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Map of world cannabis laws
Legal status of cannabis possession for non-medical use
  Legal
  Illegal but decriminalized
  Illegal but often unenforced
  Illegal

See also countries that have legalized medical use of cannabis.

The legality of cannabis for medical and recreational use varies by country, in terms of its possession, distribution, and cultivation, and (in regards to medical) how it can be consumed and what medical conditions it can be used for. These policies in most countries are regulated by the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs that was ratified in 1961, along with the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances and the 1988 Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances.[1][2]

The use of cannabis for recreational purposes is prohibited in most countries; however, many have adopted a policy of decriminalization to make simple possession a non-criminal offense (often similar to a minor traffic violation). Others have much more severe penalties such as some Asian and Middle Eastern countries where possession of even small amounts is punished by imprisonment for several years.[3]

Uruguay and Canada are the only sovereign states that have fully legalized the consumption and sale of recreational cannabis nationwide. In the United States, ten states and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of cannabis although it remains federally illegal. Laws vary from state to state when it comes to the commercial sale. Court rulings in Georgia and South Africa have led to the legalization of cannabis consumption, but not legal sales. A policy of limited enforcement has also been adopted in many countries, in particular Spain and the Netherlands where the sale of cannabis is tolerated at licensed establishments.[4][5]

Countries that have legalized the medical use of cannabis include Argentina, Australia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Norway, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, Switzerland, and Thailand. Others have more restrictive laws that only allow the use of certain cannabis-derived pharmaceutical drugs, such as Sativex, Marinol, or Epidiolex.[6] In the United States, 33 states and the District of Columbia have legalized the medical use of cannabis, but at the federal level its use remains prohibited for any purpose.[7]


By countryEdit

Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  Afghanistan Illegal Illegal Production banned by King Zahir Shah in 1973.[8]
  Albania Illegal Illegal Prohibited but plants highly availabile throughout the country and law often unenforced.[9][10][11]
  Algeria Illegal Illegal
  Andorra Illegal Illegal
  Angola Illegal Illegal
  Antigua and Barbuda Decriminalized Illegal
  Argentina Decriminalized Legal Decriminalized for small amounts and private consumption, as ruled by the Supreme Court in 2009.[12] Medicinal cannabis legal nationally since 21 September 2017.[13]
  Armenia Illegal Illegal
  Australia Decriminalized for personal use in the Northern Territory, South Australia, and the Australian Capital Territory[14][15] Legal at federal level and in all states.[16] Qualifying conditions and other details vary by state.[17]
  Austria Possession for personal use decriminalized as of January 2016. Cannabis-derived drugs
  Azerbaijan Illegal Illegal
  Bahamas Illegal Illegal
  Bahrain Illegal Illegal
  Bangladesh Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Sale banned in 1989,[18] but laws are rarely enforced and cannabis is openly sold in many parts of the country.[19][20]
  Barbados Illegal Illegal
  Belarus Illegal Illegal
  Belgium Decriminalized up to 3 g or cultivation of one plant Cannabis-derived drugs[21] Up to 3 g legal for adults since 2003.[22][23]
  Belize Decriminalized up to 10 g Illegal Possession prohibited, but use is common and largely tolerated.[24] Laws decriminalizing possession of up to 10 g "in the works".[25]
  Benin Illegal Illegal
  Bermuda Decriminalized up to 7 g Legal In November 2016, the Supreme Court of Bermuda ruled in favor of allowing the medical use of cannabis.[26] As of July 2018, two doctors have been licensed to prescribe the drug.[27]
  Bhutan Illegal Illegal Illegal, but plants grow prolifically and have multiple traditional uses, such as feeding pigs and producing textiles.[28]
  Bolivia Decriminalized up to 50 g Illegal
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Illegal Illegal In 2016, the Ministry of Civil Affairs formed a task force to explore the legalization of cannabis and cannabinoids for medicinal purposes.[29]
  Botswana Illegal Illegal Cannabis (or dagga) is illegal.[30][31]
  Brazil Illegal (educational measures for small amounts and private use) Sativex Possession of any illegal drug entails a warning, community service, and education on the effects of drug use. Possession of large amounts, as well as sale, transportation, and cultivation, are considered drug trafficking.[32]
  Brunei Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  Bulgaria Illegal Illegal Cannabis is classified as a class A (High-risk) drug, together with heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, and MDMA (ecstasy). Until 2004, a loosely defined "personal dose" existed.[33]
  Burkina Faso Illegal Illegal
  Burundi Illegal Illegal
  Cambodia Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal,[34] but this prohibition is lax and enforced opportunistically.[35][36][37] "Happy" restaurants in cities publicly offer food cooked with marijuana, or as a side garnish.[38]
  Cameroon Illegal Illegal
  Canada Legal Legal Legal for medicinal purposes since 2001 and for recreational purposes since 2018. Age and regulations of consumption vary by province.[39]
  Cape Verde Illegal Illegal
  Central African Republic Illegal Illegal
  Chad Illegal Illegal
  Chile Decriminalized for possession and cultivation Legal Private personal use[40] and recreational cultivation[41][42][43] decriminalized. Medicinal cultivation legal with the authorization of The Chilean Agriculture Service (SAG)[44] and sale of medication allowed on prescription in pharmacies.[45]
  People's Republic of China (PRC) Illegal Illegal
  Colombia Decriminalized up to 22 g or cultivation of 20 plants for personal use Legal Decriminalized up to 22 g for personal consumption. Individuals carrying greater amounts, or cultivating up to 20 plants, cannot be prosecuted if the drug is for personal use.[46][47][48][49]
  Comoros Illegal Illegal Cannabis was legal during the Comorian historical period between January 1975 and May 1978, when president Ali Soilih legalized cannabis consumption among other measures.[50][51]
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Illegal Illegal
  Republic of the Congo Illegal Illegal
  Costa Rica Decriminalized[52][53] Illegal Decriminalization de facto implemented since police officers do not detain people carrying enough for only personal consumption, yet no amount has been defined as a minimum for possession. Use of cannabis is widespread throughout the country.[52][53]
  Croatia Decriminalized[54] Legal[55] Possession of small amounts considered a misdemeanor which leads to fine. Medicinal cannabis legal for patients with illnesses such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, or AIDS.[55]
  Cuba Illegal Illegal
  Cyprus Illegal Legal[56] Class B substance – life imprisonment is possible for use and maximum 8 years for possession (at the maximum 2 years for the first offense for under 25-year-olds).[57]
  Czech Republic Decriminalized up to 10 g or cultivation of 5 plants[58] Legal Possession of up to 15 g or cultivation of up to 5 plants is a misdemeanor subject to minor fine – mostly not enforced. Popular destination for smokers.[59][60] Medicinal use legal and regulated since 2013.[61][62]
  Denmark Illegal Legal (4-year pilot program beginning in January 2018)[63] As with all drugs, cannabis-related offenses are punishable by a fine or imprisonment for up to 2 years.[64] Freetown Christiania, a self-declared autonomous community in Copenhagen, is known for its cannabis trade.[65]
  Djibouti Illegal Illegal
  Dominica Illegal Illegal Class B drug to cultivate, sell, or possess.[66]
  Dominican Republic Illegal Illegal
  East Timor Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  Ecuador Decriminalized up to 10 g Illegal Possession of small amounts decriminalized.[67][68][69] Possession of under 10 g is considered personal use and not punished.[70]
  Egypt Illegal but often unenforced Illegal Illegal since 1925[71] but use is widespread. Convictions for personal use are rare.[72] Formerly a plant of high status with several documented medicinal uses in ancient times.
  El Salvador Illegal Illegal
  Equatorial Guinea Illegal Illegal
  Eritrea Illegal Illegal
  Estonia Decriminalized With a special permit[73] Up to 7.5 g is considered an amount for personal use, and is punished with a fine. Large amounts and distribution are criminal offenses punishable with a custodial sentence of up to 5 years.[74]
  Eswatini (Swaziland) Illegal Illegal
  Ethiopia Illegal Illegal Despite being the spiritual homeland of the Rastafari movement, possession of cannabis can result in up to six months imprisonment.[75]
  Fiji Illegal Illegal
  Finland Illegal but sometimes not enforced Legal under license. Personal use is generally not prosecuted in court but subject to summary fine. Medicinal cannabis possible under a special license since 2006; in 2014, 223 licenses were issued.[76]
  France Illegal Some cannabis-derived drugs. Possession entails a 200€ fine since November 2018.[77] Medical use of some cannabinoid drugs legalized in 2013.[78][79]
  Gabon Illegal Illegal
  Gambia Illegal Illegal
  Georgia Legal for possession and consumption but not for sale, per a July 2018 ruling by the Constitutional Court of Georgia.[80][81] Use is legal, but no system for the dispensing of cannabis exists.
  Germany Illegal, but occasionally tolerated. Under federal law, prosecution is optional for possession of "small amounts".[82][83] Legal Recreational possession illegal, but criminal charges are sometimes dropped. Consumption itself considered legal self-harm, but driver's licenses are almost always suspended, regardless of whether a car was used under the influence. Since early 2017, medicinal use is legal for seriously ill patients, who have consulted with a doctor and have absolutely no therapeutic alternative.[84][85][86][87][88][89]
  Ghana Illegal Illegal
  Greece Illegal Legal
  Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat) Illegal Illegal
  Grenada Illegal Illegal
  Guatemala Illegal Illegal In 2016 a constitutional commission rejected proposals to legalize medicinal or recreational use of cannabis.[90][91]
  Guinea Illegal Illegal
  Guinea-Bissau Illegal Illegal
  Guyana Illegal Illegal Possession of 15 g or over can result in charges of drug trafficking.[92]
  Haiti Illegal Illegal
  Honduras Illegal Illegal The possession, sale, transportation, and cultivation of cannabis is illegal in Honduras.[93]
  Hong Kong Illegal Illegal Possession, sale, transportation, and cultivation illegal under the Dangerous Drug Ordinance.[94] (Chapter 134 of the Law of Hong Kong)
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  Hungary Illegal Illegal There is no distinction in Hungarian law between illicit drugs according to dangers. Heroin use has the same legal consequences as cannabis use.[95]
  Iceland Illegal Illegal Banned in 1969.[96] Possession of small amounts is subject to arrest and fine but no threat of jail time.[97]
  India Illegal, but exception is made for the use of bhang.[98] Illegal Albeit illegal, usage is prevalent and some government-owned shops sell cannabis in the form of bhang. States have their own laws regarding cannabis, locally known as ganja.
  Indonesia Illegal Illegal Banned in 1927.[99] Minimum sentence of 4 years in prison (additional fines may apply) if caught in possession.[100] However, if the user is underage, they may instead be sentenced to rehabilitation.[101]
  Iran Illegal, but not strictly enforced Illegal
  Iraq Illegal Illegal
  Ireland Illegal[102] May be licensed.[103][102] The National Drugs Strategy of 2009–2016 did not favour decriminalising cannabis.[104] A new strategy was planned for 2017.[105] Cannabis-derived medicines may be licensed since 2014.[103][106] A review of policy on medicinal cannabis was announced in November 2016,[107] and a private member's bill to legalise it passed second stage in the Dáil in December 2016.[108][109][110]
  Israel Decriminalized Legal As of April 2019, public possession of small amounts is a non-criminal offense punished by escalating fines. A third offense can result in criminal charges, however. Possession in the privacy of one's home is not punished.[111]
  Italy Decriminalized; allowed for religious usage, legal below 0.6% THC Legal Possession of small amounts for personal use is a misdemeanor subject to fines and the suspension of documents (passports or driver's licenses). Sale and cultivation punishable by imprisonment, even if in small amounts and for exclusive personal use. Licensed cultivation for medicinal and industrial use strictly regulated.[112]
  Ivory Coast Illegal Illegal
  Jamaica Decriminalized up to 2 oz or cultivation of 5 plants. Legal for Rastafari. Legal Decriminalized since 2015, and in 2018 the first medical cannabis dispensary opened.[113]
  Japan Illegal Illegal Restricted in 1948.[114] Use and possession are punishable by up to 5 years imprisonment and a fine. Cultivation, sale, and transport are punishable by 7–10 years imprisonment and a fine.[115]
  Jordan Illegal Illegal
  Kazakhstan Illegal Illegal
  Kenya Illegal Illegal
  Kiribati Illegal Illegal
  Korea, North (DPRK) Unknown Unknown There are conflicting reports on the legal status of cannabis in North Korea. Multiple reports from defectors and tourists claim there is no law regarding the possession of cannabis (as a result, it is not classified as a drug) in North Korea or if there is, it is mostly unenforced. However, other reports claim that cannabis is illegal.[116]
  Korea, South Illegal Legal, but access limited to Epidiolex, Marinol and Sativex as of now due to the policy implemented by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety[117] Medical use of cannabis was legalized in November 2018. The plant itself, however, remains unavailable due to the policy made by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety.[118]
  Kosovo Illegal Illegal
  Kuwait Illegal Illegal
  Kyrgyzstan Illegal Illegal
  Laos Illegal but often unenforced Illegal
  Latvia Illegal[119] Illegal Possession of up to 1 g can result in a €280 fine; for second offenses within a year period, criminal charges are applied. Larger quantities can be punished with up to 15 years in prison.
  Lebanon Illegal Illegal Hashish banned in 1926;[120] cannabis cultivation banned in 1992.[121] Possession is illegal. However, large amounts are grown within the country and personal use, as long as not in public, is not a major issue.[122]
  Lesotho Illegal but tolerated Illegal Licensed cultivation allowed for export to other countries. Also widely grown for illicit purposes.[123][124]
  Liberia Illegal Illegal
  Libya Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  Liechtenstein Illegal Illegal
  Lithuania Illegal Legal A bill to legalize medical use of cannabis was passed by the Seimas on 11 October 2018.
  Luxembourg Decriminalized Legal Transportation and consumption are illegal. Decriminalized since 2001, with prison penalty replaced by a monetary fine ranging from €250 to €2,500.[125][126]
  Macau, SAR of China Illegal Illegal
  Madagascar Illegal Illegal
  Malaysia Illegal Illegal Mandatory death penalty for convicted drug traffickers, legally defined as individuals possessing more than 200 g (7 oz) of cannabis.[127]
  Malawi Illegal Illegal Illegal but widely used and cultivated; Malawian cannabis is famed internationally for its quality.[128] Chamba is grown mainly in central and northern regions like Mzuzu.[129]
  Maldives Illegal Illegal
  Mali Illegal Illegal
  Malta Decriminalized up to 3.5 g Legal As of 2015, simple possession is decriminalized, but remains an arrestable offense for the police purpose of collecting intelligence about drug trafficking. Cultivation for personal use will no longer be punishable by a mandatory prison sentence or suspended sentence.[130][131]
  Marshall Islands Illegal Illegal
  Mauritania Illegal Illegal
  Mauritius Illegal Illegal
  Mexico De facto legal for personal use, regarding both possession and cultivation. Legal for medical use,
THC content below 1%.[132]
Possession of 5 g decriminalized since 2009.[133] In 2015 the Supreme Court voted 4-1 that prohibiting people from growing the drug for consumption was unconstitutional as it violated the human right to the free development of one's personality.[134] In 2018 the Supreme Court reaffirmed the ruling, effectively making the law prohibiting cannabis unenforceable and requiring the legislature to act to formally legalize.[135][136]
  Micronesia Illegal Illegal
  Moldova Decriminalized Illegal
  Monaco Illegal Illegal
  Mongolia Illegal Illegal
  Montenegro Illegal Illegal
  Morocco Illegal but often unenforced Illegal All drugs banned since 1974, but cannabis is partially tolerated. Morocco is still among the world's top producers of hashish.
  Mozambique Illegal Illegal
  Myanmar Illegal but often unenforced Illegal
  Namibia Illegal Illegal Cannabis is illegal; in 2007 the government proposed but declined a 20-year jail sentence for any drug possession.
    Nepal Illegal (legal during Maha Shivaratri) Illegal All cannabis licenses canceled in 1973.[8] Despite being illegal, cannabis is cheap and widely available in Nepal, and the police have little to no interest in cannabis-related issues.[137]
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  Netherlands Illegal – but use and sale is tolerated in licensed coffeeshops.[5] Possession of up to 5 g is decriminalized. Cultivation of up to 5 plants is unenforced for non-commercial use (unless grown in a professional setup). Legal Personal possession decriminalized and sale allowed only in certain licensed coffeeshops in the continental Netherlands.[138][139][140] Cultivation often tolerated but growers can still have their plants and equipment confiscated[141] and face eviction[142] or cancellation of their mortgage[143] for one single plant.[144] Zero tolerance policy in the Caribbean Netherlands.[145]
  New Zealand Illegal (Legalization referendum to be held in 2020) Legal Banned in 1927.[146] Medical use was legalized in December 2018,[147] and a binding referendum on recreational use is to be held during the 2020 general election.[148]
  Nicaragua Illegal Illegal
  Niger Illegal Illegal
  Nigeria Illegal Illegal
  North Macedonia Illegal Legal If one possesses large amounts, a jail sentence of anywhere from 3 months to 5 years may be given.[149] Medicinal cannabis legalized since 2016.[150]
  Norway Currently illegal (in process of decriminalization) Legal[151][152] Personal use of up to 15 g punished with a fine and a criminal record in the case of first-time offenders; larger amounts and second offenses are punished more harshly. Minors are routinely compelled to consent to regular supervised drug testing under threat of prosecution. In March 2018, the government created a working group tasked with decriminalizing drug use and mandating police to impose forced medical treatment of addicts instead of fines and imprisonment.[153][154]
  Oman Illegal Illegal
  Pakistan Illegal, but often unenforced (particularly in some tribal regions) Illegal Prohibited, but the smoking of hashish in Peshawar and the northern parts of Pakistan tends to be tolerated. One may be sent to jail for up to six months if found with charas in other parts of the country.[155]
  Palau Illegal Illegal
  Panama Illegal Illegal
  Papua New Guinea Illegal Illegal
  Paraguay Decriminalized up to 10 g Illegal Possession of up to 10 g not punished.[156][157]
  Peru Decriminalized Legal[158] Possession of up to 8 g is not punished.[159][160][161][162] Cultivation, production, and sale are punished with 8–15 years in prison.[163][164]
  Philippines Illegal Illegal but may be allowed with special permit Medical use of cannabis is possible with a special permit from the Food and Drugs Authority for use by individuals with serious or terminal illness.[165]
  Poland Illegal, but sometimes not enforced for small amounts, legal below 0.2% THC Legal Since 2011, prosecutors can choose not to prosecute possession of small quantities of cannabis for personal use if it is a first offense or if the person is drug dependent.[166] Possession of large quantities of drugs can result in up to 10 years in prison.[167]
  Portugal Decriminalized up to 25 g of herb or 5 g of hashish Legal In 2001, Portugal became the first country in the world to decriminalize the use of all drugs.[168]
  Qatar Illegal Illegal
  Romania Illegal Cannabis-derived drugs less than 0.2% THC can be prescribed Small quantities punishable by a large fine for first offenders or 6 months to 2 years in prison if the person has been convicted before. Possession of large amounts or trafficking is punishable by 2–7 years of jail time.[169] Decriminalization proposed.[170] Limited medical use approved in 2013.[171][172]
  Russia Illegal (decriminalised but detention still a possibility) Illegal Possession of up to 6 g of cannabis (or 2 g of hashish) is an administrative offence, punishable by a fine of RUB 5,000 or detention of up to 15 days. Possession of larger amounts is a criminal offence. Foreign nationals and stateless individuals who violate the law are subject to deportation regardless of the amount.[173]
  Rwanda Illegal Illegal
  Saint Kitts and Nevis Illegal Illegal
  Saint Lucia Illegal Illegal
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Illegal Illegal
  Samoa Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  San Marino Illegal Legal
  São Tomé and Príncipe Illegal Illegal
  Saudi Arabia Illegal Illegal Use and possession for personal use of any kind of recreational drugs is punishable by imprisonment if caught. Imprisonment for personal use can entail jail time of six months or more. Dealing and smuggling high amounts of drugs usually result in harsher prison time or even execution, although recently executions have been rare. Foreigners who use drugs might be deported.[174]
  Senegal Illegal Illegal
  Serbia Illegal[175] Illegal Possession punishable by fine or imprisonment of up to 3 years. Sale and transportation punishable by imprisonment of 3–12 years. Cultivation punishable by imprisonment from 6 months to 5 years. Higher penalties for organized crime.[176]
  Seychelles Illegal Illegal
  Sierra Leone Illegal Illegal Cannabis banned in 1920.[177]
  Singapore Illegal Illegal Banned in 1870.[178] Cannabis is a Class A drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act, making it illegal to cultivate, sell, or possess. Those who are caught with 500g of cannabis or more are considered drug traffickers and are punished with a possible death penalty.[179][180]
  Slovakia Illegal Illegal Possession of small amounts punishable by up to 8 years in prison.[181][182] In April 2012, The Wall Street Journal reported that Robert Fico, the incoming Slovak prime minister, might push for partial legalization of cannabis possession, and has argued for the legalization of possession of up to three doses of cannabis for personal use.[182]
  Slovenia Decriminalized Cannabis-based drugs Cannabis-based drugs are legal for medicinal use, but not cannabis itself.[183][184] Possession of any drug for personal use is decriminalized.[185]
  Solomon Islands illegal illegal
  Somalia Illegal Illegal
  South Africa Legal for possession and cultivation but not for sale. Use is legal, but no system for the dispensing of medicinal cannabis exists. Private use and cultivation decriminalized since 2018.[186][187]
  South Sudan Illegal Illegal
  Spain Use and possession in private areas allowed.[188][189] Public consumption can result in a fine from 601 to 30000 €.[190] Cultivation for personal use allowed in private areas including Cannabis Social Clubs.[188] Limited cannabis-derived pharmaceuticals Sale and importation punishable by jail time. All actions related to cannabis apart from sale or trade aren't considered criminal offenses,[191] but misdemeanors punishable by a fine.[192] Legalized in Catalonia in 2017,[193] but that law was challenged by the state and declared unconstitutional.[194] Cultivation allowed in private areas if the plants cannot be seen from the street or other public spaces.[195]
  Sri Lanka Illegal Legalized by amendment made in colonial law by 1980s and through the Ayurveda Act.[196] The sale of cannabis is decriminalized for traditional medicine vendors and it is commonly used in Ayurvedic traditional medicines.[197]
  Sudan Illegal Illegal
  Suriname Illegal Illegal Cannabis was banned in Suriname in the early 20th century, having been popularized there by Asian immigrants.[198]
  Sweden Illegal Illegal All cannabis-related activity illegal. The national police runs a "disturb and annoy" program aimed at users supported by the national "zero tolerance" policy.[199][200]
   Switzerland Decriminalized Legal Since 2012, possession of 10 g or less is decriminalized to a fine.[201]
  Syria Illegal Illegal Reportedly punished by life imprisonment under Bashar al-Assad's government policies. As a result of civil war, people living in areas controlled by Kurdish separatists have begun growing cannabis as a way of making money to fight poverty.[202]
  Taiwan (Republic of China, ROC) Illegal Illegal Cannabis is a schedule 2 narcotic in the ROC, and possession can result in up to 3 years imprisonment.[203]
  Tajikistan Illegal Illegal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes
  Tanzania Illegal Illegal
  Thailand Illegal but often unenforced Legal Criminalized in 1935.[204] Possession, cultivation, and transport (import/export) of up to 10 kg of cannabis may result in a maximum sentence of 5 years in prison or a fine.[205] Medical use was made legal in 2018.[206]
  Togo Illegal Illegal
  Tonga Illegal Illegal
  Trinidad and Tobago Illegal Illegal Banned in 1925.[207]
  Tunisia Illegal Illegal Banned in 1953.[208] Using or possessing entails 1–5 years of imprisonment + 1000-3000 dinars (around 500$-1500$).[209][210][211]
  Turkey Illegal Cannabis-derived pharmaceuticals Medical cultivation legal in nineteen provinces.[212] With permission, this can also be conducted in other provinces as well.[213] Consuming any drug is illegal and requires juridical process. Possessing, purchasing, or receiving any illegal drug is punishable by 1–2 years of prison, treatment, or probation.[214] Sale and supply is punishable by a prison term of 5–10 years, and production or trafficking by a minimum term of 10 years.[214]
  Turkmenistan Illegal Illegal
  Tuvalu Illegal Illegal
  Uganda Illegal Illegal
  Ukraine Illegal Illegal Possession of up to 5 g or cultivation of 10 plants is an administrative (rather than a criminal) offense, but detention of up to 15 days is still possible.[215]
  United Arab Emirates Illegal Illegal Even the smallest amounts of the drug can lead to a mandatory 4-year prison sentence.[216]
  United Kingdom Illegal Legal for cases of severe epilepsy, vomiting or nausea caused by chemotherapy, or multiple sclerosis when prescribed by a registered specialist doctor.[217][218][219] Banned in 1928,[220] made a Class B drug under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.[221]
  United States Legal in 10 states, 2 territories, and the District of Columbia – but illegal at federal level. Decriminalized in another 15 states and 1 territory. Legal in 33 states, 4 territories, and the District of Columbia – but illegal at federal level.[7]
Cannabis remains a Schedule I drug at federal level, prohibiting even its medical use. The Rohrabacher–Farr amendment prevents federal enforcement in states that have legalized medical, however. No such protections exist regarding recreational, but the federal government has so far generally not intervened. Recognized Indian reservations are allowed to legalize for either use under a policy announced in 2014.[222]
  Uruguay Legal, but buying prohibited for foreigners. Cultivation allowed up to six plants. Legal for all uses. Legal since late 2013.[223] Buyers must be eighteen or older, residents of Uruguay, and must register with the authorities. Authorities grow the cannabis that can be sold legally.[224][225][226]
  Uzbekistan Illegal Illegal Opiates, cannabis and other plants containing psychotropic substances are illegal.[227]
  Vanuatu Illegal Legal
   Vatican City Illegal Illegal
  Venezuela Illegal Illegal Possession of up to 20 g of marijuana or 5 g of genetically modified marijuana for commercial purposes is punishable by 1–2 years in prison at judge's discretion. If deemed to be for personal consumption, the user is subject to security measures involving rehabilitation and detoxification procedures.[228]
  Vietnam Illegal but often unenforced Illegal
  Yemen Illegal Illegal
  Zambia Illegal Illegal
  Zimbabwe Illegal Legal
Country/Territory Recreational Medical Notes


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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