Jining (simplified Chinese: 济宁; traditional Chinese: 濟寧 / 濟寗; pinyin: Jǐníng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province. It borders Heze to the southwest, Zaozhuang to the southeast, Tai'an to the northeast, and the provinces of Henan and Jiangsu to the northwest and south respectively. Jining, which is located directly to the north of Lake Nanyang (Chinese: 南阳湖; pinyin: Nányáng Hú), is today the northernmost city reachable by navigation on the Grand Canal of China making it an important inland port.
Jining Railway Station
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Shizhong District|
|• Mayor||Fu Mingxian (傅明先)|
|• Prefecture-level city||11,186.97 km2 (4,319.31 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,534.2 km2 (592.4 sq mi)|
|• Metro||884 km2 (341 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||8,081,905|
|• Density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-SD-08|
|License Plate Prefix||鲁H|
Its population was 8,081,905 at the 2010 census, of whom 1,241,012 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Rencheng urban district on 884 km2 (341 sq mi), Yanzhou district not being totally conurbated yet.
The name Jining was first given to the region in the year 1271 during the Song dynasty, although the exact area and type of administrative district it refers to have varied over the centuries. Jining has several distinctive associations in Chinese history and culture, as in antiquity it was the birthplace and home of Confucius, along with many of his more famous disciples, including Mencius. Temples to a number of these philosophers still exist in various parts of the prefecture. Liangshan, a county of Jining, is also famous as the principal setting of the Chinese literary classic, Water Margin.
- Rencheng District (任城区)
- Yanzhou District (兖州区)
- Qufu City (曲阜市)
- Zoucheng City (邹城市)
- Weishan County (微山县)
- Yutai County (鱼台县) - originally in Huxi prefecture
- Jinxiang County (金乡县) - originally in Huxi
- Jiaxiang County (嘉祥县) - originally in Huxi
- Wenshang County (汶上县)
- Sishui County (泗水县)
- Liangshan County (梁山县)
- Confucius (551 – 479 BC), central Chinese thinker, founder of Confucianism (main temple and tomb in Qufu)
- Zengzi (505 BC - 436 BC), Chinese philosopher and author, principal lineage protector and promoter of Confucianism
- Mencius (372 – 289 BC), Chinese thinker, a principal interpreter of Confucianism (main temple in Zoucheng)
- Yan Hui (521 BC - 490 BC), one of the famous disciples of Confucius (temple in Qufu)
- Lu Ban (507–440 BC), Chinese engineer, philosopher, inventor, military thinker
- Zuo Qiuming (5th century BC), Chinese court writer of the State of Lu, and contemporary of Confucius during the Spring and Autumn period.
- Pan Xiaoting (1982–), the first professional pool player from China to play full-time on the WPBA Tour.
- Kong Shangren (1648–1718), a Chinese Qing Dynasty dramatist and poet best known for his chuanqi play The Peach-Blossom Fan
- Qiao Yu (1927–), a famous Chinese modern songwriter and play writer.
- Ashikaga, Tochigi, Japan (1984)
- Lawton, Oklahoma, United States (1995)
- Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, France (1996)
- Komatsu, Ishikawa, Japan (2008)
- Taganrog, Rostov Oblast, Russia (2009)
- Osasco, São Paulo, Brazil (2010)
- Fort Smith, Arkansas, United States (2012)
- Angra do Heroísmo, Açores, Portugal (2015)
- Springfield, Illinois, United States (2019)
- Jining Statistical Almanac, 2011, in Jining Statistical Information Net
- "Forth Smith becomes sister city with Jining, China". Retrieved 10 March 2015.