Karauli district

Karauli District is a district of Rajasthan in western India. The town of Karauli is the district headquarters. Karauli District comes under Bharatpur Divisional Commissionerate. Karauli is famous for popular red-stone.

Karauli district
Shri Mahavirji - Main Temple (3).jpg
Kaila Devi Karauli Rajasthan - panoramio (2).jpg
Timangarh karauli 01.jpg
Hindaunfort3.jpg
Maheshvara ki kho.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Shri Mahaveer Ji temple, Kalia Devi Temple in Karauli, Hindaun Fort, Maheshwara ki Kho, Timangarh Fort
Location of Karauli district in Rajasthan
Location of Karauli district in Rajasthan
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
DivisionBharatpur
HeadquartersKarauli
Government
 • District collectorSh. Siddharth Sihag, I.A.S.
Area
 • Total5,043 km2 (1,947 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,458,248
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy66.22
 • Sex ratio861
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitewww.karauli.rajasthan.gov.in

The population of the district is 1,458,248 (2011 census), indicating a population density is 264 persons per km2.

Geography and locationEdit

The district of Karauli encompasses an area of 5,043 km2 (1,947 sq mi). It is bordered by Dholpur District to the east; by Bharatpur District to the north-east; by Dausa District to the north; and by Sawai Madhopur District to the west.[2]

The Chambal River forms the south-eastern boundary of the district, 5 km (3.1 mi) from Mandrayal across which lies the state of Madhya Pradesh. While almost the entire district is covered by hills and ravines, there are no lofty peaks, the highest having an elevation of less than 1,400 feet (430 m) above sea level.[2]

Good grade stone and some iron ore comprise the mineral resources of the area.

TopographyEdit

Karauli's natural environment includes the Vindhyanchal and Aravali mountains. The district has plain, high and low and hilly parts.[3] The plains are fertile and clay is lightweight and sandy. There are many rivers in the district. Annual rainfall is 668.86 mm (26.333 in), about 35 days in a year. Maximum temperature is 49 °C (120 °F) in May and 2 °C (36 °F) in January.[4]

HistoryEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901298,215—    
1911295,899−0.08%
1921266,079−1.06%
1931292,829+0.96%
1941330,914+1.23%
1951370,984+1.15%
1961443,169+1.79%
1971557,132+2.31%
1981718,715+2.58%
1991924,715+2.55%
20011,205,888+2.69%
20111,458,248+1.92%
source:[5]

Availability of mineralsEdit

Sandstone, masonry stone, silica sand, soapstone, white clay are the major minerals found in this district. About 200 small units are using sandstone for cutting and polishing of stones to be used in building making.

LocationEdit

Karauli city is in the Karauli district in the east of Rajasthan state in western India. Karauli is 169 km (105 mi) from Gwalior, 114 km (71 mi) west of Agra and 158 km (98 mi) from the city of Jaipur. It has an average elevation of 275 metres (902 ft).

Tourist placesEdit

  • Kaila Devi Temple is a Hindu temple 23 km (14 mi) from Karauli and 37 km (23 mi) from Gangapur. It is located on the banks of the Kalisil river, a tributary of the Banas River in the hills of Trikut, 2 km (1.2 mi) to the north-west of Kaila village. The temple is dedicated to the tutelary deity, goddess Kaila Devi, of the erstwhile princely Jadaun Rajput rulers of the Karauli state. It is a marble structure with a large courtyard of a checkered floor. In one place are a number of red flags planted by devotees.
  • Madan Mohan Temple is a form of the Hindu god Krishna. Krishna is celebrated as Madan Mohan, who mesmerises everyone. His consort, Radha is glorified as Madan Mohan's Mohini, the mesmeriser of the mesmeriser for spiritual aspirants. Radha is known as the mediator without whom access to Krishna is not possible.
  • Mehandipur Balaji Temple is a mandir in the Indian state of Rajasthan dedicated to the Hindu God Hanuman. The name Balaji is applied to Sri Hanuman in several parts of India because the childhood (Bala in Hindi or Sanskrit) form of the Lord is especially celebrated there. It is important to note that the temple is not dedicated to Balaji another name for Krishna. Unlike similar religious sites it is located in a town rather than the countryside. Its reputation for ritualistic healing and exorcism of evil spirits attracts many pilgrims from Rajasthan and elsewhere.
  • Shri Mahavir Ji Temple is in Hindaun City. Earlier known as Chandanpur, this small village became famous as a Jain religious site after an ancient idol of Mahaveer was excavated from its soil several hundred years ago. It was then renamed as Shri Mahaveer Ji This idol was excavated over 200 years ago from the same spot, after which the temple was constructed. Thousands of worshipers flock from across India to catch a glimpse of this statue.
  • Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham Temple is in Hindaun City. It is a Hindu Devi Temple of Durga Mata and Gomti Dham is a Temple and Vatika(ashram) of Gomti Dass Ji Maharaj.
  • Mandrayal, 40 km (25 mi) from the district headquarters is Mndrayl Durg. The year 1327 was dominated by Arjun Dev about the ruler of Karauli. The Trinity Baradari temple, located in the middle of the court, and is worth a visit Bala Durg. Rhugat in Chambal River flows nearby waterfall.

Mundri =there is a tejaji temple and balaji tample

ForestEdit

The forest covers an area of 172,459 hectares (426,160 acres) in 2010–2011, which is about 30% of total geographical area of the district's 504,301 ha (1,246,150 acres). As per the records of 2011–2012, total 895.2 mm (35.24 in) rainfall was recorded against 565 mm (22.2 in) average rainfall.

Administrative setupEdit

Karauli City is the district headquarters of Karauli district, which is divided into eight tehsils, six subdivisions, 223 panchayats, 881 villages, six panchayat samiti and two Nagar Parishad, and one Nagarpalika.

Subdivisions in Karauli DistrictEdit

Panchayat Samiti in KarauliEdit

Nagar- Parishad & PalikaEdit

WeatherEdit

The climatic condition of Karauli district is throughout the year sunny temperature ranging between high 35 °C (95 °F) and low 23 °C (73 °F). The humidity of this region ranges from 31 to 35% with a dew point of 11° to 15°. The winds speed is NW 11 to 15 km/h (6.8 to 9.3 mph). The chance of precipitation may be 30% to 40%. During the rainy season the village gets scattered showers. This region is termed to be dry climate area of subtropical region. There is also distinct winter and long summer season. The recorded highest temperature is 49 °C (120 °F) during May–June and lowest temperature is 20 °C (68 °F) during January. The average rainfall recorded in this district is 880 mm (35 in). The monsoon season falls in July to September.

SettlementsEdit

TemplesEdit

There are four major temples in Karauli district, hence they are called Char Dham of Karauli:

Hindaun BlockEdit

  • Shri Raghunath Ji Temple
  • Shri Radha Raman Ji Temple

EconomyEdit

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Karauli one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

DemographicsEdit

Religions in Karauli district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hindus
94.02%
Muslims
5.59%
Other or not stated
0.39%

According to the 2011 census Karauli district has a population of 1,458,248,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Eswatini[8] or the US state of Hawaii.[9] This gives it a ranking of 340th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 264 inhabitants per square kilometre (680/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.57%.[1] Karauli has a sex ratio of 858 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 67.34%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 24.31% and 22.28% of the population respectively.[1] Hindi is the predominant language, spoken by 99.31% of the population.[10]

Meena and Gurjar caste dominates in Karauli.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook 2011 - Karauli" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2. ^ a b "INTRODUCTION ABOUT KARAULI".
  3. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Karauli District" (PDF). 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Karauli: History, Geography, Places to See". RajRAS.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion - Rajasthan". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Swaziland 1,370,424
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 18 November 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  10. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Rajasthan". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 26°30′00″N 77°01′12″E / 26.50000°N 77.02000°E / 26.50000; 77.02000