KPRC-TV, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 35), is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Houston, Texas, United States. The station is owned by the Graham Media Group subsidiary of the Graham Holdings Company. KPRC's studios are located on Southwest Freeway (I-69) in the Sharpstown district, and its transmitter is located near Missouri City, in unincorporated northeastern Fort Bend County. It is the largest NBC affiliate (not owned by the network) station by market size.
|Branding||KPRC Channel 2|
|Slogan||Houston's Home for News|
|Channels||Digital: 35 (UHF)|
Virtual: 2 (PSIP)
|Owner||Graham Media Group|
(Graham Media Group, Houston, Inc.)
|First air date||January 1, 1949|
|Call letters' meaning||Houston Post Radio Company (previous owner)|
|Sister station(s)||KTRH (news and weather partnership only)|
San Antonio: KSAT-TV
|Former callsigns||KLEE-TV (1949–1950)|
|Former channel number(s)|
|Transmitter power||1000 kW|
|Height||585 m (1,919 ft)|
|Public license information||Profile|
Prior to the digital transition, KPRC was the only Houston station on the VHF dial whose cable channel position did not match its over-the-air analog channel, due to interference from the low-band VHF terrestrial signal; it was placed on Comcast Xfinity channel 12, instead. Other cable systems on the outer edges of the Houston media market carry KPRC on cable channel 2. It is also available on cable in Lufkin–Nacogdoches and Bryan–College Station.
The station first signed on the air on January 1, 1949, as KLEE-TV. It was Houston's first television station and the second one to sign on in Texas, three months behind Fort Worth station WBAP-TV (now KXAS-TV) and over eight months ahead of Dallas station KBTV (now WFAA). It was originally owned by hotelier W. Albert Lee and carried programming from all four networks of the day—NBC, CBS, ABC, and DuMont. However, after a year of difficulty, Lee sold the station to the Hobby family, owners of the Houston Post and Houston's oldest radio station, KPRC (950 AM and 99.7 FM, now KODA at 99.1). The Hobbys took control on June 1, 1950, and changed the television station's call letters to match its radio sisters on July 3, 1950. Although the call letters stand for Post Radio Company, they also refer to a 1920's Houston business/tourism campaign slogan Kotton (sic required by ITU prefix) Port Rail Center. (There is a similar situation with Houston radio station KHCB-FM.) After the Hobbys took over, channel 2 became a primary NBC affiliate due to KPRC-AM radio's longstanding affiliation with the NBC Red Network, a link that remains today. Due to the Federal Communications Commission-imposed freeze on new station licenses, channel 2 remained the only television station in Houston for four more years. CBS moved to KGUL-TV (channel 11, now KHOU) in 1953 and KTRK-TV (channel 13) took over the ABC affiliation when it signed on one year later. DuMont ceased operations in 1956, though it was briefly affiliated with now-defunct KNUZ-TV (channel 39, frequency now occupied by KIAH). Because of its affiliation with NBC, KPRC was the first station in Houston to broadcast a program in color and was subsequently the first to broadcast its programming entirely in color.
In March 1953, the station operated its first permanent studio located on 3014 Post Oak Road, which later became the Lakes on Post Oak near the Galleria shopping complex in Uptown Houston. The studio building was along the street frontage, while the KPRC (AM) transmitter site was in the rear of the lot. KPRC was the first station in Houston to use weather radar, to use videotape for field reporting, to have a fully staffed news bureau in Austin, and to hire female and African American reporters.
The station became the source of controversy after some television viewers in the United Kingdom claimed to receive its signal on September 14, 1953, three years after the original signal was transmitted. However, this was actually a hoax. Over the years, the Hobby family bought several other television stations, including KVOA-TV in Tucson, KCCI in Des Moines, WTVF in Nashville, WESH in Orlando, and KSAT-TV in San Antonio.
From 1969 to 1998, KPRC produced the longest-running syndicated television program in Texas, The Eyes of Texas, a lifestyle program which focused on segments relating to Texas culture and life (the program continues to air locally on PBS member station KUHT, channel 8). KPRC was also one of the first stations to air telethons, raising $28,000 for the American Cancer Society in 1950. It carried the MDA Labor Day Telethon every Labor Day from 1970 to 2012 (KPRC's status as an MDA "Love Network" affiliate in 2013, when the telethon discontinued its syndicated distribution model and moved to ABC as the rebranded MDA Show of Strength, where it aired locally on KTRK-TV until the program ended after 2014). In March 1972, KPRC-TV moved into a new state-of-the-art studio facility in Houston's (then-suburban) Sharpstown neighborhood where it operated from for 45 years. The building housed three studios within and were suspended from the ground to reduce vibration, and when viewed from space via satellite map, the building resembled a film camera.
In 1983, the Hobbys sold the Houston Post to MediaNews Group, while the family's broadcast holdings were reorganized as H&C Communications, with KPRC-AM/TV remaining as the flagship stations (KPRC-FM was sold in 1958). After 40 years under Hobby family ownership, KPRC was sold to The Washington Post Company on April 22, 1994 (the Post was then bought by the Hearst Corporation and absorbed into its Houston Chronicle, with the last edition printed on April 18, 1995). In 2004, KPRC was rebranded "Local 2". In January 2015, KPRC dropped the "Local" and began calling themselves "Channel 2".
In December 2015, KPRC broke ground on a new studio, behind the old studio in the employee parking lot, on the same Shaprstown site. While the old studio was 90,000 square feet (8,361 m2), the new studio would have only 65,000 square feet (6,039 m2). The new studios were dedicated in April 2016, and the previous 45-year-old studios have since been demolished.
Since 1994, KPRC has used the familiar "Lone Star 2" logo, which was modified in 2004 for HD. WMAR-TV in Baltimore, Maryland used a similar logo in the late 1990s and early 2000s, but without the Texas star and with the ABC logo in place of the NBC one, since that station had switched affiliations in 1995.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|2.1||1080i||16:9||KPRC-HD||Main KPRC-TV programming / NBC|
|2.3||H&I||Heroes & Icons|
KPRC had carried This TV from the start of 2009 until May 28, 2018 on its second subchannel, being one of the network's longest-tenured affiliates before leaving the network on that day. KPRC 2.2 then became the new home of MeTV in the Houston market, taking over that role from KUBE-TV 57.4 (also where This TV moved to the newly created 57.7 and Cozi TV swapped to 57.4).
KPRC-TV discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over VHF channel 2, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 35, using PSIP to display KPRC-TV's virtual channel as 2 on digital television receivers. On that date, tropospheric ducting resulted in KPRC's digital signal being receivable as far away as Alexandria, Louisiana, where KPRC virtual channel 2.1 was seen in place of KALB-TV's virtual channel 5.1 on digital receivers (both channels transmit their digital signals on UHF channel 35).
As part of the SAFER Act, KPRC kept its analog signal on the air until July 12 to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements from the National Association of Broadcasters.
Beginning in 1965, the American Football League signed a broadcast deal with NBC. As a result, KPRC became the primary station for the Houston Oilers, one of the league's eight founding teams. This continued after the AFL became the American Football Conference of the National Football League in 1970; Oilers broadcasts ended after the 1996 NFL season, when the team relocated to Nashville and became the Tennessee Titans. During the team's final years in Houston, the Oilers failed to sell out many home games, subjecting them to in-market television blackouts under league rules.
Other sports programmingEdit
In addition to Oilers/Texans games, KPRC-TV has aired Houston Astros games via NBC's broadcast contract with Major League Baseball from 1962 to 1989; it also served as the team's over-the-air flagship station from 1973 to 1978. Channel 2 also aired Houston Rockets games via NBC's broadcast contract with the NBA from 1990 to 2002, including the team's championship victories in 1994 and 1995.
KPRC had been notorious in recent years for its share of preemptions. When Passions debuted on NBC in 1999, KPRC (along with Detroit sister station WDIV-TV) were the only NBC affiliates that preempted the soap opera until 2002; both stations had also previously preempted Sunset Beach (though UPN stations in both cities carried that program). Maury aired in place of Passions, until it moved to KHWB after KPRC cleared the latter show in its normal network timeslot. Initially, it aired for a short time on KNWS-TV (channel 51, now KYAZ) in 2001, before moving to KPRC the following year airing at 3 a.m. While NBC has become more tolerant of preemptions than in previous years, it prefers that its affiliates clear the entire schedule whenever possible. As a result, KPRC placed Passions in its normal 2 p.m. timeslot in August 2004, but the issue became moot when the program was canceled in September 2007.
Late Night with Conan O'Brien also did not air in Houston from 1994 to 1996; KPRC opted to air reruns of The Jenny Jones Show in its place. Late Night returned to KPRC in 1996, although it was subjected to delayed scheduling in later years to air various programs such as Ricki Lake at 11:35 p.m., followed by Access Hollywood, a repeat of the 10 p.m. newscast and Jenny Jones, which delayed Late Night to 2:40 a.m. This fact was not lost on O'Brien, who visited Houston (including visits at the main Houston Bus Terminal and the Astrodome) to watch an episode of his own show with Houstonians in a classic remote piece; KPRC's mail servers were flooded with emails in response. KPRC moved the show to 12:35 a.m. in 1998, and finally to its network-recommended (for the Central Time Zone) 11:35 p.m. slot in 2005, where Late Night, now hosted by Seth Meyers, continues to air; however, the station still delays Last Call with Carson Daly until 2:05, showing infomercials in the show's standard network timeslot of 12:35 a.m.
KPRC was among a handful of NBC affiliates that did not air Poker After Dark during its entire run, and likewise did not carry the short-lived Face the Ace in August 2009 (along with WDIV and Milwaukee's WTMJ-TV), preempting both primetime airings with St. Jude Children's Research Hospital programs. As of January 2013, NBC's current overnight lineup (a rebroadcast of the fourth hour of Today on weekdays; LXTV 1st Look and Open House NYC on weekends) does not air in Houston (as with sister station WDIV).
KPRC was also known for motorsports preemptions: in 2001, a contract with the Miss Texas Scholarship Pageant which did not allow it to be rescheduled resulted in the preemption of the Firecracker 400, then televised on NBC under an alternating basis with Fox (Fox and NBC alternated the Daytona 500 and Firecracker 400). In 2013, KPRC preempted coverage of NBC's inaugural Formula 1 telecast of the 2013 Monaco Grand Prix (which aired locally at 6:30 a.m. due to time differences between the U.S. and Monaco) with infomercials and local news.
2007 NFL season openerEdit
In September 2007, the first half-hour of the NFL Kickoff game between the New Orleans Saints and the Indianapolis Colts was shown on KPRC with default audio in Spanish rather than English. KPRC inadvertently aired the secondary audio program feed provided by Telemundo (owned by NBC parent company NBCUniversal).
On August 23, 2016, KPRC debuted a new daily lifestyle and entertainment program called Houston Life. The show is hosted by Derrick Shore (formerly of KCET and Current TV and Channel One News) and Courtney Zavala and focuses on what makes Houston a great place to live, work, and play. This moved Days of Our Lives one hour later from NBC's recommended time slot (1 p.m.) to 2 p.m., the soap opera taking that vacant time slot from the canceled Meredith Vieira Show.
KPRC-TV presently broadcasts 37 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with six hours each weekday, three hours on Saturdays and four hours on Sundays). In its early years under the stewardship of news director Ray Miller, KPRC typically placed first in the local news ratings, a situation not surprising given its roots in the Post. In 1972, the station hired two key personalities from KHOU for its evening newscasts: anchor Ron Stone and sportscaster Ron Franklin. From 1985 to 1992, the station's newscasts were branded as Channel Two News, and it broadcast round-the-clock news updates throughout the day, including during NBC primetime shows. For several years during the early 1990s, updates also aired during the overnight hours with producers and other newsroom personnel serving as anchors.
With anchors such as Ron Stone, Bill Balleza, Jan Carson, Linda Lorelle, Dan O'Rourke, and Bob Nicholas, weatherman Doug Johnson, and sports anchors Ron Franklin and Craig Roberts, the station's newscasts – while usually in second place behind long-dominant KTRK – often competed for and even placed first at times. In 1995, shortly after Post-Newsweek Stations bought KPRC, its newscasts were retitled News 2 Houston. Three years later, KPRC constructed a new set using the newsroom as a backdrop that was similar to the "newsplex" set used by Miami's WSVN. This set was referred to as the "News Center" and was used on-air until 2006, though the physical newsroom still exists in the same area. In 1996, KPRC debuted a half-hour 4 p.m. newscast. During this time, KPRC won more awards and continued to avidly compete with KHOU and KTRK in the ratings, even occasionally beating KTRK at 10 p.m. By this point, KPRC's newscasts adopted a tabloid-style format similar to that of WSVN; its newscasts prior to the Post-Newsweek buyout were more traditional in comparison.
From there, the station had its ratings slip dramatically. The station's 5 p.m. newscast at one time even reportedly finished in fifth place, behind newscasts on rivals KHOU and KTRK-TV, syndicated reruns of The Simpsons on Fox station KRIV (channel 26), and a Spanish-language newscast on Univision station KXLN (channel 45). The station also had ratings declines in the morning and at 4 and 10 p.m. KPRC was also hit with a boycott by civil rights activist Quanell X and others following the demotion of two African American anchors. During the controversy, KPRC hired longtime KHOU anchor Jerome Gray, who is African American, and moved former anchor Khambrel Marshall to executive producer. In May 2008, KPRC announced Marshall would move back on-air as a weekend meteorologist.
Overall, by early 2008, KPRC was in third place behind KHOU and KTRK. KPRC's morning and late-evening newscasts made the most gains in 2007, competing for second place. However, the station consistently ranks #1 among young males between 25 and 35 years of age. Since Nielsen Media Research began using Local People Meters in the Houston market in October 2007, KPRC has seen gains in the morning and at night, while the competition has dropped. KPRC began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition on July 19, 2008, during its 6 pm newscast. On August 24, 2009, KPRC-TV expanded its morning newscast to begin at 4:30 a.m. By 2012, the station's 6 p.m. newscast had ratings gains, boasting its highest viewership in November and December, as well as significant increases in all other time periods; the 10 p.m. broadcast also grew, besting KTRK for first in the timeslot for several consecutive months that year.
Notable current on-air staffEdit
- Jacob Rascon – reporter (2017–present; joined station on September 25, 2017, son of KTRK-TV anchor Art Rascon)
Notable former on-air staffEdit
- Gayle Anderson – "2 On Your Side" reporter/midday anchor (1986–1991; now at KTLA in Los Angeles)
- Chris Chandler – 1960s reporter and on camera personality who appeared as himself in the John Wayne movie Hellfighters
- Ron Franklin – sports director (1980–1987; formerly play-by-play announcer for ESPN)
- Daniella Guzman – weekend anchor and general assignment reporter (2006–2012; now an weekday morning anchor at KNBC in Los Angeles)
- Wes Hohenstein – weekday morning meteorologist (2003–2006; now at WNCN in Raleigh)
- Kay Bailey Hutchison – known on-air as Kay Bailey, Channel 2's first female reporter (1967–1972; later a Republican United States Senator from Texas)
- Tom Jarriel – worked behind the scenes in the news department as a reporter for a number of years (formerly of ABC News, now retired)
- Rob Johnson (news anchor) – (now at WBBM-TV)
- Tony Kovaleski – investigative reporter (1997–2001; now an investigative reporter at KMGH-TV in Denver; 2010 Alfred I. duPont Columbia Silver Baton award winner)
- Tim Lake – weekend anchor and reporter (1987–1992; later went to WCAU-TV and was that station's 6 and 11 p.m. anchor; now at WTEN in Albany)
- Linda Lorelle – anchor (1989–2006, recently freelancing at KRIV, now working in real estate)
- Ray Miller – news director (1950s–1979) and original host of The Eyes of Texas (died in 2008)
- Byron Miranda – Meteorologist (later with WMAQ-TV in Chicago; now at WPIX in New York)
- Sylvia Perez – reporter/anchor (?–1989; formerly with WLS-TV)
- John Quiñones – reporter/anchor (1975–1978; now a correspondent with ABC News)
- Jacque Reid – reporter/anchor (1997–2000, now on WNBC as host of "New York Live")
- Janet Shamlian – weekend anchor (1995–1997; now correspondent for NBC News)
- Ron Stone – anchor (1972–1992, deceased)
- Spencer Tillman – sports reporter/anchor (1987–1997; first hired during the offseason period when he was playing with the Houston Oilers, later moved to WABC-TV in New York and now at CBS Sports)
- Charlie Van Dyke – announcer (1982–1993)
- Chris Wragge – sports director (1998–2004; also covered sports for NBC and USA Network simultaneously, later anchor of CBS' The Early Show, now news anchor at WCBS-TV in New York City)
- Paula Zahn – anchor (1981–1983, formerly with CNN and CBS News)
- Marvin Zindler – reporter (1950–1954; later investigative reporter at KTRK-TV, deceased)
In popular cultureEdit
In 1958, Reader's Digest published an article on how one afternoon in 1953, a signal showing KLEE's station ID supposedly appeared on TV sets throughout England—three years after the station was sold and changed to KPRC-TV. Although quickly revealed as a hoax to sell TV sets in the UK, it remains a long-standing urban legend.
In the 1980–82 NBC soap opera Texas, which was set primarily in Houston, the series made several mentions of fictional television station "KVIK", run by one of the show's characters. A brief view of the exterior of KPRC's studio facility, which was marked with a "KVIK" sign out front, can be seen during a later version of the show's opening title sequence. One episode of the series features a scene in which two characters are conversing while walking down a second-floor hallway at "KVIK" (which was filmed at the KPRC building) that overlooks the first-floor lobby.
- "Contact." KPRC-TV. Retrieved on March 3, 2010.
- "Districts Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine." Greater Sharpstown Management District. Retrieved on August 15, 2009.
- Mcguff, Mike (31 August 2016). "Houston now 8th Nielsen Designated Market Area (DMA)". mikemcguff.com.
- earlytelevision.org Archived 2013-07-03 at the Wayback Machine
- "SEC Filing | Graham Holdings Company". www.ghco.com.
- RabbitEars TV Query for KPRC
- List of Digital Full-Power Stations Archived 2013-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
- "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- "CDBS Print", FCC CDBS database, retrieved November 20, 2012
- NBC 'Passions' wane, Variety, July 1, 1999.
- Scroll down to the "comments" section of the page
- "Ron Franklin bio". ESPN. Archived from the original on July 22, 2009. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "Janet Shamlian bio". NBC News. 12 October 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- Barron, David (13 May 2008). "Anchorman Ron Stone left deep imprint on local news". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- The Legend Of KLEE-TV