Holon (Hebrew: חוֹלוֹן (audio) (help·info)) is a city on the central coastal strip of Israel, south of Tel Aviv. Holon is part of the metropolitan Gush Dan area. In 2021 it had a population of 197,464, making it the tenth most populous city in Israel. Holon has the second-largest industrial zone in Israel, after Haifa. Its jurisdiction is 19,200 dunams and its population is about 194,273 residents as of 2018 according to CBS data.
City (from 1950)
|• ISO 259||Ḥolon|
|Coordinates: 32°01′N 34°46′E / 32.017°N 34.767°E|
|• Mayor||Moti Sasson (Labor)|
|• Total||18,927 dunams (18.927 km2 or 7.308 sq mi)|
|• Density||10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)|
|Name meaning||(Little) sand|
The name of the city comes from the Hebrew word חוֹלוֹן holon, meaning "(little) sand". The name Holon also appears in the Bible: "And Holon with its suburbs, and Debir with its suburbs" (Book of Joshua 21:15).
Holon was founded in 1935 on sand dunes six kilometers (3.7 miles) from Tel Aviv. The Łódzia textile factory was established there by Jewish immigrants from Łódź, Poland, along with many other industrial enterprises. In February 1936, the cornerstone was laid for Kiryat Avoda, a Modernist building complex designed by architect Joseph Neufeld to solve the shortage of housing for municipal workers.
In the early months of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Holon was on the front line, with constant shooting taking place on the border with the village of Tel A-Rish to its northwest—a suburb of Arab Jaffa—and clashes also in the direction of the town of Yazur to the east. An attack by the Holon-based Haganah militia units on Tel A-Rish was repulsed with considerable losses.
After the establishment of the state, Holon expanded to include Tel A-Rish (renamed Tel Giborim, "The Mound of the Heroes") and the orange groves of Yazur.
In February 2001, a Palestinian attack at a crowded bus stop in Holon killed eight Israelis and injured twenty-five. The image of Holon as a working-class dormitory community has changed over the years.
Through municipal efforts, the city has been rebranded as a child-friendly city. It offers family attractions such as the Yamit Water Park, the Israeli Children's Museum, and the Israel Museum of Caricature and Comics.
Historic landmarks in Holon slated for preservation include Derech Habitachon ("Safe Road"), paved during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War; water towers in the Moledet and Azor neighborhoods; Hosmasa, a building used by the Haganah; the pillbox guard post; Stroma Square, Mansbach health clinic, Hameshakem building, the Agrobank neighborhood and two schools – Bialik and Shenkar. A new neighborhood, Migdalim Bashdera, is under construction,[when?] with plans for 23 upscale residential towers, a new city hall, several cultural and commercial centers, some of them already built. A French urban planner was commissioned to design a north-south boulevard with pedestrian walks, bicycle paths, sports fields, parks and waterfalls. The last undeveloped land reserve remaining in Holon is the H-500 Holon plan, that consists of approximately 4,080 dunams in the south of the city, and is intended to consist of 13,700 dwelling units in total.
- Haim Kugel – 1940 to 1953
- Pinhas Eylon – 1953 to 1987
- Haim Sharon – 1987 to 1988
- Moshe Rom – 1988 to 1993
- Moti Sasson – 1993 to present
Holon hosts a variety of springtime events, including the Yemay Zemer (Days of Song) Festival during Passover and a Women's Festival in March, both at the Holon Theater. Holon is also one of the host cities for the Rhythmic Gymnastics Grand Prix Series in March. Israeli violinist Pinchas Zukerman runs a summer music camp in the city for young violinists. Since the election of Mayor Moti Sasson in 1993, many cultural projects have been inaugurated. Billing itself as a "children's city," Holon is home to the Holon Children's Museum and the Mediatheque youth theater. Holon also plays host each year to a street carnival in celebration of the Jewish holiday of Purim, the Adloyada. Thousands of children dress up in costumes and the streets close down for a parade featuring colorful floats.
In October 2013, Holon hosted major international designers who arrived for Holon Fashion Week (known as HoF13), among them milliner Stephen Jones and BioCouture founder Suzanne Lee. Cinematheque Holon hosts the only digital arts and media arts festival in Israel, Print Screen Festival. The festival was established 2010.
Museums and Arts CentersEdit
- Design Museum Holon - the first Israeli museum of design. opened in 2010 near the "Médiathèque" and the Faculty of Design of Holon Institute of Technology.
- Holon Children's Museum - inaugurated in 2001, located in Peres Park in the southeast of the city, with four main visiting routes for children, as well as two permanent exhibitions for older adultsf: "Dialogue in The Dark" led by a sight-impaired guide, and "Invitation To Silence," an inter-active exhibition exploring communication led by deaf guides.
- The Israeli Center for Digital Art - inaugurated in 2001, promotes digital art in Israel, linking contemporary art and the community. The center is committed to a dynamic perception of the world of contemporary art and culture and to reflecting the technological effects on culture and art.
- The Israeli Museum of Caricature and Comics - inaugurated in 2007, a museum that presents works by Israeli artists on the subjects of comics and cartoons. It has several permanent exhibitions and changing exhibitions.
- Médiathèque - inaugurated in 2004, one part of it is the largest and most sophisticated public library in Israel, which also includes the music library as well as a unique "Story Time" complex. The second part is a theater for young people.
- The Historical Vehicle Museum - contains a rare collection of "Egged" historical buses, some of them from before the establishment of the state. All buses are restored to their authentic condition and are roadworthy. The museum is located on the grounds of the "Egged" Holon parking lot in the south of the city, in Kiryat Ben-Gurion.
- The Puppet Theater Center - The center contains the Museum of the Art of Puppetry, a performance hall and the School of the Art of Puppetry. The International Festival of Puppet Theater and Film, featuring puppet makers and artists from Israel and around the world, has been held annually in July since 1995 at the Puppet Theater Center in Holon.
The Holon Theater presents shows and plays, and organizes festivals every year such as the "Woman Festival", the "Days of Music Festival" and the Storytelling Festival.
Scattered throughout Holon are a number of smaller theaters that are mainly used for children's shows.
Hora Reim - Holon dance groups represent the city in shows, events and festivals in Israel and the world in a repertoire of Israeli folkloristic dances.
In 1954, the president of Israel, Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, helped to establish a Samaritan quarter on the outskirts of Holon. The quarter was named Neve Pinchas after Pinhas Ben-Abraham, the high priest of the Samaritan community.
Holon is one of only two cities in the world to have a Samaritan community, the other being the village of Kiryat Luza on Mount Gerizim above Nablus on the West Bank.
The Collège-Lycée franco-israélien Raymond Leven is located in Mikve, Holon.
The Holon Institute of Technology was founded in 1969.
- Hapoel Holon (basketball) – premier league, national champion in 2008 and 2022, and state cup holder in 2009 and 2018
- Hapoel Tzafririm Holon F.C. (football)
- Moshik Afia (born 1974), singer
- Chen Aharoni (born 1990), singer
- Oz Almog (born 1956), Israeli-Austrian artist & author
- Rafi Amit, poker player
- Avraam Benaroya (1953–1979), Greek-Jewish socialist leader, founder of the Communist Party of Greece
- David Ben Dayan (born 1978), football player
- Omri Casspi (born 1988), NBA basketball player
- Bat-Sheva Dagan (born 1925), Holocaust survivor, teacher, psychologist, author
- Moti Daniel (born 1963), basketball player
- David D'Or (born 1966), countertenor & composer; Israel's 2001 Singer of the Year
- Ilona Feher (1949–1988), violinist
- Tal Hen (born 1979), footballer
- Dana International (born 1972), pop singer
- Tomer Kapon (born 1985), film and television actor
- Hila Klein (born 1987), YouTuber
- Eran Kolirin (born 1973), cinema director & script writer
- Aryeh Krishek (born 1952), novelist and biographer
- Stephane Legar (born 1998), singer, dancer, and runway model
- Moran Mazor (born 1991), singer
- Sofia Mechetner (born 2000), model, the face of Dior
- Avihu Medina (born 1948), composer, arranger, songwriter, and singer
- Adir Miller (born 1974), actor, screenwriter and comedian
- Moshe Mizrahi (born 1980), basketball player
- Lior Narkis (born 1976), singer
- Avi Nimni (born 1972), footballer
- Oren Nissim (born 1976), footballer
- Chen Reiss (born 1979), opera singer
- Irina Risenzon (born 1988), rhythmic gymnast
- Shira Rishony (born 1991), Olympic judoka
- Peter Roth (born 1974), rock singer & composer
- Ben Sahar (born 1989), football player
- Moti Sasson (born 1947), Mayor of Holon
- Hezi Shai (born 1954), IDF tank commander
- Sofi Tsedaka (born 1975), actress, singer, television presenter and politician
- Arie Vardi (born 1937), pianist & teacher
- Rahel Vigdozchik (born 1989), Olympic rhythmic gymnast
- Amos Yaron (born 1940), IDF major general
- Avraham Yosef (born 1949), rabbi and son of Ovadia Yosef
- Rami Yosifov (born 1966), guitarist of Teapacks
- Oren Zeitouni (born 1976), footballer
- Moses Hacmon (born 1977), artist, Trisha Paytas spouse
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Holon is twinned with:
- Andong, South Korea
- Anshan, China
- Cleveland, United States
- Dayton, United States
- Hann. Münden, Germany
- Mitte (Berlin), Germany
- Suresnes, France
Yanshul, symbol of the Holon Children's Museum
The lion that loved strawberry, story garden in Holon, by sculptor Asaf Lifshitz
- ^ a b "Regional Statistics". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
- ^ Mandic, Asja; Roberts, Patrick (2012). Museum Education in Times of Radical Social Change: Journal of Museum Education 37:3 Thematic Issue. Taylor & Francis Group. p. 58. ISBN 9781611328219. Archived from the original on May 29, 2021. Retrieved December 18, 2020.
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- ^ a b The Guide to Israel, Zeev Vilnay, Hamakor Press, Jerusalem, 1972, p.239
- ^ Back to the future, The tree is still standing
- ^ "Victims of Palestinian Violence and Terrorism since September 2000". Mfa.gov.il. Archived from the original on April 3, 2007. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- ^ a b Bassok, Moti (November 29, 2013). "Working class Holon aims to attract affluent home buyers". Haaretz. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- ^ Aderet, Ofer (June 9, 2011). "Holon seeking to preserve 18 historic sites". Haaretz. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- ^ "The Holon H-500 Information Arena". Joseph Raiten. Archived from the original on December 28, 2016. Retrieved December 27, 2016.
- ^ a b "Haim Kugel". Holon City. Archived from the original on October 30, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- ^ "Pinhas Eylon". Holon City. Archived from the original on October 30, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
- ^ "Festivals". Holon Municipality. Archived from the original on February 11, 2018. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- ^ "Israeli cultural scene explodes with dynamic music, fiction, art". Jweekly. June 5, 1998. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- ^ "Post-championship Holon dreams of prosperity, tourism – Haaretz – Israel News". Haaretz. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- ^ Purim parade in Holon Archived March 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Jerusalem Post
- ^ Handwerker, Haim (September 10, 2013). "Holon Fashion Week attracts big industry names". Haaretz. Archived from the original on April 25, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- ^ "Print Screen 2019". printscreen2019. Archived from the original on November 30, 2020. Retrieved November 30, 2020.
- ^ "Israel Puppet Center Holon".
- ^ "The Festival of Puppet Theater and Film".
- ^ "תיאטרון חולון". תיאטרון חולון (in Hebrew). Retrieved February 23, 2023.
- ^ "Home". woman-festival. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
- ^ "פסטיבל ימי זמר - המיטב!". תיאטרון חולון (in Hebrew). Retrieved February 23, 2023.
- ^ "Samaritans". Jewishmag.com. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- ^ "La localisation Archived January 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine." Collège-Lycée franco-israélien Raymond Leven. Retrieved on January 22, 2015. "Agricultural School Mikve Israel Mikve israel street 1 5891000 Holon – ISRAEL" – Address in Hebrew Archived January 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine: "בה"ס חקלאי מקווה ישראל 5891000 חולון"
- ^ "International relations". holon.muni.il. Holon. Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
- ^ "Cleveland's Sister Cities". city.cleveland.oh.us. City of Cleveland. Archived from the original on June 15, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
- Holon Municipality official site (English)
- Friends of Holon Foundation (English)
- Design Museum Holon (English)
- Hapoel Holon Basketball Club official site (Hebrew)
- Holon's Story Gardens (1/2)
- Holon's Story Gardens (2/2)
- Youth week in Holon (Hebrew)
- City blog presents the best part of the Holon city (Hebrew)
- The Holon H-500 Information Arena (English and Hebrew)