Hindaun is a Block in Karauli district of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India. It is a subdivisional headquarter. Its population is approximately 4.5 lakh. The Block covers an area of 700 Square kilometres. It is biggest Block in Karauli.According to Census 2011 information the Subdistrict code of Hindaun Block is 00522.There are about 165 villages with some Town in Hindaun block

Hindaun Block

Hindaun

हिण्डौन उपखण्ड
turrisem in Hindaun
Hindaun Block is located in Rajasthan
Hindaun Block
Hindaun Block
Location in Rajasthan, India
Hindaun Block is located in India
Hindaun Block
Hindaun Block
Hindaun Block (India)
Coordinates: 26°43′N 77°01′E / 26.72°N 77.02°E / 26.72; 77.02Coordinates: 26°43′N 77°01′E / 26.72°N 77.02°E / 26.72; 77.02
Country India
StateRajasthan
DivisionBharatpur Division
DistrictKarauli
HQHindaun City
Largest cityHindaun City
Founded byHiranya Kashyap
Named forHiranya Kashyap
Major villages
Government
 • TypeDamocratic
 • SDMNaik Ram Nagarr
 • TehsildarGyan Chandra Jaiman
 • Lok Sabha constituencyKarauli-Dholpur (Lok Sabha constituency)
 • MPManoj Rajoria
 • Assembly constituencyHindaun (Rajasthan Assembly constituency)
Area
 • Subdistrict/Tehsil/Taluka698 km2 (269 sq mi)
 • Urban
49 km2 (19 sq mi)
Area rank1 in Karauli District
Elevation
235 m (771 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Subdistrict/Tehsil/Taluka442,369
 • Rank1 in Karauli District
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Urban
150,000
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English, Rajasthani
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
322230 ,322220, 322232, 322234, 322236, 322240, 322252, 322254
Telephone code91-7469
Vehicle registrationRJ 34
Sex ratio1000:889 /
Websitehttp://hindaunonline.in

Geography and locationEdit

 
Sunset in Hindaun

Hindaun Block is located in the eastern part of Rajasthan between the Aravalli Range & Vindhya Range. The Subdistrict of Hindaun encompasses an area of 690 km2. It is bordered by Manshalpur to the east; by Bayana, Bharatpur District to the north-east; by Mahwa Subdistrict, to the north;by Todabhim Tahsil to west; by Karauli Subdistrict to south; and by Gangapur Subdistrict, Sawai Madhopur District to the South-west.


Good grade stone, slate and some iron ore comprise the mineral resources of the area.

 
Aravalli Range
 
Vindhya Range

HistoryEdit

Hindaun in the Bhagavata PuranaEdit

In the ancient time city came under the Matsya Kingdom, which was ruled by Meenas and a large population of Meenas can be seen in nearby villages. There are many ancient structures still present in the town built during the regime of Matsya Kingdom. Traditionally in some mythological stories the city is believed to be associated with the mythology of Hiranyakashipu and Prahlada mentioned in Bhagavata Purana.

Local tradition tells us that Hindaun(Hindon) was the capital of Hiranyakashyapu, father of Prahlada. because of this fact the area is known as Hiranakus Ki Kher. Kher in local language means "capital". This is further confirmed by the existence of monuments like Hiranakus Ka Mandir, Prahlada Kund, Nrisinha Temple, Hiranakus Ka Kua, and Dhobi Pachhad. About 40 year back there was a sculptor of Hiranakus in Hiranakus Ka Mandir but now it has been replaced by that of Rama and temple has become famous as Raghunath Mandir. Hiranakus Ka Kua is situated in the heart of city and ruins nearby are that of Bharon temple. Langda Bharon (Langur) is very popular in Karauli area. Dhobi Pachhad is believed to be the spot where Prahlada was thrown out from the Palace. There is also a place called Holika Dah where Holika tried to burn Prahlada but she herself was destroyed in the fire.

Hindaun is named after the name of ancient ruler king Hiranyakashipu, father of Prahlada. The temple to Narasimha, an Avatar of Hindu God Vishnu who killed Hiranyakashipu, demonstrates the city's connection to the mythology surrounding Hiranyakashipu and Prahlada.[1]

Hindaun and the MahabharataEdit

Hindaun is also associated with the era of Mahabharata. It is believed that the name of the city is derived from ‘Hidimba’, sister of Hidimb, a demon. The Kauravas had tried to kill the Pandava when they were staying in the Lakshyagriha but the Pandavas managed to escape and they went into the then Matasya Kingdom, currently known as Alwar region. Bheema, one of the Pandava Brothers, met Hidimba when he was wandering in the Hiranya Karan Van or forest. Hidimba fell in love with Bheema and wanted to marry him. Hidimba's brother Hidimb, a demon fought with Bheema but he got killed by Bheema. Bheema and Hidimba got married and they had a son named Ghatotkacha, who was a great warrior and died a heroic death during the war of Mahabharata.

DemographicesEdit

Religions in Hindaun Block
Hinduism
91.6%
Islam
7.5%
others
1%
Distribution of religions

The total population in Hindaun sub district is 423,874 as per the 2011 census. Of this about 130,452 people are living in urban areas and about 293,422 are living in villages. There are 74,457 households in this subdistrict. There are 227,403 males (54%); There are 196,471 females (46%). Hindaun sex ratio: while the population is 423,874, there are 227,403 males and 196,471 females. Further the children below 6 years of age are 69,636 of which 37,842 are males and 31,794 are females. Hindaun Scheduled cast and Tribes Total Scheduled Cast are 132,928. Total Scheduled Tribe are 49,187. Hindaun literacy rate Literates are 247,941 of which males are 161,801 and Females are 86,140. There are 175,933 Illiterates. Hindaun Workers Population Workers in the State of Hindaun are calculated as 173,256 of which 106,728 are males and 66,528 are females. Further 125,388 are regular and 47,868 are Irregular i.e. get jobs only few days in a month. There are 250,618 Non Workers (include students, housewives, and children above 6 years also.)

ClimateEdit

  • Subtropical, wet climate with distinct summer, winter and rainy season.


Climate data for Hindaun Tehsil
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
25
(77)
34
(93)
38
(100)
44
(111)
42
(108)
39
(102)
37
(99)
36
(97)
34
(93)
29
(84)
25
(77)
34
(92)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
12
(54)
18
(64)
23
(73)
27
(81)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
15
(59)
10
(50)
20
(68)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 0.35
(0.14)
0.27
(0.11)
0.32
(0.13)
0.35
(0.14)
0.9
(0.4)
3.26
(1.28)
8.89
(3.50)
6.44
(2.54)
3.42
(1.35)
0.45
(0.18)
0.10
(0.04)
0.08
(0.03)
24.83
(9.84)
Source: Foreca
  • Highest temperature = 44.0 °C (May–June)
  • Lowest temperature = 8.0 °C (December–January)
  • Average rainfall = 950 mm
  • Monsoon = June to October
  • Humidity = 10–20% (summer), 78% (rainy)
  • Visit season = March–September

Shopping in HindaunEdit

Some of Hindaun's best shopping experiences are to be found in city's old bazaars. These are in the walled city, around the main blocks called the Damproad Market . Visit them for a first-hand experience of the city's long-standing tradition of craftsmanship. Goods include the traditional Lac Bangles, colourful clothes, mojris and other typical Rajasthani handicrafts.[citation needed]

Cities and towns in Hindaun TahsilEdit

Villages in Hindaun TahsilEdit

Akbarpur, Alawara, Alipura, Areni Goojar, Atkoli, Bahadurpur, Banwaripur, Bargawan, Barh Ponchhri, Bhango, Bhukrawali, Binega, Chak Sikandarpur, Chandangaon, Chandeela, Chinayata, Churali, Danalpur, Dedroli, Dhahara, Dhandhawali, Dhindora, Dhursi, Dubbi, Dughati, Ekolasi, Fazalabad, Gaoda Goojar, Gaoda Meena, Gaonri, Garhi Badhawa, Garhi Mosamabad, Garhi Panweda, Ghonsla, Gopipur, Gunsar, Gurhapol, Hadoli, Hindaun (M), Hingot, Hukmi Khera, Irniya, Jagar, Jahanabad, Jamalpur, Jat Nagala, Jatwara, Jewarwadaatak, Jhareda, Jhirna, Kachrauli, Kailash Nagar, Kajanipur, Kalakhana, Kalwar Meena, Kalwari Jatt, Kalyanpur Sayta, Kandroli, Karai, Karsoli, Katkar, Khanwara, Khareta, Khera, Kheri Chandla, Kheri Ghatam, Kheri Hewat, Kheri Sheesh, Kherli Goojar, Khijoori, Khohara Ghuseti, Kodiya, Kotra Dhahar, Kotri, Kutakpur, Kyarda Kalan, Kyarda Khurd, Lahchora, Leeloti, Mahoo Dalalpur, Mahu Ibrahimpur, Mahoo Khas, Mandawara, Manema, Mothiyapur, Mukandpura, Nagal Durgasi, Nagla Meena, Norangabad, Palanpur, Pali, Pataunda, Patti Narayanpur, Peepalhera, Phulwara, Ponchhri, Rara Shahpur, Reejwas, Reethauli, Rewai, Sanet, Sherpur, Shyampur Moondri, Sikandarpur, Sikroda Jatt, Sikroda Meena, Singhan Jatt, Singhan Meena, Sitapur, Somala Ratra, Somli, Suroth, Taharpur, Todoopura, Vajheda, Vajna Kalan, Vajna Khurd, Vanki, Ver Khera, Vijaypura, Wai Jatt,

Tourist attractionsEdit

Hindaun has been mentioned in the Puranans and it had association with the Pandavas. Hindaun is also an important pilgrimage place for the believers of Jainism. Hindaun is famous for fairs like Mahaveerji Fair, Kaila Devi Fair and many other Hindu Festivals. Here in this article you will get complete information about tourist attractions of Hindaun. The Shri Mahavirji Temple is a major pilgrimage center in Jainism, and Mehandipur Balaji Temple, Narsinghji Temple, Kaila Devi Temple, Madan Mohan are main attraction fully Temple. The temples of goddess Chamunda at Chinayata and Sankarghanta in estern[clarification needed] part of city, Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham (the heart temple of Hindaun City) with adjacent sacred pond termed as Jalsen ReservoirThere is Arawli hills known as TELE KI PANSERI (JALSEN HILLS)catchment area of JALSEN TALAB 6 MILES AWAY FROM hindaun city .Radha-Raman, Shri Hardev ji temples, Teeka Kund Hanumanji temple, Chintaharan Hanumanji-Sai Baba temple, Radha Vallabh Ji Temple', Pandey Mohalla, Bhaylapura and Kyarda Hanumanji Temple are also famous and located within the city

Hindaun Being a place associated with the ancient era of India, Hindaun has many places of historic significance. Hindaun, a city located in the eastern fringes of Rajasthan State, is getting developed into an important tourist destination for its age old architectural marvels and association of these monuments with various phases of Indian culture and history.

Shri Mahavir Ji Temple
 
Shri Mahavir Ji Temple

This place earlier was known as Chandanpur but was renamed as Shri Mahaveer Ji when idol of Mahavira was excavated over 200 years ago from the same spot, after which the temple was constructed. Thousands of worshipers flock from across India to catch a glimpse of this famous statue. There are five temples in Shri Mahavirji Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra Shri Mahavirji, Shantinath Jinalaya, Bhagwan Parshvanath Jinalaya, Kirti Ashram Chaityalaya and Bhavya Kamal Mandir.

Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham

Nakkash Ki Devi - Gomti Dham Temple is in Hindaun City, Karauli district in Rajasthan, India. Nakkash Ki Devi is a Hindu Devi Temple of Durga and Gomti Dham is a Temple and Vatika(ashram) of Gomti Dass Ji Maharaj.

Kaila Devi Temple
 
Kailadevi temple

Kaila devi temple is a Hindu temple situated 53 km from Hindaun City in the Rajasthan state in India. The temple is located on the banks of the Kalisil river, a tributary of the Banas River in the hills of Trikut, 2 km to the north-west of Kaila village. The temple is dedicated to the tutelary deity, goddess Kaila Devi, of the erstwhile princely Jadaun Rajput rulers of the Karauli state. It is a marble structure with a large courtyard of a checkered floor. In one place are a number of red flags planted by devotees.

Madan Mohan Temple
 
Madan Mohanji

Madan Mohan is a form of the Hindu god, Krishna. Krishna is celebrated as Madan Mohan, who mesmerises everyone. His consort, Radha is glorified as Madan Mohan's Mohini, the mesmeriser of the mesmeriser for spiritual aspirants. Radha is known as the mediator without whom access to Krishna is not possible. Originally from Shri Vrindavan,Madan Mohan ji went to Amer in Jaipur with Raja Sawai Jai Singh II - the founder of Jaipur and from there was brought to Karauli in Rajasthan by Maharaj Gopal Singh after he conquered the battle of Daulatabad.

Mehandipur Balaji Temple
 
Mahendipur Balaji

Mandir is a mandir in the Indian state of Rajasthan dedicated to the Hindu God Hanuman. The name Balaji is applied to Sri Hanuman in several parts of India because the childhood (Bala in Hindi or Sanskrit) form of the Lord is especially celebrated there. It is important to note that the temple is not dedicated to Balaji another name for Krishna. Unlike similar religious sites it is located in a town rather than the countryside. Its reputation for ritualistic healing and exorcism of evil spirits attracts many pilgrims from Rajasthan and elsewhere.

Lord Narsinghji Temple

Hindaun City is associated with the demon King Hiranyakashyap, father of Lord Vishnu's devotee, Prahlad. Lord Narsingha is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu who had killed Hiranyakashyap to save his son Prahlad, a true devotee of Lord Vishnu. Lord Narsinghji Temple is built in the memory of Lord Vishnu's incarnation and it attracts huge numbers of tourists for its historical and religious significance.

Timan Garh Fort

Timan Garh is a famous historical fort situated near Hindaun Block in Karauli District the Indian state of Rajasthan.

Historical placesEdit

The main places of attraction in Hindaun City are: The Prahlada Kund, Hiranyakashayap ka kua & palace and The Jagar Dam, Kundeva, Danghati, the fort of Suroth, City of Moradwaja, the castle of Padampura, the Timan Garh & the well of Nand-Bhaujai are some popular attractions.

Hill station in HindaunEdit

It is a public place which is surrounded by the Aravali hills. There is a popular hill station in the Aravalli Range Jalsen Hills, a collection of multiple peaks in Krauli district of Rajasthan state in western India. The highest peak on the mountain is 1400 m above sea level. It is referred to as "an oasis in the desert" as its heights are home to rivers, lakes, waterfalls and evergreen forests.

 
Jagar Dam, Hindaun

It is one of the single places in the city where you can enjoy the Jaggar Dam, land sliding, hill climbing, and a view of high hills and ponds. It is perhaps most famous picnic spot of the city. The nearest major railway station is Hindaun City railway station 15 km away.

CultureEdit

 
A decorated Indian elephant during a fair in Hindaun

The main religious festivals are Deepawali, Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Raksha Bandhan, Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami, as the main religion is Hinduism. Rajasthan's desert festival is celebrated with great zest and zeal. This festival is held once a year during winters. Dressed in brilliantly hued costumes, the people of the desert dance and sing haunting ballads of valor, romance and tragedy. There are fairs with snake charmers, puppeteers, acrobats and folk performers. Camels, of course, play a stellar role in this festival.

Ranthambore National ParkEdit

 
T24- The largest tiger in Ranthambore National park

Ranthambore National Park is one of the largest national parks in India. It is situated around 123 km from the Hindaun City. It was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambore became a national park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries.

Keoladeo National Park, BharatpurEdit

 
A view inside Keoladeo National Park

Being a UNESCO's World Heritage Site, the duck-hunting reserve of the Maharajas is one of the major wintering areas for large numbers of aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, China and Siberia. Some 364 species of birds, including the rare Siberian crane, have been recorded in the park.eoladeo is 100 km from Hindaun City The name "Keoladeo" is derived from the name of an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva in the sanctuary's central zone while the Hindi term "Ghana" implies dense, thick areas of forest cover. It is mainly famous for its Siberian crane. It was the only habitat of Siberian crane in the world, other than Siberia. This species has stopped reaching the park. The main reasons for this are being cited as lack of conservation measures in India, diversion of water for farmers instead of saving the wetlands as per then Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje's orders,[2] hunting during migration in Pakistan and the Afghanistan as well as the war against Taliban in Afghanistan.[3]

Sariska Tiger ReserveEdit

 
A tiger in Sariska Tiger Reserve

Sariska Tiger Reserve is probably one of the most visited parks in India. Unfortunately though, the main reason for this is not wildlife enthusiasm but only its excellent proximity to some large towns like Delhi and Jaipur. The park was, as with many other parks, the hunting reserve of the royal family in the area. In this case, it was the royal family of Alwar Rajasthan. The reserve was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1958 and came under Project Tiger as Sariska Tiger Reserve in 1979. The park is 800 square kilometers, 480 square kilometers of which form the core area of the national park. It is located among the Aravalli hill ranges in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. It 106 km away from Hindaun City

TemplesEdit

  • Radha Ballabh Ji Temple, Pandey Mohalla, Bayalapura, Hindaun City
  • Kyarda Hanumanji Temple, Hindaun City
  • Sheetla Mata Temple, Sheetla Chauraha

Temples around of HindaunEdit

 
Trinaitra Ganesh, Ranthambore Fort, Sawai Madhopur

IndustriesEdit

The city is known for its red stone and globally acclaimed for its sandstone.[4] The largest mart of sandstone in subcontinent. Basically, the stone industries have blossomed here. Red Fort and Akshardham Temple of Delhi, Agra and The Swami Narain temple in Jaipur were built with this Red stone.

The iron industry is throughout in Hindaun. It has a good rank in Rajasthan. The slate industry is well rooted here and is having supreme rank in the state. Slates are transported abroad also. Various minor scale industries e.g.candle, battis, wooden toys also exist

Types of stoneEdit

There is sandstone, red stone, masonry stone, silica sand, soapstone, yellow mint stone, natural sandstone, stone sinks sandstones, mint sandstone, pink sandstone, red sandstone and white sandstone.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History of Hindaun". Retrieved 23 May 2015.
  2. ^ Sharma, Sandipan (5 February 2005). "Vasundhara govt refuses water to Keoladeo Park". Indian Express. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  3. ^ Anuradha Nagraj (22 January 2003). "Siberian Cranes give Bharatpur a miss". Indian Express. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  4. ^ "Stone Industries of Karauli District". 21 February 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015.