Battle Array [1] (Arabic: الصف, aṣ-Ṣaff, aka "The Ranks") is the 61st chapter (sūrah) of the Quran, with 14 verses (āyāt). This sura is an Al-Musabbihat sura because it begins with the glorification of Allah.

Sura 61 of the Quran
The Ranks
Other namesThe Column, The Ranks, Battle Array
PositionJuzʼ 28
No. of Rukus2
No. of verses14

Summary edit

  • 1 All things in the universe praise God
  • 2-4 Muslims exhorted to be faithful and to fight for Islam
  • 5 This exhortation enforced by the example of Moses
  • 6 Jesus foretells a Messenger named Ahmad
  • 7-8 Jesus was rejected as a sorcerer notwithstanding his miracles
  • 9 Islam to be exalted above every other religion
  • 10-11 Muslims exhorted to seek forgiveness by striving in the cause of Allah
  • 12-13 The rewards of those who fight for the faith
  • 14 Muslims exhorted to follow the example of the apostles of Jesus[2]

Hadith edit

The first and foremost exegesis/tafsir of the Qur'an is found in hadith of Muhammad.[3] Although some scholars, including ibn Taymiyyah, claim that Muhammad has commented on the whole of the Qur'an, others such as Ghazali cite the limited amount of narratives, thus indicating that he has commented only on a portion of the Qur'an.[4] Ḥadīth (حديث) is literally "speech" or "report", that is a recorded saying or tradition of Muhammad validated by isnad; with Sirah Rasul Allah these comprise the sunnah and reveal shariah. According to Aishah,[5][6] the life of Muhammad was practical implementation of Qur'an.[7][8][9] Therefore, mention in hadith elevates the importance of the pertinent surah from a certain perspective.

  • Abdullah ibn Salam narrated: “A group of us Companions of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) sat talking, and we said: ‘If we knew which deed was most beloved to Allah then we would do it.’ So Allah, Most High, revealed: Whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah. And He is Almighty, the All-Wise. O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? As-Saff (1-2)”...[note 1][10]

Notes edit

  1. ^ Abdullah bin Salam said: “So the Messenger of Allah recited it to us.” Abu Salamah (one of the narrators) said: “So Ibn Salam recited it to us.” Yahya (one of the narrators) said: “So Abu Salamah narrated it to us.” Ibn Kathir said: “So Al-Awza’i recited it to us.” Abdullah said: “So Ibn Kathir recited it to us.”

References edit

  1. ^ George Sale translation
  2. ^ Rev. E. M. Wherry, M.A. A Complete Index to Sale's Text, Preliminary Discourse, and Notes
  3. ^ Şatibi, El-muvafakat
  4. ^ Muhsin Demirci, Tefsir Usulü, 120
  5. ^ Grade : Sahih (Al-Albani) صحيح (الألباني) حكم  : Reference  : Sunan Abu Dawud 1342 In-book reference  : Book 5, Hadith 93 English translation  : Book 5, Hadith 1337
  6. ^ Al-Adab al-Mufrad » Dealings with people and good character – كتاب English reference  : Book 14, Hadith 308 Arabic reference  : Book 1, Hadith 308
  7. ^ Sahih Al- Jami' AI-Saghir, No.4811
  8. ^ Sunan Ibn Majah 2333 In-book reference  : Book 13, Hadith 26 English translation  : Vol. 3, Book 13, Hadith 2333
  9. ^ Grade : Sahih (Darussalam) Reference  : Sunan an-Nasa'i 1601 In-book reference  : Book 20, Hadith 4 English translation  : Vol. 2, Book 20, Hadith 1602
  10. ^ Sunan al-Tirmidhi English reference  : Vol. 5, Book 44, Hadith 3309 Arabic reference  : Book 47, Hadith 3624