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Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba (HHN; Arabic: حركة حزب الله النجباءḤaraka Ḥizballāh an-Nujabā’, "Movement of the Party of God's Nobles") is an Iraqi Shi'ite paramilitary group. The group take its name from a speech by Zaynab bint Ali, an early Islamic Shia holy figure who is believed to have said the following after she was taken to the court of the Ummayad caliph Yazid I, as a prisoner following the Battle of Karbala: "It's a wonder and the greatest one that the nobles of the party of God are murdered by the freed slaves of the Party of Satan"[28] The group has a TV channel named Alnujaba TV.[29]

Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba
Arabic: حركة حزب الله النجباء
Participant in Iraq War
Iraqi Civil War
Syrian Civil War
Hezbollah al-Nujaba Flag.jpg
Active2013–present
IdeologyShia Islamism
Vilayat-e Faqih[1]
Khomeinism[2]
Anti-West[3]
Allegiance Iraq (2014–present)[4]
Group(s)See section
LeadersAkram al-Kaabi[5]
SpokespersonHashim al-Mousawi[6]
Area of operationsIraq
Syrian Civil War
Aleppo
East Ghouta, Damascus[7]
Latakia[8]
Al-Ghab Plain, Hama[9]
Part of Popular Mobilization Forces (In Iraq)[1][10]
4th Armoured Division (In Syria)[11]
Originated as Asaib Ahl al-Haq
AlliesState allies

Non-state allies

Opponent(s)State opponents
Battles and war(s)Iraqi insurgency (2003–11) (as Asaib Ahl al-Haq)

Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)

WebsiteOfficial website
Designated as a terrorist organisation by
 United States[26][27]

Contents

FlagsEdit

HistoryEdit

HHN emerged from the Iraqi paramilitary Asaib Ahl al-Haq (AAH) in 2013 and is led by AAH co-founder Sheikh Akram al-Kaabi. al-Kaabi claims that, after a period of militant inactivity, the Syrian civil war motivated him to form the militia. He denies it emerged from a "split" with AAH, but that he chose not to unify with them due to disagreements.[1] The two groups still share close affinity, often simultaneously commemorating martyrs.[32] The group openly receives training, arms, and military advice from Iran.[5][33] They have released a nasheed praising Iranian Quds Force commander Qasem Suleimani.[5] They follow the Iranian government's ideology of Vilayat-e Faqih, and al-Kaabi has stated that he would overthrow the Iraqi government or fight alongside the Yemeni Houthis if ordered by Grand Ayatollah Khamenei.[10]

The group was one of the first Iraqi paramilitaries to send fighters to Syria, doing so since their formation in 2013. They have had an increasing role in the country after a significant boost to recruitment efforts took place in 2015.[32] They were a major participant in the 2015 South Aleppo offensive[34] and the breaking of the siege of the Shia towns Nubl and Zahraa.[35]

In December 2014, ABNA.ir published photos of Iranian-built Yasir UAV (an unlicensed copy of the American ScanEagle) claimed in use with Harakat Hizballah al-Nujaba.[36]

In April 2015, al-Kaabi claimed the group had suffered 126 casualties, including 38 in Syria.[5]

DivisionsEdit

The group is divided into four brigades:[37][38]

  • Liwa Ammar Ibn Yasir (Ammar Ibn Yasir Brigade)
  • Liwa al-Hamad (Praise Brigade)
  • Liwa al-Imam al-Hassan al-Mujtaba (Brigade of Imam Hassan the Chosen)
  • Golan Liberation Brigade[39]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Iraq's Shiite forces claim victory over IS". Al-Monitor. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  2. ^ https://www.clingendael.org/sites/default/files/2017-09/PB_Autonomy_Syrian_militias_NG.pdf
  3. ^ "Part 2: Pro-Iran Militias in Iraq". Wilson Center. 27 April 2018.
  4. ^ "خلاطي: حركة النجباء جزء من مؤسسة الحشد الشعبي الرسمية". حركة النجباء.
  5. ^ a b c d Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Interview with the leader of Harakat al-Nujaba: Translation and Analysis". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Spokesman For Iran-Backed Iraqi Shi'ite Militia In Syria: 'We Have Established The Golan Liberation Army'". MEMRI.
  7. ^ قناة النجباء الفضائية (10 October 2015). "عمليات حركة النجباء في سوريا - الغوطة الشرقية". Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via YouTube.
  8. ^ Stahlgewitter Syrien 2 (11 November 2015). "Harakat Hezbollah al-Nujaba: Operation in Latakia (2015)". Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via YouTube.
  9. ^ قناة النجباء الفضائية (1 September 2015). "المقاومة الاسلامية حركة النجباء معارك تحرير سهل الغاب / سوريا". Retrieved 8 June 2016 – via YouTube.
  10. ^ a b "Iraqi Shiite militia leader says he would overthrow government if ordered by Iran's supreme leader - The Long War Journal". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  11. ^ a b Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "Harakat al-Nujaba': Interview". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  12. ^ "الحشد الشعبي: التشكيل.. التدريب .. النشوء ومراحل تصنيع السلاح". oneiraqnews.com.
  13. ^ https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/uploads/Documents/pubs/PF138Appendices/PF138_Appendix_2.pdf
  14. ^ "After ISIS, Fatemiyoun Vows to Fight with "Axis of Resistance" to Destroy Israel". Middle East Institute.
  15. ^ Al-Tamimi, Aymenn Jawad. "The Local Defence Forces: Regime Auxiliary Forces in Aleppo". Aymenn Jawad Al-Tamimi.
  16. ^ "مليشيا "الحشد الشعبي" تقدم دليلا جديدا لدعمها الحوثيين". بوابة العين الإخبارية.
  17. ^ "الجيش السوري الحر يدمر أكبر مواقع حركة النجباء العراقية بالبادية السورية". نداء سوريا. 18 July 2017.
  18. ^ http://alnujaba.com/3597-اخر%20عمليات%20%20ابطال%20النجباء%20في%20سوريا.html
  19. ^ http://en.alalam.ir/news/1822097/video--hezbollah-al-nujaba-kills-23-al-nusra-militants-in-syria’s-khan-touman
  20. ^ "أجناد الشام" يعلن أسر عناصر من حزب الله والنجباء بحلب". arabi21.com. 28 October 2016.
  21. ^ https://syrian-mirror.net/ar/هجوم-مباغت-لهيئة-تحرير-الشام-في-ريف-حلب
  22. ^ "Kurdish and Iraqi forces, militias clash in northern Iraq - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org. 26 October 2017.
  23. ^ https://www.alghadpress.com/news/اهم-اخبار-الأمن-في-العراق/72178/حركة-النجباء-تعلن-مقتل-17-من-جيش-الفتح-في-حلب-السو
  24. ^ Bill Roggio (28 March 2015). "US continues airstrikes in Tikrit despite involvement of Iranian-backed Shiite militias". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  25. ^ "Iraqi Shiite Foreign Fighters on the Rise Again in Syria". www.washingtoninstitute.org.
  26. ^ "PressTV-US sanctions Iraqi Shia group known for anti-terror role".
  27. ^ "'الفتح' يستنكر ادراج العصائب والنجباء في لائحة الارهاب الاميركية". ارنا.
  28. ^ "روایت شهید عراقی از افتخار شهادت در دفاع از مزار حضرت زینب(س)". Tasnim News Agency (in Persian). Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  29. ^ Dehghanpisheh, Babak. "The Iraqi militia helping Iran carve a road to Damascus". Reuters.
  30. ^ "Harakat-al-Nujaba-Fallujah-banner - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org.
  31. ^ El-Ghobashy, Tamer; Abi-Habib, Maria (5 October 2016). "Iraqi Militias Complicate Aleppo Battle" – via www.wsj.com.
  32. ^ a b "Iran-backed Iraqi militias are pouring into Syria". Business Insider. 2 October 2015.
  33. ^ "Special Report: The Iraqi Militia Helping Iran Carve A Road To Damascus". Reuters. 22 September 2017.
  34. ^ Leith Fadel (16 December 2015). "Syrian Army and Hezbollah launch massive assault in southern Aleppo". Al-Masdar News.
  35. ^ Fadel, Leith (1 February 2016). "Syrian Army, Hezbollah launch preliminary offensive in northern Aleppo". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  36. ^ "Iran's ScanEagle Clone – New Photos". Drone-RSS.com.
  37. ^ "Understanding the Organizations Deployed to Syria" (PDF). The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  38. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld - A Short Profile of Iraq's Shi'a Militias". Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  39. ^ "IRGC-controlled Iraqi militia forms 'Golan Liberation Brigade' - FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org. 12 March 2017.

External linksEdit