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Legality of cannabis by country

World laws on possession of small amounts of cannabis for personal use.
  Partially or essentially legal
  Illegal but decriminalized
  Illegal but often unenforced
  Illegal
  No information

The legality of cannabis for general or recreational use varies from country to country. Possession of cannabis is illegal in most countries as a result of the agreement about Indian hemp, also known as hashish, in the International Opium Convention (1925).[1] However, many countries have decriminalized the possession of small quantities of cannabis; see the list below.

In the United States, medical cannabis is allowed by some state, territorial, Indian reservation, and District of Columbia law, but medical and recreation use is illegal by federal law. While federal law is controlling,[2] the government has chosen not to prosecute users operating in compliance with local medical and recreational marijuana laws.[3][4]

As of 2017, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Czech Republic, Germany, India, Jamaica, Mexico, the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Uruguay, and some U.S. jurisdictions have the least restrictive cannabis laws, while China, France,[5] Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, the Philippines, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates and Vietnam have the strictest cannabis laws.[6][7]

Contents

List of countries

Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Afghanistan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Albania

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Algeria

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is illegal.[12]

  Angola

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Argentina

Illegal (decriminalized for personal use in small amounts) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Armenia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Australia

Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.
Decriminalised for personal use in the Northern Territory, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory.
Illegal Illegal Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.

  Austria

Possession of up to five grams decriminalized as of January 2016. Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Azerbaijan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Bahrain

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Bangladesh

Illegal, but mostly tolerated Illegal, but mostly tolerated Illegal Illegal

  Belarus

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Belgium

Illegal (decriminalized up to three grams) Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) one plant)

  Belize

Illegal, but mostly tolerated Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Benin

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Bhutan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Bosnia and Herzegovina

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Bolivia

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Botswana

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Brazil

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Bulgaria

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Burkina Faso

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Burundi

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Cape Verde

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Cambodia

Illegal but often unenforced Illegal but often unenforced Illegal but often unenforced Illegal but often unenforced

  Cameroon

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Canada

Illegal (legal for medicinal use) Illegal
(regulated by some cities)
Illegal Illegal (small amounts of plants tolerated)

  Central African Republic

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Chad

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Chile

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only) Legal[37]

  People's Republic of China

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal[46]

  Colombia

Legal for up to 22 grams for personal use. No limit for medical or scientific purpose, and if licensed by the "National Anti-narcotics Council" Legal for medical and scientific use only Legal for medical and scientific use only Legal up to twenty plants for personal consumption. No limit for medical or scientific use, and if licensed by the "National Anti-narcotics Council"

  Comoros

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Costa Rica

Illegal (decriminalized)[53] [54] Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized)

  Croatia

Illegal (decriminalized)[55] (medical use only)[56] Illegal (medical use only)[56] Illegal Illegal

  Cyprus

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized for some farms to grow Hemp)

  Cuba

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Czech Republic

Illegal (possession of up to 15g decriminalized) Sale of medical cannabis legal, otherwise sale illegal) Illegal (up to 15g decriminalized/Medical subject to license legal) Illegal (cultivation of up to five bushes decriminalized/cultivation for medical purposes subject to license legal)
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Denmark

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Djibouti

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Dominica

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Class B drug to cultivate, sell or possess.[64]
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  East Timor

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Ecuador

Illegal (decriminalized) up to ten grams Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Egypt

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  El Salvador

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Eritrea

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Estonia

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Ethiopia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Fiji

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Finland

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  France

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Gabon

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Georgia

Illegal, but possession for personal use decriminalized Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Germany

Legal for medicinal purposes.
Recreational consumption is legal on the basis of it being considered self-harm.
Legal to those with a prescription
(or if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
Legal with prescription
(or if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
Illegal
(Legal if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")

  Ghana

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Guinea

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Guinea-Bissau

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Greece

Illegal (but the amount of 0.5 grams or 1 pure/2 impure cannabis cigarettes decriminalised in court if made sure to be for personal use) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Grenada

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Guatemala

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Guyana

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Haiti

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Honduras

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Hong Kong

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Hungary

Illegal Illegal illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Iceland

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  India

Illegal at the federal level.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Odisha, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.
Decriminalized in Gujarat.
Illegal at the federal level.
Industrial hemp legal at the state level in Uttarakhand.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.
Decriminalized in Gujarat.
Illegal at the federal level.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Gujarat, Odisha, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.
Illegal at the federal level.
Industrial hemp legal at the state level in Uttarakhand.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.

  Indonesia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Iran

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Iraq

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Ireland

Illegal[101] Illegal[101] Illegal[101] Illegal[101]

  Israel

Legal for medicinal use. Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for licensed medicinal providers)

  Italy

Illegal (decriminalized, legal for medical and religious usage) Illegal IlIegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Jamaica

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Legal

  Japan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Jordan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Kazakhstan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Kenya

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Kiribati

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Kuwait

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Kyrgyzstan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Laos

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal As of 2009, a mandatory death penalty is applied for certain cases.[116][117]

  Latvia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Lebanon

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Lesotho

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Liberia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Libya

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Lithuania

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Luxembourg

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Macau

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Macedonia

Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal Illegal

  Madagascar

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Malaysia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Malawi

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Mali

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Malta

Illegal (decriminalized up to 3.5g) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Marshall Islands

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Mauritania

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Mauritius

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Mexico

Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.
Decriminalized for personal use.
Illegal Illegal Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.
Decriminalized for personal use.

  Micronesia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Moldova

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Mongolia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Montenegro

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [134]

  Morocco

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Mozambique

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Myanmar

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Namibia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

    Nepal

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Netherlands

Decriminalised for possession of up to five grams (in case of a police control it is still confiscated), for public use and for use in 'coffeeshops' Decriminalized for 'coffeeshops' Illegal (unenforced for 'coffeeshops', but enforced for growers who distribute to shops) Illegal (decriminalized up to five plants, plants are generally still destroyed.)

  New Zealand

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Nicaragua

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Niger

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Nigeria

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  North Korea

Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

  Northern Mariana Islands

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Norway

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Oman

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Pakistan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Palau

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Panama

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Papua New Guinea

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Paraguay

Illegal (decriminalized up to ten grams) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Peru

Illegal (decriminalized up to eight grams) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Philippines

Illegal (Provision for medicinal use as per Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002. Pending Government approval) Illegal Illegal Illegal (For medicinal and scientific purposes only)

  Poland

Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal Illegal

  Portugal

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized)

  Puerto Rico

Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only)
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Qatar

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Romania

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Russia

Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to six grams Illegal Illegal (decriminalized), transport of quantities of up to six grams Illegal (decriminalized), cultivation of up to twenty plants[citation needed]

  Rwanda

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Samoa

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  São Tomé and Príncipe

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Saudi Arabia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Senegal

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Serbia

Illegal [165] Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Sierra Leone

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Singapore

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Slovakia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Slovenia

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Legal for quantities with ≤ 0.2 % THC on a ≤ 0.1 ha surface, or ≥ 0.1 ha surface with a governmental permit for cannabis cultivation.[173]

  Solomon Islands

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Somalia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  South Africa

Legal Illegal Illegal Legal

  South Korea

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis banned under the Cannabis Control Act of 1976.[180]

  South Sudan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Spain

Legal (Private areas only, illegal in public areas (decriminalized), offenders receive an administrative fine.) Possession of more than 70/100gr. (depending on the autonomous community) is considered as possession with the intention of trafficking.[181] Technically illegal, but Cannabis can be acquired in private smoker/cannabis clubs.[182] Selling by itself is punished by prison in all the ways, even for first offenders. Illegal (decriminalized) Legal (Only for own consumption. If the plants are located somewhere visible from the street/public place, it's an administrative offense[183])

  Sri Lanka

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Sudan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal.[190] Banned in 1924 during the Condominium Period.[191][192]

  Suriname

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Swaziland

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Sweden

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

   Switzerland

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Syria

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Taiwan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Tajikistan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Tanzania

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Thailand

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Togo

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Tonga

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Trinidad and Tobago

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Tunisia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Turkey

Illegal (medical use only) Illegal Illegal Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.[206]

  Turkmenistan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Tuvalu

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Uganda

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Ukraine

Illegal (decriminalized possession of quantities of up to five grams) Illegal Illegal (decriminalized possession of quantities of up to five grams) Illegal (decriminalized up to ten plants) [209]

  United Arab Emirates

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  United Kingdom

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  United States

Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon and Washington[214] and in Washington, D.C.; decriminalized in eighteen states, medicinal legal in 25 states and Guam. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation.) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level with a state issued license in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Legal medicinal sales in several additional states.[215] All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation. ) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level within the states of Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Legal for medicinal patients in several additional states. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation.) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level for individuals/commercial in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada and Oregon, individual but not commercial in Washington, D.C., and only commercially in Washington. Medicinal growing is legal in several states as well. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation.)

  Uruguay

Legal Legal
(but buying prohibited for foreigners)
Legal Legal
(up to six plants)

  Uzbekistan

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Vanuatu

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Venezuela

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Vietnam

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [224]

  U.S. Virgin Islands

Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to an ounce Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Yemen

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Zambia

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Zimbabwe

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [226][227]
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

See also

External links

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