Cannabis in Luxembourg is decriminalized for recreational use and legalized for medical use. Prosecution depends on the amount of cannabis one possesses. Since 2001, prison penalty has been substituted by a monetary fine ranging from 25 to 500 euros.
In April 2001, Luxembourg updated its prior 1973 law, and reclassified cannabis as a Category B controlled substance, meriting only a fine for a first offense, effectively decriminalizing personal possession.
In November 2017, the Minister of Health announced a two-year pilot program under which Luxembourgers would be able to obtain cannabis extracts and cannabinoids for medical purposes.
In June 2018, lawmakers unanimously approved a bill to legalize the medical use of cannabis.
In November 2018, the government announced that it would legalise the recreational use of cannabis, and an exact timetable had yet to be defined. In October 2021, the government announced plans to legalise growing up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use,however, the legalisation project had been delayed by the covid pandemic as early as mid-2020. On April 28 2023 the government announced plans to issue two production licences to grow cannabis domestically and control the entire supply chain over 14 dispensaries across the country, however, given the complexity, the draft law would not be finalized before the October elections.
The Democratic Party (DP), the Luxembourgish Socialist Workers' Party (LSAP), the Green Party (Déi Gréng), the Pirate Party and the Left Party are in favor of legalizing cannabis for recreational use. Member of Parliament Carole Hartmann from the DP party has stated that if alcohol and cigarettes are legal, so should cannabis, however, awareness campaigns should be part of the legalisation. The Christian Social People's Party (CSV) is very skeptical of the project, while The Alternative Democratic Reform Party (ADR) is undecided. Claude Wiseler, member of the Parliament, and President of the CSV party, has compared the project with the Canadian example, where the black market would not disappear right away and the quality of the products would decrease to compete in price with the legal alternatives. Minister of Health Paulette Lenert argued that in Canada the legal market has overtaken the black market as of 2020 and according to research in the US, consumption amongst minors has not increased, as it’s feared by the CSV party. Moreover, the project aims at monitoring the THC levels which have spiked on the black market, and have caused numerous health issues.
In July 2022 at a conference on the topic of cannabis laws within the European Union, uniting Germany, Malta, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg, Paulette Lenert and the Minister of Justice, Sam Tanson both expressed the need to change to a regulatory approach on cannabis, based on dialogue with member states that have reached the same conclusion, that is, the failure of repressive politics throughout half a century in preventing the sale of illicit substances and in the fight against addiction.
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- ^ Damiani, Claude (2 January 2018). "Cannabis médical : l'exemple de l'Allemagne" [Medical cannabis: the example of Germany]. Le Quotidien (in French). Archived from the original on 19 January 2018.
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- ^ Pritchard, Heledd (29 June 2018). "Cannabis for medical use legalised in Luxembourg". Luxembourg Times. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- ^ Tharoor, Avinash (29 June 2018). "Luxembourg Is Latest EU Country to Legalise Medical Cannabis". Talking Drugs. Release. Archived from the original on 30 May 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
- ^ Lambert, Yannick; Pritchard, Heledd (29 November 2018). "Cannabis to be made legal for recreational use in Luxembourg". Luxembourg Times.
- ^ "Luxembourg to legalise growing and using cannabis at home". euronews. 2021-10-22. Retrieved 2021-10-22.
- ^ "Legalisation of cannabis delayed due to coronavirus pandemic". RTL Today. 2020-10-13. Retrieved 13 May 2023.
- ^ "Legal pot plan foresees 14 dispensaries in Luxembourg". Delano - Luxembourg’s financial community. 2023-04-28. Retrieved 13 May 2023.
- ^ "Government parties in favour, CSV remains sceptical". RTL today. 2021-05-21. Retrieved 23 May 2023.
- ^ "Paulette Lenert et Sam Tanson organisent une consultation de haut niveau sur la réglementation du cannabis à usage non médical et non scientifique". Ministry of Justice, The Luxembourg Government (in French). 2022-07-15. Retrieved 23 May 2023.