Az-Zumar

Az-Zumar (Arabic: الزمر‎, ’az-zumar; meaning: "The Troops, The Throngs") is the 39th chapter (surah) of the Qur'an, the central religious text of Islam. It contains 75 verses (ayat). This surah derives its name from the Arabic word zumar (troops) that occurs in verses 71 and 73. Regarding the timing and contextual background of the revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl), it is believed to have been revealed in the mid-Maccan period[1] when persecutions of the Muslim believers by the polytheists had escalated.[1]

Sura 39 of the Quran
الزمر
Az-Zumar
The Troops
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesThe Throngs, The Companies
PositionJuzʼ 23 to 24
No. of Rukus8
No. of verses75
Some famous verses of Az-Zumar seen in the tilings of Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq, 1994.

SummaryEdit

  • 1-2 The Quran a revelation from God to Muhammad
  • 2-3 Muhammad to exhibit a pure religion to God
  • 4-5 God will not show favour to idolaters
  • 6 God Hath not chosen to have a son
  • 7-8 God manifest in His works of creation and providence
  • 9-10 God is Sovereign in His dealings with men
  • 11 The ingratitude of idolaters
  • 12 The righteous and wicked not equal before God
  • 13 The righteous shall be rewarded
  • 14-16 Muhammad, the first Muslim, must exhibit the pure religion of God
  • 17-18 The loss of the idolaters
  • 19 Idolaters who repent shall be rewarded
  • 20 Muhammad cannot deliver the reprobate
  • 21 The reward of the faithful
  • 22 God revealed in the growth and decay of Nature
  • 23 The Muslim and the infidel not equal
  • 24 The Quran first frightens, then comforts, the Muslims
  • 25 The punishment of the wicked in hell
  • 26-27 Former infidels punished for maligning their prophets
  • 28-30 Every kind of parable in the Quran
  • 31-32 Muhammad and the infidels shall debate before the Lord
  • 33-36 The reward and punishment of believers and unbelievers
  • 37 The infidels of Makkah threaten Muhammad
  • 37-38 True believers shall be rightly directed
  • 39 Idolaters acknowledge God as creator
  • 40-42 Muhammad yet to be vindicated
  • 43 God shall raise the dead as he raiseth from sleep
  • 44-45 None can intercede except by God’s permission
  • 46 Idolaters dread God but joy in their false gods
  • 47 God shall judge between the faithful and the idolaters
  • 48 Idolaters will give two worlds to escape God’s wrath
  • 49-50 They shall not escape the evils of the judgment-day
  • 51-52 The infidels of former times were punished
  • 52-53The idolaters of Makkah shall not escape
  • 54-56 Idolaters exhorted to repent; their sin will be forgiven
  • 57-59 The regrets of the impenitent at the judgment-day
  • 60-61 God shall reject their apologies and blacken their faces for the ones who lied. (Warning verse to those who lie about God).
  • 62 But He will save the righteous
  • 63 God the Sovereign Ruler of heaven and earth
  • 64-66 Muhammad cannot worship idols, seeing he has received a revelation from God
  • 67-69 The resurrection and the judgment-day, fearful scenes of Qiyamah
  • 70-73 Troop of the righteous and wicked, their reward and punishment
  • 74-75 God shall be praised by righteous men and angels [2]

ContentEdit

The surah expounds the signs of God's Oneness (tawhid) in the natural world and emphasizes the absurdity of associating partners with God. It also hints at emigration for the believers who were suffering great difficulties in worshiping God in their homeland. It also declares that there can be no reconciliation between believing in God's Oneness and association partners with God. The chapter also reminds readers of the other world, where Muslims believe people will see the outcome of their own deeds.[3]

Exegesis (tafsir)Edit

Q9:5 He wraps the night over the dayEdit

Translation: He created the heavens and earth in truth. He wraps the night over the day and wraps the day over the night and has subjected the sun and the moon, each running [its course] for a specified term. Unquestionably, He is the Exalted in Might, the Perpetual Forgiver.[3][4]

According to Unal: the word "wraps" in this verse is a simile, which alludes both to the earth's being rounded and to differences in the times of sunrise and sunset.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ünal, Ali, author. (2006). The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. p. 944. ISBN 978-1-59784-000-2. OCLC 1002857525.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Wherry, Elwood Morris (1896). A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ a b "Az-Zumar". The Noble Qur'an.
  4. ^ "Az-Zumar 39:5". The Noble Qur'an.
  5. ^ Ünal, Ali, author. (2006). The Qurʼan with annotated interpretation in modern English. p. 945. ISBN 978-1-59784-000-2. OCLC 1002857525.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

External linksEdit