Huizhou

Huizhou (Chinese: 惠州) is a city in central-east Guangdong Province, China, forty three miles north of Hong Kong. Huizhou borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the west, Shenzhen and Dongguan to the southwest, Shaoguan to the north, Heyuan to the northeast, Shanwei to the east, and Daya Bay of the South China Sea to the south. As of the 2020 census, the city has about 6,042,852 inhabitants and is administered as a prefecture-level city.[2] Its current built-up (or metro) area made of Huiyang District was home to 2,090,578 inhabitants.[3] Nevertheless, the southern Huiyang District is now, via Shenzhen, conurbated to the Pearl River Delta megalopolis and its 65,565,622 inhabitants and Boluo County in the western part is soon to be agglomerated with Dongguan too.

Huizhou
惠州市
Top:Hejiang Attic, Huizhou West Lake, Middle:Jiangbei skyline, Huicheng District at night Bottom:Shuangyue Bay
Motto(s): 
A city to benefit people (惠民之州)
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Location of Huizhou in Guangdong
Huizhou is located in China
Huizhou
Huizhou
Location in China
Coordinates (Huizhou government): 23°06′43″N 114°24′58″E / 23.112°N 114.416°E / 23.112; 114.416Coordinates: 23°06′43″N 114°24′58″E / 23.112°N 114.416°E / 23.112; 114.416
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
City1988
Municipal seatHuicheng District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryLi Yiwei (李贻伟)
 • MayorLiu Ji (刘吉)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city10,922 km2 (4,217 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,672 km2 (1,032 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,488.5 km2 (574.7 sq mi)
 • Coastline223.6 km2 (86.3 sq mi)
Elevation
15 m (49 ft)
Population
 (2020 census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city6,042,852
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
3,494,715
 • Urban density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,090,578
 • Metro density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (China Standard)
Postal code
516000
Area code(s)0752
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-13
GDP¥383.1 billion (2017)
$57 billion ($0.11 trillion, PPP)
GDP per capita¥80,222 (2017)
$11,882($22,862, PPP)
Licence Plate粤L
Websitewww.huizhou.gov.cn
Huizhou
HZ name.svg
"Huizhou", as written in Chinese
Chinese惠州
PostalWaichow

HistoryEdit

During the Song dynasty, Huizhou was already a prefectural capital of the Huiyang prefecture, and it was also the cultural center of the region.[4]

The West Lake in Huizhou was formerly known as Feng Lake. At the age of 59, Su Shi was exiled to Huizhou by the imperial government of Song. When he visited Feng Lake in Huizhou, he found it located in the west of the city and was as beautiful as West Lake in Hangzhou. Therefore, he renamed it the West Lake. In order to solve the traffic problems on both sides of West Lake, he invested to help build two bridges. Later generations named bridges as the bridge Su Di to commemorate his achievements. And the two bridges in the West Lake becomes one of the eight scenic spots in the West Lake, called "Su Di Play Moon".[5]

Huizhou used to be a prosperous region, specializing in commerce and trading; this changed during the 20th century due to wars.[6] After the 1980s, Huizhou followed the nearby Shenzhen and Dongguan path and developed as a manufacturing base.

DemographicsEdit

 
Huizhou is located in the Hakka-speaking area at the boundary of the Gan, Min, and Yue speaking areas.

Historical demographicsEdit

In ancient China, Huizhou and Heyuan were part of the remote Lingnan region. In pre-Tang times, the population included Baiyue peoples (Zhuang, Yao, Hmong, Tanka, and She) but very few Han Chinese aside from imperial Chinese soldiers.[7] According to the Huiyang County annals (2003), in the late Yuan Dynasty (14th century), what is now Huizhou had only 45,410 inhabitants in 9,545 households.[7] That corresponds to one household and five people per square kilometer; in other words, the area was still remote and wild.[7] Most of the 6 million inhabitants in Huizhou and Heyuan nowadays are descended from people who migrated in the late Yuan and early Ming dynasties and during the Qing Dynasty after the Great Clearance.[7]

PopulationEdit

According to the 2020 census, the city's permanent population was 6,042,852,[8] representing an increase of 1,444,450 people, or 31.43%, from the 2010 census. Between 2000 and 2010, the average annual increase over that 10-year period was 3.64%. As of 2010, the population included 2,419,258 males (52.63%) and 2,177,744 females (47.37%), for a sex ratio of 111.09 males for every 100 females. There were 809,270 children aged 0–14 (17.6%); 3,517,928 people aged 15–64 (76.53%), and 269,804 people aged 65 and older (5.87%).

EthnicityEdit

The majority of Huizhou's residents are Han Chinese, with a population of 3,617,800, 97.69% of Huizhou's population. There are 85,500 residents of minority ethnic groups, including Yao and She, representing 2.31% of the population.[9] The Han population includes Hakka and Hoklo people. The Hakka are distributed widely in each district and county of the prefecture-level city, and Huizhou has Hakka walled villages. The Hoklo are concentrated in Boluo County and Huidong County. In Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan, there are more than 800,000 people of Huizhou ancestry.

EconomyEdit

Located in the Pearl River Delta, Huizhou is one of the 9 prefecture-level cities in the Pearl River Delta Economic Zone (include Huizhou urban area, Huiyang, Huidong and Boluo only). TCL, a major TV and multinational consumer electronics company is headquartered in Huizhou.[10]

Development zonesEdit

Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development ZoneEdit

Huizhou Daya Bay Economic and Technological Development Zone (DBETDZ) was approved by the State Council in 1993. It had an initial area of 9.98 km2 (3.85 sq mi), and in 2006, the State Council expanded the zone to 23.6 km2 (9.1 sq mi) in three phases.

Industries encouraged in the zone include Automobile Production/Assembly, Chemical Production and Processing, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, and others.[11]

Huizhou Export Processing ZoneEdit

Huizhou Export Processing Zone was approved by Guangdong Provincial Government as a subzone of DBETDZ in June 2005. The planned area was 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi). The zone was considered suitable for companies focusing on electronics, auto parts, textiles and chemicals.[12]

Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development ZoneEdit

Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone is connected with Shenzhen, Guangzhou and Dongguan by Huizhou-Shenzhen Highway, Guangzhou-Huizhou Highway and Dongguan-Huizhou Highway. Beijing-Kowloon Railway and Huizhou-Aotou Railway also run through the zone, linking it with Beijing, Hong Kong, and other cities along the railway. Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport is a one-and-a-half hour drive from the zone.

Huizhou Zhongkai HIDZ has established electronics, information technology and optical-, mechanical- and electronic-integration as its major industries. It also encourages investment in new materials, telecommunications, and other high-tech industries. The zone is one of the National Electronic Information Industry Bases and National Video and Audio Products Parks in China.[10]

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Huizhou administers 5 county-level divisions, including 2 districts and 3 counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Huicheng District 惠城区 Huìchéng Qū 1,579,818 1,488.45 1,061
Huiyang District 惠阳区 Huìyáng Qū 764,816 1,205.44 664
Boluo County 博罗县 Bóluó Xiàn 1,038,198 2,855.11 364
Huidong County 惠东县 Huìdōng Xiàn 908,390 3,526.73 258
Longmen County 龙门县 Lóngmén Xiàn 307,180 2,267.2 135

TransportEdit

Huicheng, the urban center of Huizhou, is served by the Jingjiu Railway (also known as the Guangmeishan Railway in Guangdong) with two stations: Huizhou West and Huizhou. Huizhou itself is vast as Los Angeles County with sparse rail service as compared with bay peer cities.

Huizhou Pingtan Airport reopened in 2015.[13] Additionally the town is about a one and one half-hour drive by bus from Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport.[14] There are also coach bus services connecting Huizhou with Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA).[15]

A mass rapid transit linking it to Shenzhen was under construction as of 2011.

In April 2018, the China Daily announced that the world's first automatic railroad was currently under construction between Dongguan and Huizhou. As a pilot project, it would contain ten railway stations, driverless trains and robotic assistance for passengers with luggage and tickets.[16]

LanguageEdit

The main languages spoken in Huizhou are Hakka Chinese (Huiyang dialect), Huizhou dialect, Hokkien dialect, and Cantonese.

MilitaryEdit

Huizhou is headquarters of the 42nd Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the two group armies that comprise the Guangzhou Military Region responsible for the defense of China's southern coast and its border with Vietnam.

EducationEdit

Educational facilities in Huizhou include:

SportEdit

Huizhou is a well-known city of sports in China with the opening of Huizhou Olympic Stadium in 2010.

ClimateEdit

Huizhou has a dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cwa).

Climate data for Huizhou (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.3
(66.7)
22.2
(72.0)
26.1
(79.0)
29.3
(84.7)
31.3
(88.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.2
(88.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
26.4
(79.5)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.7
(53.1)
14.9
(58.8)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.0
(75.2)
20.7
(69.3)
15.8
(60.4)
11.6
(52.9)
18.8
(65.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.3
(1.47)
62.8
(2.47)
87.0
(3.43)
202.0
(7.95)
226.7
(8.93)
323.6
(12.74)
255.1
(10.04)
276.1
(10.87)
173.0
(6.81)
66.6
(2.62)
28.2
(1.11)
33.4
(1.31)
1,771.8
(69.75)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 6.3 10.6 12.6 14.5 18.3 18.7 17.2 18.4 13.0 6.6 5.1 4.8 146.1
Source: Weather China

TourismEdit

 
South and West Lake in Linghu

Daya BayEdit

Daya Bay is located to the southeast of Huizhou City, on the South China Sea, with waters covering an area of nearly 500 km2 (190 sq mi). There are nearly 100 islands and reefs in the bay. The climate is described as a typical subtropical oceanic climate, with temperatures averaging 21.8 °C (71.2 °F) over the year. Historically, Daya Bay had whales and turtles.[18][19] The bay was one of the breeding grounds along the southern coast of China for Asian population of gray whales which are now one of the most endangered whale population in the world. They migrated here to calve in the winter-spring seasons. Other species, such as humpback whales also migrated here historically. All of these were wiped out by Japanese whalers established whaling stations on various sites on Chinese coasts including at nearby Daya Bay.[20][21] Critically endangered Chinese white dolphins and occasional whales such as humpbacks have been confirmed in the bay recent years.[22]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Huizhou is twinned with:[23]

Friendly citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "China: Administrative Division of Guăngdōng / 广东省". Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area - Map(Huizhou)". www.bayarea.gov.hk. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  3. ^ "China: Guăngdōng (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  4. ^ Ezra F. Vogel (October 1990). One Step Ahead in China: Guangdong Under Reform. Harvard University Press. pp. 225–226. ISBN 978-0-674-63911-9.
  5. ^ 黄建萍 (1997). 东坡到处有西湖. 江苏政协 (3): 32.
  6. ^ Poon, Linda (5 January 2015). "China's Villages Are Dying. A New Film Asks If They Can Be Saved". NPR.
  7. ^ a b c d 潘家懿、林倫倫(2011),粵東惠河片閩南語的分佈及其地理環境特徵,《臺灣語文研究》第6卷第2期,2011, p.16
  8. ^ "China: Guăngdōng". City Population.
  9. ^ "惠州市2005年全国1%人口抽样调查主要数据公报". 惠州市统计局. 12 July 2010. Archived from the original on 27 August 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2017.
  10. ^ a b http://www.bayarea/gov.hk/about Huizhou/Guangdong-Hongkong-Macao Greater Bay Area Huizhou
  11. ^ "Huizhou Dayawan Economics Technology Development Zone". Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  12. ^ "Guangdong Huizhou Export Processing Zone". Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  13. ^ "惠州机场将于2月5日复航--24小时滚动新闻-人民网". cpc.people.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  14. ^ "Guangdong Traffic." Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport. Retrieved on May 9, 2018.
  15. ^ "Mainland Coaches." Hong Kong International Airport. Retrieved on May 8, 2018.
  16. ^ nan, Zhong (2 May 2018). "Automated railways being tested". China Daily. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  17. ^ Huizhou University. ResearchGate. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  18. ^ Dredging in China under strict environment control Archived 2016-04-06 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ 大辣甲岛海域现死亡鲸鱼 死因未明
  20. ^ Jefferson A.T., Hung K.S., 2007, An updated, annotated checklist of the marine mammals of Hong Kong, Mammalia (2007) – DOI 10.1515/MAMM.2007.021, pp.105–114
  21. ^ Rockwell D.H., 2009, When in Rome, Do as the Whales Do!
  22. ^ 大亚湾发现中华白海豚 专家:应保持百米安全距离
  23. ^ "惠州城市朋友圈新增好友泸州". xinhuanet.com (in Chinese). Xinhua News. 17 April 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Samoa signs MOU with China's Huizhou City". loopsamoa.co. Loop News. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  25. ^ "중국 후이저우시". seongnam.go.kr (in Korean). Seongnam. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  26. ^ "Come and invest in Worcestershire, say county-decision makers back from China mission". worcesternews.co.uk. Worcester News. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2021.

External linksEdit