Syria is a unitary state, but for administrative purposes, it is divided into fourteen governorates, also called provinces or counties in English (Arabic muḥāfaẓāt, singular muḥāfaẓah). The governorates are divided into sixty-five districts (manāṭiq, singular minṭaqah), which are further divided into subdistricts (nawāḥī, singular nāḥiyah). The nawāḥī contain villages, which are the smallest administrative units.

Governorates of Syria
محافظات سوريا (Arabic)
CategoryUnitary State
LocationSyrian Arab Republic
Number14 Governorates
Populations90,000 (Quneitra) – 4,868,000 (Aleppo)
Areas110 km2 (41 sq mi) (Damascus) – 42,220 km2 (16,302 sq mi) (Homs)
  • provincial councils and their executive bureaus

Each governorate is headed by a governor, appointed by the president, subject to cabinet approval. The governor is responsible for administration, health, social services, education, tourism, public works, transportation, domestic trade, agriculture, industry, civil defense, and maintenance of law and order in the governorate. The minister of each local administration works closely with each governor to coordinate and supervise local development projects. The governor is assisted by a provincial council, all of whose members are popularly elected for four-year terms. In addition, each council elects from among its members an executive bureau which administers the day to day issues between provincial council sessions. Each executive officer is charged with specific functions.

Districts and subdistricts are administered by officials appointed by the governor. These officials work on local matters with elected district councils and serve as intermediaries between the central government and traditional local leaders, such as village chiefs, clan leaders, and councils of elders.

List edit

Governorate name Area
Population density
Districts Photo Location
Aleppo Governorate 18,482 4,600,166 248.90 8    
Raqqa Governorate 19,616 919,000 46.84 3    
As-Suwayda Governorate 5,550 500,000 65.58 3    
Damascus Governorate 106 2,211,042 20,858.89 1    
Daraa Governorate 3,730 998,000 267.65 3    
Deir ez-Zor Governorate 33,060 1,200,500 36.31 3    
Hama Governorate 8,883 1,593,000 179.33 5    
Al-Hasakah 23,334 1,272,702 55.54 4    
Homs Governorate 42,223 1,762,500 41.74 6    
Idlib Governorate 6,097 1,464,000 240.11 5    
Latakia Governorate 2,297 1,278,486 556.58 4    
Quneitra Governorate 1,861 87,000 46.74 2    
Rif Dimashq Governorate 18,032 2,831,738 157.03 9    
Tartus Governorate 1,892 785,000 414.90 5    

See also edit

References edit