Ash-Shu'ara

Ash-Shu‘arā’[1]Arabic: الْشُّعَرَاء, "The Poets") is the 26th chapter (sūrah) of the Qurʾan with 227 verses (āyāt). Many of these verses are very short.

Sura 26 of the Quran
الشعراء
Ash-Shuʻarāʼ
The Poets
ClassificationMeccan
PositionJuzʼ 19
Hizb no.37
No. of Rukus11
No. of verses227

The chapter talks about various prophets and their tribes. Also how the disbelievers were destroyed after threatening prophets with death. It also talks about the mercy of God (Allah). This surah starts with the story of Moses, followed by that of Abraham.

Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl), it is an earlier "Meccan surah", which means it is believed to have been revealed in Mecca.

NameEdit

This Surah is named from the word Ash-Shu'ara in ayat 224.[2]

Time of DisclosureEdit

The topic and the style appear, and the traditions affirm, that it was uncovered during the center Makkan period. As indicated by Ibn Abbas, Surah Ta-Ha was uncovered first, at that point Surah Al-Waqiah, and afterward Surah Ash-Shu'ara.[3]. About Surah Ta-Ha it is notable that it had been uncovered before Umar embraced Islam.

Principal SubjectsEdit

The significant issues, divine laws, and direction revealed in the surah can be listed as follows:-

  1. Allah's address to Muhammad that he ought not fuss himself to death with distress for the individuals' disbelief.
  2. Story of Musa, Fir'on, and redemption of the offspring of Israel.
  3. Story of Ibrahim and his contentions against idol worshippers.
  4. The way that the mushriks and their false-deities will both be toppled into hellfire.
  5. Accounts of Prophets Noah, Lot, Hud, Saleh, Shuaib and their people.
  6. Qur'an is uncovered in the Arabic language and can't by shaitans; as it is neither to their greatest advantage nor in their capacity to do as such.
  7. Satan plunge on those corrupt delinquents who tune in to gossip and are liars.

ExegesisEdit

The foundation of the Surah is that the disbelievers of Makkah were in constant refusal, on one appearance or the other, to acknowledge the message of Islam given by Muhammad. Some of the time they would state that he didn't give them any indication to persuade them regarding his prophethood; once in a while they would mark him as a poet or a magician and mock his message; and once in a while, they would disparage his Mission, that his supporters were either a small number of silly youth or the destitute individuals and slaves – though, they contended, if his Mission actually had some incentive for the individuals, the nobles and the older folks would have acknowledged it first. Consequently, while from one viewpoint, Muhammad was getting wearied by his endeavors to show them reasonably the mistakes of their statements of faith and demonstrate the reality of the principles of Tawhid and the Hereafter, the disbelievers, on the other, were never sick of embracing one sort of stiff-necked attitude after the other. This situation was making incredible anguish and despondency for Muhammad.

Such were the conditions when this Surah was uncovered. It starts with uplifting statements to Muhammad, inferring,

For what reason do you fuss for their sake? If these individuals have not had believed in you, its because they are stubborn, not the lack of signs for them. They won't yield to common sense they need to see a Sign which makes them bow their heads in inquietude. When this Sign appears at the appropriate time of time, they will themselves understand that what was being introduced to them was the Truth.[4]

After this discourse, till ayat 191, very much the same topic has been introduced persistently, and it is stated:

The entire earth possesses large amounts of such Signs as can bring a truth-searcher to The Reality, yet the obstinate and misguided individuals have never accepted significantly in the wake of seeing the Signs, regardless of whether these were the Indications of the natural phenomena or the miracles of the Prophets. These pathetic individuals have determinedly clung to their wrong statements of faith till the Divine scourge really overwhelmed them."[5]

It is to delineate this that the historical backdrop of seven of the old clans has been told, who endured in dismay simply like the disbelievers of Makkah. Pertinently, the following focuses have been pushed:

  1. The Signs are of two kinds:(a) Those which are dissipated everywhere throughout the earth, and by observing which a smart individual can decide for himself whether what Muhammad is introducing is reality or not and (b) those which were seen by pharoah and his people, Noah people, the ʿĀd and the Thamud, Lot's people and the individuals of Aiykah (Aṣ-ḥāb al-Aykah). Now it is for the disbelievers to choose which sort of the Signs they are anxious to see.
  2. The attitude of the disbeliever has been the equivalent all through the ages; their contentions and their complaints, and their reasons and subterfuges for not accepting have been comparable and at last, the destinies that they met have additionally been the equivalent. In like manner, the prophets in each age introduced similar lessons, their own character and their thinking and contentions against their adversaries were the equivalent, and they were all comparably honored with kindness by Allah Allah Almighty. Both these examples of conduct and lead are found in history, and the disbelievers could themselves see regarding which separate examples they and Muhammad had a place.
  3. Allah is All-Mighty, All-Powerful and All Benevolent simultaneously. History contains cases of His Fury just as of His Kindness. Presently, thus it is for the individuals to choose whether they might want to qualify to Allah's Kindness or to His Anger.
  4. In conclusion, the conversation has been summarized, saying
O disbelievers, if at all you need to see the Signs, for what reason would it be advisable for you to demand to see those ghastly Signs that visited the doomed nations of the past? Why not see the Qur'an which is being introduced in your own language? Why not see Muhammad (upon whom be Allah's tranquility and leniency) and his Companions? Can the revelations of the Qur'an be crafted by a satan or a jinn? Does the recipient of the Qur'an give off an impression of being a magician? Are Muhammad and his Companions the same as a poet and his admirers? Why not surrender mistrust and quest your hearts for their judgment? When in the core of your souls you yourselves accept that the Disclosures of the Qur'an share nothing practically speaking with magic and poetry, at that point you should realize that you are being pitiless and treacherous, and will surely meet the fate implied for the unfeeling and vile.[6]

Hadith about Ash-Shu'araEdit

The first and foremost exegesis/tafsir of the Qur'an is found in hadith of Muhammad.[7] Ḥadīth (حديث) is literally "speech" or "report", that is a recorded saying or tradition of Muhammad validated by isnad; with Sirah Rasul Allah these comprise the sunnah and reveal shariah. According to Aishah,[8][9] the life of Prophet Muhammad was practical implementation of Qur'an.[10][11][12] So mention of a surah in hadith elevates the importance of that particular surah from certain aspect.[note 1]

  • Narrated Ibn `Abbas: When the Verse:--'And warn your tribe of near-kindred (Q26.214)[23], was revealed, the Prophet (ﷺ) ascended the Safa (mountain) and started calling, "O Bani Fihr!, O Banu Adi!, 0 sons of Abd Manaf ibn Qusai![24]" addressing various tribes of Quraysh till they were assembled. Those who could not come themselves, sent their messengers to see what was there. Abū Lahab and other people from Quraish came and the Prophet (ﷺ) then said, "Suppose I told you that there is an (enemy) cavalry in the valley intending to attack you, would you believe me?" They said, "Yes, for we have not found you telling anything other than the truth." He then said, "I am a warner to you in face of a terrific punishment." Abu Lahab said (to the Prophet) "May your hands perish all this day. Is it for this purpose you have gathered us?" Then it(surah Al-Masad) was revealed: "Perish the hands of Abu Lahab (one of the Prophet's uncles), and perish he! His wealth and his children will not profit him...."[25] (Q111.1–5)[26][27]

Verse 26:214Edit

And warn, O Muhammad, your closest kindred.[1]:26:214

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The following traditions are mentioned in several other traditions as well with different chain of narrators. Refer to Kutub al-Sittah and hadith searches like [13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ibn Kathir. "Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English): Surah Al Shu'ara". Quran 4 U. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  2. ^ http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=26&verse=224
  3. ^ Ruh al-Ma'ani, Vol. xx, p. 64
  4. ^ http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=26&verse=3
  5. ^ http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=26&verse=191
  6. ^ http://corpus.quran.com/translation.jsp?chapter=26&verse=227
  7. ^ Şatibi, El-muvafakat
  8. ^ Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani) صحيح (الألباني) حكم : Reference : Sunan Abi Dawud 1342 In-book reference : Book 5, Hadith 93 English translation : Book 5, Hadith 1337
  9. ^ Al-Adab al-Mufrad » Dealings with people and good character – كتاب English reference : Book 14, Hadith 308 Arabic reference : Book 1, Hadith 308
  10. ^ Sahih Al- Jami' AI-Saghir, No.4811
  11. ^ Sunan Ibn Majah 2333 In-book reference : Book 13, Hadith 26 English translation : Vol. 3, Book 13, Hadith 2333
  12. ^ Grade : Sahih (Darussalam) Reference : Sunan an-Nasa'i 1601 In-book reference : Book 20, Hadith 4 English translation: Vol. 2, Book 20, Hadith 1602
  13. ^ https://sunnah.com/search/?q=%D9%88%D9%8E%D8%A3%D9%8E%D9%86%D9%92%D8%B0%D9%90%D8%B1%D9%92+%D8%B9%D9%8E%D8%B4%D9%90%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%8E%D8%AA%D9%8E%D9%83%D9%8E+%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%8E%D9%82%D9%92%D8%B1%D9%8E%D8%A8%D9%90%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%8E%E2%80%8F
  14. ^ https://quran.com/26/214
  15. ^ Sahih Muslim The Book of Faith (89)Chapter: Regarding the saying of Allah, the most High: "And warn your tribe of near kindred." 205 In-book reference : Book 1, Hadith 411 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 1, Hadith 401 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  16. ^ Sunan an-Nasa'i 3648 In-book reference : Book 30, Hadith 38 English translation : Vol. 4, Book 30, Hadith 3678
  17. ^ Sahih Muslim 204 a In-book reference : Book 1, Hadith 409 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 1, Hadith 399 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  18. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari » Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)) – كتاب التفسير USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 294 Arabic reference : Book 65, Hadith 4771
  19. ^ Warning Verse
  20. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions (13)Chapter: Whoever related kinship to his forefathers 3526 In-book reference : Book 61, Hadith 36 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 56, Hadith 727 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  21. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari Book of Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa) كتاب الوصايا55 Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa) 2752 In-book reference : Book 55, Hadith 15 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 51, Hadith 15 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  22. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari 3525 In-book reference : Book 61, Hadith 35 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 56, Hadith 727 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  23. ^ https://quran.com/26/214
  24. ^ Sahih Muslim 207 a In-book reference : Book 1, Hadith 414 USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 1, Hadith 404 (deprecated numbering scheme)
  25. ^ https://quran.com/111/1-2
  26. ^ Sahih al-Bukhari » Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)) – كتاب التفسير USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 293 Arabic reference : Book 65, Hadith 4770
  27. ^ Riyad as-Salihin » The Book of Miscellany » Hadith#329

External linksEdit