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Legality of cannabis by country

World laws on possession of small amounts of cannabis for personal use.
  Partially or essentially legal
  Illegal but decriminalized
  Illegal but often unenforced
  Illegal
  No information

The legality of cannabis for general or recreational use varies from country to country. Possession of cannabis is illegal in most countries as a result of the agreement about Indian hemp, also known as hashish, in the International Opium Convention (1925).[1] However, many countries have decriminalized the possession of small quantities of cannabis; see the list below.

In the United States, medical cannabis is allowed by some state, territorial, Native American reservation, and District of Columbia law, but medical and recreation use is illegal by federal law. While federal law is controlling,[2] the government has chosen not to prosecute users operating in compliance with local medical and recreational marijuana laws.[3][4]

As of 2017, Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Czech Republic, Germany, India, Jamaica, Mexico, the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Uruguay, and some U.S. jurisdictions have the least restrictive cannabis laws, while China, France,[5] Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, the Philippines, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates and Vietnam have the strictest cannabis laws.[6][7]

Contents

List of countriesEdit

Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  AfghanistanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  AlbaniaEdit

Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal Illegal

  AlgeriaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Possession is illegal.[12]

  AngolaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  ArgentinaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized for medical use ) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  ArmeniaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  AustraliaEdit

Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.
Decriminalised for personal use in the Northern Territory, South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory.
Illegal Illegal Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.

  AustriaEdit

Possession of up to five grams decriminalized as of January 2016. Illegal Illegal Illegal

  AzerbaijanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  BahrainEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BangladeshEdit

Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced) Illegal Illegal

  BelarusEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BelgiumEdit

Illegal (decriminalized up to three grams) Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) one plant)

  BelizeEdit

Illegal (decriminalized to 10 grams) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BeninEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BhutanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Bosnia and HerzegovinaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BoliviaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BotswanaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BrazilEdit

Illegal (decriminalized for small amounts) Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized for small amounts)

  BulgariaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Burkina FasoEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  BurundiEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  Cape VerdeEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  CambodiaEdit

Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced)

  CameroonEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  CanadaEdit

Illegal (legal for medicinal use) Illegal
(regulated by some cities)
Illegal Illegal (small amounts of plants tolerated)

  Central African RepublicEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  ChadEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  ChileEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only) Legal[37]

  People's Republic of ChinaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal[46]

  ColombiaEdit

Legal for up to 22 grams for personal use. No limit for medical or scientific purpose, and if licensed by the "National Anti-narcotics Council" Legal for medical and scientific use only Legal for medical and scientific use only Legal up to twenty plants for personal consumption. No limit for medical or scientific use, and if licensed by the "National Anti-narcotics Council"

  ComorosEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Costa RicaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized)[53] [54] Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized)

  CroatiaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized)[55] (medical use only)[56] Illegal (medical use only)[56] Illegal Illegal

  CyprusEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal (decriminalized for some farms to grow Hemp)

  CubaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Czech RepublicEdit

Illegal (possession of up to 15g decriminalized) Sale of medical cannabis legal, otherwise sale illegal) Illegal (up to 15g decriminalized/Medical subject to license legal) Illegal (cultivation of up to five bushes decriminalized/cultivation for medical purposes subject to license legal)
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  DenmarkEdit

Illegal (Declared legal in Freetown, law poorly enforced by Danish police) Illegal (Declared legal in Freetown, law poorly enforced by Danish police) Illegal (Declared legal in Freetown, law poorly enforced by Danish police) Illegal (Declared legal in Freetown, law poorly enforced by Danish police)

  DjiboutiEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  DominicaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Class B drug to cultivate, sell or possess.[64]
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  East TimorEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  EcuadorEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) up to ten grams Illegal Illegal Illegal

  EgyptEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  El SalvadorEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  EritreaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  EstoniaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  EthiopiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  FijiEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  FinlandEdit

Legal to those with a prescription Illegal Illegal Illegal

  FranceEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  GabonEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  GeorgiaEdit

Illegal, but possession for personal use decriminalized Illegal Illegal Illegal

  GermanyEdit

Legal for medicinal purposes.
Recreational consumption is legal on the basis of it being considered self-harm.
Legal to those with a prescription
(or if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
Legal with prescription
(or if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")
Illegal
(Legal if permission is given by "Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices")

  GhanaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  GuineaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Guinea-BissauEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  GreeceEdit

Illegal (but the amount of 0.5 grams or 1 pure/2 impure cannabis cigarettes decriminalised in court if made sure to be for personal use)
Legal for medicinal purposes[84][85].
Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)Edit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  GrenadaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  GuatemalaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  GuyanaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  HaitiEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  HondurasEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Hong KongEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  HungaryEdit

Illegal Illegal illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  IcelandEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  IndiaEdit

Illegal at the federal level.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Odisha, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.
Decriminalized in Gujarat.
Illegal at the federal level.
Industrial hemp legal at the state level in Uttarakhand.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.
Decriminalized in Gujarat.
Illegal at the federal level.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Gujarat, Odisha, Uttarakhand, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.
Illegal at the federal level.
Industrial hemp legal at the state level in Uttarakhand.
Legal or tolerated in several states such as Bihar, Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal and the North-Eastern states.

  IndonesiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  IranEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  IraqEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  IrelandEdit

Illegal[101] Illegal[101] Illegal[101] Illegal[101]

  IsraelEdit

Legal for medicinal use. Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for licensed medicinal providers)

  ItalyEdit

Illegal (decriminalized, legal for medical and religious usage) Illegal IlIegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  JamaicaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized), Legal if Rastafarian Illegal Legal if Rastafarian Legal

  JapanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  JordanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  KazakhstanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  KenyaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  KiribatiEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  KuwaitEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  KyrgyzstanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  LaosEdit

Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced) Illegal Illegal

  LatviaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  LebanonEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  LesothoEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  LiberiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  LibyaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  LithuaniaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  LuxembourgEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  MacauEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MacedoniaEdit

Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal Illegal

  MadagascarEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MalaysiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MalawiEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MaliEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MaltaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized up to 3.5g) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Marshall IslandsEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MauritaniaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MauritiusEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MexicoEdit

Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.
Decriminalized for personal use.
Illegal Illegal Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.
Decriminalized for personal use.

  MicronesiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MoldovaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MongoliaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MontenegroEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [132]

  MoroccoEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MozambiqueEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  MyanmarEdit

Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced)
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  NamibiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

    NepalEdit

Illegal (Legal during Maha Shivaratri) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  NetherlandsEdit

Legal in 'coffeeshops', Decriminalized up to five grams (in case of a police control it is still confiscated), and for public use. Legal for 'coffeeshops' Illegal
(Unenforced for 'coffeeshops', but enforced for growers who distribute to shops)
Illegal (decriminalized up to five plants; plants are generally still destroyed.)

  New ZealandEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  NicaraguaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  NigerEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  NigeriaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  North KoreaEdit

Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

  Northern Mariana IslandsEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  NorwayEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  OmanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  PakistanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  PalauEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  PanamaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Papua New GuineaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  ParaguayEdit

Illegal (decriminalized up to ten grams) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  PeruEdit

Illegal (decriminalized up to eight grams)(Legal for medicinal use) Legal for medicinal use only Legal for medicinal use only Illegal

  PhilippinesEdit

Illegal (Provision for medicinal use as per Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002. Pending Government approval) Illegal Illegal Illegal (For medicinal and scientific purposes only)

  PolandEdit

Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal (legal for medicinal use only) Illegal Illegal

  PortugalEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal (decriminalized)

  Puerto RicoEdit

Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only) Illegal (medical use only)
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  QatarEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  RomaniaEdit

Illegal (legal for medical use) Illegal Illegal Illegal

  RussiaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to six grams Illegal Illegal (decriminalized), transport of quantities of up to six grams Illegal (decriminalized), cultivation of up to twenty plants[citation needed]

  RwandaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  SamoaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  São Tomé and PríncipeEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Saudi ArabiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SenegalEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SerbiaEdit

Illegal [163] Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Sierra LeoneEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SingaporeEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SlovakiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SloveniaEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Illegal Illegal Legal for quantities with ≤ 0.2 % THC on a ≤ 0.1 ha surface, or ≥ 0.1 ha surface with a governmental permit for cannabis cultivation.[171]

  Solomon IslandsEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SomaliaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  South AfricaEdit

Legal Illegal Illegal Legal

  South KoreaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Cannabis banned under the Cannabis Control Act of 1976.[178]

  South SudanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SpainEdit

Legal (Private areas only, illegal in public areas (decriminalized), offenders receive an administrative fine.) Possession of more than 70/100gr. (depending on the autonomous community) is considered as possession with the intention of trafficking.[179] Technically illegal, but Cannabis can be acquired in private smoker/cannabis clubs.[180] Selling by itself is punished by prison in all the ways, even for first offenders. Illegal (decriminalized) Legal (Only for own consumption. If the plants are located somewhere visible from the street/public place, it's an administrative offense[181])

  Sri LankaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SudanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal.[188] Banned in 1924 during the Condominium Period.[189][190]

  SurinameEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SwazilandEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  SwedenEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

   SwitzerlandEdit

Illegal (decriminalized) Legal for medicinal purposes. Illegal Illegal

  SyriaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  TaiwanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  TajikistanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  TanzaniaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  ThailandEdit

Illegal (Poorly enforced) Illegal (Poorly enforced) Illegal Illegal


  TogoEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  TongaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  Trinidad and TobagoEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  TunisiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  TurkeyEdit

Illegal (medical use only) Illegal Illegal Legal for medicinal and scientific purposes.[204]

  TurkmenistanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  TuvaluEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  UgandaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  UkraineEdit

Illegal (decriminalized possession of quantities of up to five grams) Illegal Illegal (decriminalized possession of quantities of up to five grams) Illegal (decriminalized up to ten plants) [207]

  United Arab EmiratesEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  United KingdomEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  United StatesEdit

Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon and Washington[211] and in Washington, D.C.; decriminalized in eighteen states, medicinal legal in 29 states, Puerto Rico, and Guam. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation.) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level with a state issued license in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Legal medicinal sales in several additional states.[212] All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation.) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level within the states of Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. Legal for medicinal patients in several additional states. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation.) Illegal at the federal level (but legal at the state level for individuals/commercial in Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada and Oregon, individual but not commercial in Washington, D.C., and only commercially in Washington. Medicinal growing is legal in several states as well. All Indian Reservations are allowed to regulate cannabis laws; laws vary by reservation.)

  UruguayEdit

Legal Legal
(but buying prohibited for foreigners)
Legal Legal
(up to six plants)

  UzbekistanEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  VanuatuEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  VenezuelaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  VietnamEdit

Illegal (unenforced) Illegal (unenforced) Illegal Illegal Illegal[221] but openly sold in restaurants and bars.[222]

  U.S. Virgin IslandsEdit

Illegal (decriminalized), possession of quantities of up to an ounce Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  YemenEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

  ZambiaEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal

  ZimbabweEdit

Illegal Illegal Illegal Illegal [224][225]
Country/Territory Possession Sale Transport Cultivation Notes

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

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