Bharatpur district

Bharatpur District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. The town of Bharatpur is the District Headquarters and Divisional Headquarters. Bharatpur District is a part of National Capital Region of India Delhi.

Bharatpur district
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
Area
 • Total5,066 km2 (1,956 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,548,462
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Location of Bharatpur in Rajasthan: Number 30 on the eastern edge.

HistoryEdit

The place was ruled by an Indo-Scythian tribal community of Sinsinwar clan, who came to India in 100 AD. Gohad city was built in 1505 AD and developed as a famous Jat state which was later ruled by the Marathas. In 1733 AD, Maharaja Suraj Mal built the city of Bharatpur. It is believed that it was a well-fortified city under his rule. Bharatpur was carved out from Mewat and got its name from Lord Bharat (Lord Rama’s brother).[1]

Ranas of Gohad and the British signed a treaty and British helped the Jats to restore their rule from the Marathas in 1804 AD. In 1805, British signed a treaty with Marathas and the region came under the Maratha rule again.[2]

When Bharatpur was a princely state, it was the only political entity ever to have a chartreuse colored flag.[3]

The first person to top the state board with first position and the first I.A.S officer from the district was Deepak Trivedi, a 1985 batch officer of Uttar Pradesh cadre.

GeographyEdit

Bharatpur, also known as ‘Eastern Gate of Rajasthan’, is located in the Braj region 180 km away from Delhi. Geographically, the district is situated between 26° 22' and 27° 83' N and 76° 53' and 78° 17' E and its average height above sea level is around 183 m. Bharatpur city is the district headquarters and is also known by the name of Lohagarh. It is situated very close to the main cities of Rajasthan and other states. Distance between Jaipur and Bharatpur is around 178 km whereas Agra lies at a distance of 55 km from the district. Mathura is located at a distance of 34 km. Bharatpur touches Gurgaon of Haryana in the north, Mathura in the east, Agra of Uttar Pradesh and Dholpur of Rajasthan in the south and Dausa and Alwar in the west.[4]

There are only three main seasonal rivers in this District, namely Ban Ganga, Rooparel and Gambhir. Ban Ganga starts from Ramgarh Dam of Jaipur district , passes from Bharatpur and meets in river Gambhir near tehsil Bayana of District Bharatpur. Gambhir river starts from Panchna Dam of district Karauli and after passing from Bharatpur meets River Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh. Rooparel River starts from hills of district Alwar and enters into Bharatpur from tehsil Kaman. Instead of this, a Dam, namely, Bandh Baretha is situated near the village Baretha on river Kakund which starts from the hills of district Karauli. The water of this dam is used for drinking and irrigation purpose for this district. The capacity of this dam is 684.00 million cusik feet (29 Gaze feet).[5]

DivisionsEdit

Bharatpur District has ten revenue subdivisions and eleven tehsils. They have the same names and borders, except that Weir Subdivision is divided into Weir Tehsil and Bhusawar Tehsil. The other ten tehsils are: Bayana, Bharatpur, Deeg, Kaman, Kumher, Nadbai, Nagar, Pahari, Uchchain and Roopwas (Rupbas).[6]

Bharatpur District: Revenue Scheme[6]
Subdivision Land Record
Circles (ILRCs)
Patwar Circles Villages
Occupied
Villages
Abandoned
Villages
Total
Bayana 6 51 181 16 197
Bharatpur 6 57 185 21 206
Deeg 8 56 130 12 142
Kaman 6 46 119 13 132
Kumher 5 47 128 7 135
Nadbai 5 47 121 4 125
Nagar 6 49 166 9 175
Pahari 5 43 135 4 139
Roopwas 5 49 148 16 164
Weir 5 51 154 8 162
Uchchain

DemographicsEdit

Religions in Bharatpur District
Religion Percent
Hindus
84.09%
Muslims
14.57%

In the 2011 census, the Bharatpur District had a population of 2,548,462,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[8] or the US state of Nevada.[9] This gave it a ranking of 166th among districts of India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district had a population density of 503 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.32%.[7] Bharatpur had a sex ratio of 877 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 71.16%.[7]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 98.26% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 0.90% Punjabi and 0.71% Urdu as their first language.[10]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901597,736—    
1911547,233−0.88%
1921483,536−1.23%
1931493,852+0.21%
1941574,192+1.52%
1951604,896+0.52%
1961785,805+2.65%
19711,029,930+2.74%
19811,298,278+2.34%
19911,650,724+2.43%
20012,100,020+2.44%
20112,548,462+1.95%
2020 est.2,861,513+1.30%
source:[11]

Trade and CommerceEdit

Industrial AreasEdit

Bharatpur District has been divided in six industrial areas.

1. Old Industrial Area Bharatpur- A total 175.66 akad land has been allotted to this industrial area, out of which on 144.66 akad land 198 plots have been developed and 188 plots have been distributed to the entrepreneurs.

2. Brij Industrial Area Bharatpur- A total 233.06 akad land has been allotted to this industrial area, out of which on 213.06 akad land 267 plots have been developed and 206 plots have been distributed to the entrepreneurs.

3. Industrial Area Bayana- 53.22 akad land has been allotted to this industrial area, out of which on 52.20 akad land 127 plots have been developed and all plots have been distributed to the entrepreneurs.

4. Industrial Area Deeg- 39.08 akad land has been allotted to this industrial area, out of which on 30.85 akad land 92 plots have been developed and 91 plots have been distributed to the entrepreneurs.

5. Industrial Area Jurhera- 40 akad land has been allotted to this industrial area, out of which on 40 akad land 64 plots have been developed and 58 plots have been distributed to the entrepreneurs.

6. I.I.D. Center Bayana- 66.72 akad land has been allotted to this industrial area, out of which on 52.20 akad land 164 plots have been developed and all plots have been distributed to the entrepreneurs.[12]

Oil IndustriesEdit

Bharatpur district is known not only for agriculture production but also known for oil industries. Mustard seeds and other agriculture products come to the market through mandies established by Krishi Upaj Mandi Samiti and transported all over the country. These Krishi Upaj Mandies are in Bharatpur, Nadbai, Weir, Deeg, Kaman, Bayana, Roopwas and Bhusawar.

There are total 554 oil mills registered in which 2317 persons are employed and Rs. 2690.84 lacs was invested. Out of these mills 78 are big units having AGMARK and rest are small oil expeller units.[13]

OtherEdit

In some areas of Bharatpur District like- Hindaun & Karauli etc. stone quarrying is also practised. Many of nearby State's Forts like The Red Fort of Delhi, Agra Fort, and Fatehpur Sikari were built using local stone.[14]

CultureEdit

Historical EventsEdit

Bharatpur is believed to be a place of mythological importance. It is believed that the Pandavas had spent their 13th year of exile at this place around 3,500 years ago. Archaeologists have found many ancient specimens which are presently kept in the Bharatpur museum.[15]

FestivalsEdit

One of the most important festivals of Bharatpur is the Braj Festival which takes place in Bharatpur every year before Holi. The festival is dedicated to Lord Krishna who had spent his childhood in the Braj region. The festival displays the Indian culture and rich mythology of the Indian society. Also famous by the name of Braj Mahotsava, the festival lasts for three days in the Shukl Paksh in the month of Phalgun according to the Hindu calendar. Rasleela is organised on the occasion of this festival. Folk songs are sung by the local singers and the whole town is decorated with colours. Gangaur, Teej are another important festival of Rajasthan.Ladies wear new clothes and adorn themselves with jewellery during these festivals. They gather at a common place and pray to the goddess. Females swing to welcome ‘Saawan’. ‘Ghevar’ and ‘Pheeni’ are the sweets of the occasion. Jaswant exhibition is held in the months of September- October during Dussehra celebrations every year.[16]

Notable personalitiesEdit

TransportEdit

The nearest airport is situated at Agra, which is 56-kms from Bharatpur. Delhi is 184 Kms from Bharatpur. Regular rail services connect Bharatpur with all the major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Agra.. The Bharatpur railway station is about 5 Kms from the park/bird sanctuary.[17]

Points of interestEdit

Bharatpur District is famous for Keoladeo National Park, a major wintering area for migratory birds. Established as a duck-hunting reserve by the Maharajas of Bharatpur, it was known as the best duck shooting resort in the British Empire. The site was declared a bird sanctuary in 1956 and later upgraded to National Park. UNESCO has listed it as a world heritage site. Keoladeo National Park attracts 364 species of birds, including many from India, but also from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Siberia, China and Tibet, including the rare Siberian crane. As the monsoons arrive and the wetlands and marshes start to fill with water, birds start pouring into the park. Other points of interest include Lohagarh Fort, Bharatpur Palace, Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj.[18]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/about-bharatpur/history.html
  2. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/about-bharatpur/history.html
  3. ^ Baratpur—Indian Princely State—the only political entity ever to have a chartreuse colored flag: Archived 11 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/en/about-bharatpur/location-and-area.html
  5. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/en/DamRivers.html
  6. ^ a b "Administrative Setup". Bharatpur District. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  12. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/about-bharatpur/TradeCommerce.html
  13. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/about-bharatpur/TradeCommerce.html
  14. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/business/economy.html
  15. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/about-bharatpur/historical-events.html
  16. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/about-bharatpur/festivals.html
  17. ^ https://bharatpur.rajasthan.gov.in/content/raj/bharatpur/hi/about-bharatpur/how-to-reach.html
  18. ^ http://www.tourism.rajasthan.gov.in/bharatpur.html

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 27°13′12″N 77°30′00″E / 27.22000°N 77.50000°E / 27.22000; 77.50000