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ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships

The ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships are an international event in canoeing, one of two Summer Olympic sport events organized by the International Canoe Federation (the other being the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships). The World Championships have taken place every non-Olympic year since 1970 and officially included paracanoe events since 2010; since 2012, paracanoe-specific editions of this event (named ICF Paracanoe World Championships) have been held in Summer Paralympic years.

Prior to November 2008, canoe sprint was known as flatwater racing.

Explanation of eventsEdit

Canoe sprint competitions are broken up into canoe (C), an open canoe with a single-blade paddle, or in kayaks (K), a closed canoe with a double-bladed paddle. Each canoe or kayak can hold one person (1), two people (2), or four people (4). For each of the specific canoes or kayaks, such as a K-1 (kayak single), the competition distances can be 200 metres (660 ft), 500 metres (1,600 ft), 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), or 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) long. When a competition is listed as a C-2 500 m event as an example, it means two people are in a canoe competing at a 500 metres (1,600 ft) distance.[1]

Paracanoe competitions are contested in either a va'a (V), an outrigger canoe (which includes a second pontoon) with a single-blade paddle, or in a kayak (as above). All international competitions are held over 200 metres in single-man boats, with three event classes in both types of vessel for men and women depending on the level of an athlete's impairment. The lower the classification number, the more severe the impairment is – for example, VL1 is a va'a competition for those with particularly severe impairments.[2]

SummaryEdit

     ICF Paracanoe World Championships (paracanoe events only)

Number Year City Country Events
1 1938 Vaxholm   Sweden 12
2 1948 London   Great Britain 5
3 1950 Copenhagen   Denmark 15
4 1954 Mâcon   France 15
5 1958 Prague   Czechoslovakia 15
6 1963 Jajce   Yugoslavia 16
7 1966 East Berlin   East Germany 16
8 1970 Copenhagen   Denmark 16
9 1971 Belgrade   Yugoslavia 18
10 1973 Tampere   Finland 18
11 1974 Mexico City   Mexico 18
12 1975 Belgrade   Yugoslavia 18
13 1977 Sofia   Bulgaria 18
14 1978 Belgrade   Yugoslavia 18
15 1979 Duisburg   West Germany 18
16 1981 Nottingham   Great Britain 18
17 1982 Belgrade   Yugoslavia 18
18 1983 Tampere   Finland 18
19 1985 Mechelen   Belgium 18
20 1986 Montréal   Canada 18
21 1987 Duisburg   West Germany 18
22 1989 Plovdiv   Bulgaria 22
23 1990 Poznań   Poland 22
24 1991 Paris   France 22
25 1993 Copenhagen   Denmark 22
26 1994 Mexico City   Mexico 24
27 1995 Duisburg   Germany 24
28 1997 Dartmouth   Canada 26
29 1998 Szeged   Hungary 26
30 1999 Milan   Italy 26
31 2001 Poznań   Poland 27
32 2002 Seville   Spain 27
33 2003 Gainesville   United States 27
34 2005 Zagreb   Croatia 27
35 2006 Szeged   Hungary 27
36 2007 Duisburg   Germany 27
37 2009 Dartmouth   Canada 27
38 2010 Poznań   Poland 28 + 7
39 2011 Szeged   Hungary 29 + 8
2012 Poznań   Poland 11
40 2013 Duisburg   Germany 29 + 12
41 2014 Moscow   Russia 29 + 12
42 2015 Milan   Italy 26 + 12
2016 Duisburg   Germany 12
43 2017 Račice   Czech Republic 27 + 12
44 2018 Montemor-o-Velho   Portugal 30 + 12
45 2019 Szeged   Hungary 30 + 12
2020 Duisburg   Germany
46 2021 Copenhagen   Denmark
47 2022 Dartmouth   Canada
  • Events exclude Exhibition events.

Lists of medalistsEdit

Medal tableEdit

This medal table includes all events except the paracanoe (formerly paddleability) and the exhibition events. The current historical medal count of the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships as the 2019 championships is as follows:

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Hungary216158141515
2  Germany (1938, 1991–present)1349975308
3  Soviet Union (1958–91)1028066248
4  East Germany (1958–90)733636145
5  Russia (1993–present)545549158
6  Romania527667195
7  Canada33212478
8  Poland328373188
9  Sweden313845114
10  Belarus (1993–present)28333697
11  Spain17273680
12  New Zealand1711533
13  Australia16171851
14  Slovakia (1993–present)1691136
15  Denmark15181952
16  Italy13201649
17  West Germany (1954–90)13192456
18  Norway13141542
19  France12172554
20  Czech Republic (1993–present)10291857
21  Great Britain10151540
22  Bulgaria9162651
23  Czechoslovakia (1938–91)9152145
24  Ukraine (1993–present)8122949
25  Yugoslavia (1948–91)88521
26  Lithuania (1993–present)861125
27  Finland73313
28  United States65314
29  Brazil60713
30  Austria561324
31  Azerbaijan (1993–present)48113
32  China47718
33  Portugal43512
34  Cuba39820
35  Serbia (2006–present)361322
36  Uzbekistan (1993–present)23813
37  Israel2125
38  Latvia (1993–present)2013
39  Belgium1326
40  Mexico1023
41  Saar (1954) [a]1001
  Serbia and Montenegro (2003–05)1001
43  Netherlands0448
44  Argentina0325
45  Slovenia (1993–present)0257
46  Moldova (1993–present)0224
47  Chile0123
48  Georgia (1993–present)0112
49  South Africa0033
50  Iran0011
  Ireland0011
  Japan0011
  Kazakhstan0011
Totals (53 nations)100199910043004
Note
  • ^[a] Therese Zens represented Saar when she won a gold medal in 1954. This is recorded for West Germany in the official tables.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "What is Canoe Sprint?". International Canoe Federation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  2. ^ "What is Paracanoe?". International Canoe Federation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.