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The Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ),[a] also in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BJ-TJ-HB), formerly Capital Economic Zone, is the national capital region of the People's Republic of China. It is the biggest urbanized megalopolis region in Northern China. It includes an economic region surrounding the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, along the coast of the Bohai Sea.[1] This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east. In 2016 Jingjinji had total population of 112 million people[2] and was as populated as Guangdong.

Jingjinji (JJJ)

京津冀城市群
Tianjin and Beijing ISS026-E-010155 lrg.jpg
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
MunicipalitiesBeijing
Tianjin
Major Prefectural CitiesBaoding
Shijiazhuang
Tangshan
Cangzhou
Langfang
Zhangjiakou
Chengde
Qinhuangdao
Government
 • Mayor of BeijingChen Jining
 • Mayor of TianjinZhang Guoqing
 • Governor of HebeiXu Qin
Area
 • Total217,156 km2 (83,844 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total112 million
Time zoneUTC+8 (CST)

Contents

EconomyEdit

In 2018, Jingjinji produced around 10% (US$1.3 trillion or US$2.4 trillion in PPP) of China's GDP or about the same size as Mexico.[3] Jingjinji has traditionally been involved in heavy industries and manufacturing. Tianjin's strengths have always been in aviation, logistics and shipping. Beijing complements this economic activity with strong petrochemical, education and R&D industries. The area is becoming a significant growth cluster for automobile, electronics, petrochemical sectors, automotive industry, software and aircraft, also attracting foreign investments in manufacturing and health services.[4][5]

The Chinese central government has made it a priority to integrate all the cities in the Bohai Bay rim and foster economic development. This includes building an advanced communications network, better highways, increased education and scientific resources as well as tapping natural resources off the Bohai rim.[6]

In recent decades, petroleum and natural gas deposits have been discovered in the Jingjinji region's coast of the Bohai sea.

Metropolitan areasEdit

Metropolitan area Chinese Cities Urban population
Beijing metropolitan area 北京城市圈
Běijīng Chéngshì Quān
Beijing, Huairou, Miyun, Pinggu, Yanqing 16,858,692
Tianjin metropolitan area 天津城市圈
Tiānjīn Chéngshì Quān
Tianjin, Binhai, Baodi, Jinghai, Jizhou, Ninghe 10,277,893
Shijiazhuang metropolitan area 石家庄城市圈
Shíjiāzhuāng Chéngshì Quān
Shijiazhuang, Jinzhou, Xinji, Xinle 3,823,504
Baoding-Xiong'an metropolitan area 保定雄安城市圈
Bǎodìng-Xióng'ān Chéngshì Quān
Baoding, Xiong'an, Anguo,
Dingzhou, Gaobeidian, Zhuozhou
3,056,000
Tangshan metropolitan area 唐山城市圈
Tángshān Chéngshì Quān
Tangshan 2,237,317

Major citiesEdit

Jingjinji includes the Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei provinces. Major cities in these municipalities and provinces include:

City Pinyin Population (2010) Image Information City Map
Beijing
北京
Běijīng 19,612,368   Beijing is a metropolis in northern China and the capital of the People's Republic of China. Beijing is governed as a municipality under direct administration of the central government. Beijing is China's second largest city after Shanghai, with more than 17 million people in Beijing's jurisdiction.  
Tianjin
天津
Tiānjīn 12,938,224   The third largest city of the People's Republic of China in terms of urban population. Administratively it is one of the four municipalities that have provincial-level status, reporting directly to the central government. Its urban land area is the third largest in China, ranked only after Beijing and Shanghai.  
Baoding
保定
Bǎodìng 10,029,197   Baoding is the third largest city in Hebei Province, ranked after Shijiazhuang and Tangshan. The city is located in the center of Beijing-Tianjin-Shijiazhuang Economic Triangle, with good transportation connections and commute distance to its nearby major cities. The newly-established Xiong'an New Area, which aims to be a high-tech, environmentally sustainable modern metropolis and serves as a new hub for some administration departments. Logistics bases in northern China are within the city limits of Baoding.[7]  
Shijiazhuang
石家庄
Shíjiāzhuāng 9,547,869   Shijiazhuang is the capital of Hebei, as well as the third largest city in Jingjinji, after Beijing and Tianjin.  
Tangshan
唐山
Tángshān 7,577,284   Tangshan, a coastal city along the Bohai Bay and neighboring Tianjin, is the second largest city in Hebei, after Shijiazhuang. It is also known for the 1976 Tangshan earthquake.  
Cangzhou
沧州
Cāngzhōu 7,134,053   A city in south-east Hebei on the coast of the Bohai Sea coast. It borders Tianjin to the north.  
Langfang
廊坊
Lángfāng 4,358,839   Langfang is located between Beijing and Tianjin and contains the Sanhe exclave, which is separate from the rest of Hebei.  
Zhangjiakou
张家口
Zhāngjiākǒu 4,345,491   A city in north-west Hebei. It borders Beijing to the southeast.  
Chengde
承德
Chéngdé 3,473,197   A city in north-east Hebei, best known for the Chengde Mountain Resort.  

TransportationEdit

AirEdit

Major airportsEdit

Regional airportsEdit

RoadEdit

There are many major highways servicing the routes within Jingjinji area. This includes the following expressways:

The following six China National Highways pass through Tianjin:

High-speed railEdit

Intercity high-speed rail linesEdit

Other high-speed rail linesEdit

High-speed rail lines planned or under constructionEdit

Suburban railwayEdit

Metro systemsEdit

Light railEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Jīng (), Jīn (), and () are the common abbreviations for Beijing, Tianjin, and Hebei, respectively

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Johnson, Ian (July 19, 2015). "In China, a Supercity Rises Around Beijing". New York Times.
  2. ^ "National Data". data.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  3. ^ "National Data". data.stats.gov.cn. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  4. ^ Regional Definition: Bohai Sea Archived 2006-09-30 at the Library of Congress Web Archives Unep.Org Retrieved 2010-01-09
  5. ^ Tianjin at a Glance Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine uschina.org Retrieved 2010-01-09
  6. ^ Gain a strategic advantage in the Bohai Bay region sdic.com.cn 2007-06-11 Retrieved 2010-01-16
  7. ^ "Xiong'an, China's Newest Special Economic Zone - CKGSB Knowledge". knowledge.ckgsb.edu.cn. Retrieved 2018-07-19.

Coordinates: 38°42′N 118°6′E / 38.700°N 118.100°E / 38.700; 118.100