SJ (formally SJ AB) is a government-owned passenger train operator in Sweden. SJ was created in 2001, out of the public transport division of Statens Järnvägar, when the former government agency was divided into six separate government-owned limited companies. In 2018 SJ carried 31.8 million passengers.[4]

SJ AB
TypeState-owned enterprise
PredecessorSwedish State Railways
Founded1 January 2001
FateActive
Headquarters,
Area served
Sweden. Also Norway: Ofoten Line to Narvik, Kongsvinger Line to Oslo; and Denmark: Öresund Line to Copenhagen.
Key people
Madeleine Raukas (acting CEO)[1]
Henrik Rättzén (deputy CEO and CFO)
Siv Svensson (chairwoman)[2]
ProductsRail transport
Revenue7.8 billion SEK (2017)[3]
OwnerGovernment of Sweden[3]
Number of employees
approx. 4500 (2017)[3]
SubsidiariesSJ Götalandståg
SJ Norge
SJ Norrlandståg
SJ Öresundståg
Stockholmståg
Websitewww.sj.se

OverviewEdit

SJ's operations fall broadly into subsidised and unsubsidised services. The unsubsidised services was until 2011 monopoly. The subsidised trains are awarded through competitive bids. However, some trains fall in between these categories, since public transit agencies can pay SJ to allow transit pass holders access to SJ's trains.

SJ received a government bailout a few years after its creation, but has since had profit margins of up to ten per cent. All train operators in Sweden pay low track access charges to the track authority, Trafikverket.

Rolling stockEdit

SJ higher speed services (SJ Snabbtåg)Edit

X2 serves for higher speed trains, with a top speed of 200 km/h (124 mph), and tilts during high speed turns. The trains currently serves Stockholm-Gothenburg (Västra Stambanan) and Stockholm-Malmö-Copenhagen (Södra Stambanan and Öresund Line), but have previously served the lines Stockholm-Sundsvall and, seasonally, Stockholm-Strömstad, Stockholm-Oslo and Stockholm-Östersund-(Duved) lines. There are about 40 X2 sets in service. X55 is a newer train introduced in 2012. The interior is mainly modern style, and the train has a top speed of 200 km/h and serves Stockholm-Östersund-(Duved) (Mittbanan-Norra Stambanan)-Stockholm-Uddevalla (Västra Stambanan and Bohusbanan) to advance to Gothenburg for night parking-Stockholm-Sundsvall-Umeå (Ostkustbanan, Botniabanan), Gothenburg-Malmö (Västkustbanan), Stockholm-Karlstad (Västra Stambanan) and Stockholm-Falun/Mora (Dalabanan). Some of these lines are run under the SJ InterCity-brand despite no difference in product with other lines run by the X55 train.

SJ InterCityEdit

InterCity trains are Rc-hauled trains, often with many 2nd class cars, or X55 trains. InterCity trains also have a bistro car.

SJ RegionalEdit

SJ Regional services include double-deckers (X40), pull trains, X50 and X52 cars. The trains do not serve meals or drinks. The trains do not usually travel distances over 4 hours, except Coast to Coast (Gothenburg-Kalmar) and Stockholm-Gothenburg via Västerås. Most trains have first class, except the X50 and X52 trains. All push and pull regional services have since 2020 been replaced with new ER1 trains. A normal order in a pull train was AB7-BF7-B7 or B7-BF7-B7 or AB7-B7-BF7-B7. These trains were not usually longer than 4 cars, except Uppsalapendeln (Stockholm-Uppsala) which often has 8 cars and is a push and pull.

Image Type Class In fleet Usage Notes
  Electric locomotive SJ Rc6 86 Night-train, Intercity, Regional All painted black.
  Electric multiple unit SJ X2 44 Higher-speed (X 2000) Grey livery, under refurbishment.
  Electric multiple unit SJ X12 7 Regional 4 units refurbished 2012–2014. Grey and blue livery. 3 trains scrapped and the rest taken out of service. Replaced by X50, X52 and ER1 trains.
  Electric multiple unit SJ X40 43 Regional Painted grey.
  Electric multiple unit SJ X55 20 Higher-speed (SJ 3000) Used on higher speed lines to northern Sweden, Karlstad and Borås from Stockholm, as well as Gothenburg-Malmö. Grey livery.

ServicesEdit

Sleeper services - SJ NattågEdit

The SJ overnight train services (Swedish: SJ Nattåg) are Rc locomotive-hauled trains with both sleeper wagons as well as standard wagons. All services except for the Stockholm-Malmö route have a bistro wagon. The night-trains are operated on the following lines:[5]

Trains for Norrland
Route Train number Calling at
Umeå Central or Duved to Stockholm Central or Gothenburg Central 60/64/67/69/70/71/72/73/74/77/79 Duved portion:

Åre, Undersåker, Järpen, Krokom, Östersund Central, Bräcke, Ånge, Sundsvall Central

Umeå portion:

Umeå Östra, Nordmaling, Örnsköldsvik Central, Kramfors, Härnösand, Sundsvall C

The two portions divide/attach at Sundsvall Central.
Stockholm portion (all stops set-down only):
Hudiksvall, Söderhamn, Gävle Central, Uppsala Central, Arlanda Central
Gothenburg portion (all stops set-down only):
Örebro Central, Hallsberg, Skövde Central, Herrljunga
Main Line South
Route Train number Calling at
Malmö Central to Stockholm Central 1/2 Hässleholm, Alvesta, Nässjö Central, Linköping Central, Norrköping Central

SJ InterCityEdit

The InterCity services are Rc-hauled trains with standard-seating carriages in both first and second class. There is always a bistro car available in the trainset.[6]

Lines with InterCity service:

Dalarna
Route tpd Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Mora via Borlänge Central 2 Arlanda Central (Pickup only) Uppsala Central (Pickup only), Sala, Avesta Krylbo, Hedemora, Säter, Borlänge Central, Djurås, Gagnef, Insjön, Leksand, Tällberg, Rättvik, Mora Rc6 or X55
Stockholm Central to Falun Central via Borlänge Central 2 Arlanda Central (Pickup only) Uppsala Central (Pickup only), Sala, Avesta Krylbo, Hedemora, Säter, Borlänge Central
Main Line North
Route tpd Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Östersund Central and Duved 2 Arlanda Central (Pickup only) Uppsala Central (Pickup only), Gävle Central, Bollnäs, Järvsö, Ljusdal, Ånge, Bräcke, Östersund Central, Krokom, Järpen, Undersåker, Åre, Duved Rc6 or X55
Värmland and Norway
Route tpd Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Karlstad Central and Oslo Central 3 Södertälje South, Katrineholm, Hallsberg, Degerfors, Kristinehamn, Karlstad Central, Arvika, Kongsvinger Rc6
Route tph Calling at Stock
East Coast Line / South Main Line
Gävle Central to Linköping Central 1 Tierp, Uppsala Central, Arlanda Central, Stockholm Central, Flemingsberg, Södertälje South, Norrköping Central

Limited InterCity service Ljusdal - Linköping and Sundsvall-Linköping

X40

SJ RegionalEdit

Most of the SJ Regional network was concentrated in the area around lake Mälaren. Operated with either Rc-hauled trainsets, X12/X14 or X40 EMUs. These trains have no catering on board. The X40 is equipped with free 4G WiFi. Both first and second-class are usually offered.[7] Most of this network has been incorporated into the new Mälartåg franchise, although some services remain outside of it.

Routes listed below are the satellite routes which are not subject to franchising.

SJ Regionaltåg
Route tph Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Hallsberg

and Gothenburg Central via Västerås

2 Sundbyberg, Bålsta, Enköping, Västerås Central, Köping, Arboga, Örebro Central, Örebro South, Kumla, Hallsberg, Laxå, Töreboda, Skövde Central, Falköping Central, Herrljunga, Vårgårda, Alingsås X40
Gothenburg Central to

Karlstad Central via Åmål

1tp2h Trollhättan, Öxnered, Mellerud, Åmål, Säffle, Grums, Kil X52
Gothenburg Central to

Kalmar Central

4tpd Borås Central, Limmared, Hestra, Gnosjö, Värnamo, Alvesta, Växjö, Lessebo, Emmaboda, Nybro Rc6

Franchised operationsEdit

SJ operate a couple of regional rail franchises held by public transport authorities around the country. The most significant of these are Mälartåg and Västtågen serving the Mälaren valley and the region of West Götaland respectively. SJ AB also started operatingthe Öresundtåg franchise for the 2019 timetable, taking over from Transdev. MTR will take over the Mälartåg contract in December 2021.

Mälartåg
Sala to Linköping Central via Kvicksund and Hälleforsnäs 1 Ransta, Västerås Central, Dingtuna, Kolbäck, Kvicksund, Eskilstuna Central, Hällefornäs, Flen, Katrineholm, Norrköping Central ER1 or X50 or X52
Stockholm Central to Hallsberg via Flen 1 Flemingsberg, Södertälje South, Gnesta, Flen, Katrineholm, Vingåker ER1
Stockholm Central to Hallsberg via Eskilstuna Central 1 Flemingsberg, Södertälje South, Läggesta, Strängnäs, Eskilstuna Central, Kungsör, Arboga, Örebro Central, Örebro South, Kumla X40
Västtågen
Route tph Calling at Stock
Gothenburg Central to Töreboda 2 Alingsås, Vårgårda, Herrljunga, Floby, Falköping Central, Stenstorp, Skövde Central
some trains extend to Töreboda
Some trains originate/terminate at Nässjö reversing at Falköping Central
X52
Nässjö Central to Skövde Central or Gothenburg Central 2 Forserum, Tenhult, Huskvarna, Jönköping Central, Bankeryd, Habo, Mullsjö, Sandhem, Falköping Central
Some through services to Gothenburg (see above)
X52
Gothenburg Central to Uddevalla and Strömstad 2 Ytterby, Kode, Stora Höga, Stenugnsund, Svenshögen, Ljungskile, Uddevalla East, Uddevalla Central, Munkedal, Dingle, Hällevadsholm, Rabbalshede, Tanum, Överby, Skee X11/X12/X14/X52
Uddevalla Central to Borås Central via Herrljunga 2 Öxnered, Vänersborg Central, Vargön, Grästorp, Vara, Vedum, Herrljunga, Ljung, Torpåkra, Mollaryd, Borgstend, Fristad, Viskafors
Services continue to Varberg (see below).
X11/X12/X14
Borås Central to Varberg 2 Viskafors, Fritsla, Kinna, Assberg, Skene, Berghem, Björketorp, Horred, Veddige, Derome, Tofta X11/X12/X14
Gothenburg commuter rail
Route tph Calling at Stock
Gothenburg Central to Alingsås 2 Sävenäs, Partille, Jonsered, Aspen, Aspedalen, Stenkullen, Floda, Norsesund, Västra Bodarna Alingsås X12/X61
Gothenburg Central to Älvängen 2 Gamlestaden, Surte, Bohus, Nödinge, Nol, Älvängen X12/X61
Gothenburg Central to Kungsbacka 2 Mölndal Central, Kållered, Lindome, Anneberg, [Kungsbacka] Hede, Kungsbacka X12/X61
Öresundståg - Øresundstog
Route tph Calling at Stock
Gothenburg Central to Østerport 2 Mölndal, Kungsbacka, (Åsa), Varberg, Falkenberg, Halmstad Central, Laholm, Båstad, Ängelholm, Helsingborg Central, Landskrona, Lund Central, Malmö Central (low level), Triangeln, Hyllie (Border control and crew change), Copenhagen Airport, Tåmby, Örestad, Copenhagen Central, Nørreport X31K
Kalmar Central to Østerport 1 Nybro, Emmaboda, Lessebo, Växjö, Alvesta, Hässleholm, Höör, Eslöv, Lund Central, Malmö Central (low level), Triangeln, Hyllie (Border control and staff change), Copenhagen Airport, Tåmby, Örestad, Copenhagen Central, Nörreport X31K
Karlskrona Central to Østerport 1 Bergåsa, Ronneby, Bräkne-Hoby, Kalrshamn, Mörrum, Sölvesborg- Kristianstad Central, Hässleholm, Höör, Eslöv, Lund Central, Malmö Central (low level), Triangeln, Hyllie (Border control and staff change), Copenhagen Airport, Tåmby, Ørestad, Copenhagen Central, Nørreport X31K
Lund Central to Helsingør 2 Malmö Central (low level), Triangeln, Hyllie (Border control and staff change), Copenhagen Airport, Tåmby, Ørestad, Copenhagen Central, Nørreport, Østerport, Hellerup, Klampenborg, Skodsborg, Vedbæk, Rungsted Kyst, Kokkedal, Nivå, Humlebæk, Espergærde, Snekkersten X32K

The initial contract for the Mälartåg franchise states that the operator may use their own fleet [of X12, X40 and X50 stock] until the delivery of ER1 Stadler Dosto 200 EMUs is completed. The Upptåget franchise will be merged into Mälartåg onwards from the 2022 timetable, meaning that services from Gävle gain additional stations inherited from the termination of the Upptåget franchise.

SJ higher speed trainsEdit

SJ higher speed trains (Swedish: SJ Snabbtåg) are X2 or X55 trains operating on the main routes in Sweden. The train is equipped with WiFi and has a bistro.[8]

West Coast
Route tpd Calling at Stock
Gothenburg Central to Copenhagen Central 10 Varberg, Halmstad Central, Helsingborg Central, Lund Central, Malmö Central, Copenhagen Airport X55
East Coast
Route tph Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Sundsvall Central

and Umeå Central

1tp2h Arlanda Central (Pickup only) Uppsala Central (Pickup only), Gävle Central, Söderhamn, Hudiksvall, Sundsvall Central , Härnösand, Kramfors, Örnsköldsvik Central, Umeå East, Umeå Central
Some trains originate/terminate at Sundsvall on weekends
X55
Main Line North
Route tph Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Östersund Central and Duved via Gävle central and Bollnäs 1tp2h Arlanda Central (Pickup only) Uppsala Central (Pickup only), Gävle Central, Ockelbo, Bollnäs, Järvsö, Ljusdal, Ånge, Bräcke, Östersund Central, Undersåker, Åre, Duved X55 or Rc6
Main Line West
Route tph Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Gothenburg Central (not all services stop at all stations) 1tp2h Södertälje South, Katrineholm, Hallsberg, Skövde Central, Herrljunga X2
Stockholm Central to Trollhättan
limited service
1tpd Södertälje South, Katrineholm, Hallsberg, Skövde Central, Herrljunga, Gothenburg X2
Main Line South
Route tpd Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Malmö Central 5 Södertälje South, Katrineholm, Norrköping Central, Linköping Central, Nässjö Central, Alvesta, Hässleholm, Eslöv, Lund X2
Stockholm Central to Jönköping Central
limited service
1 Södertälje South, Katrineholm, Norrköping Central, Linköping Central, Nässjö Central X2
Värmland
Route tpd Calling at Stock
Stockholm Central to Karlstad Central 7 Södertälje South, Katrineholm, Hallsberg, Degerfors, Kristinehamn X2 or X55 or Rc6

Stops at Arlanda and Uppsala are for boarding northbound or alighting southbound respectively, although passengers with railcards are exempted from this rule. Some services do also allow both boarding and alightning at Arlanda and Uppsala respectively.

SJ NorgeEdit

On 7 June 2020 SJ Norge had commenced operating services on the Trøndelag Commuter Rail, as well as the Meråker, Røros, Rauma, Nordland, the Saltpendel Line and the Dovre Regional Line under a 10-year contract with the Norwegian Railway Directorate.[9][10]

SJ Is also set to start up Train Services on the Stockholm - Trondheim stretch as soon as the Norwegian part of the railway is electrified.

SJ will operate trains owned by Norske Tog (Norwegian Trains) and these are:

Class 76 or Stadler FLIRT Bio-Mode's (Hybrid Electric EMUs) as well as Di - 4 Diesel-Electric Locomotives, Class 92 Duewag DMUs,

EL18 Electric Locomotives, Class 93 Bombardier Talent DMUs and Class 73 ADtranz EMUs.

The Railway Stretches SJ Norge is set to operate:

  • Steinkjer – Trondheim Central
  • Steinkjer – Lerkendal/Trondheim Outskirts
  • Steinkjer – Lundamo
  • Steinkjer – Melhus
  • Lerkendal/Trondheim Outskirts – Trondheim Central
  • Trondheim Central – Heimdal
  • Trondheim Central – Melhus
  • Trondheim Central – Lundamo
  • Trondheim Central – Røros
  • Trondheim Central – Stjørdal/Værnes Airport
  • Heimdal – Storlien (interchange with Norrtåg toward Östersund
  • Trondheim Central – Bodø
  • Trondheim Central – Mo i Rana
  • Trondheim Central – Oslo Central
  • Rotvoll – Røros
  • Rotvoll – Støren
  • Steinkjer – Støren
  • Røros – Hamar
  • Saltpendelen
  • Stockholm — Trondheim

Identity document required for travelEdit

From September 2009, the train operator SJ requires an identity document from passengers with a pre-paid ticket (which is mandatory on many trains). These have to be a Nordic ID card or any passport.[11] This is due to an effort to stop private trading of train tickets.

PhotogalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Madeleine Raukas utsedd till tillförordnad vd för SJ AB". Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Bolagsstyrning – SJ". www.sj.se. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "About SJ". www.sj.se. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  4. ^ "SJ - Annual and Sustainability Report 2018" (PDF). www.sj.se. 2018. p. 4. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  5. ^ "SJ Night train". www.sj.se.
  6. ^ "Our trains – SJ". www.sj.se.
  7. ^ "Our trains – SJ". www.sj.se.
  8. ^ "Our trains – SJ". www.sj.se.
  9. ^ Tendering begins for train services in northern Norway International Railway Journal
  10. ^ SJ wins north Norway operating contract Railway Gazette International 17 June 2019
  11. ^ "General terms and conditions of travel – SJ". www.sj.se. Retrieved 4 February 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to SJ AB at Wikimedia Commons