Rif Dimashq Governorate

Rif Dimashq Governorate (Arabic: محافظة ريف دمشقMoḥaafaẓat Reef Demashq, literally, the "Governorate of the Countryside of Damascus") is one of the fourteen governorates (provinces) of Syria. It is situated in the southwestern part of the country. It borders the governorates of Quneitra, Daraa and al-Suwayda (comprising the historic Hauran region) in the southwest, Homs in the north, Lebanon in the west and Jordan in the south.

Rif Dimashq Governorate

مُحافظة ريف دمشق
Map of Syria with Rif-dimashq highlighted
Map of Syria with Rif-dimashq highlighted
Coordinates (Damascus): 33°30′N 37°00′E / 33.5°N 37°E / 33.5; 37Coordinates: 33°30′N 37°00′E / 33.5°N 37°E / 33.5; 37
Country Syria
Manatiq (Districts)10
 • Total18,032 km2 (6,962 sq mi)
 • Total2,836,000
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeSY-RD
Main language(s)Arabic

The Governorate completely surrounds the city-governorate of Damascus and it has an area of 18,032 km² and a population of 2,273,074 (2004 census).[1]

The Governorate was a major site of fighting in the Syrian Civil War - see Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign.


The governorate is divided into ten districts (manatiq). The districts are further divided into 37 sub-districts (nawahi). There were nine districts until February 2009, when Qudsaya District was created from parts of Markaz Rif Dimashq and Al-Zabadani districts. There is a small village belonging to the Damascus countryside (Ghouta) called Aqraba, which is characterized by its fields and agricultural orchards. (nawahi). The total population (as of the 2004 census) of the governorate is 2,273,074.

* - a newly-created district since 2009, formerly belonging to Markaz Rif Dimashq District and parts of Al-Zabadani District