Hackney North and Stoke Newington (UK Parliament constituency)
Hackney North and Stoke Newington is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom since 1987 by Diane Abbott of the Labour Party, who served as Shadow Home Secretary from 6 October 2016 to 5 April 2020. Abbott was one of the first three Black British MPs elected, and the first female Black British MP in the UK.
|Hackney North and Stoke Newington|
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||74,780 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Diane Abbott (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hackney North; Stoke Newington|
The constituency has always elected Labour MPs since its creation in 1950. While well connected to Central London, including the City of London, the seat generally has moderate incomes rather than high, and a narrow majority of wards had a relatively high ranking when placed in the Index of Multiple Deprivation, compiled in 2000. In line with most of Greater London since 2000 many parts, especially Stamford Hill, Upper Clapton, Lower Clapton have become marginal in terms of local councillors and these districts, with to a lesser extent the eponymous Hackney and Stoke Newington, are in the process of becoming re-gentrified with ongoing increases in land value, proximity to the London 2012 venues and a council that successfully reduced the level of crime by about 30% within a four-year period. Demographically, almost 60% of households are singletons and households have a higher than average level of unemployment.
Through all these changes, under incumbent Diane Abbott, the seat has become a safe seat for Labour. Prior to her promotion to the Shadow Cabinet, Abbott for many years was Labour's regular commentator opposite Michael Portillo on the light-hearted political round-up series This Week, and continued to appear on the show periodically until its cancellation in 2019. On 23 February 2020, Abbott announced she would be returning to the backbenches upon the election of the new Labour leader on 4 April that year.
The seat was created in 1950 and has gone through many changes: in January 2006 the boundary moved again, this time to correspond with the local government ward boundaries.
Following major electoral reform at the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, part of the Third Reform Act, the seat of Hackney was divided into two and Hackney North was formed, this time to return only one Member of Parliament, commencing with the 1885 general election.
The Stoke Newington constituency was created at the 1918 general election by the division of the Hackney North constituency by the Representation of the People Act, 1918, known generally as Fourth Reform Act; an Act most importantly remembered for the first time extending suffrage to women. The constituency was identical in area to the Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington.
Following a decrease in the population the two constituencies were merged by the Representation of the People Act, 1948, retaining David Weitzman as MP and becoming the current constituency in the 1950 general election.
- Political history
The seat's narrowest majority of 18.3% was in 1979 and its greatest, 62.4%, was in 2017. The 2015 result made the seat the 18th safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority and seventh safest in London.
1950–1955: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Leaside, Maury, Southwold, Springfield, and Stamford, and the Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington.
1955–1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Northfield, Northwold, Rectory, and Springfield, and the Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington.
1974–1983: The London Borough of Hackney wards of Brownswood, Clissold, Defoe, New River, Northfield, Northwold, and Springfield.
1983–2010: The London Borough of Hackney wards of Brownswood, Clissold, Eastdown, Leabridge, New River, North Defoe, Northfield, Northwold, Rectory, South Defoe, and Springfield.
2010–present: The London Borough of Hackney wards of Brownswood, Cazenove, Clissold, Dalston, Hackney Downs, Lea Bridge (apart from a small section at the southern end of the ward), Lordship, New River, Springfield, and Stoke Newington Central.
The constituency covers the northern part of the London Borough of Hackney.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1950||David Weitzman||Labour||MP for Stoke Newington (1945–1950)
Oldest serving MP (1974–1979)
Last serving MP born in the 19th century.
|1979||Ernie Roberts||Labour||Assistant General Secretary of the Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers (1957–1977)|
|1987||Diane Abbott||Labour||First and longest-serving black female MP.
Shadow Secretary of State for International Development (2015–2016)
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Ben Mathis1||4,283||7.5||+0.8|
|Brexit Party||Richard Ings||609||1.1||New|
1: After the close of nominations, the Liberal Democrats suspended its support for Mathis's candidacy over tweets he made.
|Liberal Democrats||Joe Richards||3,817||6.8||+1.8|
|Animal Welfare||Jonathan Homan||222||0.4||-0.1|
|Friends Party||Coraline Corlis-Khan||59||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Simon de Deney||2,492||5.0||−18.9|
|Animal Welfare||Jon Homan||221||0.5||New|
|Communist League||Jonathan Silberman||102||0.2||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Keith Angus||11,092||23.9||+0.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Knigel Knapp||182||0.4||−0.4|
|Magna Carta Party||Jack Pope-de-Locksley||26||0.1||New|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||James Blanchard||6,841||23.3||+9.2|
|Socialist Labour||Nusrat Sen||296||1.0||−1.6|
|Monster Raving Loony||Nigel Barrow||248||0.8||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Meral Ece||4,170||14.1||+3.9|
|Socialist Labour||Sukant Chandan||756||2.6||New|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Douglas Taylor||3,306||10.2||−1.3|
|Green||Yen Chit Chong||1,395||4.3||+1.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Keith Fitchett||3,996||11.5||−7.7|
|Green||Heather M. Hunt||1,111||3.2||+0.6|
|Natural Law||J Windsor||178||0.5||New|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Red Front||Yasmini Anwar||228||0.6||New|
|National Front||J Field||396||1.1||-1.9|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||Sylvia May||860||3.0||-0.74|
|Conservative||Anthony John Wylson||5,972||21.39||-2.56|
|Liberal||Simon J. Lyons||3,796||13.60||-4.55|
|National Front||Henry Charles Lord||1,044||3.74||-0.01|
|Workers Revolutionary||Michael Van der Poorten||159||0.57||New|
|Conservative||Anthony John Wylson||7,826||23.95||-10.75|
|Liberal||Simon J. Lyons||5,932||18.15||New|
|National Front||Henry Charles Lord||1,226||3.75||New|
|Conservative||John R. Boast||11,298||34.72||+6.28|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||John R. Boast||10,221||28.44||-0.14|
|Conservative||Roger L. White||10,843||28.58||-4.76|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||Roger L. White||14,515||33.34||-0.87|
|Conservative||William H. Bishop||19,469||31.6|
|Social Credit||John Hargrave||551||0.9|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- "Hackney Council Hackney". www.hackney.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2007-12-22. Retrieved 2010-04-22.
- "Area and Property Guide for E5 - Mouseprice". www.mouseprice.com.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Revised estimates of leave vote in Westminster constituencies". Retrieved 26 October 2016.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
- "Hackney North & Stoke Newington Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- "Hackney North Lib Dem Candidate". Hackney Citizen. Ed Sheridan. 24 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Hackney North & Stoke Newington parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf] House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report Check
|url=value (help). Missing or empty
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Hackney North & Stoke Newington parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Statement of People Nominated Hackney Borough Council
- "Election 2010". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- Diane Abbott's website