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Westminster City Council is the local authority for the City of Westminster in Greater London, England. It is a London borough council and is entitled to be known as a city council, which is a rare distinction in the United Kingdom. The city is divided into 20 wards, each electing three councillors. The council is currently composed of 41 Conservative Party members and 19 Labour Party members.[1] The council was created by the London Government Act 1963 and replaced three local authorities: Paddington Metropolitan Borough Council, St Marylebone Metropolitan Borough Council and Westminster Borough Council. The present-day city council provides some shared services with Hammersmith and Fulham, and with Kensington and Chelsea.

Westminster City Council

Westminster London Borough Council
Logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Leader of the Council
Cllr Nickie Aiken, Conservative
since 7th December 2016
Lord Mayor
Cllr Lindsey Hall, Conservative
since May 2018
Chief executive
Stuart Love
since 17th January 2018
Structure
Seats60 councillors
Westminster Council 2018.svg
Political groups
Majority Party (41)

Opposition (19)

Elections
First past the post
Last election
3 May 2018
Next election
May 2022
Meeting place
Westminster Council House, Marylebone Road NW1 5PT
Website
www.westminster.gov.uk

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
A map showing the wards of Westminster since 2002

There have previously been a number of local authorities responsible for the Westminster area. The current local authority was first elected in 1964, a year before formally coming into its powers and prior to the creation of the City of Westminster on 1 April 1965. Westminster City Council replaced Paddington Metropolitan Borough Council, St Marylebone Metropolitan Borough Council and the Westminster City Council which had responsibility for the earlier, smaller City of Westminster. All three had been created in 1900, with Paddington and St Marylebone replacing the parish vestries incorporated by the Metropolis Management Act 1855. Westminster itself has a more convoluted history and the metropolitan borough council established in 1900 had replaced the Vestry of the Parish of St George Hanover Square, the Vestry of the Parish of St Martin in the Fields, the Strand District Board of Works, the Westminster District Board of Works and the Vestry of the Parish of Westminster St James.

It was envisaged through the London Government Act 1963 that Westminster City Council as a London local authority would share power with the Greater London Council. The split of powers and functions meant that the Greater London Council was responsible for "wide area" services such as fire, ambulance, flood prevention, and refuse disposal; with the local authorities responsible for "personal" services such as social care, libraries, cemeteries and refuse collection. This arrangement lasted until 1986 when Westminster City Council gained responsibility for some services that had been provided by the Greater London Council, such as waste disposal. Westminster became an education authority in 1990. Since 2000 the Greater London Authority has taken some responsibility for highways and planning control from the council, but within the English local government system the council remains a "most purpose" authority in terms of the available range of powers and functions.

BuildingsEdit

 
Westminster City Hall

The Council is usually based at Westminster City Hall on Victoria Street in Victoria. The City Hall was designed by Burnet Tait & Partners on a speculative basis, and completed in 1966.

Powers and functionsEdit

The local authority derives its powers and functions from the London Government Act 1963 and subsequent legislation. Westminster has the powers and functions of a London borough council. It is a billing authority collecting Council Tax and business rates; it processes local planning applications; it is responsible for housing, waste collection, and environmental health. It is a local education authority responsible for social services, libraries and waste disposal. The council shares responsibility with the Greater London Authority for strategic policies including housing, planning and the environment.

FinancesEdit

Westminster City Council is the billing authority for Council Tax, and collects a precepts on behalf of the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime, the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority, the Greater London Authority and Transport for London.

Summary results of electionsEdit

Overall control Conservative Labour Residents
2018 Conservative 41 19 -
2014 Conservative 44 16 -
2010 Conservative 48 12 -
2006 Conservative 48 12 -
2002 Conservative 48 12 -
1998 Conservative 47 13 -
1994 Conservative 45 15 -
1990 Conservative 45 15 -
1986 Conservative 32 27 1
1982 Conservative 43 16 1
1978 Conservative 39 19 2
1974 Conservative 37 23 -
1971 Conservative 37 23 -
1968 Conservative 55 5 -
1964 Conservative 41 19 -

LeadersEdit

1964-65 David Cobbold

1965-69 Gordon Pirie

1969-72 A.C. Barrett

1972-76 Hugh (Guy) Cubbitt

1976-83 David Cobbold

1983-91 Shirley Porter

1991-93 David Weeks

1993-95 Miles Young

1995-2000 Melvyn Caplan

2000-08 Simon Milton

2008-12 Colin Barrow

2012-17 Philippa Roe

2017- Nickie Aiken

Lord Mayors of WestminsterEdit

Year Name Notes
1965 Sir Charles Norton 2nd term. First Lord Mayor.
1966 Anthony L. Burton
1966 Arthur C. Barrett
1967 Christopher Anthony Prendergast
1968 Leonard Pearl
1970 Brian Fitzgerald-Moore 2nd term
1971 John Wells
1972 John E. Guest
1973 David Neville Cobbold 2nd term
1974 Group Captain Gordon Pirie 2nd term
1975 Councillor Roger M. Dawe
1976 Jack Gillett
1977 Hugh Cubitt
1978 Wing Commander William Henry Kearney
1979 Reginald Forrester
1980 Donald du Parc Braham
1981 G. I. Harley
1982 Thomas Whipham
1983 Phoebette Sitwell
1984 John Bull
1985 Roger Bramble
1986 Mrs Terence Mallinson
1987 Kevin Gardner
1988 Elizabeth Flach
1989 Simon Mabey
1990 Dr David Avery
1991 Dame Shirley Porter
1992 Dr Cyril Nemeth
1993 Jenny Bianco
1994 Angela Hooper
1995 Alan Bradley
1996 Robert Davis
1997 Ronald Raymond-Cox
1998 David Harvey
1999 Alex Segal
2000 Michael Brahams
2001 Harvey Marshall
2002 Frances Blois
2003 Jan Prendergast
2004 Catherine Longworth
2005 Tim Joiner
2006 Alexander Nicoll
2007 Carolyn Keen
2008 Louise Hyams
2009 Duncan Sandys
2010 Judith Warner
2011 Susie Burbridge
2012 Angela Harvey
2013 Sarah Richardson
2014 Audrey Lewis
2015 Lady Flight
2016 Steve Summers
2017 Ian Adams
2018 Lindsey Hall
2019 Ruth Bush

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Your Councillors at westminster.gov.uk