Homeless Jesus

Homeless Jesus,[1] also known as Jesus the Homeless, is a bronze sculpture by Canadian sculptor Timothy Schmalz depicting Jesus as a homeless person, sleeping on a park bench. The original sculpture was installed at Regis College, University of Toronto, in early 2013. Over 100 casts of the statue have been installed worldwide since 2016.

Homeless Jesus
Homeless Jesus Street Toronto.jpg
Statue outside Regis College, Toronto
ArtistTimothy Schmalz
LocationToronto, Ontario, Canada[note 1]

Description and historyEdit

Timothy Schmalz in 2019. Schmalz was the designer for the sculpture Homeless Jesus.
Marks at the feet of the statue

Homeless Jesus was designed by Timothy Schmalz, a Canadian sculptor and devout Catholic.[2] It depicts Jesus as a homeless person, sleeping on a park bench. His face and hands are obscured, hidden under a blanket, but crucifixion wounds on his feet reveal his identity.[2] The statue has been described as a "visual translation" of the Gospel of Matthew passage in which Jesus tells his disciples, "as you did it to one of the least of my brothers, you did it to me".[2] Schmalz intended for the bronze sculpture to be provocative, admitting, "That's essentially what the sculpture is there to do. It's meant to challenge people."[2] He offered the first casts to St. Michael's Cathedral in Toronto and St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York, but both churches declined.[2] One spokesperson for St. Michael's said the church declined because appreciation "was not unanimous" and it was undergoing restoration. The cast intended for St. Michael's was installed at Regis College, the Jesuit School of Theology at the University of Toronto. Similarly, a spokesperson for St. Patrick's complimented the work but declined purchasing the cast due to ongoing renovations.[2]

Installations in other countries followed. For example, the first location in the United States was located at St. Alban's Episcopal Church in Davidson, North Carolina.[2] It was purchased for $22,000 and displayed as a memorial to parishioner Kate McIntyre, who had an affinity for public art.[2] According to the Rev. David Buck, rector of St. Alban's, "It gives authenticity to our church. This is a relatively affluent church, to be honest, and we need to be reminded ourselves that our faith expresses itself in active concern for the marginalized of society".[2] Buck welcomed discussion about the sculpture and considers it a "Bible lesson for those used to seeing Jesus depicted in traditional religious art as the Christ of glory, enthroned in finery."[2] Furthermore, he said in an interview with NPR, "We believe that that's the kind of life Jesus had. He was, in essence, a homeless person."[2]

For the downtown Detroit location, Rev. Gary Wright, S.J. of the Saints Peter and Paul Jesuit Church has said Homeless Jesus honors and may comfort the homeless people whom the church serves.[3] An anonymous alumnus of the Jesuit- and Sisters of Mercy-sponsored University of Detroit Mercy School of Law, which adjoins Saints Peter and Paul, donated funds for the statue at the church, placing it just across East Jefferson Avenue from Detroit's iconic Renaissance Center towers.[4]

Charleston, West Virginia, received the 8th Homeless Jesus statue in November, 2014.[5]

A cast has been installed on the Via della Conziliazione, the street leading to St. Peter's Basilica outside of the Papal Office of Charities in March 2016.[6] Earlier, Schmalz visited the Pope in Vatican City in November 2013 to present a miniature version of his statue. He recalled about the Pope's reaction, "He walked over to the sculpture, and it was just chilling because he touched the knee of the Jesus the Homeless sculpture, and closed his eyes and prayed. It was like, that's what he's doing throughout the whole world: Pope Francis is reaching out to the marginalized."[2] Catholic Charities of Chicago and the Archdiocese of Washington, D.C. have both had casts installed outside of their offices. Pope Francis visited the sculpture installed along G Street in Chinatown, Washington, D.C., during his 2015 visit to the United States.[7]

St. Paul's Cathedral, Buffalo, New York, is now the permanent site for Homeless Jesus, installed during Holy Week 2015. St. Paul's, the Cathedral for The Episcopal Diocese of Western New York, is located at 139 Church Street (corner of Church and Pearl in downtown Buffalo).[8]

In May 2016, a cast was installed at the new main services building of Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City along Classen Boulevard in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. An estimated 60,000 vehicles pass the sculpture daily at this location.[9] In August 2017, a cast was installed at the front entrance of Father Woody's Haven of Hope in Denver, Colorado, at the corner of 7th and Lipan Streets. Father Woody's Haven of Hope mission is to provide food, shelter, clothing, counseling, rehabilitation and hygienic services to the homeless and less fortunate.[10]

Manchester has recently approved an installation outside St Ann's Church. The statue was originally going to be installed in Westminster outside of the Methodist Church's Westminster Central Hall but was eventually rejected. The city believed that the statue would not properly reflect the nature.[11] The Bishop of Manchester reflected on the importance of having Homeless Jesus. He remembered Jesus saying that turning away from helping someone in need is like turning from Jesus.[12]

On Dec. 7th, 2017, a cast of the statue was installed in Nelson Mandela Place, Glasgow, Scotland. Scottish artist Peter Howson has made a painting of a homeless Jesus that will be shown alongside the statue. Glasgow priest Father Willy Slavin helped bring the sculpture to Scotland. He was contacted by Schmalz in 2015, and took the idea to the Glasgow Churches Together association.[13]

In April 2019 a statue was installed in the Gardens of Church of Our Lady and Saint Nicholas, Liverpool. It was unveiled by residents of Liverpool YMCA and blessed by the Bishop of Liverpool. The unveiling took place in the context of a Homelessness Conference organized by the Parish Church and Crispin Pailing and drawing together politicians with public, private and charitable sectors to address issues of homelessness in the city.[14]

A cast of the Homeless Jesus statue outside St. James United Church in Montreal. The cast was installed in 2019.

In November 2019, a cast was installed in front of the St. James United Church in Montreal, Quebec, ahead of the observance of the second World Day of the Poor.[15] St. James' Church, Sydney participated in the international vigil for the poor and homeless on 17 November 2019 at its Homeless Jesus sculpture installed outside the church with a service followed by a free lunch for the homeless in the church's crypt.

In April 2022, the image was installed at the Manila Cathedral in Intramuros, Manila. It was unveiled and blessed by Manila Archbishop Cardinal Jose Advincula on April 10, 2022, coinciding with Palm Sunday.[16]


Reception of the statue has been mixed. According to NPR, "The reaction [to the cast in Davidson, North Carolina] was immediate. Some loved it; some didn't."[2] Some Davidson residents felt it was an "insulting depiction" of Jesus that "demeaned" the neighborhood.[2] One Davidson resident called police the first time she saw it, mistaking the statue for a real homeless person. Another neighbor wrote a letter, saying it "[creeped] him out".[2] However, according to Buck, residents are often seen sitting on the bench alongside the statue, resting their hands on Jesus and praying.[2]

In October 2020, a resident of Bay Village, Ohio called the police to report a homeless person sleeping on a park bench. This call was made within 20 minutes of the Homeless Jesus sculpture being installed at St. Barnabas Episcopal Church, in Bay Village. This made national news[17] due to reporters calling out the city's residents for being privileged and ignoring the concerns of the homeless.


By early 2016, some 100 copies of Homeless Jesus were on display worldwide.[18] The first sculpture outside of North America was installed on the grounds of Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin.[1]

The following list shows some places where copies of the sculpture have been installed.


Cast of Homeless Jesus in front of Holy Rosary Cathedral in Vancouver.
Cast of Homeless Jesus at Ciudad Colonial in Santo Domingo.


Cast of Homeless Jesus on the grounds of St. Peter's Church, Capernaum.


Cast of Homeless Jesus outside Almudena Cathedral in Madrid.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Copies of the statue have also been installed in several other cities.


  1. ^ a b Hilliard, Mark. "Homeless Jesus at Christ Church set to provoke reflection", The Irish Times, 2015-5-1. Retrieved on 2015-5-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Burnett, John (13 April 2014). "Statue of a Homeless Jesus Startles a Wealthy Community". NPR. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  3. ^ Montemurri, Patricia. "Is there a home for 'Homeless Jesus' statue in Detroit?". Freep.com. Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  4. ^ a b Montemurri, Patricia. "'Homeless Jesus' sculpture gets downtown home June 28". Freep.com. Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
  5. ^ Gutman, David (23 November 2014). "'Homeless Jesus' statue installed in downtown Charleston". Charleston Gazette-Mail. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  6. ^ "'Homeless Jesus:' the new statue installed in the Vatican". Rome Reports. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Pope Francis to See Statue of Homeless Jesus During Visit to D.C. « CBS DC". Washington.cbslocal.com. 18 September 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  8. ^ "St. Paul's Episcopal Cathedral | Buffalo, NY | Christian Church". spcbuffalo. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Home for 'homeless' statue: New sculpture at Catholic Charities of Oklahoma City takes place of one sent to Pope Francis". News OK. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  10. ^ Erin Powell (17 May 2017). "Denver adds one to its homeless population: 'Homeless Jesus'". 9news.com.
  11. ^ Mark Woods (23 March 2016). "Westminster Council rejects church's bid for 'Homeless Jesus' statue | Christian News on Christian Today". Christiantoday.com. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  12. ^ Ruth Gledhill (6 December 2016). "Rejected In London, 'Homeless Jesus' Finds A Home In Manchester | Christian News on Christian Today". Christiantoday.com. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  13. ^ "Homeless Jesus statue installed in Glasgow city centre". BBC Scotland. 7 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Homeless man who died in tent was 'compassionate' dad, who loved his kids more than anything". Liverpool Echo. 4 April 2019.
  15. ^ Curtis, Christopher (18 November 2019). "Homeless Jesus sleeping on a park bench is unveiled in Montreal". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  16. ^ Aquino, Leslie Ann (10 April 2022). "Advincula blesses image of 'Homeless Jesus' on Palm Sunday". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 10 April 2022.
  17. ^ Atassi, Leila (23 October 2020). "'Homeless Jesus' proves his point in Bay Village, when call to police goes viral: Leila Atassi". cleveland.com. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  18. ^ "'Homeless Jesus' statue mistaken for real homeless person, Hamilton paramedics say". TheRecord.com. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  19. ^ Shively, Tina (26 February 2015). "Downtown church unveils 'Homeless Jesus' sculpture".
  20. ^ "» Brauer Museum of Art Welcomes "Homeless Jesus" Installation – News". Valpo.edu. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  21. ^ Thomas, Ruby. "St. James unveils 'Homeless Jesus'". therecordnewspaper.org. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
  22. ^ "Home for 'homeless' statue: New sculpture at Catholic Charities of Oklahoma City takes place of one sent to Pope Francis". NewsOK.com. 14 May 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  23. ^ "Homeless Jesus Sculpture Information | St. Ann Catholic Parish | Coppell, TX". Stannparish.org. Archived from the original on 26 July 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  24. ^ Belleza, Mary Jane. "'Homeless Jesus' statue in Nevada designed to raise awareness, build compassion". wect.com. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  25. ^ a b c "'Homeless Jesus' statue installed in Toledo". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  26. ^ "Unveiling of Homeless Jesus statue draws attention to city's vulnerable". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  27. ^ "Homeless ministry marks third annual World Day of the Poor". Catholic Philly. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  28. ^ a b c d e "Homeless Jesus – Sculptures by TPS". Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  29. ^ Diocese Of Venice (8 December 2018). "'Homeless Jesus' statue blessed at Cathedral". Venice Gondolier. Sun Newspapers.
  30. ^ https://nwcatholic.org/news/susan-gilmore/seattle-s-homeless-jesus-sculpture-is-reminder-to-care-for-the-marginalized
  31. ^ Seosomun Shrine History Museum, by Lee Sangrae, December 2019.
  32. ^ a b c d "Homeless Jesus statue arrives in city". BBC News. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  33. ^ "Homeless Jesus to be gathering place for Sunday's observance of World Day of the Poor". The London Free Press. 16 November 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  34. ^ https://www.mk-online.de/meldung/skulptur-homeless-jesus-in-sankt-bonifaz-zu-sehen/
  35. ^ https://www.sankt-bonifaz.de/abtei/kunst-am-bau/
  36. ^ August 2, 2018, Rebecca Abbott. "Have you seen Homeless Jesus?". eternitynews.com.au. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  37. ^ a b "Homeless Jesus placed at the entrance to Newman College in Melbourne". Catholic Outlook. 20 November 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2020.

External linksEdit