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Al Māʼidah (Arabic: المائدة‎, "The Table" or "The Table Spread with Food",[1] likely a word of Ethiopic origin) is the fifth chapter (sūrah) of the Quran, with 120 verses (āyāt). Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation (Asbāb al-nuzūl), it is a Medinan surah, which means it is believed to have been revealed in Medina, instead of Mecca.

Sura 5 of the Quran
المائدة
Al-Māʼidah
The Table Spread with Food
ClassificationMedinan
Other namesThe Feast
PositionJuzʼ 6 to 7
Hizb no.11 to 13
No. of Rukus16
No. of verses120
No. of Sajdahsnone
← An-Nisa

The chapter's topics include animals which are forbidden, Jesus' and Moses' missions. Verse (āyah) 90 prohibits "The intoxicant" (alcohol), whereas Q2:219 and Q4:43 tolerate it.[2]

Notable versesEdit

Verse 5:3Edit

This verse has a Parenthetical Sentence: This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion..[Quran 5:3] This verse was revealed at Arafat as reported in an authentic hadith.[3]

Verse 5:8Edit

Verse 8 strongly encourages Muslims to volunteer their testimonies and be just regardless of their personal feelings.[4][5] "O ye who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do."[6]

Verse 5:32Edit

Verse (Q5:32)[Quran 5:32] has been quoted to denounce killing, by using an abbreviated form such as, If anyone slays a person, it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.


Verse 5:51Edit

Verse 51 (Q5:51)[1] has been said to underlie forbidding non-Muslims as becoming leaders in Islamic countries.

The verse in Sahih International reads: O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians (naṣārā) as allies. Whereas Gerrans translates: O you who heed warning: take not the Rabbinic Jews and the Nazarenes as allies.

The verse continues They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you - then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.[7][Quran 5:51]

Al-Ma'ida Verse 51 has resulted in repercussions in modern politics. For example, criticism and violent protests ensued against Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, the Chinese-Christian governor of Jakarta, Indonesia, after his declaration that Indonesians should not be deceived by those people who are using Surat Al-Ma'ida verse 51 to not elect non-Muslims as their leaders. This resulted in large protests against him demanding his arrest on charges of blaspheming the Quran.[8][9]

Verse 5:54Edit

In Sahih International:

O you who have believed, whoever of you should revert from his religion Allah will bring forth [in place of them] a people He will love and who will love Him [who are] humble toward the believers, powerful against the disbelievers; they strive in the cause of Allah and do not fear the blame of a critic. That is the favor of Allah ; He bestows it upon whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.[7]

Verse 54 is also interesting in relation to who the "beloved" are; some hadith view it as being Abu Musa al-Ashari.[10][Quran 5:54]

The Shia viewEdit

On the Shia interpretation of this verse, God used the singular form "waliyyukum" implying the "wilayah" (Guardianship of the believers) is a single project. In other words, the "wilayah" of the messenger and that of the Ali springs from the root of God's wilayah. The word "wali" in the context of this verse cannot mean "friend" because there is not a single verse in the Quran where God says that any one of his messengers is a friend or helper of their followers. Further if the verse implied "wilayah" in the sense of friend or helper, then the singular form "waliyyukum" would not have been used but the plural form "awliya'ukum" would be appropriate because the "friendship" of God is unique.[citation needed]

Tahir ul Qadri writes regarding this verse:[11] A hadith attributed to Ammar bin Yasir reports:[citation needed]

A beggar came up to 'Ali and stood beside him. He was kneeling in prayer. He ('Ali) pulled out his ring and he gave the ring to the beggar. Then 'Ali called on the Prophet and told him the news. At this occasion, this verse was revealed to him: (Surely your (helping) friend is Allah and His Messenger and (along with them) are the believers who establish prayers, pay zakah and bow down (in humility before Allah). Allah's Messenger read out the verse and said: One who has me as his master has 'Ali as his master. O Allah! Be his friend who befriends him ('Ali) and be his enemy who is his enemy.

Shi'as tend to view this as Sahih (authentic)

Verses 5:59 - 5:60Edit

These verses conclude "whom Allah has cursed and with whom He became angry and made of them apes and pigs",[12] a reference to the alleged divine punishment for Jews not keeping the Sabbath.[Quran 2:63-66][13][14] In modern times, Islam critics and other Western observers have reported this 'apes and pigs' expression being used to denigrate Jews, usually in the context of Zionism, by Islamic clerics,[15][16][17] a Muslim ruler,[18] Islamic insurgent[19] and many Muslims.[20][21] However, others, such as rabbi Tovia Singer, view this as a misappropriation and see the condemnation actually as a warning for Jews to adhere to their religious commandments.[22]

Verse 5:67Edit

Verse 67 is relevant to the Farewell Pilgrimage and Ghadir Khumm.[Quran 5:67]

Verses 5:72 - 5:73Edit

The Quran: An Encyclopedia says, The Quran’s objection to Christian practice is Christianity’s shirk, its worship of Jesus, Mary and the saints ‘in derogation of Allah’. There is no justification in believing in the Trinity, for Jesus never would have condoned such a concept.[23] In Sahih International: "(72) They have certainly disbelieved who say, " Allah is the Messiah, the son of Mary" while the Messiah has said, "O Children of Israel, worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Indeed, he who associates others with Allah - Allah has forbidden him Paradise, and his refuge is the Fire And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers. (73) They have certainly disbelieved who say, Allah is the third of three. And there is no god except one God. And if they do not desist from what they are saying, there will surely afflict the disbelievers among them a painful punishment."[7][Quran 5:72–73]

Verse 5:90Edit

Verse 90 says:

O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful." This is a clear ruling in The Quran for Muslims to avoid alcohol and gambling.[24]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Surah Al Ma'ida". Quran 4 U. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  2. ^ Gerhard Böwering, Chronology and the Quran, Encyclopaedia of the Qur’an Brill, 2001
  3. ^ "Sunnah Bakhari".
  4. ^ Ghamidi, Javed Ahmed. Al-Bayan.
  5. ^ Shafi, Muhammad. Ma'ariful Qur'an. pp. 84–88.
  6. ^ "Quran 5:8".
  7. ^ a b c Sahih International
  8. ^ Durie, Mark (November 2016). "Violent Protests in Indonesia Blow an Ill Will for Religious Tolerance". New English Review. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  9. ^ McBeth, John (8 November 2016). "Blasphemy probe rocks Indonesia's secular foundations". The National. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  10. ^ Ahadith In Praise Of The Ash`Aris
  11. ^ The Ghadir Declaration, By Dr. Tahir al-Qadiri, Page 48 & 49 [1] Archived 2006-10-20 at the Wayback Machine [2]
  12. ^ "Surah Al Ma'ida". Quran 4 U. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  13. ^ Firestone, Reuven (2010-01-01). An Introduction to Islam for Jews. Jewish Publication Society. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-8276-1049-1.
  14. ^ Smith, David Livingstone (2011-03-01). Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others. St. Martin's Publishing Group. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4299-6856-0.
  15. ^ Halevi, Jonathan D (3 March 2019). "Why do Canadian Imams call Jews "the sons of the pigs and apes"?". JCPA. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Palestinian cleric on Jews pigs apes and liberation al-aqsa mosque". 12 September 2004. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  17. ^ "Danish imam calls Jews 'offspring of apes and pigs'". Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  18. ^ Goldberg, Jeffrey (14 January 2019). "Egyptian President Calls Jews 'Sons of Apes and Pigs'; World Yawns". The Atlantic. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  19. ^ "Terrorists' final words echo libel that Israel plans to destroy Al-Aqsa Mosque, calls Jews "sons of apes and pigs"". Palestine Today, independent Palestinian news agency (Gaza). 21 July 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  20. ^ Kressel, Neil (1 November 2012). ""The Sons of Pigs and Apes": Muslim Antisemitism and the Conspiracy of Silence". University of Nebraska Press. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  21. ^ de Quetteville, Harry (25 June 2006). "Christians still 'swine' and Jews 'apes' in Saudi schools". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  22. ^ Why does the Quran Call the Jews 'Apes'? Rabbi Tovia Singer Responds, retrieved 2019-12-07
  23. ^ Leaman, Oliver, ed. (2006). "The Qur'an: an Encyclopedia" (PDF). Routledge. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-415-32639-7. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  24. ^ "Surah Maidah Transliteration". My Islam. April 19, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.

External linksEdit