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Osasco (Portuguese pronunciation: [oˈzasku]) is a municipality in São Paulo State, Brazil, located in the Greater São Paulo[5] and ranking 5th in population among São Paulo municipalities. According to the IBGE 2015, Osasco currently has the 9th highest Gross Domestic Product in Brazil, and the 2nd largest in the State of São Paulo. The population is 696,850 (2018 est.) in an area of 64.95 km2.[1] It is among the world's more dense cities, similar in density to Tokyo and New York City. It's considered the major urban centre of the Western portion of the Greater São Paulo. It used to be a district of São Paulo City until February 19, 1962, when Osasco became a municipality of its own.[6] The city motto is "Urbs labor", Latin phrase that means "City work".

Osasco
Municipality
Município de Osasco
Downtown
Downtown
Flag of Osasco
Flag
Official seal of Osasco
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Work city
Motto(s): 
Urbs labor
Location of Osasco in the state of São Paulo
Location of Osasco in the state of São Paulo
Osasco is located in Brazil
Osasco
Osasco
Location of Osasco in Brazil
Coordinates: 23°31′58″S 46°47′31″W / 23.53278°S 46.79194°W / -23.53278; -46.79194Coordinates: 23°31′58″S 46°47′31″W / 23.53278°S 46.79194°W / -23.53278; -46.79194
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
State
Bandeira do estado de São Paulo.svg
São Paulo
Metropolitan RegionMetropolitan Region of São Paulo
FoundedFebruary 19, 1962
Government
 • MayorRogério Lins (PODEMOS)
Area
 • Municipality64.935 km2 (25.072 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,645 km2 (1,407 sq mi)
Elevation
555-780 m (740–1,009 ft)
Population
 (2018 est.[1])
 • Municipality696,850
 • Density11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (Brasilia Official Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (Brazilian Daylight Saving Time)
Postal Code
16000-000
Area code(s)+55 11
HDI (2010)0.776 [2]high
GDP (2014)US$35 Billions (PPP)[3]
Per capitaUS$52,217 [4] (PPP)
Website[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Pre-Columbian eraEdit

The region that is now Osasco was inhabited by indigenous Tupi-Guaraní people.

Colonial BrazilEdit

Bandeirantes lived in the region that is now Osasco, then called "Vila de Quitaúna". The famous "bandeirante" António Raposo Tavares lived there.

Early modern periodEdit

Osasco was founded, in the 19th century, by the Italian immigrant Antônio Giuseppe Agù [pt] (currently the name of one of the main streets in Osasco). He came from the commune Osasco in the province of Turin.To Help of the Baron Dimitri Sensaud de Lavaud. Osasco is said to be the place of the first heavier-than-air flight in Latin America. Immigrants from Italy, Spain, Portugal, Germany, Ireland, Armenia (Trade), Lebanon (Trade), Israel (Trade) and Japan (Rural) came to Osasco in the period.

IndependenceEdit

Osasco became autonomous from the city of São Paulo on February 19, 1962.[6]

Some widely known events after the autonomyEdit

 
Lavaud in the first flight of Latin America, in Osasco

EconomyEdit

Osasco was an industrial city, but there was industrial decentralization to other regions and today the city is moving toward the shopping and services. Osasco is headquarters of Bradesco the third largest bank in Brazil. Currently there are large companies with a presence as Natura, Coca-Cola, Carrefour, Wal-Mart, Colgate-Palmolive and many others. Osasco is the ninth richest city in the country. GDP of Osasco: R$ 58,566,199,000[8]

Main CompaniesEdit

Market cityEdit

Shopping MallsEdit

BanksEdit

SportEdit

Sports clubsEdit

Sports competitionsEdit

  • Racing of Saint Antônio
  • University games
  • Racing and walk – Marketing Sports
  • Osasco went prime city make Circuito Running for Nature, racing and walk (SportsFuse).

GeographyEdit

Is an average elevation of 792 meters and 65 km2 of area. [9] Its boundaries are São Paulo to the north, east and south, Cotia to the southwest, Carapicuíba and Barueri to the west and Santana de Parnaíba to the northwest.

ClimateEdit

As in almost all the metropolitan area of São Paulo, the climate is subtropical, specifically humid subtropical. The average annual temperature is around 18 °C, being the month of July the coldest (average 12 °C) and warmest February (average 30 °C). The annual rainfall is around 1400 mm.[10]

Climate data for Osasco (1962–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
34.6
(94.3)
33.6
(92.5)
31.3
(88.3)
29.8
(85.6)
28.9
(84.0)
29.3
(84.7)
33
(91)
37.4
(99.3)
34.4
(93.9)
35.2
(95.4)
35.7
(96.3)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
28
(82)
27.3
(81.1)
25.1
(77.2)
23
(73)
21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
23.3
(73.9)
23.9
(75.0)
24.7
(76.5)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
24.5
(76.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
22.4
(72.3)
21.7
(71.1)
19.8
(67.6)
17.6
(63.7)
16.4
(61.5)
15.8
(60.4)
17.1
(62.8)
17.8
(64.0)
19
(66)
20.3
(68.5)
21.2
(70.2)
18.5
(65.3)
Average low °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
18.8
(65.8)
18.2
(64.8)
16.3
(61.3)
13.9
(57.0)
12.3
(54.1)
11.7
(53.1)
12.8
(55.0)
13.9
(57.0)
15.3
(59.5)
16.5
(61.7)
17.8
(64.0)
14.5
(58.1)
Record low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.2
(52.2)
10.9
(51.6)
6
(43)
5.2
(41.4)
0.9
(33.6)
0.2
(32.4)
−2.2
(28.0)
2.1
(35.8)
4.2
(39.6)
6.9
(44.4)
7.3
(45.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 24
(9.4)
25
(9.8)
16
(6.3)
8
(3.1)
7
(2.8)
6
(2.4)
4
(1.6)
3
(1.2)
7
(2.8)
13
(5.1)
14
(5.5)
19
(7.5)
146
(57)
Source: INMET – Clima[11]

GeopoliticsEdit

Osasco ranks 5th among São Paulo municipalities by population, with 666,740 residents as of 2010. The city also plays an important role in the state's industry, education and media, hosting prominent schools, universities and TV stations.

DemographyEdit

(Source: IPEA data)

Changing demographics of the city of Osasco

 

Source: IBAM

EthnicityEdit

Ethnic groups Percent
White 66.3%
Black 4.5%
Pardo (Brown) 27.5%
Asian 0.8%
Amerindian 0.2%

Source: IBGE

ReligionEdit

Religion Percentage Number
Catholic 64.75% 422.553
Protestant 20.54% 134.042
No religion 9.33% 60.886
Kardecist 0.90% 5.873
Buddhist 0.23% 1.500
Jewish 0.04% 261

Source: IBGE 2000

HidrographyEdit

Main NeighbourhoodsEdit

TransportationEdit

 
Osasco train

Osasco due to its proximity to São Paulo, has a transit similar to the state capital, that is one of the more you carry the world. In the city can be found means of road and rail.

Main StreetsEdit

 
Viaduto Reinaldo de Oliveira
 
Arco de Osasco, the city's landmark, in Christmas.
  • Avenida dos Autonomistas
  • Viaduto Reinaldo de Oliveira
  • Avenida Maria Campos
  • Avenida Bussocaba/Avenida Prefeito Hirant Sanazar
  • Viaduto Presidente Tancredo Neves
  • Avenida Presidente Médici
  • Avenida Getúlio Vargas
  • Avenida Visconde de Nova Granada/Avenida Sport Club Corinthians Paulista
  • Avenida Santo Antônio
  • Avenida Antônio Carlos Costa
  • Rua da Estação
  • Avenida Pedro Pinho
  • Avenida João de Andrade
  • Avenida Sarah Veloso
  • Complexo Viário Fuad Auada
  • Avenida Hilário Pereira de Souza
  • Avenida Franz Voegelli
  • Avenida Benedito Alves Turíbio
  • Avenida Giuseppe Sacco
  • Avenida Padre Vicente Mellilo/Avenida Prestes Maia
  • Avenida Novo Osasco

TrainEdit

It is linked by CPTM rapid transit to São Paulo by the 8 and 9 [12] train lines.

RoadsEdit

Roads of Osasco:

Airports of São PauloEdit

 
Congonhas Airport
 
Campo de Marte Airport
 
Cumbica Airport

São Paulo has two main airports:

Companies of busEdit

  • Viação Osasco
  • Auto Viação Urubupungá

Bus stationEdit

  • Terminus Amador Aguiar (Vila Yara)
  • Terminus Largo de Osasco
  • Bus station of Osasco

MediaEdit

NewspaperEdit

NewswebEdit

  • Portal PlanetaOsasco.com;[13]
  • Webdiário;

RadioEdit

  • Nova Difusora 1540 AM e;
  • Rádio Iguatemi AM.
  • Radio Terra FM.
  • Osascoradioweb

ChannelEdit

GovernmentEdit

ExecutiveEdit

Mayors of Osasco

EducationalEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

CultureEdit

LibrariesEdit

TheatresEdit

Spaces of cultureEdit

  • Centro de Eventos Pedro Bortolosso

MuseumsEdit

Schools of education in cultureEdit

  • Escola de Artes César Antonio Salvi

House of events the cultureEdit

  • Casa de Angola
  • Casa do Violeiro do Brasil

Leisure and natural environmentEdit

  • Parque Ecológico Nelson Vilha Dias
  • Parque Municipal Dionísio Alvares Mateos
  • Parque Municipal Chico Mendes
  • Parque Clóvis Assaf
  • Park of Lazer Antônio Temporim
  • Parque Ecológico Jardim Piratininga

HealthEdit

Hospitals:

  • AACD Associação de Assistência à Criança Deficiente
  • Hospital Cruzeiro do Sul
  • Hospital e Maternidade Amador Aguiar
  • Hospital e Maternidade João Paulo II
  • Hospital Montreal S/A
  • Hospital Municipal Antônio Gíglio
  • Hospital Dr. Vivaldo Martins Simões ( Regional )
  • Hospital e Maternidade Sino Brasileiro

Notable OsasquensesEdit

 
Cristiane Rozeira de Souza Silva, football player
  • Henos Amorina, trade unionist
  • Adriana Nascimento, actress
  • André Lima Pedro, football player
  • Antonio Agù, founder
  • Bruno Caboclo, basketball player
  • Cristiane Rozeira de Souza Silva, football player
  • Cristiano Lima da Silva, football player
  • Ederson Moraes, football player
  • Eduardo Marques de Jesus Passos, football player
  • Eduardo Rodrigues, TV Encyclopedia/Gentleman/Squared Gol preparator
  • Fábio de Toledo Pereira, notable computer scientist
  • Guitom Santa Cruz, musician
  • Hirant Sanazar, politician
  • Igor Nascimento Soares, football player
  • Jair da Costa, football player
  • José Bonifácio de Oliveira Sobrinho, businessman
  • Júlio Santos, football player
  • Júlio Terceiro, football player
  • Kléber Giacomance de Souza Freitas, football player
  • Manoel Leão, journalist
  • Paulinho Kobayashi, football player
  • Silas Bortolosso, politician
  • Silvio Pereira, sociologist
  • Sônia Lima, actress
  • Vágner Benazzi, football player
  • Vítor Maldonado Lionize, legendary prosecutor
  • Zezeh Barbosa, actress
  • Natalia Nascimento, youth ambassador

Sister citiesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • SANAZAR, Hirant. Osasco – Sua história, sua gente: Osasco, ed. do author, 2003.
  • FAVARÃO, Mazé (apres.). Osasco conta sua história através dos bairros: Osasco, Secretaria de Educação, 2007.
  • METROVICHE, Eduardo (org.). Osasco – Um século de fotografia: Osasco, Maxprint Editora, 2007.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2019. 2018 Estimates of Population
  2. ^ http://www.atlasbrasil.org.br/2013/pt/ranking
  3. ^ http://correiopaulista.com/2013/osasco-avanca-e-tem-o-8a-maior-pib-do-pais/
  4. ^ http://www.seade.gov.br/produtos/midia/2017/07/PIB_2002_2014_FINAL_reduzido.pdf
  5. ^ Divisão Territorial do Brasil[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ a b IBGE, history
  7. ^ "::: Câmara Municipal de Osasco ::: Estado de São Paulo". www.camaraosasco.sp.gov.br. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2016-11-20.
  8. ^ "IBGE". ibge.gov.br.
  9. ^ "IBGE". ibge.gov.br.
  10. ^ Osasco – SP. tempoagora.uol.com.br
  11. ^ "INMET – Climatologia – Gráficos Climatológicos". Archived from the original on 2010-02-09.
  12. ^ "CPTM lines". CPTM (Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos). Archived from the original on 2013-07-03. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  13. ^ "Portal Planeta Osasco".
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2010-12-27.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "FITO BR - Em Construção".
  16. ^ "Centro Universitário FIEO".
  17. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 5 February 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External linksEdit