A juzʼ (Arabic: جُزْءْ; pl.: أَجْزَاءْ, ajzāʼ;[1] lit.'part') is one of thirty parts of varying lengths into which the Quran is divided.[2][3] It is also known as para (Persian: پَارَه) in Iran and subsequently the Indian subcontinent. There are 30 ajzāʼ in the Quran, also known as سِپَارَہsipāra (thirty parts).

Division into ajzāʼ has no relevance to the meaning of the Qurʼān and anyone can start reading[4] from anywhere in the Qurʼān.[5] During medieval times, when it was too costly for most Muslims to purchase a manuscript, copies of the Qurʼān were kept in mosques and made accessible to people; these copies frequently took the form of a series of thirty parts (juzʼ).[6] Some use these divisions to facilitate recitation of the Qurʼān in a month—such as during the Islamic month of Ramadan,[2][3] when the entire Qurʼān is recited in the Tarawih prayers, typically at the rate of one juzʼ a night.[citation needed]

A juzʼ is further divided into ḥizbayni (lit. "two groups", singular: ḥizb, plural: aḥzāb), therefore, there are 60 aḥzāb. Each ḥizb (group) is subdivided into four quarters, making eight quarters per juzʼ, called maqraʼ (lit. "reading"). There are 240 of these quarters (maqraʼs) in the Qurʼān. These maqraʼ are often used as practical sections for revision when memorizing the Qurʼān.[7]

The most commonly memorized juzʼ is juzʼ ‘amma, the 30th juzʼ, containing chapters (sūrah) 78 through 114, with most of the shortest chapters of the Qurʼān. Juzʼ ‘amma is named, like most ajzāʼ, after the 1st word of its 1st verse (in this case chapter 78).[8]

Distribution of sūrah across ajzāʼ, with the length of the bar corresponding to a sūrah being proportionate to the number of letters of the sūrah in the juzʼ divided by the total number of letters in the juzʼ.
The associated names of each Juz’ in the Qurʼān:
Juz' Hizb

(1/2 part)

Surahs

(from chapter - to chapter)

No. Name (Āyah - verse begins with)
Arabic English Meaning[citation needed]
1 (آلم (آ-ل-م Alīf-Lām-Mīm These letters are called Muqatta’at (disjoined or disconnected letters).[9] 1 Al-Fatiha (1:1) - Al-Baqarah (2:74)
2 Al-Baqarah (2:75) - Al-Baqarah (2:141)
2 سَيَقُولُ Sayaqūlu "Will (they) say" 3 Al-Baqarah (2:142) - Al-Baqarah (2:202)
4 Al-Baqarah (2:203) - Al-Baqarah (2:252)
3 تِلْكَ ٱلْرُّسُلُ Tilka ’r-Rusulu "These are the Messengers" 5 Al-Baqarah (2:253) - Āl ‘Imrān (3:14)
6 Āl ‘Imrān (3:15) - Āl ‘Imrān (3:92)
4 لن تنالوا Lan Tana Lu "You will not get" 7 Āl ‘Imrān (3:93) - Āl ‘Imrān (3:170)
8 Āl ‘Imrān (3:171) - An-Nisā’ (4:23)
5 وَٱلْمُحْصَنَاتُ Wa’l-muḥṣanātu "And prohibited are the ones who are married" 9 An-Nisā’ (4:24) - An-Nisā’ (4:87)
10 An-Nisā’ (4:88) - An-Nisā’ (4:147)
6 لَا يُحِبُّ ٱللهُ Lā yuḥibbu-’llāhu "God does not like" 11 An-Nisā’ (4:148) - Al-Mā’idah (5:26)
12 Al-Mā’idah (5:27) - Al-Mā’idah (5:82)
7 وَإِذَا سَمِعُوا Wa ’Idha Samiʿū "And when they hear" 13 Al-Mā’idah (5:83) - Al-An‘ām (6:35)
14 Al-An‘ām (6:36) - Al-An‘ām (6:110)
8 وَلَوْ أَنَّنَا Wa-law annanā "And (even) if (that) we had" 15 Al-An‘ām (6:111) - Al-An‘ām (6:165)
16 Al-A‘rāf (7:1) - Al-A‘rāf (7:87)
9 قَالَ ٱلْمَلَأُ Qāla ’l-mala’u "Said the chiefs (eminent ones)" 17 Al-A‘rāf (7:88) - Al-A‘rāf (7:170)
18 Al-A‘rāf (7:171) - Al-Anfāl (8:40)
10 وَٱعْلَمُواْ Wa-’aʿlamū "And (you) know" 19 Al-Anfāl (8:41) - At-Tawbah (9:33)
20 At-Tawbah (9:34) - At-Tawbah (9:93)
11 يَعْتَذِرُونَ Yaʿtazerūn "Only the way (for blame)" 21 At-Tawbah (9:94) - Yũnus (10:25)
22 Yũnus (10:26) - Hūd (11:5)
12 وَمَا مِنْ دَآبَّةٍ Wa mā min dābbatin "And there is no creature" 23 Hūd (11:6) - Hūd (11:83)
24 Hūd (11:84) - Yūsuf (12:52)
13 وَمَا أُبَرِّئُ Wa mā ubarri’u "And I do not acquit" 25 Yūsuf (12:53) - Ar-Ra‘d (13:18)
26 Ar-Ra‘d (13:19) - Al-Hijr (15:1)
14

رُبَمَا

Alīf-Lām-Rā’/

Rubamā

Unknown 27 Al-Hijr (15:2) - An-Naḥl (16:50)
28 An-Naḥl (16:51) - An-Naḥl (16:128)
15 سُبْحَانَ ٱلَّذِى Subḥāna ’lladhī "Exalted is the One (God) is who " 29 Al-Isrā’ (17:1) - Al-Isrā’ (17:98)
30 Al-Isrā’ (17:99) - Al-Kahf (18:74)
16 قَالَ أَلَمْ Qāla ’alam "He (Al-Khidr) said: Did not" 31 Al-Kahf (18:75) - Maryam (19:98)
32 Ṭā Hā (20:1) - Ṭā Hā (20:135)
17 ٱقْتَرَبَ لِلْنَّاسِ Iqtaraba li’n-nāsi "Has (the time of) approached for Mankind (people)" 33 Al-Anbiyāʼ (21:1) - Al-Anbiyāʼ (21:112)
34 ِAl-Ḥajj (22:1) - Al-Ḥajj (22:78)
18 قَدْ أَفْلَحَ Qad ’aflaḥa "Indeed (Certainly) successful" 35 Al-Muʼminūn (23:1) - An-Nūr (24:20)
36 An-Nūr (24:21) - Al-Furqān (25:20)
19 وَقَالَ ٱلَّذِينَ Wa-qāla ’lladhīna "And said those who" 37 Al-Furqān (25:21) - Ash-Shu‘arā’ (26:110)
38 Ash-Shu‘arā’ (26:111) - An-Naml (27:59)
20 أَمَّنْ خَلَقَ ’A’man Khalaqa "Is He Who created…" 39 An-Naml (27:60) - Al-Qaṣaṣ (28:50)
40 Al-Qaṣaṣ (28:51) - Al-‘Ankabūt (29:44)
21 أُتْلُ مَاأُوْحِیَ Otlu ma oohiya "Recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you" 41 Al-‘Ankabūt (29:45) - Luqmān (31:21)
42 Luqmān (31:22) - Al-Aḥzāb (33:30)
22 وَمَنْ يَّقْنُتْ Wa-man yaqnut "And whoever is obedient (devoutly obeys)" 43 Al-Aḥzāb (33:31) - Saba’ (34:23)
44 Saba’ (34:24) - Yā Sīn (36:21)
23 وَمَآ لي Wa-Mali "And what happened to me" 45 Yā Sīn (36:22) - Aṣ-Ṣāffāt (37:144)
46 Aṣ-Ṣāffāt (37:145) - Az-Zumar (39:31)
24 فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ Fa-man ’aẓlamu "So who is more unjust" 47 Az-Zumar (39:32) - Ghāfir (40:40)
48 Ghāfir (40:41) - Fuṣṣilat (41:46)
25 إِلَيْهِ يُرَدُّ Ilayhi yuraddu "To Him (God) alone is attributed" 49 Fuṣṣilat (41:47) - Az-Zukhruf (43:23)
50 Az-Zukhruf (43:24) - Al-Jāthiyah (45:37)
26 حم Ḥā’ Mīm "Known to God or Ha Meem" 51 Al-Aḥqāf (46:1) - Al-Fatḥ (48:17)
52 Al-Fatḥ (48:18) - Adh-Dhāriyāt (51:30)
27 قَالَ فَمَا خَطْبُكُم Qāla fa-mā khaṭbukum He (Ibrahim A.S.) said: "Then what is your business (mission) here" 53 Adh-Dhāriyāt (51:31) - Al-Qamar (54:55)
54 Ar-Raḥmān (55:1) - Al-Ḥadīd (57:29)
28 قَدْ سَمِعَ ٱللهُ Qad samiʿa ’llāhu "Indeed has God heard" 55 Al-Mujādilah (58:1) - Aṣ-Ṣaff (61:14)
56 Al-Jumu`ah (62:1) - At-Taḥrīm (66:12)
29 تَبَارَكَ ٱلَّذِى Tabāraka ’lladhī "Blessed is He (God)" 57 Al-Mulk (67:1) - Nūḥ (71:28)
58 Al-Jinn (72:1) - Al-Mursalāt (77:50)
30 عَمَّ ‘Amma "About what" 59 An-Nabaʼ (78:1) - Aṭ-Ṭāriq (86:17)
60 Al-Aʻlā (87:1) - An-Nās (114:6)

The verse sections of each Rub el Hizb', an "1/8th" of a Juz', commonly used in reading the Qurʼān:
Ḥizb Number: 1st Quarter 2nd Quarter 3rd Quarter 4th Quarter Total:
1 32

(1:1-2:25)

18

(2:26-2:43)

16

(2:44-2:59)

15

(2:60-2:74)

81
2 17

(2:75-2:91)

14

(2:92-2:105)

18

(2:106-2:123)

18

(2:124-2:141)

67
3 16

(2:142-2:157)

19

(2:158-2:176)

12

(2:177-2:188)

14

(2:189-2:202)

61
4 16

(2:203-2:218)

14

(2:219-2:232)

10

(2:233-2:242)

10

(2:243-2:252)

50
5 10

(2:253-2:262)

9

(2:263-2:271)

11

(2:272-2:282)

18

(2:283-3:14)

48
6 18

(3:15-3:32)

19

(3:33-3:51)

23

(3:52-3:74)

18

(3:75-3:92)

78
7 20

(3:93-3:112)

20

(3:113-3:132)

20

(3:133-3:152)

18

(3:153-3:170)

78
8 15

(3:171-3:185)

15

(3:186-3:200)

11

(4:1-4:11)

12

(4:12-4:23)

53
9 12

(4:24-4:35)

22

(4:36-4:57)

16

(4:58-4:73)

14

(4:74-4:87)

64
10 12

(4:88-4:99)

14

(4:100-4:113)

21

(4:114-4:134)

13

(4:135-4:147)

60
11 15

(4:148-4:162)

14

(4:163-4:176)

11

(5:1-5:11)

15

(5:12-5:26)

55
12 14

(5:27-5:40)

10

(5:41-5:50)

16

(5:51-5:66)

15

(5:67-5:82)

55
13 15

(5:83-5:96)

12

(5:97-5:108)

24

(5:109-6:12)

23

(6:13-6:35)

74
14 23

(6:36-6:58)

15

(6:59-6:73)

21

(6:74-6:94)

16

(6:95-6:110)

75
15 16

(6:111-6:126)

14

(6:127-6:140)

10

(6:141-6:150)

15

(6:151-6:165)

55
16 30

(7:1-7:30)

16

(7:31-7:46)

18

(7:47-7:64)

23

(7:65-7:87)

87
17 29

(7:88-7:116)

25

(7:117-7:141)

14

(7:142-7:155)

15

(7:156-7:170)

83
18 18

(7:171-7:188)

18

(7:189-7:206)

21

(8:1-8:21)

19

(8:22-8:40)

76
19 20

(8:41-8:60)

15

(8:61-8:75)

18

(9:1-9:18)

15

(9:19-9:33)

68
20 12

(9:34-9:45)

14

(9:46-9:59)

15

(9:60-9:74)

18

(9:75-9:92)

59
21 18

(9:93-9:110)

11

(9:111-9:121)

18

(9:122-10:10)

15

(10:11-10:25)

62
22 27

(10:26-10:52)

18

(10:53-10:70)

19

(10:71-10:89)

25

(10:90-11:5)

89
23 18

(11:6-11:23)

17

(11:24-11:40)

20

(11:41-11:60)

23

(11:61-11:83)

78
24 24

(11:84-11:107)

22

(11:108-12:6)

23

(12:7-12:29)

23

(12:30-12:52)

92
25 24

(12:53-12:76)

24

(12:77-12:100)

15

(12:101-13:4)

14

(13:5-13:18)

77
26 16

(13:19-13:34)

18

(13:35-14:9)

18

(14:10-14:27)

25

(14:28-14:52)

77
27 48

(15:1-15:48)

51

(15:49-15:99)

29

(16:1-16:29)

21

(16:30-16:50)

149
28 24

(16:51-16:74)

15

(16:75-16:89)

21

(16:90-16:110)

18

(16:111-16:128)

78
29 22

(17:1-17:22)

27

(17:23-17:49)

20

(17:50-17:69)

29

(17:70-17:98)

98
30 29

(17:99-18:16)

15

(18:17-18:31)

19

(18:32-18:50)

24

(18:51-18:74)

87
31 24

(18:75-18:98)

33

(18:99-19:21)

37

(19:22-19:58)

40

(19:59-19:98)

134
32 54

(20:1-20:54)

28

(20:55-20:82)

28

(20:83-20:110)

25

(20:111-20:135)

135
33 28

(21:1-21:28)

22

(21:29-21:50)

32

(21:51-21:82)

30

(21:83-21:112)

112
34 18

(22:1-22:19)

19

(22:20-22:37)

22

(22:38-22:59)

19

(22:60-22:78)

78
35 35

(23:1-23:35)

39

(23:36-23:74)

44

(23:75-23:118)

20

(24:1-24:20)

138
36 14

(24:21-24:34)

18

(24:35-24:52)

12

(24:53-24:64)

20

(25:1-25:20)

64
37 32

(25:21-25:52)

25

(25:53-25:77)

51

(26:1-26:51)

59

(26:52-26:110)

167
38 70

(26:111-26:180)

47

(26:181-26:227)

26

(27:1-27:26)

29

(27:27-27:55)

172
39 26

(27:56-27:81)

23

(27:82-28:11)

17

(28:12-28:28)

22

(28:29-28:50)

88
40 25

(28:51-28:75)

13

(28:76-28:88)

25

(29:1-29:25)

20

(29:26-29:45)

83
41 24

(29:46-29:69)

30

(30:1-30:30)

23

(30:31-30:53)

28

(30:54-31:21)

105
42 23

(31:22-32:10)

20

(32:11-32:30)

17

(33:1-33:17)

13

(33:18-33:30)

73
43 20

(33:31-33:50)

9

(33:51-33:59)

23

(33:60-34:9)

14

(34:10-34:23)

66
44 22

(34:24-34:45)

23

(34:46-35:14)

26

(35:15-35:40)

32

(35:41-36:27)

103
45 32

(36:28-36:59)

45

(36:60-37:21)

61

(37:22-37:82)

62

(37:83-37:144)

200
46 58

(37:145-38:20)

31

(38:21-38:51)

44

(38:52-39:7)

24

(39:8-39:31)

157
47 21

(39:32-39:52)

23

(39:53-39:75)

20

(40:1-40:20)

20

(40:21-40:40)

84
48 25

(40:41-40:65)

28

(40:66-41:8)

16

(41:9-41:23)

22

(41:24-41:46)

91
49 20

(41:47-42:12)

14

(42:13-42:26)

24

(42:27-42:50)

26

(42:51-43:23)

84
50 33

(43:24-43:56)

49

(43:57-44:16)

54

(44:17-45:11)

26

(45:12-45:37)

162
51 20

(46:1-46:20)

24

(46:21-47:9)

23

(47:10-47:32)

23

(47:33-48:17)

90
52 12

(48:18-48:29)

13

(49:1-49:13)

31

(49:14-50:26)

49

(50:27-51:31)

105
53 53

(51:32-52:23)

51

(52:24-53:25)

45

(53:26-54:8)

47

(54:9-54:55)

196
54 78

(55:1-55:78)

74

(56:1-56:74)

37

(56:75-57:15)

14

(57:16-57:29)

203
55 13

(58:1-58:13)

19

(58:14-59:10)

20

(59:11-60:6)

21

(60:7-61:14)

73
56 14

(62:1-63:3)

26

(63:4-64:18)

12

(65:1-65:12)

12

(66:1-66:12)

64
57 30

(67:1-67:30)

52

(68:1-68:52)

70

(69:1-70:18)

54

(70:19-71:28)

206
58 47

(72:1-73:19)

57

(73:20-74:56)

58

(75:1-76:18)

63

(76:19-77:50)

225
59 86

(78:1-79:46)

71

(80:1-81:29)

55

(82:1-83:36)

64

(84:1-86:17)

276
60 75

(87:1-89:30)

67

(90:1-93:11)

67

(94:1-100:11)

79

(101:1-114:6)

288
Totals: 1,642 1,528 1,548 1,518 6,236

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Farhad, Massumeh. "Art of Quran Preview" (PDF). Smithsonian Institution. p. 31. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b "BBC - Religions - Islam: The Qur'an". BBC. 14 July 2011. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  3. ^ a b "Quran Technical Observations". eweb.furman.edu. Archived from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  4. ^ Tartil Juz 30
  5. ^ Qurʼān divisions
  6. ^ Déroche, François (2006). Rippin, Andrew (ed.). The Blackwell Companion to the Qur'an. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons. p. 180. ISBN 9781405178440.
  7. ^ Razavian, Seiied Mohammad Javad (22 December 2017). "The quran Package" (PDF). Harvey Mudd College. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2018. Retrieved 13 August 2018.
  8. ^ ORGANIZATION OF THE QUR'AN by M. Amir Ali ilaam.net
  9. ^ They are found at the start of twenty nine of the one hundred and fourteen Surahs. The exact significance is unknown but Quranic exegesis (Tafsir) has interpreted them as names or qualities of God or content of the respective Surah.

External links edit