John Dezso Ratzenberger (born April 6, 1947) is an American actor, voice actor, and entrepreneur. He is best known as Cliff Clavin in the TV show Cheers, for which he earned two Emmy nominations. He is also known for his extensive vocal work in Pixar Animation Studios' films, notably Hamm in the Toy Story franchise and Mack in the Cars franchise. He is the only actor to appear in all of Pixar's feature films, and with minor appearances in major films such as Superman and The Empire Strikes Back, is one of the most successful actors of all time in terms of box-office receipts.
Ratzenberger at the 2011 Time 100 gala
|Born||John Dezso Ratzenberger
April 6, 1947
Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S.
|Alma mater||Sacred Heart University|
|Occupation||Actor, voice actor, entrepreneur|
|Known for||Cliff Clavin in Cheers
Various Pixar film roles
John Ratzenberger's Made in America
(m. 1985; div. 2004)
Born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, Ratzenberger began his entertainment career while living in London in the 1970s. He had minor film and television roles throughout the late 70s and early 1980s before landing the role of the know-it-all mailman Cliff Clavin on Cheers (1982–1993), a role he portrayed throughout the show's eleven seasons. His first Pixar role was the voice of Hamm the Piggy Bank in Toy Story (1995) and has voiced Pixar characters in films and video games ever since. From 2004 to 2008 he hosted the TV documentary series Made in America. Outside of acting, he has promoted American entrepreneurship and manufacturing, and campaigned for several Republican candidates.
Ratzenberger was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, the son of Bertha Veronica (née Grochowski), who worked for Remington Arms, and Dezso Alexander Ratzenberger, a Texaco truck driver. His father was of Austrian and Hungarian descent, and his mother was of Polish ancestry. He attended St. Ann's School in Bridgeport and Sacred Heart University in Fairfield, Connecticut. In 1969, Ratzenberger was a tractor operator at the Woodstock Festival. He moved to London in 1971 and stayed there for 10 years.
Ratzenberger was a house framer living in London when he began his career in the performing arts. Through the 1970s, he performed with Ray Hassett as the comedic theatrical duo Sal's Meat Market, which toured across the UK. Peter Richardson and Nigel Planer as The Outer Limits and in The Comic Strip were heavily influenced by Sal's Meat Market. His first role was a patron in The Ritz (1976). Throughout the late 1970s and early 1980s, Ratzenberger appeared in various minor roles in major feature films, including Firefox; A Bridge Too Far, as Lieutenant James Megellas; Superman, as a missile controller; Superman II, as the NASA control man; Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back as Major Bren Derlin; Motel Hell as a drummer; Outland as a doomed mine worker named Tarlow; and Gandhi, playing an American lieutenant.
Ratzenberger is well known for playing mail carrier Cliff Clavin on the sitcom Cheers. He had read for the part of Norm Peterson, but after the audition, he sensed that they were not going to give him the part. Sensing an opportunity, he asked if they had written a bar know-it-all, which the producers decided was a great idea. Ratzenberger also came up with the idea for Cliff's trademark white socks, which he wore as a tribute to French comedian Jacques Tati. Cliff became known for his outlandish stories of plausible half-truths, uninteresting trivia, and misinformation, and in general for being a pretentious blowhard. Cliff and Norm, the primary customer characters, became iconic bar buddies. Ratzenberger provided the voice for an animated version of Cliff on The Simpsons sixth-season episode "Fear of Flying". Ratzenberger was nominated for an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series in 1985 and again in 1986.
When Paramount Television licensed the look of the Cheers bar to the Host International subsidiary of Host Marriott Services for use in airports in the U.S. and New Zealand, the group also created animatronic barflies. They were called "Hank" and "Bob"; Ratzenberger and George Wendt claimed Hank and Bob resembled them, and in January 1993, sued Host for using their likenesses without permission. The case languished in court for eight years before all sides settled in 2001.
- Hamm the Piggy Bank in the Toy Story series (1995, 1999, 2010, 2019)
- P.T. Flea, the Circus Ring Leader in A Bug's Life (1998)
- The Abominable Snowman in the Monsters, Inc. series (2001, 2013)
- The school of Moonfish in Finding Nemo (2003)
- The Underminer in The Incredibles series (2004, 2018)
- Mack the truck in the Cars series (2006, 2011, 2017)
- Mustafa the waiter in Ratatouille (2007)
- John in WALL-E (2008)
- Tom the construction worker in Up (2009)
- Gordon the guard in Brave (2012)
- Fritz in Inside Out (2015)
- Earl the Velociraptor in The Good Dinosaur (2015)
- Bill the crab in Finding Dory (2016)
- Juan Ortodoncia in Coco (2017)
Ratzenberger's tenure at Pixar was parodied during the end credits of Cars, where his character, Mack, watches car-themed versions of Pixar films (Toy Car Story, Monster Trucks, Inc., and A Bug's Life). Mack notes that all the characters Ratzenberger has played were excellent until he realizes that they are performed by the same actor, at which point he remarks, "They're just using the same actor over and over," and asks "What kind of cut-rate production is this?!"
His favorite of his Pixar characters was P.T. Flea, because "in real life, I always get a kick out of those kinds of characters, people who just go into a rage for [no] explicable reason. He was always on edge. His blood pressure was always way over the top, and everything that he did was done in a panicked state. So it was a lot of fun to play him." Although technically not Pixar films, Ratzenberger also voiced Harland the jet tug in DisneyToon Studios' Planes (2013) and a mustached plane named Brodi in its sequel, Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014).
Reality show appearancesEdit
During season six of Last Comic Standing, Ratzenberger was a talent scout with his former Cheers co-star George Wendt.
On March 2, 2007, he replaced Vincent Pastore (who had quit after one week of training) on the fourth season of the American version of Dancing with the Stars. He was partnered with professional ballroom dancer Edyta Sliwinska, who had been Pastore's partner; the two were the sixth couple to be eliminated from the show.
On December 3, 2009, Ratzenberger appeared on an episode of American Chopper to help promote awareness of the Iraq Star Foundation.
On June 26, 2011, Ratzenberger was asked by NASCAR to give the shouting command for the 2011 Toyota Save-Mart 350 at Sonoma. Ratzenberger accepted and gave the "Gentlemen, start your engines" command.
Additional voice, TV, and film workEdit
- Guest starred as Walter Brewster in an episode of Magnum, P.I. in 1984
- Appeared in the sitcom Sabrina the Teenage Witch as Bob or Santa Claus (1997)
- Hosted the Travel Channel TV series John Ratzenberger's Made in America, about things made in the USA (2003–2008[update])
- Guest-starred in four episodes of the first season of John Ritter's sitcom 8 Simple Rules as Paul Hennessy's overly friendly neighbor Fred Doyle
- Hosts the Wildcard section in the PC version of the board game Trivial Pursuit
- Also appeared on That '70s Show as Glen, a man stuck in an awful marriage with his high-school sweetheart whose negative example gives Eric second thoughts about marrying Donna
- Played Thomas Foy in the TV movie The Pennsylvania Miners' Story
- As Shelly Cole star in The Village Barbershop (2008), written and directed by Chris Ford
- Made an appearance in Bill Nye the Science Guy
- Provided the voice of Rigger in the animated series Captain Planet and the Planeteers
- Made an appearance on British show Live from Studio Five (February 17, 2010).
- Appeared in television commercials for the Pitney Bowes personal post office, ended every commercial saying "Hey, I look good in red!"
- Appeared in commercials for Quality Hotels and Zaxby's restaurant chain (2010)
- Plays Mike the Angel in What If..., a Pure Flix Entertainment/Jenkins Entertainment movie release in 2010, also starring Kevin Sorbo, Kristy Swanson, and Debby Ryan
- Reprised his role of Cliff Clavin in an episode of Frasier and - along with his Cheers partner, George Wendt - an episode of Wings called "The Story of Joe"
- Hosted the documentary Industrial Tsunami, intended to wake Americans up to the shortage of skilled workers threatening the existence of American companies and entire industries
- Appeared in the final episode of Secret Army entitled "The Execution" as a Canadian officer who is bribed by Standartenfuhrer Kessler's mistress Madeleine Duclos to spring Kessler from the POW camp where he is incarcerated
- Starred in "A House Divided," the 28th episode of the first season of Melissa & Joey as Arnie the neighbor
- Voiced the bathhouse's assistant manager, Aniyaku, in the English dub of Spirited Away
- Made a cameo in the DisneyToon Studios animation Planes (2013) playing Harland the pushback vehicle
- Made commercials for Ontario's The Beer Store with his Cheers partner, George Wendt
- Appeared in Drop Dead Diva as Kim Kaswell's estranged father
Ratzenberger developed a packaging-alternatives product made from biodegradable and non-toxic recycled paper as a safe alternative to styrofoam "peanuts" and plastic bubble wrap. This product was manufactured by his company Eco-Pak Industries, which he later sold.
In 2010, Ratzenberger became affiliated with and now represents the Center for America (formerly the Foundation for Fair Civil Justice) to further develop his work and increase awareness about the skilled worker shortage facing the United States and the changes needed to positively impact and increase the number of skilled workers. He joined as a board member in 2010. CFA is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization whose mission is to "educate, motivate, and empower the American people to understand they have the greatest stake in removing obstacles to a fair civil justice system, innovation, entrepreneurism, and job creation." CFA creates multi-media educational programs, publications, and website features that reach millions of Americans through radio, television, and the internet."
In 2016, Ratzenberger launched thegiftbox.com, an e-commerce website that allows customers to subscribe to a variety of monthly boxes.
Ratzenberger has two children, James John born in 1987, and Nina Kathrine born in 1989, both from a 19-year marriage to Georgia Stiny that ended in divorce in 2004.
After dating for nearly four years, Ratzenberger married Julie Blichfeldt (then 46 years old) on November 6, 2012. Both Ratzenberger and Blichfeldt were described as "avid outdoors enthusiasts, philanthropists, and activists".
Ratzenberger, a Republican, said he considered running for the U.S. Senate in Connecticut in 2012.
During the 2008 presidential race, Ratzenberger campaigned for John McCain, appearing with former Cheers co-star Kelsey Grammer at several Republican party events. He also has been outspoken in opposition of the 2010 health care reform bill, referring to it as socialism. He endorsed Mitt Romney in 2012. He appeared on Your World with Neil Cavuto to support Donald Trump's candidacy during the 2016 presidential race, shortly after Trump was declared the presumptive Republican nominee.
Ratzenberger campaigned for Republican Josh Mandel of Ohio for the State Treasurer position during the 2010 election and on January 10, 2011, served as master of ceremonies for Mandel's swearing into office.
In response to the 2012 Aurora shooting, he said "Hollywood has to, at some point, admit that what they produce does affect the minds of people.... If you just want to shock 'em... society will pay the price for that at some point."
|1977||Twilight's Last Gleaming||Sgt. Kopecki|
|A Bridge Too Far||Lt James Megellas|
|1978||Warlords of Atlantis||Fenn|
|1979||Hanover Street||Sergeant John Lucas|
|The Bitch||Hal Leonard|
|1980||The Empire Strikes Back||Major Bren Derlin|
|Superman II||Controller No. 1|
|1982||Battletruck||Rusty||AKA Warlords of the 21st Century|
|Gandhi||American Lieutenant||Voice dubbed over|
|1984||Protocol||Security Guard on TV||Uncredited|
|1985||The Falcon and the Snowman||Detective|
|1987||House II: The Second Story||Bill|
|1995||Toy Story||Hamm The Piggy Bank (voice)|
|1997||That Darn Cat||Dusty|
|Bad Day on the Block||Al Calavito|
|One Night Stand||Phil|
|1998||A Bug's Life||P.T. Flea (voice)|
|1999||Toy Story 2||Hamm The Piggy Bank (voice)|
|2001||Monsters, Inc.||Yeti / The Abominable Snowman (voice)|
|2002||Spirited Away||Assistant Manager (voice)|
|2003||Finding Nemo||School of Moonfish (voice)|
|2004||The Incredibles||Underminer (voice)|
|2006||Something New||Brian's Father||Uncredited|
|Cars||Mack The 18-Wheeler Truck (voice)|
|2007||Ratatouille||Mustafa The Waiter (voice)|
|2008||The Village Barbershop||Art Leroldi|
|2009||Up||Tom The Construction Worker (voice)|
|2010||What If...||Mike The Angel|
|Toy Story 3||Hamm (voice)|
|2011||Hawaiian Vacation||Short film|
|Cars 2||Mack (voice)|
|2012||Brave||Gordon The Guard (voice)|
|Partysaurus Rex||Hamm The Piggy Bank (voice)||Short film|
|2013||Monsters University||Yeti / The Abominable Snowman (voice)|
|Planes||Harland The Pitty (voice)|
|Super Buddies||Marvin "Gramps" Livingstone||Video|
|In the Name of God||Reverend Thomas|
|2014||Planes: Fire & Rescue||Brodie (voice)|
|2015||Inside Out||Fritz (voice)|
|Russell Madness||Mick Vaughn|
|The Good Dinosaur||Earl The Velociraptor (voice)|
|2016||Finding Dory||Bill the Husband Crab (voice)|
|2017||Cars 3||Mack (voice)|
|Coco||Juan Ortodoncia (voice)|
|2018||Incredibles 2||Underminer (voice)||In production|
|2019||Toy Story 4||Hamm (voice)||In production|
|1979||Secret Army||Staff Sergeant Dexter||Episode: "The Execution"|
|1980||ITV Playhouse||Tom Phillips||Episode: "Friends in Space"|
|1981||The Good Soldier||Jimmy||Television film|
|Private Schulz||American Newsreel Commentator (voice)||Uncredited
|Goliath Awaits||Bill Sweeney||Television film|
|Code Red||Inspector Ray Allen||Episode: "All That Glitters"|
|1982||Hill Street Blues||Phony Cop||Episode: "Some Like it Hot-Wired"|
|1982–93||Cheers||Cliff Clavin||268 episodes|
|1983||Wizards and Warriors||Archie||Episode: "The Dungeon of Death"|
|1984||Magnum, P.I.||Walt Brewster||Episode: "The Legacy of Garwood Huddle"|
|1985||St. Elsewhere||Cliff Clavin||Episode: "Cheers"|
|The Love Boat||Marty Elder||Episode: "A Day in Port"|
|1986||Combat Academy||Mr. Barnett||Television film|
|1987||The Tortellis||Cliff Clavin||Episode: "Frankie Comes to Dinner"|
|Timestalkers||General Joe Brodsky||Television film|
|1988||Small World||Morris Zapp||6 episodes|
|Mickey's 60th Birthday||Cliff Clavin||Television film|
|1990||Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color||Cliff Clavin||Episode: "Disneyland's 35th Anniversary Celebration"|
|Camp Cucamonga||Marvin Schector||Television film|
|The Earth Day Special||Cliff Clavin||Television special|
|Wings||Cliff Clavin||Episode: "The Story of Joe"|
|1990–92||Captain Planet and the Planeteers||Rigger (voice)||24 episodes|
|1992||Nurses||Mr. Hafner||Episode: "Illicit Transfers"|
|1993||Moon Over Miami||Norman Rust||Episode: "Farewell, My Lovelies"|
|1994, 2014||The Simpsons||Cliff Clavin / CGI Homer Simpson (voice)||2 episodes: "Fear of Flying", "Treehouse of Horror XXV"|
|1995||Murphy Brown||Felix||Episode: "A Rat's Tale"|
|Sister, Sister||Gus Kiamilikimaka||2 episodes|
|1996||Caroline in the City||Mr. Berman||Episode: "Caroline and Richard's Mom"|
|1997||Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child||Hinky (voice)||Episode: "The Pied Piper"|
|Sabrina, the Teenage Witch||Bob/Santa Claus||Episode: "Sabrina Claus"|
|The Detectives||Edsel||Episode: "Go West Old Man"|
|1998||Remember WENN||Mr. Abernathy||Episode: "And If I Die Before I Sleep"|
|2000||Touched by an Angel||Merl||Episode: "Monica's Bad Day"|
|2001||That '70s Show||Glen||Episode: "Holy Craps"|
|The Drew Carey Show||Himself/Various||Episode: "Drew Live III"|
|2002||Frasier||Cliff Clavin||Episode: "Cheerful Goodbyes"|
|The Pennsylvania Miners' Story||Thomas "Tucker" Foy||Television film|
|2003||8 Simple Rules||Fred Doyle||4 episodes|
|2004–08||Made in America||Himself (host)||97 episodes|
|2011||Melissa & Joey||Arnie||Episode: "A House Divided"|
|2012||Matchmaker Santa||George||Television film|
|2012–14||Drop Dead Diva||Larry Kaswell||3 episodes|
|2013||Bones||Bill Schumacher||Episode: "The Cheat in the Retreat"|
|CSI: Crime Scene Investigation||Stu Kirchoff||Episode: "Torch Song"|
|2013–14||Legit||Walter Nugent||10 episodes|
|Franklin & Bash||Judge Elliot Reid||3 episodes|
|2014||How Murray Saved Christmas||Officer Bender (voice)||Television special|
|2015||The McCarthys||Charlie Ellis||Episode: "Hall of Fame"|
|Hell's Kitchen||Himself||Episode: "11 Chefs Compete"|
|2017||Lego Star Wars: The Freemaker Adventures||Major Bren Derlin||Episode: The Storms of Taul|
|1996||Toy Story: Activity Center||Hamm The Piggy Bank|
|Animated Storybook: Toy Story|
|1999||Toy Story 2: Activity Center|
|Toy Story 2: Buzz Lightyear to the Rescue|
|2005||The Incredibles: Rise of the Underminer||Underminer|
|2010||Toy Story 3: The Video Game||Hamm|
|2012||Kinect Rush: A Disney-Pixar Adventure|
|2017||Cars 3: Driven to Win||Mack|
- About John from Ratzenberger's official website
- Alcorn, Stacey (2016-04-02). "John Ratzenberger - American Made". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
- John Ratzenberger Biography (1947–) from filmreference.com
- "Last Night's Dancing with the Stars: What You Didn't See". PEOPLE.com.
- "The Ratzenberger Attic".
- The Mark Levin Show (wma) (Radio). May 8, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Spelling, Ian (May 21, 2009). "John Ratzenberger, Pixar's good luck charm, on Up, Bugs and Toys 3". Sci Fi Wire. Retrieved May 22, 2009.
- "Sal's Meat Market – Unfinished Histories". Unfinishedhistories.com. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- Wilmut, Roger (1989). Didn't You Kill My Mother in Law?- the story of alternative comedy in Britain from the Comedy Store to Saturday Night Live. UK: Methuen. p. 58. ISBN 0-413-17390-9.
- Toasting Cheers, Dennis A. Bjorklund, p.7
- The Joe Cook Program (Radio). July 26, 2012. http://joecookprogram.wordpress.com/2012/07/26/john-ratzenberger-interview/ Retrieved July 29, 2012.
- "Nominees/Winners". Television Academy. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
- "Nominees/Winners". Television Academy. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
- "Norm and Cliff Fight Cheers Robots". go.com.
- Bar Association Plus, Norm and Cliff settle Cheers robot lawsuit from the Entertainment Weekly website
- "Pixar's secret weapon: John Ratzenberger, Slate.com slideshow
- "Disney's "Planes" Hi-res Stills, Fun Facts and Activity Sheets". Stitch Kingdom. May 9, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- Hill, Jim (August 6, 2013). "World premiere of Disney "Planes" turns Hollywood Boulevard into a celebrity-filled landing strip". Jim Hill Media. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- "Planes Fire & Rescue (2014)". British Film Institute. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- "'Dancing' adds Cliff from 'Cheers'". CNN. Associated Press. February 20, 2007. Archived from the original on March 4, 2007. Retrieved March 2, 2007.
- "育毛や発毛に効果があるシャンプーの種類についてヰミゼゥ". thewhatifmovie.com.
- "Cheerful Goodbyes". Frasier. Season 9. Episode 21. April 30, 2002. OCLC 124055292. NBC.
- About John: Innovator from Ratzenberger's official website
- Official website of the Nuts, Bolts & Thingamajigs Foundation
- "Early recruitment: Foundation draws youth to careers in manufacturing". Industrial Engineer. May 2009. p. 12.
- "John Ratzenberger – Fiddlers Bay Productions". ratzenberger.com.
- "foundationforfairciviljustice.org". Archived from the original on November 19, 2010.
- TheGiftBox.com. "Actor John Ratzenberger Launches TheGiftBox.com". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2017-01-18.
- "John Ratzenberger weds Julie Blichfeldt". UPI. November 30, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
- Rachel E. Stassen-Berger (November 5, 2009). "Pawlenty draws wallets fat ... and famous". Minneapolis Star Tribune.
- John Ratzenberger and Kelsey Grammer greeted McCain supporters, called voters on behalf of the Republican ticket, participated in voter-registration activities at the local campaign headquarters, and held a McCain victory rally in Henderson, Nevada. "Political emissaries descend on valley: Richardson, Grammer rally voters at events". Las Vegas Review-Journal. October 11, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- "Stars stump in Las Vegas Valley". NBC-affiliated KVBC website. October 11, 2008. Retrieved October 16, 2008.
- "Tea Party activists hit the Hill, arrested outside Pelosi's office". CNN Political Ticker. November 5, 2009. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
- Obama, Romney turn to star power for help in NV – San Jose Mercury News
- "'The Only Candidate for Me': Pixar Icon Throws Support Behind Donald Trump". Fox News Insider. May 11, 2016. Retrieved November 18, 2016.