Israel Railways corporation Ltd., dba Israel Railways (Hebrew: רַכֶּבֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Rakevet Yisra'el), is the state-owned principal railway company responsible for all inter-city, commuter, and freight rail transport in Israel. All its lines are standard gauge. The network is centered in Israel's densely populated coastal plain, from which lines radiate out in many directions. In 2017, the Israel Railways carried 65 million passengers.
Aerial view of Tel Aviv Savidor Central railway station
|Traded as||TASE: RAIL.B2|
|Headquarters||Lod railway station,|
|Shahar Ayalon (CEO)|
|Services||Rail transport, Cargo transport|
|Revenue||₪940+ million (2015)|
|₪1 billion (2016)|
|₪1.5 billion (2014)|
|Owner||Government of Israel|
Number of employees
|Dates of operation||1948–present|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||In the process of conversion to electric|
Unlike road vehicles and city trams, Israeli railway trains run on the left hand tracks, matching neighboring Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries, whose formerly connected rail networks were constructed by British engineers.
Until 1980, the company's head office was located at the Haifa Center HaShmona railway station. Tzvi Tzafriri, the general manager of Israel Railways, decided to move the head office to the Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station. In 2017, the company's head office was moved to a new campus built on the grounds of the Lod railway station.
There are 67 stations with one under construction on the Israel Railways network, with almost all of the stations equipped with accessibility help for disabled, audio system, vending machines and parking.
Bicycles are permitted on board the train in designated coaches.
The Israeli train support people to use bicycle by building a double-deck parking for bicycle in every train station and by allowing people to take the bike with them on the train to minimize the need of private cars
In Israel, smoking is prohibited in public enclosed places or commercial areas via several laws: particularly, since 1983, the "Israel Clean Air Act" (חוק אוויר נקי לישראל (in Hebrew)). The law was amended in 2007 so that owners are held accountable for smoking in premises under their responsibility. The second means by which smoking is regulated in Israel is via the environmental hazard law, and via criminal law smoking (or the introduction of second-hand smoke) may even be considered an assault. Although smoking in railway stations is allowed at designated zones of the station, the sale of tobacco from automated vending machines is prohibited.
List of stationsEdit
|Beit She'an||Beit She'an|
|Migdal HaEmek – Kfar Baruchh||Kfar Baruch|
|Yokneam – Kfar Yehoshua||Kfar Yehoshua|
|Kiryat Motzkin||Kiryat Motzkin||Haifa District|
|Haifa Center HaShmona||Haifa|
|Haifa Bat Galim||Haifa|
|Haifa Hof HaCarmel||Haifa|
|Caesarea-Pardes Hanna||Pardes Hanna-Karkur + Caesarea|
|Beit Yehoshua||Beit Yehoshua|
|Hod Hasharon Sokolov||Hod HaSharon|
|Kfar Saba – Nordau||Kfar Saba|
|Rosh HaAyin North||Rosh HaAyin|
|Petah Tikva Sgula||Petah Tikva|
|Petah Tikva Kiryat Aryeh||Petah Tikva|
|Bnei Brak||Bnei Brak||Tel Aviv District|
|Tel Aviv University||Tel Aviv|
|Tel Aviv Savidor Central||Tel Aviv|
|Tel Aviv HaShalom||Tel Aviv|
|Tel Aviv HaHagana||Tel Aviv|
|Ben Gurion Airport||Ben Gurion Airport||Central District|
|Beit Shemesh||Beit Shemesh||Jerusalem District|
|Holon Junction||Holon||Tel Aviv District|
|Bat Yam-Yoseftal||Bat Yam|
|Bat Yam-Komemiyut||Bat Yam|
|Rishon LeZion Moshe Dayan||Rishon LeZion||Central District|
|Rishon LeZion HaRishonim||Rishon LeZion|
|Ashdod Ad Halom||Ashdod||Southern District|
|Kiryat Gat||Kiryat Gat|
|Lehavim-Rahat||Lehavim + Rahat|
|Be'er Sheva North||Beersheba|
|Be'er Sheva Center||Beersheba|
Israel Railways' passenger routes are divided into ten operational lines and three lines under construction:
|Line||Terminus (start)||Intermediate stations||Terminus (end)|
|Nahariya–Ashkelon||Nahariya||Akko – Kiryat Motzkin – Kiryat Haim – Hutzot HaMifratz – HaMifrats Central – Haifa Center – Haifa Bat Galim – Haifa Hof HaCarmel – Atlit – Binyamina – Caesarea-Pardes Hanna – Hadera West – Netanya – Beit Yehoshua – Herzliya – Tel Aviv University – Tel Aviv Center – Tel Aviv HaShalom – Tel Aviv HaHagana – Holon Junction – Holon Wolfson – Bat Yam Yoseftal – Bat Yam Komemiyut – Rishon LeZion Moshe Dayan – Yavne West – Ashdod Ad Halom||Ashkelon|
|Tel Aviv–Ra'anana||Tel Aviv University||Bnei Brak – Petah Tikva Kiryat Aryeh – Petah Tikva Sgula – Rosh HaAyin North – Kfar Saba – Nordau – Hod HaSharon Sokolov – Ra'anana South||Ra'anana West|
|Tel Aviv–Lod||Tel Aviv HaHagana||Kfar Chabad – Lod Ganei Aviv – Lod||Rishon LeZion HaRishonim|
|Tel Aviv–Modi'in||Tel Aviv HaHagana||Ben Gurion Airport – Pa'atei Modi'in||Modi'in Center|
|Lod–Ashkelon||Lod||Be'er Ya'akov – Rehovot – Yavne East – Ashdod Ad Halom||Ashkelon|
|Lod–Be'er Sheva||Lod||Ramla – Kiryat Gat – Lehavim-Rahat – Be'er Sheva North||Be'er Sheva Center|
|Lod–Jerusalem||Lod||Ramla – Beit Shemesh – Biblical Zoo||Jerusalem Malha|
|Tel Aviv–Jerusalem||Tel Aviv HaHagana||Ben Gurion Airport||Jerusalem–Yitzhak Navon|
|Ashkelon–Be'er Sheva||Ashkelon||Sderot – Netivot – Ofakim||Be'er Sheva North|
|Haifa–Beit She'an||Haifa Center||HaMifrats Central – Kfar Yehoshua – Yokne'am – Migdal HaEmek – Kfar Baruch – Afula||Beit She'an|
The flagship project of Israel Railways is the construction of an improved rail line from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The line began as an extension of the current railway to Ben Gurion Airport and Modi'in, and terminates in a new underground station beside the Jerusalem Central Bus Station. An additional proposal will connect Modi'in to Jerusalem if built by connecting to the aforementioned line.
A 23.5 kilometres (14.6 mi) line from the city of Acre, on the Mediterranean coast, to Karmiel was completed in March 2017; it is planned to be extended north to the north-eastern town of Qiryat Shemona, with future stations also planned for Jadeidi-Makr and Majd al-Krum, though there is no timetable for construction. This line will be fully electrified.
In 2011 the reconstruction and expansion of the 60 kilometres (37 mi) long, formerly abandoned Jezreel Valley railway line connecting Haifa and Beit Shean (near the Jordanian border) started. This was completed in 2016. There has been talk of further extending the line to Irbid, in Jordan (to allow a direct freight connection from Jordan to the Mediterranean Sea), however no decision has yet been made on this matter. Another proposed extension under discussion would connect the reconstructed Jezreel Valley railway at Afula to Tiberias.
This article needs to be updated. In particular: According to IR annual report, IR has a total of 135 locos etc. (2017), different from the numbers on this list. (July 2018)
|EMD G12||DE locomotive||27||Bo-Bo. Israel imported 23 from EMD 1954–62 and captured four more from Egyptian National Railways in the 1967 Six-Day War. Some have been withdrawn and one (No. 107) is now in the Israel Railway Museum in Haifa. No. 106 was withdrawn after sabotage. Nos. 119 & 123 withdrawn after incidents. No. 130 never in service due to Six-Day War.||1954–62|
|EMD G26||DE locomotive||12||||1971–82|
|T44||DE locomotive||60||100||1|| EMD prime mover.||1989?|
|EMD GT26CW-2||DE locomotive||14||Number 701 is an original EMD unit delivered in 1989. In the mid-2010s Israel Railways purchased thirteen units from NRE which were completely rebuilt by TŽV Gredelj from 11 Croatian Railways HŽ series 2062 GT26 units plus 2 new frames and designated as NGT26CW-3 variants. They were delivered to Israel Railways between August 2015 and December 2017 and numbered 710-722.||1989, 2015–17|
|Alstom Prima JT 42CW||DE locomotive||68||110||8||Series 702-709. EMD prime mover.||1996|
|Alstom Prima JT 42BW||DE locomotive||87||140||48||Series 731-778. EMD prime mover.||1996–2006|
|GA DE900 locomotives||DE locomotive||50||80||3||Series 261-263. Nowadays used only for shunting. Only non-EMD powered diesel locomotives in IR's fleet.||1997|
|Vossloh Euro 3200||DE locomotive||100||160||24||Series 1301–1324. With modifications capable of 200 km/h. EMD prime mover.||2011–13|
|Vossloh Euro 4000||DE locomotive||80||130||14||Series 1401–1414. EMD prime mover.||2011|
|Bombardier TRAXX P160 AC3||Electric locomotive||100||160||62 (32 options)||Ordered in 2015. 25 kV 50 Hz AC operation. 6 MW electric output. Initial delivery began in 2017.||2017|
|ABB Scandia IC3 DMU||112||180||9 sets (42-50)||The introduction of IC3-trains in the early 1990s marked the beginning of a political recommitment to major improvements in the services of Israel Railways.
Each IC3 set is composed of 3 cars and multiple sets may be joined together. Sets 42-50 purchased from SJ in 2005. 31 was scrapped after an incident near Revadim on 10 August 2006. 19, 21, 25 possibly out of service.
|100||160||10 sets (01-10)||1992|
|31 sets (11-41)||1994–96|
|Siemens Desiro HC EMU||100||160||~60 sets (330 cars)||Siemens won tender in September 2017. Tender called for two basic double-deck sets: short (composed of 4 units) and long (6 units).||2019|
|Alstom||single deck push-pull||100||160||37||Assembled in Israel by Haargaz. 5 generator/driving coaches, 32 carriages.||1996|
|Bombardier Double-deck Coach||double deck push-pull (DDPP)||87||140 (to be retro-fitted to 160)||24||Driving- and generator trailer (PC-103) series 401-424. Two trailers out of operation||2001–04|
|68||Coaches (TC-101) series 425-490. Four trailers out of operation||2001–04|
|7||Driving- and generator trailer (PC-103) series 501-507.||2005–06|
|18||Coaches (TC-101) series 521-538.||2005–06|
|82||Coaches (TC-101) series 2201–2394.||2005–06|
|Siemens Viaggio Light||single deck push-pull||100||160||87||Three types: standard coach (901-953), standard coach with wheelchair accessible toilets (825-849) and DVT with diesel generator (801-810). First stock in service on 8 March 2009||2008|
|single deck push-pull||31||2011|
|Bombardier Double-deck Coach||double deck push-pull||87/100||140/160||78||Further coaches were ordered from Bombardier in 2010.||2011|
|Bombardier Double-deck Coach||double deck push-pull||100||160||72||Ordered in 2012 and delivered from the end of March 2014. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets but capable of higher speeds and advanced safety measures. First rolling stock capable of operating on the future 25 kV 50 Hz High-speed railway to Jerusalem.||2014|
|Bombardier Double-deck Coach||double deck push-pull||100||160||93||Twindexx. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets. Sixty Ordered in 2016 and a further 33 in mid-2017.||2018|
|Bombardier Double-deck Coach||double deck push-pull||100||160||54||Twindexx. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets. Electric operation only (no diesel generator installed in control car). Ordered in late 2017.||2019|
|Baldwin H class||Steam locomotive||6||Series 7-12 (H2), 13-17 (H3), 33 of series 871-920. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60.||1918|
|NBL/Borsig Egyptian 545 class||Steam locomotive||4||5 captured during 1956 Israeli invasion of Sinai on the former Palestine Railways main line between El Kantara East and Gaza: numbers 546, 550 and 557 (NBL) and numbers 607 and 613 (Borsig). 4 taken into stock and used them around Lod in central Israel for 1–2 years. Withdrawn and scrapped in 1959.||1928, 1931|
|NBL P class 4-6-0||Steam locomotive||6||Series 60-65. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60. Tender of 62 preserved in Railway Museum.||1935|
|LMS Stanier Class 8F||Steam locomotive||23||Series around 70513. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1958. One (the 24th) stranded 8F, 70372 (NBL works no. 24680), on a small section of the main line near Tulkarm on the West Bank side of the 1949 Armistice line.It remained there, increasingly derelict, until after the 1967 Israeli 6 day war. The Israelis finally removed and scrapped it in about 1973. A similar 8F of TCDD 70414 preserved at Be'er Sheva Turkish Railway Station||1935–46|
|USATC S100 Class||Steam locomotive||2||Number 21 &22 (class 957?). Transported from Europe to Suez in September 1942. To Palestine Railways, later Army. Later to Israel Railways. 1||1942|
|SAFB (GM-EMD)||DE locomotive||68||110||3||BoBo. In service until 1998. First diesel locomotive in IR's service||1951–52|
|Esslingen||DMU||12||Similar to German VT08. 3-car sets (powered coaches 1-12, intermediate coaches 1-12, driving coaches 1-12), some later extended to 4-unit sets (with intermediate coaches 13-22). In the early sixties converted to non-powered coaches in push-pull service because of high maintenance costs. Withdrawn in 1979. Some carriages continued in regular services from 1992 until nineties as 111-117. One trailer should be preserved by the Country Museum in Tel Aviv||1956|
|Esslingen||DE locomotive||18||Series 211-229. Similar to DB Class V 60. In the mid-1960s, the Esslingen factory was closed. As a result, some almost-new locomotives were cannibalised for parts. One example preserved at the Railway Museum and another at the Jezreel Valley railway heritage site in Elro'i.||1955–56|
|EMD G16||DE locomotive||3||Co-Co. During the Six-Day War Israel captured Egyptian Railways 3304, 3329 and 3361 which were appropriated into Israel Railways stock as numbers 301-303, later 161–163. All have now been withdrawn from service but 163 (formerly ER 3361) is preserved at the Israel Railway Museum.||1960–61|
|O&K||carriages||8||3rd class coaches similar to German Eilzugwagen. Seating however different with 2+3 seat arrangement and 96 seats.||1955|
|Carel et Fouché CarF||carriages||14||Picture: first carriage. Series 71-84||1961|
|Boris Kidrič/Metalka "Yugo"||carriages||43||Series 601-643. 610 converted to half passenger carriage, half generator car. Some other were converted to full generator carriages. 621 in 2009 used as office in red colors in Bnei Brak.||1964–72|
|DEV-Inox Carel et Fouché||carriages||8||Bought from SNCF in 1994 (Series 91-98). Original 1st class A9TJ-mainline carriage U64. Declassified to B10 1/2TJ in eighties. Scrapped in 2006. 1 preserved in Railway Museum.||1965|
|British Railways Mark 2c TSO||carriages||8 (13)||Bought from British Railways in 1977 (Series 681-688 (ex BR 5567, 5570, 5575, 5580, 5588, 5593, 5606, 5612) and retro-fitted with air conditioning equipment. 1 preserved in Railway Museum. In 1989, restaurant chain Apropo bought 5 Mk1 (BR 3947, 7675, 18768, 84338) and 1 Mk2 (5250) and shipped these to Israel, never to be used.||1970|
|FIAT 7225||Railcar||80||128||0||10 ordered. After 8 were finished, the order was cancelled for unclear reasons. Italian literature wrote because of the Yom Kippur War. All ten units were sold to Ferrocarril del Pacifico and Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico in Mexico, where they entered service in 1975.||1970/1973|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (January 2018)
In 2017, Israel Railways founded a Tunnels Unit that is responsible for the daily operation of railway tunnels, including lighting, air circulation, etc. and managing emergencies.
|Revenue (passenger) (million NIS)||53||86||250||644||636||617||683||761||796||835||847||753|
|Revenue (freight) (million NIS)||180||212||213||112||147||148||136||146||161||160||186||177|
|Total Revenue (million NIS)||324||393||574||814||840||813||866||961||1,007||1,042||1,088|
|Train-kilometers (passenger, million)||3.812||9.375||8.905||8.767||8.348||10.035||11.17||12.101||12.92|
|Train-kilometers (cargo, thousand)||1,498||1,571||1,609||1,508||1,556||1,584||1,782||1,817||2,063|
|Ton-kilometers (cargo, million)||1,173||799||1,062||1,099||1,011||1,058||1,165||1,155||1,404|
|Network length (km)||940||858||926||1,001||1,035||1,079||1,138||1,153||1,194||1,277||1,337||1,384|
- On 26 December 1963 two passenger trains on the formerly single-track main line linking Tel Aviv and Haifa collided head-on at Bet Yehoshua just south of Netanya. The northbound train had passed a red signal and its locomotive rode over and crushed the locomotive of the southbound train. None of the coaches was derailed but a coupler broke in the northbound train detaching the rear three coaches. The continuous train brake should have then automatically stopped the detached coaches but it had not been connected properly so they started to roll back southwards. 55 people were injured but only three seriously enough to be detained in hospital. The two head-end crews survived but their locomotives, EMD G12s 105 and 118, were destroyed.
- HaBonim disaster: On 11 June 1985 a train collided with a bus carrying school children, killing 19 children and 3 adults, near moshav HaBonim.
- On 21 June 2005 an IC3 train crashed into a freight truck near kibbutz Revadim, killing 8 and injuring 198.
- 8 July 2005, a train collided with a truck between Kiryat Gat and Ahuzam, resulting the death of the train driver and 38 injuries. On February 2012 a plea bargain had been set for the Revadim crash.
- On 12 June 2006 a train crashed into a truck near Beit Yehoshua, killing 5 and injuring from 77 to over 80.
- On 27 December 2009 a train crashed into a car near Kiryat Gat. The driver proceeded without regard to the train checkpoint on the road. The train struck his car and he was killed.
- On 5 August 2010 a train crashed into a minibus near Kiryat Gat, killing 7 and injuring 6. The minibus was hit at 19:05 GMT+3 on Route 353, apparently as it tried to pass over a level crossing.
- On 28 December 2010 a fire started in a train near kibbutz Yakum, probably because of a short circuit, injuring 116.
- On 7 April 2011 two trains collided frontally near Netanya, injuring 59.
- On 4 October 2013, two men walking along railroad tracks in the Emek Hefer valley industrial zone were killed by a train.
- On 18 December 2013, a Beersheba-bound train collided with a group of camels walking along railroad tracks at the Segev Shalom Junction in the Negev, killing 14 camels. The incident caused massive delays in train traffic.
- On 29 December 2013, an Israel Railways worker was run down and killed by a train near Lod.
- On 15 March 2016, an Israel Railways locomotive crashed into freight wagons, injuring 6.
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