then written, was the depot of the former East Indian Railway [EIR]. The case of unfortunate shipwreck bringing EIR's first loco and mis-despatch of ship carrying EIR's first coaches for inauguration of first railroad in Eastern India led the E.I.R. authorities to consider manufacture of rolling stock in India.(read the history of ER).

Initially EIR had set up in 1853 a Locomotive and Carriage Workshop near the Howrah Station (somewhere near the salt gola) with the idea of maintenance of assets after inauguration in 1854 and was later shifted to its present site in the year 1900 as the site did not meet the requirement in terms of magnitude of work. The Locomotive portion was shifted to a new and much bigger workshop at Jamalpur in 1862 and the Howrah works was upgraded to a Carriage and Wagon Workshop in 1863. As the Howrah location was found unsuitable for further expansion, the facility was finally shifted to its present site. The Liluah Carriage and Wagon Workshop is located in the suburbs of Howrah about 7 km. from Howrah. It is the largest combined Carriage & Wagon Workshop of Indian Railways.

The prime responsibility of this workshop was to manufacture rolling stock. This excluded locomotives . Only Carriages and Wagons were initially manufactured. During the last century Liluah had efficiently discharged the duties. Manufacturing of coaches were done till 1972, and Liluah has 3000 coaches to its credit. Wagon manufacturing was however discontinued in the post independence era and Coach manufacturing was also stopped when sufficient infrastructure was built throughout the country to cater for the ever-growing demand.

Another interesting fact which is less known is that apart from rolling stock manufacture Liluah made immense contribution to the war machinery of Allied Forces during the Second World War. Apart from rolling stock required for transport of military equipment Liluah also produced hundreds of Ambulances, Water Cars, tanks, armoured vehicles and lorries. Ammunitions were also produced for the British Army, the Indian Army and Royal Air force. Minor items like tent pegs etc. were also in thousands. All the above illustrates the technical expertise and skill developed within the workshop. An essay published in 1945 in East Indian Railway Magazine by D.K. Whitworth[3][4] describes how great a job was done by railwaymen at Liluah between 1938 and 1942.

Like other leading Indian railways, the EIR provided a full regiment for the Railway Units of the Auxiliary Force (India). Liluah, or Lillooah as it was written then, was the home of the 1st Bn., the East Indian Railway Regiment.

Fateh Chand Badhwar OBE, MBE (Mil.) (1900–1995) the first Indian to become the chairman of the Railway Board had a stint at the Liluah Carriage and Wagon Workshop, during its early days.

A township was planned near the workshop for the British officers, working in the workshop, which gradually, until 1913 became The Liluah Railway Colony. The roads in the colony still bear the names of the British engineers who worked in the workshop. Until the mid-1900s, Liluah had become a dusty industrial town. The Colony is commonly used by locals for their morning walks now.

Post-independence, Liluah saw the development of many small industrial units, and thus rapid expansion beyond the western half of the town, areas which were earlier farmlands, resulting in unplanned development. As a result of which, many people came to Liluah from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh as labourers in the small industrial units and gradually settled here; these people came to Kolkata in search of job opportunities, a condition experienced by all suburbs of Calcutta during the early post independence era; this resulted in significant ethical change in Liluah, which resulted in the majority Hindi-speaking population of Liluah since the late 1990s, in a contrast to the early 1990s, when most of the population was Bengali-speaking.

EducationEdit

The area of Eastern Liluah has been the educational hub of Howrah since the early 1990s, owing to a number of good n reputed schools, an Engineering College and a Science, Arts and Commerce College present there. Which contribute to it being the Educational hub having the highest concentration of Educational institutions in Howrah City.

SchoolsEdit

The most famous and reputed of all institutions in Liluah is the Don Bosco High and Technical School Liluah or Don Bosco Liluah(abbreviated as DBL) which was established in the year 1937 as a Catholic institution by the Salesians of Don Bosco, along with the Agrasain Balika Siksha Sadan(ABSS) and the M.C. Kejriwal Vidyapeeth an institution run and operated by the MCKV group of Institutions, the group which also runs the MCKV Institute of Engineering. These three schools comprise the THREE BIG schools of Liluah, often seen as competitors. Apart from these three schools, the Sohanlal Deoralia Balika Siksha Sadan, established in the year 1962 is one of the oldest n most reputed girls educational institution in Howrah, with the medium of instruction there primarily being Hindi. Apart from these, the Sunrise Eng. Med. School, which was established in the year 1975, run and operated by the Sunrise Society, the I.P. Memorial School and the Rosebud School, both established in 1967 are also some of the oldest n most reputed institutions in Liluah. Other schools like the St. Denis School, Sudhir Memorial Institute, the Agrasain Boys' School the Bharatiya High School and the Gurukul School are all located within a radius of less than 2 kilometers within the 'Don Bosco Area'(Abhay Guha Road Commercial Area) of Eastern Liluah. The Florence Day School(Privately run), The Eastern Railway Hindi High School and the Eastern Railway Bengali High School are Central Government schools under the Ministry of Railways, affiliated to the WBSC, present in the Liluah Railway Colony. Apart from these, institutions like the Holy Family Convent School, Swaika Girls High School, Liluah T.R.G.R. Khemka High School and the Bhattanagar Kulokamini Vidyamandir are located in western Liluah. Apart from these schools, the Mirpara Don Bosco Self Employment Research Institute (D.B.S.E.R.I) is also located in Western Liluah, which is an institution also run by the Salesians of DonBosco and it provides training in various Self-Employment skills to people. Other schools like the Belur Janta High School, the Belur Boys School, Belur Girls school and the Belur High School are located within half a kilometer off Liluah. Apart from that there are around a dozen more registered and unregistered primary schools in Liluah.

  • Don Bosco High and Technical School Liluah. Commonly abbreviated as DBL, was set up in 1937 by the salesians of Don Bosco mainly to train the local Christian population so that they could get jobs at the Liluah Railway Carriage and Wagon Workshop. The school has won the Telegraph School of the Year awards three times and is only the fourth school ever in Kolkata to enter the Hall of Fame. DBL celebrated its Platinum Jubilee on 8 December 2012, a lavish event which had eminent personalities from around India(many of its Alumni) visiting the school, including former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
  • M. C. Kejriwal Vidyapeeth (abv. MCKV) was established in 1997, is another famed school in Liluah. As of 2012 it had more than 3000 and a teaching faculty of one hundred and sixty. The school is affiliated to the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, New Delhi, for the ICSE and ISC examinations. It has been accredited by the British Council for the International School Award. It has also received the ISO 9001:2008 accreditation. It was recently accepted for membership of the International Boys' School Coalition, a New York-based grouping of 250 boys' schools from all over the world.M. C. Kejriwal Vidyapeeth was declared the "School of the Year 2013" by the Telegraph Education Foundation at The Telegraph Awards for Excellence in Schools ceremony held on 31 August 2013 in the Science City Auditorium, Kolkata. The school has also been ranked 4th in the list of Best Day Boys School in Kolkata and West Bengal in the Education World India School Rankings 2013.
  • Agrasain Balika Siksha Sadan is a girls school, affiliated to the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE Board). It was established in the 1994 and as of 2012 has about 4000 students. The Agrasain Balika Siksha Sadan(or ABSS as it is commonly abbreviated) is one of the top girls educational institutions in Howrah, and (along with DBL and MCKV) among the three very famed schools in Liluah. Also worth mentioning for the institute is that a section of the Duffer Street (on which the school lies, which was earlier named for Lord Dufferin) from G.T. Road to Matwala Chaurasta was renamed as 'Agrasain Street' in 2009. Large posters and sign boards commemorating the occasion are present near the gates of the institution. The Agrasain Boys' School [Established in 2011 and Inaugurated by Sri Arup Roy (Minister - Agricultural Marketing, Government of West Bengal) on 2 April 2012]: commonly abbreviated as ABS, a linguistic minority unaided institution having an independent Governing Body elected by the trust known as Agrasain Seva Samity, the same which also runs ABSS and Shree Agrasain College, built on a campus with a large play ground, and other facilities.

CollegesEdit

Apart from the many Schools present in Liluah, Liluah also boasts an undergraduate and postgraduate engineering college and an undergraduate science, arts and commerce college.

The MCKV Institute of Engineering (MCKVIE) was established in 1999 and runs as a part of the MCKV Group. It is affiliated to the West Bengal University of Technology. It offers bachelors and masters degrees in various engineering streams.[5] Shree Agrasain College is a self-financing undergraduate college run under the Agrasain Seva Samity, the same trust which runs the Agrasain Balika Siksha Sadan and the Agrasain Boys' School. It offers undergraduate degree and diploma courses in various science, arts and commerce courses. It is affiliated to the University of Calcutta and is located on Height Road near Liluah Railway Station, its second campus in Agrasain Street being converted to the Agrasain Boys' School in 2010.[citation needed]

UniversitiesEdit

The Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, an institution deemed to be university is located within 1km from Liluah, near the Belur Math. It is administered by the Ramakrishna Mission. It was declared by Government of India as a Deemed University under Section 3 of UGC Act, 1956.

RecreationEdit

The RD mall houses Inox Multiplex, Domino's Pizza, Cafe Coffee Day, a gaming arena, and Big Bazaar among many other retail stores. The Rangoli Mall is a newly opened 3.5 lakh square feet mall that houses stores of premimum brands, including Max Lifestyle, Domino's Pizza, Archies, and Spencer's retail among others. A multiplex is supposed to come up in the mall too, as per newspapers. [6]

Other main market areas in the vicinity of the town are, Abhay Guha Road (locally called, Donbosco gully or DonBosco area), Liluah Bazar and Belur Bazar. Local restaurants have recently housed alongside the G.T Road and include, Gangotri, Vegetarian Valley, Fusion, alongside eateries inside RD Mall.

NearbyEdit

Belur Math is 1 km north-east of Liluah Railway Station.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit