Queen Wonseong

Queen Wonseong of the Ansan Kim clan (Korean원성왕후 김씨; Hanja元成王后 金氏; died 15 August 1028[2]) or formally called as Grand Queen Mother Wonseong (Korean원성왕태후; Hanja元成王太后) was a Korean Queen Consort and the third wife of Hyeonjong of Goryeo.[1] She was the mother of his successors, Deokjong of Goryeo and Jeongjong of Goryeo.

Queen Wonseong
원성왕후
Grand Queen Mother Wonseong
(원성왕태후, 元成王太后)
Queen Consort of Goryeo
Tenure1011 – 15 August 1028
Coronation1011
PredecessorQueen Wonhwa
SuccessorQueen Gyeongseong
Grand Queen Mother of Goryeo
(posthumously)
PredecessorGrand Queen Mother Hyosuk
SuccessorGrand Queen Mother Wonhye
Died15 August 1028[1]
Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
SpouseHyeonjong of Goryeo
Issue
  1. Deokjong of Goryeo
  2. Jeongjong of Goryeo
  3. Queen Inpyeong
  4. Princess Gyeongsuk
Regnal name
  • Lady Yeongyeong (연경원주, 延慶院主)
  • Princess Yeongyeong (연경궁주, 延慶宮主)
  • Queen Mother Wonseong (원성태후, 元成太后)
  • Grand Queen Mother Wonseong (원성왕태후, 元成王太后)
Posthumous name
Queen Mother Wonseong Yongui Gonghye Yeongmok Yangdeok Sinjeol Sunseong Jaseong Gwangseon
원성용의공혜영목양덕신절순성자성광선왕태후
元成容懿恭惠英穆良德信節順聖慈聖廣宣王太后
HouseAnsan Kim (by birth)
House of Wang (by marriage)
FatherKim Eun-bu
MotherLady Ansan of the Incheon Lee clan
ReligionBuddhism

She was the daughter of the influential royal court favorite and official Kim Eun-bu.[3] She and her two younger sisters whom all married the Goryeo King. Her husband later arranged for their children to marry each other.

FamilyEdit

  • Grandfather
    • Kim Geung-pil (김긍필, 金兢弼)
  • Father
    • Kim Eun-bu (김은부, 金殷傅) (? – 11 June 1017)
  • Mother
    • Grand Princess Ansan of the Incheon Lee clan (안산군대부인 인천 이씨)[4]
      • Grandfather - Lee Heo-gyeom (이허겸, 李許謙)[5]
      • Grandmother - Grand Princess Ansan of the Gyeongju Kim clan (안산군대부인 경주 김씨)
      • Uncle - Lee Han (이한, 李翰)
        • Aunt - Grand Princess Nakrang of the Choi clan (낙랑군대부인 최씨)
          • Cousin: Lee Ja-yeon (이자연, 李子淵) (1003 – 1061)[6]
            • Cousin-in-law: Grand Princess Gyerim of the Gyeongju Kim clan (계림국대부인 경주 김씨, 鷄林國大夫人 慶州 金氏)
              • First cousin: Lee Jeong (이정,?李頲) (1025 - 1077)
              • First cousin: Lee Jeok (이적, 李頔)
              • First cousin: Lee Seok (이석, 李碩)
              • First cousin: Lee Ui (이의, 李顗)
              • First cousin: Queen Inye of the Incheon Lee clan (인예태후) (1031 - 5 October 1092)[7]
              • Unnamed first cousin (1038 - 1096)
              • First cousin: Lee Ho (이호, 李顥)
              • First cousin: Lee Jeon (이전, 李顓); died prematurely
              • First cousin: Lee Ahn (이안, 李顔)
              • First cousin: Royal Consort Ingyeong of the Incheon Lee clan (인경현비 이씨)[7]
              • First cousin: Royal Consort Injeol of the Incheon Lee clan (인절현비 이씨) (? - 25 October 1082)[7]
          • Cousin: Lee Ja-sang (이자상, 李子祥)[8]
            • First cousin: Lee Ye (이예, 李預)[9]
            • First cousin: Lee Oh (이오, 李䫨) (1042 - 1110)
      • Uncle - Lee Nul (이눌, 李訥)
      • Uncle - Lee Jin (이진, 李玲)

Siblings

  • Older brother - Kim Chung-chan (김충찬, 金忠贊) (? – July 1036)
  • Older brother - Kim Nan-won (김난원, 金爛圓) (1055 - 1101)
  • Younger sister - Queen Wonhye of the Ansan Kim clan (원혜태후 김씨) (?–1022)
  • Younger sister - Queen Wonpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (원평왕후 김씨) (?–1028)
    • Brother-in-law - King Hyeonjong of Goryeo (고려 현종) (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031)
      • Niece - Princess Hyogyeong (효경공주)
  • Husband

Issue

  • Son - King Deokjong of Goryeo (9 June 1016 – 31 October 1034) (고려 덕종)
  • Son - King Jeongjong of Goryeo (31 August 1018 – 24 June 1046) (고려 정종)
    • Daughter-in-law - Queen Yongshin of the Danju Han clan (용신왕후 한씨) (? - 1036)[12]
      • Grandson - Prince Wang Hyeong (왕형, 王詗)
    • Daughter-in-law - Queen Yongui of the Danju Han clan (용의왕후 한씨)[13]
      • Grandson - Wang Bang, Prince Aesang (애상군 왕방, 哀殤君 王昉)
      • Grandson - Wang Gyeong, Prince Nakrang (낙랑후 왕경, 樂浪侯 王璥)
      • Grandson - Wang Gae, Prince Gaeseong (개성후 왕개, 開城侯 王暟) (?–1062)
    • Daughter-in-law - Queen Yongmok of the Buyeo Lee clan (용목왕후 이씨)
  • Daughter - Queen Inpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (인평왕후 김씨)[14]
  • Daughter - Princess Gyeongsuk (경숙공주)[1]

Posthumous nameEdit

  • After King Deokjong's ascension to the throne on 23 May 1031, he honoured his late mother as Queen Mother (왕태후, 王太后) and then given her posthumous name as Yong-ui (용의, 容懿) and Gong-hye (공혜, 恭惠).
  • In October 1056 (10th year reign of King Munjong), name Yeong-mok (영목, 英穆); Yang-deok (양덕, 良德); Sin-jeol (신절, 信節); and Sun-seong (순성, 順聖) was added.
  • In April 1140 (18th year reign of King Injong), name Ja-seong (자성, 慈聖) was added.
  • In October 1253 (40th year reign of King Gojong), name Gwang-seon (광선, 廣宣) was added to her Posthumous name too.

[15][16]

In popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Young-kyoo, Park (2000). 한권으로읽는고려왕조실록 [Annals of the Goryeo Dynasty in one volume] (in Korean). University of Michigan: Deullyeok. pp. 197, 216, 224. ISBN 9788975271540. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  2. ^ In Lunar calendar, she was death on 22 July 1028.
  3. ^ "김은부". db.history.go.kr (in Chinese). Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  4. ^ At the time, the clan was known as Inju Lee clan (인주 이씨, 仁州 李氏). It’s known as the Incheon Lee clan (인천 이씨, 仁川 李氏) or the Gyeongwon Lee clan (경원 이씨, 慶源 李氏) today.
  5. ^ He is the founder of the Incheon Lee clan
  6. ^ He is the father of Queen Inye of the Incheon Lee clan, Royal Consort Ingyeong Hee-bi, and Royal Consort Injeol Hee-bi (the consorts of King Munjong of Goryeo)
  7. ^ a b c The consort of King Munjong
  8. ^ He eventually became the grandfather of Royal Consort Jeongshin Hee-bi (a consort of King Seonjong of Goryeo) and the maternal great-grandfather of Queen Gyeonghwa (a queen consort of King Yejong of Goryeo)
  9. ^ Became the father of Royal Consort Jeongshin and the maternal grandfather of Queen Gyeonghwa through his daughter
  10. ^ No issue
  11. ^ No issue
  12. ^ She is the older sister of Queen Yongui
  13. ^ She is the younger sister of Queen Yongshin
  14. ^ No issue
  15. ^ "고려시대 史料 Database". db.history.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved June 25, 2021.
  16. ^ "고려시대 史料 Database". db.history.go.kr (in Chinese). Retrieved June 25, 2021.

External linksEdit