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A juzʼ (Arabic: جُزْءْ, plural: أَجْزَاءْ ajzāʼ,[1] literally meaning "part") is one of thirty parts (also called Para - پارہ) of varying lengths into which the Quran is divided.[2][3]

Division into ajzāʼ has no relevance to the meaning of the Qurʼān and anyone can start reading from anywhere in the Qurʼān.[4] During medieval times, when it was too costly for most Muslims to purchase a manuscript, copies of the Qurʼān were kept in mosques and made accessible to people; these copies frequently took the form of a series of thirty parts (juzʼ).[5] Some use these divisions to facilitate recitation of the Qurʼān in a month—such as during Ramadan,[2][3] when the entire Qurʼān is recited in the Tarawih prayers, typically at the rate of one juzʼ a night.

A juzʼ is further divided into ḥizbāni (lit. "group of two", singular: ḥizb, plural: aḥzāb), therefore, there are 60 aḥzāb. Each ḥizb (group) is subdivided into four quarters, making eight quarters per juzʼ, called maqraʼ (lit. "reading"). There are 240 of these quarters (maqraʼs) in the Qurʼān. These maqraʼ are often used as practical sections for revision when memorizing the Qurʼān.[6]

The most commonly memorized juzʼ is juzʼ ‘amma, the 30th juzʼ, containing chapters (sūrah) 78 through 114, with most of the shortest chapters of the Qurʼān. Juzʼ ‘amma is named, like most ajzāʼ, after the 1st word of its 1st verse (in this case chapter 78).[7]

Distribution of sūrah across ajzāʼ, with the length of the bar corresponding to a sūrah being proportionate to the number of letters of the sūrah in the juzʼ divided by the total number of letters in the juzʼ.

These are the associated names of each juz’ in the Qurʼān:

Juz' Hizb

(1/8th part)

Surahs/ Suwar

(from chapter - to chapter)

No. Name (Āyah - verse begins with)
Arabic English Meaning
1 (آلم (آ-ل-م Alīf-Lām-Mīm "Alif-Lam-Mim" 1 Al-Fātiḥah (1:1) - Al-Baqarah (2:74)
2 Al-Baqarah (2:75) - Al-Baqarah (2:141)
2 سَيَقُولُ Sayaqūlu "Will (they) say" 3 Al-Baqarah (2:142) - Al-Baqarah (2:202)
4 Al-Baqarah (2:203) - Al-Baqarah (2:252)
3 تِلْكَ ٱلْرُّسُلُ Tilka ’r-Rusulu "These are the Messengers" 5 Al-Baqarah (2:253) - Āli ‘Imrān (3:14)
6 Āli ‘Imrān (3:15) - Āli ‘Imrān (3:92)
4 لَنْ تَنَالُوا Lan Tanālū "All the food" 7 Āli ‘Imrān (3:93) - Āli ‘Imrān (3:170)
8 Āli ‘Imrān (3:171) - An-Nisā’ (4:23)
5 وَٱلْمُحْصَنَاتُ Wa’l-muḥ·ṣanātu "And prohibited are the ones who are married" 9 An-Nisā’ (4:24) - An-Nisā’ (4:87)
10 An-Nisā’ (4:88) - An-Nisā’ (4:147)
6 لَا يُحِبُّ ٱللهُ Lā yuḥibbu-’llāhu "Allah does not like" 11 An-Nisā’ (4:148) - Al-Mā’idah (5:26)
12 Al-Mā’idah (5:27) - Al-Mā’idah (5:81)
7 وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا Wa Iza Samiu "Surely you will find the most strongest (intense)" 13 Al-Mā’idah (5:82) - Al-An‘ām (6:35)
14 Al-An‘ām (6:36) - Al-An‘ām (6:110)
8 وَلَوْ أَنَّنَا Wa-law annanā "And (even) if (that) we had" 15 Al-An‘ām (6:111) - Al-An‘ām (6:165)
16 Al-A‘rāf (7:1) - Al-A‘rāf (7:87)
9 قَالَ ٱلْمَلَأُ Qāla ’l-mala’u "Said the chiefs (eminent ones)" 17 Al-A‘rāf (7:88) - Al-A‘rāf (7:170)
18 Al-A‘rāf (7:171) - Al-Anfāl (8:40)
10 وَٱعْلَمُواْ Wa-’‘lamū/ Wa-’e‘lamū "And (you) know" 19 Al-Anfāl (8:41) - At-Tawbah (9:33)
20 At-Tawbah (9:34) - At-Tawbah (9:92)
11 يَعْتَذِرُونَ Yatazeroon "Only the way (for blame)" 21 At-Tawbah (9:93) - Yũnus (10:25)
22 Yũnus (10:26) - Hūd (11:5)
12 وَمَا مِنْ دَآبَّةٍ Wa mā min daābbatin "And there is no creature" 23 Hūd (11:6) - Hūd (11:83)
24 Hūd (11:84) - Yūsuf (12:52)
13 وَمَا أُبَرِّئُ Wa mā ubarri’u "And I do not acquit" 25 Yūsuf (12:53) - Ar-Ra‘d (13:18)
26 Ar-Ra‘d (13:19) - Ibrāhīm (14:52)
14

رُبَمَا

Alīf-Lām-Rā’/

Rubamā

"Alif-Lam-Ra"/

"Perhaps"

27 Al-Hijr (15:1) - An-Naḥl (16:50)
28 An-Naḥl (16:51) - An-Naḥl (16:128)
15 سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِى Sub·ḥāna ’lladhiy "Exalted is the One (Allahu ‘Azza wa-jalla) is who " 29 Al-Isrā’ (17:1) - Al-Isrā’ (17:98)
30 Al-Isrā’ (17:99) - Al-Kahf (18:74)
16 قَالَ أَلَمْ Qāla alam "He (Al-Khidr) said: Did not" 31 Al-Kahf (18:75) - Maryam (19:98)
32 Ṭā Hā (20:1) - Ṭā Hā (20:135)
17 ٱقْتَرَبَ لِلْنَّاسِ Iq·taraba li’n-nāsi "Has (the time of) approached for Mankind (people)" 33 Al-Anbiyāʼ (21:1) - Al-Anbiyāʼ (21:112)
34 ِAl-Ḥajj (22:1) - Al-Ḥajj (22:78)
18 قَدْ أَفْلَحَ Qad af·laḥa "Indeed (Certainly) successful" 35 Al-Muʼminūn (23:1) - An-Nūr (24:20)
36 An-Nūr (24:21) - Al-Furqān (25:20)
19 وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ Wa-qāla ’lladhiyna "And said those who" 37 Al-Furqān (25:21) - Ash-Shu‘arā’ (26:110)
38 Ash-Shu‘arā’ (26:111) - An-Naml (27:55)
20 أَمَّنْ خَلَقَ A'man Khalaq "But not was the answer" 39 An-Naml (27:56) - Al-Qaṣaṣ (28:50)
40 Al-Qaṣaṣ (28:51) - Al-‘Ankabūt (29:45)
21 اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ Utlu Ma Oohi "And do not argue" 41 Al-‘Ankabūt (29:46) - Luqmān (31:21)
42 Luqmān (31:22) - Al-Aḥzāb (33:30)
22 وَمَنْ يَّقْنُتْ Wa-may yaqnut "And whoever is obedient (devoutly obeys)" 43 Al-Aḥzāb (33:31) - Saba’ (34:23)
44 Saba’ (34:24) - Yā Sīn (36:27)
23 وَمَآ أَنْزَلْنَا Wa-mā an·zalnā "And we did not send down" 45 Yā Sīn (36:28) - Aṣ-Ṣāffāt (37:144)
46 Aṣ-Ṣāffāt (37:145) - Az-Zumar (39:31)
24 فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ Fa-man az·lamu "So who is more unjust" 47 Az-Zumar (39:32) - Ghāfir (40:40)
48 Ghāfir (40:41) - Fuṣṣilat (41:46)
25 إِلَيْهِ يُرَدُّ Ilayhi yuraddu "To Him (Allahu Subhanahu wa-Ta'ala) alone is attributed" 49 Fuṣṣilat (41:47) - Az-Zukhruf (43:23)
50 Az-Zukhruf (43:24) - Al-Jāthiyah (45:37)
26 حم Ḥā’ Mīm Ha-Mim 51 Al-Aḥqāf (46:1) - Al-Fatḥ (48:17)
52 Al-Fatḥ (48:18) - Adh-Dhāriyāt (51:30)
27 قَلَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُم Qāla famā khaṭ·bukum He (Ibrahim A.S.) said: "Then what is your business (mission) here" 53 Adh-Dhāriyāt (51:31) - Al-Qamar (54:55)
54 Ar-Raḥmān (55:1) - Al-Ḥadīd (57:29)
28 قَدْ سَمِعَ ٱللهُ Qad sami‘a ’llāhu "Indeed has Allah heard" 55 Al-Mujādilah (58:1) - Aṣ-Ṣaff (61:14)
56 Al-Jumu`ah (62:1) - At-Taḥrīm (66:12)
29 تَبَارَكَ ٱلَّذِى Tabāraka ’lladhiy "Blessed is He (Allah Subhanahu wa-Ta'ala)" 57 Al-Mulk (67:1) - Nūḥ (71:28)
58 Al-Jinn (72:1) - Al-Mursalāt (77:50)
30 عَمَّ ‘Amma "About what" 59 An-Nabaʼ (78:1) - Aṭ-Ṭāriq (86:17)
60 Al-Aʻlā (87:1) - An-Nās (114:6)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Farhad, Massumeh. "Art of Quran Preview" (PDF). Smithsonian Institution. p. 31. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b "BBC - Religions - Islam: The Qur'an". BBC. 14 July 2011. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  3. ^ a b "Quran Technical Observations". eweb.furman.edu. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  4. ^ Qurʼān divisions
  5. ^ Rippin, edited by Andrew (2007). The Blackwell Companion to the Qurʼān. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 180 (by François Déroche). ISBN 1405178442.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Razavian, Seiied Mohammad Javad (22 December 2017). "The quran Package" (PDF). Harvey Mudd College. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  7. ^ ORGANIZATION OF THE QUR'AN by M. Amir Ali ilaam.net