Jeongjong, 10th monarch of Goryeo

Jeongjong of Goryeo (31 August 1018 – 24 June 1046) (r. 1034–1046) was the 10th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was the second son of Hyeonjong, and the younger brother of Deokjong. At the age of four in 1022, he was made Naesaryeong, a position of high rank, and designated the Prince of Pyongyang.

Jeongjong of Goryeo
고려 정종
高麗 靖宗
Wang Hyeong (왕형)
King of Goryeo
Reign17 September 1034 – 24 June 1046
Coronation17 September 1034
PredecessorDeokjong of Goryeo
SuccessorMunjong of Goryeo
Born31 August 1018
Yeongyeong-won, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died24 June 1046 (aged 27)
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Jureung tomb
SpouseQueen Yongsin
Queen Yongui
Queen Yongmok
Issue
  1. Wang Hyeong
  2. Prince Aesang (Wang Bang)
  3. Prince Nakrang (Wang Gyeong)
  4. Prince Gaeseong (Wang Gae)
  5. Princess Doae
Posthumous name
King Honghyo Anui Gangheon Yeongnyeol Mungyeong Yonghye the Great
홍효안의강헌영렬문경용혜대왕
(弘孝安毅康獻英烈文敬容惠大王)
Temple name
Jeongjong (정종, 靖宗)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherHyeonjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Wonseong
Jeongjong, 10th monarch of Goryeo
Hangul
정종
Hanja
靖宗
Revised RomanizationJeongjong
McCune–ReischauerChŏngjong
Birth name
Hangul
왕형
Hanja
王亨
Revised RomanizationWang Hyeong
McCune–ReischauerWang Hyŏng
Courtesy name
Hangul
신조
Hanja
申照
Revised RomanizationSinjo
McCune–ReischauerSinjo

Jeongjong was greatly concerned with national defense, and began constructing fortresses along the northern border in the first year of his reign. In 1037, the country suffered an invasion from the northern Khitan tribes. In 1044, the Cheolli Jangseong was completed, an enormous wall across northern Korea. Jeongjong also concerned himself with the material support of the army, distributing state land to indigent soldiers in 1036.

Just before his death in 1046, Jeongjong established primogeniture as national law.

FamilyEdit

  1. Queen Yongsin of the Danju Han clan (? – 24 July 1036) (용신왕후 한씨)
    1. Wang Hyeong (왕형)
  2. Queen Yongui of the Danju Han clan (용의왕후 한씨)
    1. Wang Bang, Prince Aesang (왕방 애상군)
    2. Wang Gyeong, Prince Nakrang (왕경 낙랑후)
    3. Wang Gye, Prince Gaeseong (?–1062) (왕개 개성후)
  3. Queen Yongmok of the Buyeo Yi clan (용목왕후 이씨)
    1. Princess Doae (?–1157) (도애공주)
  4. Royal Consort Yongjeol Deok-Bi of the Gyeongju Kim clan (? – March 1102) (용절덕비 김씨)
  5. Princess Yeonchang of the No clan (? – 16 March 1048) (연창궁주 노씨)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 정종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Jeongjong, 10th monarch of Goryeo
Born: 31 August 1018 Died: 24 June 1046
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Deokjong
King of Goryeo
1034–1046
Succeeded by
Munjong